• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vitamin E

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Effect of Repeated Blood Collection on the Amount of Vitamin E in Serum and Liver of the Rats Fed Standard Diet (반복된 채혈이 일반식이 흰쥐의 간, 혈청, Vitamin E 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 박귀선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1987
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of repeated blood collection on the amount of vitamin E in serum and liver of the rats fed standard diet. Rats (Sprague Dawley strain) were fed standard were fed standard diet for several weeks. Blood was collected with on improved cardiac puncture method at regular intervals . The amount of vitamin E analogs were measured by the HPLC. 1) The growth curve of all groups was normal, but bodyweight gains of group II were significantly decreased in case of 7 week- rats whose blood was collected at intervals of two weeks. 2) The amount of vitamin E analogs in serum of rats during growth increased, but continuos blood collection could not affect on the amount of vitamin E in serum. Especially, in the group I serum vitamin E equivalent were significantly higher in case of 7 weeks than first week. 3) The amount of liver vitamin E analogs were changed irregularly, and especially, $\alpha$-Tocopherol equivalent were significantly higher in group II then other groups.

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DFT/B3LYP Study to Investigate the Possible Ways for the Synthesize of Antioxidants with High Efficiency Based on Vitamin E

  • Najafi, Meysam;Najafi, Mohammad;Najafi, Houshang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.3343-3348
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    • 2012
  • The possible ways for increasing the antioxidant properties of vitamin E have been investigated with density function theory. The effect of replacing three methyl groups of vitamin E with various substituents such as electron donating and electron withdrawing groups on the antioxidant properties of vitamin E were investigated. Also the effects of the reducing the number of atoms in the heterocyclic ring and replacing the oxygen heteroatom with other heteroatoms on the antioxidant properties of vitamin E were investigated. The novel structures that obtained from replacing methyl groups with substituents such as $NH_2$, OH, COOH and NHMe have greater antioxidant activity than vitamin E. Obtained results reveal that novel structure that obtained with replacing O with NH hetroatom would be a better antioxidant than vitamin E. The results reveal that reducing the number of atoms in the heterocyclic ring is a better way to synthesize novel antioxidants.

Effect of Supplementation of Vitamin E on In Vitro Maturation and Activation of Bovine Oocytes

  • Park, Jong-Im;Jang, Yun-I
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to assess the effect of vitamin E against the reactive oxygen species (ROS) on chemical activation of in vitro matured oocytes. Bovine oocytes were aspirated from slaughtered ovaries and transferred to maturation medium with or without vitamin E ($100\;{\mu}M$). After 22 hours of culture, oocytes with polar bodies were selected and submitted to activation treatments with or without vitamin E. After activation, oocytes were cultured in mSOF medium and rate of development was monitored. For ROS ($H_2O_2$) detection, in vitro matured and activated oocytes were selected and stained with DCFDA and observed under fluorescence microscope. The ROS contents were not significant differences in IVM rate, activation process and embryonic development to blastocysts with or without vitamin E. The cell number of blastocyst showed significant difference (p<0.05) in embryos matured and activated with vitamin E. The results of the present study demonstrated that the exposure of vitamin E in IVM and activation process improved the quality of embryos evaluated by the cell number of blastocysts.

Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation on Immune Response and Antioxidant Defense Parameters in Healthy Korean Elderly Women (노인에서 비타민 E 보충이 면역능력과 항산화상태에 미치는 영향)

  • 김우경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.924-933
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    • 1999
  • This study investigated the effects of vitamin E supplementation on immune responses and antioxidant status in healthy Korean old and young women. Blood samples were obtained from 15 healthy old women (over 60 years old) and from 15 healthy young women(20 years old) before and 4 weeks after vitamin E( tocopherol acetate) supplementation(400IU/day). Daily nutrient intakes were calculated, and plasma vitamin E concentration, numbers and percentages of white blood cell and their subpopulation, percentages of lymphocytes and subpopulation, NK cell percentages, plasma immunoglobulin A, G, M and C3 concentration, proliferation of PMN with mitogen were measured. Also plasma TBARS concentration and radical scavenger activity of erythrocytes were investigated. Plasma vitamin E concentrations were significantly increased after supplementation in both groups. In elderly women, vitamin E supplementation restored the per centages of neutrophils, lymphocytes, and eosinophils which had been out of normal ranges before supple mentation. And after vitamin E supplementation, helper T cell percentages significantly increased in elderly. Plasma immunoglobulin and complement C3 concentrations were not affected by vitamin E supplementation in both groups. PMN proliferations with mitogen were significantly lower in old women than in young women, and there was no effect of vitamin E supplementation. Vitamin E supplementation significantly decreased plasma TBARS concentrations in old and young women. RSA of erythrocytes was increased in both groups, but the statistical significant was only found in young women group. Therefore, these results suggest that the moderate vitamin E supplementation in old women improves immune responses, especially nonspecific immunity and cell mediated immunity, via protection of oxidant stress.

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Protectins Effects of Vitamin E against Immobilization Stress-Induced Oxidative Damage in Rat Brain (스트레스로 인한 뇌조직의 산화적 손상에서 Vitamin E의 방어 효과)

  • 박미현;강상모;정혜영;홍성길
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.570-576
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    • 2003
  • The remarkable change of phenomenon induced by stress increase energy metabolism that can induce many reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. ROS can peroxidize cellular macromolecules including lipid and protein. The object of this study was to investigate whether stress may induce cellular damage by producing ROS and whether vitamin E, as a strong lipid-soluble antioxidant, can protect cells against reactive oxygen species produced by noise and immobilization stress in SD rats. The stress group increased 5-hydroxyindole aceti acid (5-HIAA) , one of the stress hormone, in brain tissue and free fatty acid in plasma. Vitamin I treatment had no effect on 5-HIAA but free fatty acid contents decreased with a fortified vitamin I diet. Furthermore, the body weight of vitamin I-treated rats increased more than that of the stress group. Lipid peroxidation and protein degradation as an index of oxidative damage in brain tissue decreased with the use of the fortified vitamin I diet supplement. The results suggest that vitamin I supplements have a protective effect against noise and immobilization stress-induced oxidative damage in brain tissue.

The Effect of Vitamin E and Vitamin C on the Performance of Japanese Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) Reared under Heat Stress during Growth and Egg Production Period

  • Ipek, A.;Canbolat, O.;Karabulut, A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.252-256
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to determine the effect of vitamin E and vitamin C on the performance of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) reared under heat stress during the growth and egg production period. A total of 810 seven-day-old Japanese quails were used in the trial. The birds received a diet with either three levels of vitamin E (DL-${\alpha}$Tocopheryl acetate) (60, 120 and 240 mg/kg of diet) and vitamin C (ROVIMIX STAY-C 35) (60, 120 and 240 mg/kg of diet). Live weight on day 35 and weight gain were the lowest in the group of chicks on a combination of 60 mg of vitamin E and 60 mg of vitamin C, whereas the highest live weight was demonstrated in chicks on a combination of 240 mg of vitamin E and 240 mg of vitamin C (p<0.01). The effects of treatments on cumulative feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, age at 5% lay, sexual maturity weight, rate of lay and mean egg weight values were found to be significant (p<0.01). The highest feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, age at 5% lay, sexual maturity weight, rate of lay and mean egg weight values were found in the group on a combination of 240 mg of vitamin E and 240 mg of vitamin C. The effect of treatments on the mortality ratio was found to be insignificant (p>0.01). The cost of supplementing diets with vitamin E and vitamin C is very low. Therefore such a combination of supplement can offer a potential protective management practice in preventing heat stress related losses in performance of Japanese quails.

Effects of Dietary n-3 Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Vitamin E Levels on the Growth and Fatty Acid Composition of Rockfish Sebastes schlegeli

  • Lee, Sang-Min
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2010
  • A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of dietary n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) (1.1-5.6%) and vitamin E (70 and 400 mg/kg) on the growth and body composition of juvenile rockfish. Six isonitrogenous (45% crude protein) and isolipidic (17% crude lipid) diets were formulated to contain graded levels of n-3 HUFA and vitamin E. Diets 1, 2 and 3 consist of 400 mg vitamin E/kg diet with graded levels of 1.1, 3.0, and 5.6% n-3 HUFA, respectively. Graded levels of n-3 HUFA (1.1, 3.0, and 4.0%) were added in diets 4, 5 and 6, respectively, containing 70 mg vitamin E/kg diet each. At the end of feeding trial, growth performance of rockfish was affected by neither dietary n-3 HUFA nor vitamin E levels. Feed efficiency and hepatosomatic index were slightly decreased (P<0.05) with increment of dietary n-3 HUFA at each dietary vitamin E level. Dietary vitamin E and n-3 HUFA levels did not affect proximate composition and vitamin E concentration in the dorsal muscle of rockfish. Liver moisture and crude protein contents positively related to dietary n-3 HUFA levels. Liver lipid content and hematocrit value were significantly decreased (P<0.05) by increasing dietary n-3 HUFA levels. Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3; EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3; DHA) concentrations in the dorsal muscle significantly correlated to dietary n-3 HUFA levels, except for fish fed the diet 6 containing 4% n-3 HUFA and 70 mg vitamin E/kg diet. EPA concentration in the dorsal muscle of fish fed the diet 6 was significantly lower than that of fish fed the diets 2, 3 and 5. The present findings suggest that feeding of diets containing excessive n-3 HUFA level with varying addition of vitamin E may alter fatty acid composition in the dorsal muscle, but do not affect growth of juvenile rockfish.

Effect of Vitamin E on Cadmium Accumulation and Excretion in Chronic Cadmium Poisoned Rats (만성 카드뮴 중독 흰쥐에서 카드뮴 축적과 배설에 미치는 Vitamin E의 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Ji;Hong, Jung-Hee;Rhee, Soon-Jae
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.691-698
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin E on the cadmium accumulation in body, cadmium excretion and detoxification functions in chronic cadmium poisoned rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 100$\pm$10 g were randomly assigned to one normal group and three cadmium poisoned groups. Cadmium poisoned groups were classified to vitamin E free diet (Cd-0E group), vitamin E 40 mg/kg diet (Cd-400E group) and 400 mg/kg diet (Cd-400E group) according to the levels of vitamin E supplement. Animals were maintained on 0, 40 mg and 400 mg vitamin E/kg diets for 20 weeks and simultaneously administered 50 ppm Cd$^{2+}$ dissolved in the drinking water. Body weight, food intakes and food efficiency ratio were significantly decreased in all cadmium groups, compared with those of normal group. The accumulation of cadmium in rat liver, kidney and blood was reduced by sufficient vitamin E supplementation. The metallothionein (MT) content in liver and kidney were increased in all cadmium groups compared with that of normal group. The ratio of cadmium absorption and retention were significantly decreased in vitamin E supplementation groups. Accordingly, vitamin E supplementation resulted in an excretion of cadmium in urine and feces and a lowered accumulation of cadmium in liver and kidney. It can be suggested that increased MT synthesis lead to the significant decrease in cadmium absorption and retention ratios.s.

Effects of Antioxidant Vitamins Supplementation on Antioxidative Status and Plasma Lipid Profile in Korean NIDDM Patients (항산화비타민 보충이 인슐린비의 의존형 당뇨병 환자에서 항산화상태에 혈액지방성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 강남아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.775-780
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    • 1999
  • We investigated the effects of antioxidant vitamins supplementation on antioxidative status and plasma lipid profile in female Korean non-insulin diabetes mellitus(NIDDM) patients. Forty-five patients were groups by types of vitamin to take into three groups-Vitam in E group(400IU/day, n=15), Vitamin C group (1,000mg/day, n=15) and Vitamin E plus C group (400 IU plus 1,000mg/day). Supplementation period was 4 weeks. After vitamins supplementation, plasma vitamin E concentration significantly increased in vitamin E and vitamin E + C group, but plasma retinol concentration were not affected by vitamin E or vitamin C supplementation. And plasma levels of lipid peroxide measured as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS), indicator of lipid peroxidation and increased susceptibility of LDL towards lipid peroxidation, were significantly decreased in all three groups after vitamins supplementation. Also catalase activities in erythrocytes were significantly decreased after antioxidant vitamin supplementation in all subjects. And after vitamins supplementation, post prandial 2 hour glucose and total cholesterol levels was decreased in all subjects. And after vitamins supplementation, post prandial 2 hour glucose and total cholesterol levels was decreased in all patients, especially there was a significant difference in vitamin C, Vitamin E + C group. In this study, antioxidant vitamins supplementation might have a protective function against the free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation and decrease the plasma total cholesterol levels in Korean female NIDDM patients.

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Effect of Vitamin E and Selenium on the Lipid Composition in Serum and Liver of Rats (비타민E와 셀렌이 흰쥐의 혈청(血淸) 및 간장(肝臟)중의 지질성분(脂質成分)에 미치는 영향(影禦))

  • Kim, Seun-Yeung;Cho, Soo-Yeul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 1985
  • This experiment was undertaken to investigate ana to compare the effect of vitamin E and selenium on the lipid composition in serum and liver of rats. Net weight gain and food efficiency ratio were elevated by supplementation with selenium and/or vitamin E. The weight of kidney, heart and lung were not affected by the diets. However, liver weight was slightly decreased by supplementation with vitamin E and/or selenium and spleen weight was significantly decreased only by vitamin I supplementation. No differences in serum level of total lipid were found in all groups. Serum cholesterol level was significantly decreased, but the levels of triglyceride and free fatty acid in serum were increased by vitamin E supplementation. Contents of crude lipid, cholesterol, free fatty acid, and triglyceride in liver were significantly decreased by supplementation with vitamin E and/or selenium. In fatty aicd composition of liver, the percentage of linoleic acid(18:2) was the lowest in the selenium-Supplemented group and the significantly lower percentage of arachidonic acid(20:4) was found in the vitamin E and/or selenium-supplemented group in comparision to the deficient basal group.

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