• Title, Summary, Keyword: Volatile Fatty Acid

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Organic Acids and Fatty Acids of Honey Harvested in Kangwon Area (강원도산 잡화벌꿀의 유기산 및 지방산 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김복남;김택제;최홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.52-58
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    • 1991
  • Physico-chemical properties including the composition of organic acids and fatty acids in native bee-honey and foreign bee-honey harvested in Kangwon area were studied with the emphasis on the honey which was collected form wild flowers nd mixed flowers sources for honey nectars. the major organic acids were considered as acetic acid formic acid and valeric acid in volatile acids and gluconic acid maleic acid malic acid quinic acid and citric acid in non-volatile fraction in both of native bee-honey and foreigr bee-honey. Some naturally occuring fatty acids({{{{ { C}_14{ } }}}}-{{{{ {C }_{20 } }}}}) were observed with the principal fatty acids of myristic aicd linolenic acid and palmitic acid and palmitic acid in the various honey, The characteristics of moisture content pH viscosity free acidity lactone and total acidity were also analyzed and discussed.

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Fatty Acid Composition and Volatile Constituents of Protaetia brevitarsis Larvae

  • Yeo, Hyelim;Youn, Kumju;Kim, Minji;Yun, Eun-Young;Hwang, Jae-Sam;Jeong, Woo-Sik;Jun, Mira
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.150-156
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    • 2013
  • A total of 48 different volatile oils were identified form P. brevitarsis larvae by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Acids (48.67%) were detected as the major group in P. brevitarsis larvae comprising the largest proportion of the volatile compounds, followed by esters (19.84%), hydrocarbons (18.90%), alcohols (8.37%), miscellaneous (1.71%), aldehydes (1.35%) and terpenes (1.16%). The major volatile constituents were 9-hexadecenoic acid (16.75%), 6-octadecenoic acid (14.88%) and n-hexadecanoic acid (11.06%). The composition of fatty acid was also determined by GC analysis and 16 fatty acids were identified. The predominant fatty acids were oleic acid ($C_{18:1}$, 64.24%) followed by palmitic acid ($C_{16:0}$, 15.89%), palmitoleic acid ($C_{16:1}$, 10.43%) and linoleic acid ($C_{18:2}$, 4.69%) constituting more than 95% of total fatty acids. The distinguished characteristic of the fatty acid profile of P. brevitarsis larvae was the high proportion of unsaturated fatty acid (80.54% of total fatty acids) versus saturated fatty acids (19.46% of total fatty acids). Furthermore, small but significant amounts of linoleic, linolenic and ${\gamma}$-linolenic acids bestow P. brevitarsis larvae with considerable nutritional value. The novel findings of the present study provide a scientific basis for the comprehensive utilization of the insect as a nutritionally promising food source and a possibility for more effective utilization.

Fatty Acid and Volatile Oil Compositions of Allomyrina dichotoma Larvae

  • Youn, Kumju;Kim, Ji-Young;Yeo, Hyelim;Yun, Eun-Young;Hwang, Jae-Sam;Jun, Mira
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.310-314
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    • 2012
  • Thirty-two different volatile oils were identified from Allomyrina dichotoma (A. dichotoma) larvae by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The major volatile components were 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-carboxyisopropyl pentanoic acid isobutyl ester (5.83%), phenol,2,6-bis(a,a-dimethyl ethyl)-4-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl) (5.72%), heptacosane (5.49%) and phenol,2,4-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl) (5.47%). The composition of the fatty acids in A. dichotoma larvae was also determined by gas chromatography (GC) and fourteen constituents were identified. Oleic acid (19.13%) was the most abundant fatty acid followed by palmitic acid (12.52%), palmitoleic acid (3.71%) and linoleic acid (2.08%) in 100 g of A. dichotoma larvae on a dry weight basis. The quantity of unsaturated fatty acids (64.00%) were higher than that of saturated ones (36.00%). The predominant fatty acids in A. dichotoma consist of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA, 57.70%) such as oleic acid, myristoleic acid and palmitoleic acid, followed by saturated fatty acids (36.00%) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, 6.50%). In particular, the presence of essential fatty acids, such as linoleic (5.30%) and linolenic acid (0.40%) give A. dichotoma larvae considerable nutritional and functional value and it may be a useful source for food and/or industrial utilization.

Changes of Alcohol, Free Amino Acid, Non-Volatile Organic Acid and fatty Acid Composition during Brewing of Backilju (백일주 양조중 알코올, 유리아미노산, 비휘발성유기산 및 지방산조성의 변화)

  • 박석규;박필숙;김귀영;강우원;이영근
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 1994
  • Changes in taste components of Backilju, an traditional alcoholic beverage of Korea, were investigated. Ethanol(17%) was the most abundant, and then isoamylalcohol(23mg%) and methanol(8mg%) were also detected in a small amount in Backilju. Major non-volatile organic acids were lactic and malic acid, followed by citric, fumaric and succinic acid. Arginine, phenylalanine and glutamic acid were major free amino acids and essential amino acid content was 230∼560 mg%, which was 45∼48% of total free amino acids. The major fatty acid of total lipid was palmitic acid(37∼43%). It has been found that the Backilju contained more free amino acids and alcohols than other Korean Yokjus.

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Changes in the Contents of Non-Volatile Organic Acids, Fatty Acids and Poly phenolic Compounds during Air-Curing in Burley Tobacco (버어리엽 건조과정에서 비휘발성 유기산, 지방산 및 폴리페놀화합물의 함량변화)

  • 김도연;배성국;이정일;지상운;김영회
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the changes in composition of the non-volatile organic acid, fatty acid and polyphenolic compounds during air-curing in burley tobacco leaves, and the effect of curing methods on the contents in air-cured leaves. The air-cured variety, (Nicotiana tabacum cv KB108) was normally grown at the Chonju tobacco experiment station in 1998. Plants designated for the each curing methods were harvested on the same date, and the ripe leaves for primed curing were harvested at the tenth leaf position from the top on the stalk. The major compounds of non-volatile organic acid and fatty acid were malic, citric, oxalic, palmitic, and linolenic acid. The concentrations of malic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, chlorogenic acid and rutin in cured leaves were remarkably decreased during curing, while citric acid was increased. The changes of these compounds showed the similar pattern during both primed and stalk curing. In connection with curing methods, the contents of malic, linoleic and linolenic acid were higher in excessive cured leaves than those in primed cured or stalk cured leaves, while the content of citric acid was lower in excessive cured leaves than that in primed cured or stalk cured leaves.

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Volatile Aroma Components and Fatty acid in Fruit of Broussonetia Kazinoki Siebold (닥나무 열매( 저실자)의 휘발성 향기성분과 지방산조성에 관한 연구)

  • 윤숙자;변명우;장명숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 1994
  • Voltaile aroma components and fatty acid in fruit of Broussonetia kazinoki siebold were investigated . The experimental results revealed the presence of 41 volatile components . Forty one compounds , including 4 hydrocarbons(2.45), 7 aldehydes (20%), 3 ketones(1.0%), 7 terpenes(18.05), 8 acids (42%), 4 alcohols (4.2%) and 5 phenols (9.85) were identified. The content of crude lipid was 28.5% . Fatty acid composition were mainly consisted of linoleic (91.61%) and followed by oleic(3.525) , palmitic (3.40%), stearic (0.855) and linolenic acid(0.39%)

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Changes of Free Sugars, Non-Volatile Organic Acids and Fatty Acids in Flue-cured Leaf Tobacco during Aging (황색종 잎담배의 후숙과정 중 유리당, 비휘발성 유기산 및 지방산의 변화)

  • Bock, Jin-Young;Park, Yoon-Shin;Park, Won-Jong;Lee, Joung-Ryoul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to investigate the changes of free sugars, non-volatile organic and fatty acids in flue-cured leaf tobacco during aging. The threshed leaf tobacco(B1O and C1L) produced in 2002 crop year was aged for 21 month in warehouse of Oc-Cheon Leaf Tobacco Processing Factory. The leaf tobacco were sampled at three month intervals for analysis of free sugars, non-volatile organic and fatty acids. The major free sugars of flue-cured were glucose and fructose regardless of tobacco grades. After aging period of 21 months, the contents of glucose and fructose showed a tendency to slightly decrease, and there was no appreciable change in the contents of sucrose in B1O and C1L grades. The major compound of non-volatile organic acid and fatty acid were malic, oxalic and citric, linolenic, linoleic and palmitic acid regardless of tobacco grade. After aging period of 21 months, the contents of malic, malonic, oxalic and fumaric acid showed a tendency to slightly decrease, whereas succinic acid was slightly increased, and maleic acid was not changed in B1O and C1L grades. The decreases in fatty acid contents in B1O and C1L grade tobacco loaves after 21 month aging were 16.5% and 9.8%, respectively. The decreases in linolenic acid contents in two grades were the highest, showing 22.1% and 12.0% reduction after 21 month aging.

Flavor Component, Fatty Acid and Organic Acid of Natto with Spice Added (향미성 Natto의 향기성분, 지방산 및 유기산 함량 분석)

  • 김복란;박창희;함승시;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.219-227
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    • 1995
  • Natto is a Japanese tradiational food made from whole soybeans by the fermentation of Bacillus natto. This study was attempted to improve the taste of Natto, garlic(2%) and red pepper oleoresin(0.2%) were added. Conventional Natto(N-1), garlic Natto(N-2), red pepper oleoresin Natto(N-3), garlic and red pepper oleoresin Natto(N-4) were prepared. Volatile flavor components, fatty acid, organic acid, pH and titratable acdity in all samples were investigated. The experimental results revealed the presence of 62 volatile components in conventional Natto. Among there, the major flavor compounds were identified to be 2, 5-dimethylpyrazine, trimethyl-pyrazine, 2, 6-bis91, 1-dimethylethyl) phenol. Seventy-one volatile compounds were detected in N-2, and major compounds were identified to be methyl-2-propenyl disulfide, 2, 6-bis(1, 1-dimethylethyl)phenol and 2, 5-dimethylpyrazine. The amounts of volatile compounds, 2-methyoxyphenol and 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid increased by addition of garlic, where as, 1,2 -propanediol, 1-hexanol and 2, 5-dimethylpyrazine decreased. The compounds, 4, 5-dihydroxy-5-propyl-1H-pyrazole, 1, 1, 3-trimethylcyclopentane were identified in N-3. The compounds, such as trimethylpyrazine, 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethylpyrazine increased by addition of red pepper oleoresin, whereas 1,2-propanediol, 1-hexanol and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine decreased. Fatty acid compositions were mainly consisted of linoleic acid(43.66~55.89%) and followed by oleic, palmitic, linolenic, stearic, arachidic, myristic acid. The organic acids we4re identified to be citric(28.2~30.6), acetic(50.0~73.3) and pyroglutamic acid(2.1~3.7).

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Change of Fatty Acid in Cheese Ripening by New Development of Lactic Acid Bacteria (육종 균주에 의한 치즈의 지방산 성분 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 송재철;김정순;박현정;신완철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1068-1076
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to elucidate the utility of fusant for shortening the ripening time of imitation processed cheese. L. bulgaricus exhibited the highest protease and lactase activity and L. helveticus revealed the highest lipase activity. Fusant was shown to be high in the activity of protease and lactase. The total volatile free fatty acid produced by the cheese treated with L. helveticus was markedly increased after four ripening days and was gently increased after nine ripening days. However, L. bulgaricus significantly increased the total volatile free fatty acid between four and nine ripening days. In the case of fusant, the amount of total volatile free fatty acid was observed to increase at a constant rate relative to the ripening time. In free fatty acid production at different ripening times, L. bulfaricus generated caproic acid and caprilic acid abundantly while it produced a poor quantity of capric acid, lauric acid, and myristic acid. In the cheese sample treated with L. helveticus, the amount of caproic acid and capylic acid was on increase as the ripening time increased. The amount of caproic acid and caprylic acid produced by fusant was less than that produced by the other two starters. In the panel sensory evaluation, the flavor intensity and preference increased as the ripening time increased. The cheese sample treated with fusant showed the highest flavor intensity at 7 days, whereas cheese treated with L. helveticus exhibited the highest flavor intensity at 15 or 30 days. The cheese treated with L. helveticus showed the highest preference at 7 days, but cheese treated with fusant exhibited the highest preference at 30 days.

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Application of Anaerobic Membrane-Fermenter for the Recovery of Volatile Fatty Acids from Organic Liquid Sludge (유기성 액상 슬러지로부터 휘발성 지방산의 회수를 위한 혐기성 막-발효기의 적용)

  • 김종오;정종태
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2004
  • As the experimental results of membrane application for the production and recovery of volatile fatty acids, suspended solids concentration, the number of acid producing bacteria and organic acid concentration increased with membrane coupling in the fermenter. The application of membrane for the efficiency increase of solid-liquid separation and fermentation made the number of acid producing bacteria increase in the fermenter, thus acid forming rate showed higher value than that of membrane-free fermenter. Membrane-coupled fermenter was believed to be an effective technology for the improvement of recovery efficiency of volatile fatty acids from organic sludge.