• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vitamin E

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Effect of Dietary vitamin E and Protein on Cadmium toxicity in Rats (카드뮴 투여 흰주의 혈청 및 간장성분에 미치는 식이성 비타민 E와 단백질의 영향)

  • 김혜진;조수열;박종민
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 1990
  • This study was undertatken to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin E on the toxicity of cadmium(Cd) in rats. The two variables were the supplmentary vitamin E(400lU/kg) and the protein amount(10.5% in the low protein diet and 18.0% in the normal protein diet) In cadmium treated rats net weight gain and food intake were decreased but improved by supplementation with vitamin E in the normal protein, hematocrit values reduced by Cd were significantly increased by the addition of vitamin E to normal protein diet in Cd intoxicated rats, The supplementation with vitamin E diminished the effect of Cd on aspartate aminotransf-rase and alanine aminotransferase activities in serum In Cd treated rats fed normal protein diet with vitamin E the contents of triglyceride were decreased and total-cholesterol contents were significantly reduced in serum and both of them in liver were markedly decreased. The activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in liver was decreased by Cd however supplementation with vitamin E reduced the effects of Cd on hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase. the results of this experiment indicated that there was some interaction between vitamin E and protein levels and supplementation with vitamin E had an effect more than protein levels oncd toxicity.

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Suppressive Effects of Vitamin E on the Induction of Placental Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) Positive foci and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (비타민 E가 쥐간 세포의 암화과정에서 태반형 Glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) 양성 병소와 항산화요소계에 미치는 영향)

  • 최혜미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.803-812
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    • 1997
  • The influences of dietary supplements of vitamin E on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis have been studied, Placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area, antioxidant enzymes(superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase(GST)), glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activities, and lipid peroxidation of mecrosomes(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) contents) were investigated. For is purpose , we used the murine chemical hepatocardinogenic procedure induced by modified Ito model, which consists of 200mg/kg body weight diethylinitrosamine (DEN) injection, 0.01% 2-acethlaminoflurene(2-AAF) feeding for 6 weeks, and partial hepatectomy on week 3. Weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed pulverized Purina rat chow with 15, 000IU/kg diet vitamin E from initiation or promotion stages. We found that vitamin E supplement decreased the area of GST-P positive foci. Catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase. GST activities, and TBARS contents were decreased. On the other hand G6Pase activities were increased by vitamin E supplement. It seemed that vitamin E supplements helped endogenous defense systems against carcinogenesis by decreasing TBARS contents, $H_2O$$_2$ and organic peroxides. So, vitamin E seemed to protect cell from free radical damage in carcinogenesis. Anticarcinogenic effects of vitamin E were more effective at intiation that at promotion stage. These results suggest that vitamin E has suppressive effects on hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis, probably through antioxidant effects against TBARS contents $H_2O$$_2$ and orgainc peroxides.

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Effect of Dietary Vitamin E on Growth Performance and Immune Response of Breeder Chickens

  • Lin, Y.F.;Chang, S.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.884-891
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    • 2006
  • The effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation on immune responses was studied in breeder chickens during the maturing period. In experiment 1, 17-week old female birds were fed corn-soybean meal based diets supplemented with either 0, 40, 80, 120, or 160 mg vitamin E (all-rac-${\alpha}$-tocopherol acetate)/kg diet for 19 weeks. In experiment 2, 23-week old male birds were fed the corn-soybean meal based diet supplemented with either 0, 20, 40, 80 or 160 mg vitamin E/kg diet for 8 weeks. The chickens were evaluated for growth performance, antibody titer to sheep red blood cell (SRBC), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), and skin response to phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA-P). The results showed that supplemental vitamin E improved body weigh gain of laying pullets during peak-laying period but had no significant effect on growth performance of cockerels. For cockerels, addition of 20 mg vitamin E/kg diet significantly enhanced (p<0.05) immune response to SRBC compared to those added with 0, 80 and 160 mg vitamin E/kg diet; addition of 20 mg vitamin E/kg diet had higher (p<0.01) antibody titer to IBDV than those added with 40-160 mg vitamin E/kg diet. No significant effects on immune response were observed in laying pullets fed supplemental vitamin E. The findings suggest that moderate supplementation of vitamin E may enhance immune responses to selective antigens in cockerels but excessive vitamin E may depress specific immune response.

Vitamin A and Vitamin E Status of Diabetic Patients and Normal Adults in Korea (제 2형 당뇨병 환자와 정상 성인의 비타민 A와 비타민 E 영양상태)

  • Oh, Hyun-Mee;Yoon, Ji-Young;Cho, Sung-Hee;Yoon, Jin-Sook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.318-326
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    • 2009
  • We evaluated the vitamin A and E status of type 2 diabetic patients and normal adults living in Daegu area. Dietary intakes for two non-consecutive days were measured by 24-hour recall method for 76 diabetic patients and 72 normal adults. Plasma levels of retinol and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol were measured using HPLC method. Dietary intakes of vitamin A were not significantly different between the diabetic and the normal adults. However, the diabetic patients had significantly lower vitamin E intakes than the normal adults. Major food sources for vitamin A intake were red pepper powder and carrot. Half of the subjects from diabetic as well as normal adults consumed less than estimated average requirement of vitamin A. Plasma levels of retinol and tocopherol were maintained within normal ranges for most of the subjects regardless of diabetic status. Dietary intake of vitamin A was associated with vitamin E intake, however, there was no significant correlations between vitamin E intake and plasma ${\alpha}$-tocopherol levels. It seems that diabetic patients should try to increase dietary intake of vitamin E, as prolonged lower-level intake of vitamin E could eventually lead to vitamin E depletion. Further studies are needed to identify the magnitude of dietary variance at individual and seasonal levels, and to understand the discrepancies in dietary intake and plasma levels before establishing the dietary reference intake based on Korean dietary pattern.

Effects of Vitamin C and Vitamin E Supplementation on Anti-oxidative System of the Smokers and Non-smokers

  • Kim Hyun Ah;Min Hye Sun;Ha Ae Wha;Hyun Hwa Jin;Lee Hong Mie;Ro Man Soo;Song Kyung Hee
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.146-154
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    • 2004
  • This study compared intake of vitamins and antioxidant nutritional status of smokers and nonsmokers, and the effect of supplementation of vitamin C and vitamin E on antioxidant system of smokers and nonsmokers. Subjects were 30 smokers and 30 non-smokers of male university students. They were divided into groups of 10 subjects each one with supplementation for 4 weeks, to investigate the effects of supplementation. Smokers were divided into vitamin C supplement group, vitamin E supplement group and vitamin C and vitamin E combination supplement group, and so were nonsmokers. The supplementation of vitamin C was 500mg and vitamin E was 400IU. There was no significant difference of antioxidant vitamin intakes between smokers and non-smokers, and plasma concentration of vitamin C in smokers was lower than non-smokers (p<0.05). Blood pressure was higher in smokers (p<0.05), with no difference in blood glucose levels, methemoglobin and TBARS, but SOD activity was significantly higher in non-smokers (p<0.001). Vitamin C supplementation resulted in a significant decrease of diastolic blood pressure (p<0.01), systolic blood pressure (p<0.001) and methemoglobin (p<0.001) in smokers. Also a significant decrease of diastolic blood pressure (p<0.05), systolic blood pressure (p<0.05), blood glucose (p<0.05), methemoglobin (p<0.001) and TBARS (p<0.05), with significant increase of SOD activity (p<0.001) were found in vitamin E supplement group. In vitamin C and vitamin E combination supplement group, there was a significant decrease of diastolic blood pressure (p<0.05), methemoglobin (p<0.01) and TBARS (p<0.05). In non-smokers, methemoglobins (p<0.001) of vitamin C supplement group and vitamin E supplement group decreased, and diastolic pressure (p<0.05), methemoglobin (p<0.01) and TBARS (p<0.05) significantly decreased in vitamin C and vitamin E combination supplement group. These results indicated better efficacy of antioxidant supplementation in smokers than in nonsmokers, suggesting that the supplementation of vitamin C and vitamin E might decrease the oxidative stress and various risk factors of smoking-related diseases.

Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation on Renal Function in a High Fat Diet and Adriamycin Induced Experimental Nephrotic Syndrome a Model Rats (고지방식이와 Adriamycin으로 유도된 신증후군 흰쥐 실험모델에 비타민 E 첨가 식이가 신장 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영주;박양자
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.427-434
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of vitamin I supplementation on renal function in high fat diet and adriamycin (ADR) induced experimental nephrotic syndrome in model rats. The effects of vitamin E supplementation on renal function in high fat diet and ADR treated rats were as follows. Kidney weight was decreased by vitamin E supplementation. Serum total protein was increased by the excess supplementation. Blood urea nitrogen(BUN) was decreased by the high supplementation. However, serum albumin and creatinine showed no significant differences between groups. Urinary volume tended to increase by vitamin I supplementation. Urinary urea-N tended by vitamin I supplementation. Particularly glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was significantly decreased by vitamin E supplementation. These results suggested that vitamin E supplementation could alleviate the adverse effects caused in renal function by highfatdiet and ADR treatments.

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The Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on Insulin Resistance and Oxidative Stress in Sprague Dawley Rats Fed High $\omega-6$ Polyunsaturated Fat Diet ($\omega-6$ 다중불포화지방을 섭취한 백서에서 비타민 E보충이 인슐린저항성과 산화적 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • 박선민
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.644-653
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    • 1999
  • Background : Excessive intakes of $\omega$6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) can increase oxidative stress, which may increase insulin resistance and could be the cause of metabolic syndrome X such as diabetes mellitus. One of the ways to reduce oxidative stress is the consumption of antioxidants such as vitamin E. It is controversial that vitamin E intakes may alleviate insulin resistance. The purpose of the study was whether high vitamin E intake may influence whole body glucose disposal rate(GDR), glycogen deposites, triglyceride content, lipid peroxide levels and antioxidant enzyme activities in Sprague Dawley rats fed high $\omega$6 PUFA diest. Methods : Sprague Dawley rats were divided into three groups. The control group consumed chow diet. High and low vitamin E groups consumed 40% PUFA of total energy intakes. One kilogram of diet mixture contained 300IU of $\alpha$-tocopherol in high vitamin E group, while it had 30 IU in low vitamin E group. Diets were given for 8 weeks. After 7 were of diet consumption, indwelling catheters were inserted in carotid artery and jugular vein of all rats so that GDR could be measured in awake and unstressed state. Results : Daily PUFA intakes were lower in the control group than others. Daily vitamin E intake of high vitamin E group was about ten times higher than those of low vitamin E group and the control group(p<0.0001). $\alpha$-tocopherol content in lier was highest in the high vitamin E group. GDR of the control group was 24% higher than others, and vitamin E intakes did not affect GDR. Glycogen deposit of liver in the control group was significantly higher than others, and it was not altered by vitamin E supplementation. Muscle glycogne content showed a similar tendency as liver glycogen in different diet groups. Triglyceride deposit in muscle was not different among groups. Lipid peroxide content of liver in the high vitamin E group was lower than the low of glutathione peroxidase were lowered in low vitamin E group than others, however, those of superoxide dismutase and catalase were not different. Conclusions : High vitamin E intakes can decrease oxidative stress in rats fed high (())-6 PUFA diet, but they cannot alleviate insulin resistance. Thus, increased oxidative stress through high (())-6 PUFA diet may be minimal for influencing insulin resistance.

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Changes in Meat Color and α-Tocopherol Concentrations in Plasma and Tissues from Japanese Beef Cattle Fed by Two Methods of Vitamin E Supplementation

  • Irie, M.;Fujita, K.;Sudou, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.810-814
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    • 1999
  • The influence of dietary vitamin E supplementation on meat color and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol concentrations in plasma, longissimus thoracis muscle and subcutaneous fat was investigated. Ten Japanese $Black{\times}Holstein$ crossbred steers were placed in three experimental groups receiving different supplements of vitamin E. Four steers (control) were fed no supplemental vitamin E. Two groups of three steers each, were supplemented with 500 mg dl-${\alpha}$-tocopherol acetate per animal daily for 175 days and 1,000 mg for 100 days, respectively, before slaughter. The ${\alpha}$-tocopherol concentration in plasma increased, as vitamin E were fed, and were related to the length of time and the amount of supplement. The ${\alpha}$-tocopherol concentrations in the muscle and the fat from the two supplemental groups did not differ significantly and were three or more times greater than those in the control group. Vitamin E supplementation did not affect the quantity of marbling of beef. Supplemental vitamin E stabilized the color of displayed beef around wavelengths of 500 nm and 640 nm. The two methods of vitamin E supplementation had similar effects on meat color. The effect of supplemental vitamin E on the color of beef with marbling was observed 2-3 days after slaughter and was followed for another two weeks.

Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on Lipid Distribution and Serum Insulin in Experimental Model Rats with Impaired Glucose Tolerance (내당능 장애 모델 흰쥐에서 Vitamin E의 과잉섭취가 지질 분포와 혈청 Insulin 농도변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이영주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.8
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    • pp.1226-1234
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    • 1998
  • The aim of the study was to determine whether vitamin E supplementation in three experimental model rats with impaired glucse tolerance could change serum insulin concentration and lipid distribution. The three groups were adult(AS) and neonatal (NS) streptozotocin-induced groups, and a high sucrose diet(HS) group. Each group was divided into control and vitamin E supplementatino groups at the age of 9 weeks. The level of vitamin E supplementation was 5g/kg diet. Blood and organ samples were taken at 5 and 10 weeks and were examined for changes in the level of serum insulin, glucose, lipids, liver lipids, and oxidative status. Vitamin E supplementation significantly reduced serum insulin in the HS group and caused the significant beneficial changes in serum lipids and triglycerides in As grouop at 10 weeks . In all groups, serum vitamin E was increased and malondialdehyde(MDA) in serumand liver were decreased significantly by vitamin E supplementation. The results suggest that vitamin E supplementation improves lipid distribution in adult streptozotocin-induced rats and serum insulin concentration in high sucrose diet-induced rats. Vitamin E might prevent on reduce oxidative injury in all experimental model rats with impaired glucose tolerance.

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Effects of Dietary Vitamin C and E on Lipid Oxidation and Stability of Color in Hanwoo Steer Beef (비타민 C 및 E 급여가 한우 거세우 육의 지방산화 및 육색 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chu, G.M.;Cho, H.W.;Ahn, B.H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.635-644
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    • 2004
  • This experiment was earned out to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin C and E on lipid oxidation and stability of color in Hanwoo steer beef. Thirty seven Hanwoo steers were randomly assigned to one of four treatments. The four treatments were control(vitamin E 20IU/kg feed), vitamin C(vitamin C 0.l%/kg feed and vitamin E 20IU/kg feed), vitamin E(vitamin E 220IU/kg feed) and vitamin C plus E(vitamin C 0.l%/kg feed and vitamin E 20IU/kg feed). Hanwoo steers were fed the experimental diets for 3 months at the last finishing period and pH, color, TBARS, concentration of myoglobin, water holding capacity, reduction by heat, drip loss and purge loss of longissimus dorsi were analyzed at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10th day of storage, respectively. pH value, Hue angle, metmyoglobin concentration, TBARS, drip loss and purge loss in longissimus dorsi were increased as the storage period elapsed. However, water holding capacity in longissimus dorsi was decreased as the storage period elapsed. The animals fed the vitamin C plus E diet were higher in pH value and oxymyoglobin concentration, and lower in metmyoglobin concentration than in those fed the other diets during the whole storage period and lowest in TBARS. TBARS and Hue angle in longissimus dorsi were 10wer(P<0.05) in the animals fed the vitamin-supplemented diets than in those fed the control diet. Reduction by heat in longissimus dorsi was higher(P<0.05) in the animals fed the diets supplemented with vitamin E or vitamin C plus E than in those fed the control diet or vitamin C-supplemented diet. According to these results, it may be concluded that feeding the diets containing 0.1% vitamin C or 220IU vitamin E per kg feed or the diet mixed 0.1% vitamin C with 220IU vitamin E to Hanwoo steers can retard lipid oxidation of longissimus dorsi and stabilize beef color.