• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vitamin E

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Study on the Interaction between Vitamins A and E on Their Transfer from Diet to Chicken Eggs, and Effect of Flood-dosing of Dietary Vitamin A on its Content in Eggs and Livers (사료내 비타민 A와 E의 계란내 이행시 상호작용과 비타민 A의 다량투여에 따른 계란 및 간내 함량 변화)

  • 강경래;이창환;남기택;강창원
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.227-237
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted to investigate the interaction of vitamins A and E on their transfer from diet to chicken eggs and the effect of vitamin A flood-dosing on its concentration in eggs and livers. In Experiment I, forty-two 45-wk-old brown layers (Bobeock) were divided into seven groups and fed one of seven diets: control, three vitamin A supplemented diets(8, OOO, 16, 000, and 64, 000 IU /kg diet) or three vitamin E supplemented diets (50, 100, and 200 IU/kg diet). In Experiment II, a total of thirty-two 35-wk-old white layers (Hy-ine) were divided into four groups and fed one of four diets :control, vitamin A 20, 00O+vitamin E 200 TU /kg, vitamin A 50, O00+vitamin E 200 IU /kg or vitamin A 100, OO0+vitamin E 200 lU/kg supplemented diets. In Experiment III, a total of fifty-six 35-wk-old white layers (Hy-line) was divided into four groups and fed one of four diets: control or three vitamin A supplemented diets (80, 000, 120, 000 and 160, 000 lU/kg diet). In Experiment I, vitamin E levels of egg yolk in hens fed the vitamin A supplemented diets decreased as dietary vitamin A level increased (P

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A Nutritional and Pathobiological Inquiry into the Functional Role of Vitamin E -A Study on Levels of Vitamin E in Serum and Liver of the Chick fed Perilla oil diet and Electron Microscopic Examination of the Chick Hepatocyte- (Vitamin E의 기능규명을 위한 영양생화학적 및 병리학적 연구 - 들깨기름 식이를 섭취한 병아리의 헐청과 간의 Vitamin E 수준 및 간세포의 전자현미경 조사를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Yang-Cha;Cho, Hea-Young;Kim, Chung-Sook;Han, Seong-Soo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.277-289
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    • 1982
  • Because of a high degree of unsaturation of perilla seed oil vitamin E deficiency can be produced in chicks by using this particular oil diet. It is therefore convenient to use this oil for elucidating more detailed function (s) of vitamin E. The present study was undertaken to investigate the nutritional and pathological aspects both of high PUFA and of low vitamin E in the diet eventually to elucidate the function(s) of vitamin E. The present study examines the relationships between PUFA, vitamin E and Se in the experimental diets by measuring vitamin E levels both in serum and in liver and activities of SGPT and SGOT and by examining electron micrographs of the chick hepatocytes. Vitamin E concentrations in serum and liver responded to dietary treatments. Serum levels of vitamin E were more affected than those in liver, the values of groups IV(15% fat,- Vit.E) and V(15% fat,-Vit E,-Se) were significantly lower than those of groups I (5% fat) and 111 (15% fat) with P/S ratio of 1. The activities of SGOT and SGPT were found not to be different significantly among different diet groups. Electron microscopic observations of the chick hepatocyte revealed degeneration of mitochondria and appearance of vesicles in the cytoplasm of groups fed diets high in PUFA and deficient in vitamin E alone or deficient in both vitamin E and Se. In the same group pyknotic nuclei and deterioration of the sinusoidal border, showing diminution in microvilli were also observed. More detailed studies concerning biochemical aspects should be carried out by using radioisotopes both in the in vitro and in vivo systems and morphological study should have a focus on the changes in nucleus which seems already suggestive in the present observation.

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Effect of Dietary Vitamin A and E Peroxidative Deterioration of Heart in Adriamycin-Treated Rats (식이중의 Vitamin A와 E가 Adriamycin을 투여한 흰쥐의 심근손상의 원인인 과산화작용에 미치는 영향)

  • 정영아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.379-388
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    • 1992
  • The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of dietary vitamin A or E. and of combination of vitamins A and E on peroxidative deterioration of heart in adriamycin-treated rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 5 groups according to the dietary supplementation of vitamin A or E Except control rats a dose of 2mg ADR/kg of B. W was injected to these animals intraperitoneally on the same day every week. Adriamycin treatment significantly decreased the weight gain of experimental rats compared with that of control rats, But this decrement was not modified by dietary supplementation of vitamin A or E. Lipid peroxide values of plasma were elevated by ADR treatment. The combined use of ADR and dietary vitamin A or E significantly reduced these values, The interaction between vitamins A and E seemed to be present in the lipid peroxide value of plasma. Catalase and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities in rat heart were decrased by ADR treatment but glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) activity was elevated. Dietary supplmen-tation of vitamin A or E enhanced the heart catalase and SOD activities. except only vitamin A-supplemented group. GSH-Px activity of rat heart tended to be decreased by dietary supple-mentation of vitamin A or E. With ADR treatment polyunsaturated fatty acids such as archido-nic acid(20:4) and docosahexaenoic acid(22:6) were decreased in rat heart. However dietary supplementation of vitamins A and E reduced this decrease. The retinol and tocopherol contents of rat plasma were decreased by ADR treatment. Dietary vitamin A or E influence vitamin A or E content of plasma. The interaction between dietary vitamins A and E was observed in vitamin A or E level of rat plasma.

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Effects of Dietary Vitamin E Level and Caffeine on Lipid Peroxidation in Rat Liver (흰쥐 간에 있어 지질과산화에 미치는 식이성 비타민 E의 수준 및 카페인의 영향)

  • 박미리;조수열
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.561-567
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    • 1994
  • This study was designed to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin E and caffeine on the activities of lipid peroxidation related enzymes in rat liver . Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on diets containing three level of vitamin E (37.5, 750 or 1,5oomg/kg diet) and with or without 0.3% caffeine. The rats were sacrificed after 5 and 10 weeks of feeding. Results obtained from this study were as follows ; The content of cytochrome P450 tended to increase as dietary vitamin E level was raised. The activity of xanthine oxidase increased in the caffeine groups, but it decreased by the increasing level of vitamin E. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activity were slightly elevated by dietary supplementation of vitamin E. And there was a tendency of higher these enzyme activity of caffeine groups. The activity of glutathione perxidase tended to decrease as dietary vitamin E level increased. But it was raised by caffeine supplementation . Liver glutathione content was not affected by dietary supplementation of vitamin E, but it showed a decreasing tendency in caffeine groups. There was a tendency of more lipid peroxide content of caffeine groups than that of the only vitamin E supplemented group. But the degree of increment of this decreased as dietary vitamin E level increased.

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Effects of Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Vitamin E Supplementation on Vitamin E Levels of Serum, Liver and Brain in Chicks at Different Ages (과량의 비타민 E 첨가 및 다불포화지방 식이가 Age가 다른 Chick의 혈청과 조직 비타민 E 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 정은정
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 1989
  • The present study examined the effects of dietary PUFA and vitamin E supplementation(2,000 I.U./Kg diet) on vitamin E levels of serum, liver and brain in chicks aged one week (younger chick) and four weeks(older chick). 1) Younger chicks showed more sensitive response to vitamin E supplementation in the diet than older chicks in their serum levels, but not in liver levels. 2) Chicks fed excess vitamin E showed significantly higher levels of vitamin E in both serum and liver than unsupplemented groups. 3) PUFA diet lowered serum and liver vitamin E levels especially for vitamin E supplemented groups except for older chick liver at 3 weeks of the experimental period. 4) Vitamin E levels of brain were relatively lower than those of serum and liver and showed little change according either to the dietary PUFA or to vitamin E supplementation.

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Serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and dietary intake of Korean infants and young children with atopic dermatitis

  • Lee, Sangeun;Ahn, Kangmo;Paik, Hee Young;Chung, Sang-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.429-435
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    • 2012
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) has become a serious epidemic in Korean children. We aimed to investigate the association between vitamin C, E and other nutrients, and serum total IgE/specific IgE levels in children with AD. A total of 119 children (0-24 mo) diagnosed with AD were recruited for this cross-sectional study from a medical center in Seoul. A 24 h recall was used to assess dietary intakes. Serum total and six food-allergen specific IgE levels were measured by CAP-FEIA. Serum vitamin E was also measured but only in 25 out of the total 119 participants. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to estimate the coefficients between serum IgE levels and dietary intake as well as serum vitamin E. Serum vitamin E levels showed a significantly inverse association with serum total IgE and all specific IgE levels (P < 0.05). Fat intake was inversely related with specific-IgEs for egg whites, milk, buck wheat, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Positive associations were found between carbohydrate (CHO) intake and total IgE and specific IgEs to egg whites, milk, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Vitamin C, E and n-3/n-6 fatty acids were not related with serum total IgE and specific IgE levels except for the association between buck wheat and vitamin E. In addition, there were no significant differences between males and females in dietary intake and serum IgE levels by student's t-test. Although dietary vitamin E showed no association with serum IgE levels, serum vitamin E drew a significant inverse relationship with serum IgE levels. The evidence seems to suggest that vitamin E may possibly lower total and specific-IgEs in children with AD, and that it is important to maintain a relatively high serum vitamin E level in children with AD.

Plasma Concentrations of Vitamins E and A, and Effects of Vitamin E Supplementation on Oxidative Stress and Immune Status in Korean Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetic Patients

  • Kim, Woo-Kyung;Park, Ock-Jin
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1998
  • Plasma concentrations of Vitamins E and A were measured in 15 non-insulin dependent Korean female subjects and 15 age-matched normal subjects using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. No differences were found in plasma Vitamin E concentrations between the 2 groups. Plasma Vitamin A concentrations were higher in subjects with non-insulin dependent diabetes melitus (NIDDM). The effects were evaluated of 4 weeks of daily supplementation of 400 mg Vitamin E on plasma levels of these two vitamins. In addition, the effects were observed for Vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress and immune-related compound productions in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients and control subjects. After treatment with Vitamin E, plasma Vitamin E concentrations were significantly elevated in both groups. Basal plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBABS) were identical, and a decreased level of TBARS caused by Vitamin E was observed only in the diabetic group (0.02739$\pm$0.0024 versus 0.01814$\pm$0.0008 nmols malondialdehyde equivalents/dl plasma ; p<0.05). The basal and after-treatment levels of immunoglobulins A, G, M were identical in control and diabetic groups, indicating that Vitamin E did not appear to alter gross humoral responses in this study. However, elevation of Complement 3 ($C_3$) was noticed due to Vitamin E supplementation, revealing a possible effect of vitamin E on one aspect of humoral immunity, Furthermore, an increase in prostaglandin E_2 ($PGE_2$) levels in diabetic patients was normalized by Vitamin E supplementation. This suggests indirectly that the depressed cell-mediated response due to elevated $PGE_2$ could be normalized. For the definitive antioxidant intake recommendations for prevention and treatment of adverse effects of non-insulin dependent diabetes, evidence from intervention trials like this study should be collected. The present data suggests that Vitamin E may oxen some protective effects against oxidative damage and might have beneficial effects of partial immune-stimulation.

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Effects of Vitamin E and Cholesterol Feeding on the Lipid Composition of the Plasma Lipo (Vitamin E와 콜레스테롤 급이가 혈장 Lipoprotein들의 지질조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Jae-Woo;Kim, Sung-Wan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.490-495
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    • 1992
  • The effects of high levels of vitamin E and cholesterol feeding on the lipid composition of the plasma lipoproteins were tested between 4 experimental groups. The concentrations of vitamin E and cholesterol in the plasma lipoproteins were significantly increased with the feedings. But the concentrations of cholesterol and various lipid fractions showed significant low levels on the vitamin E feeding group, which vitamin E was fed after the cholesterol diet. Vitamin E showed the hypocholesterolemic effect when it was fed after the high cholesterol containing diet. But, vitamin E was less effective to decrease the content of cholesterol on the diet which contained the both vitamin E and 2% cholesterol. It also showed that vitamin E could stimulate the absorption of cholesterol and lipid when the both dietary factors were simultaneously fed. The vitamin E feeding also resulted in increase of the cholesterol concentration in HDL/LDL ratios.

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Study on Vitamin I Intake of Exclusively Breast-fed Infants (모유 영양아의 비타민 E 섭취에 관한 연구)

  • 이정실;김을상
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.1440-1445
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the vitamin I intake of exclusively breast-fed infants, we examined 33 lactating women and their infants at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 months of lactation. Vitamin E contents of human milk were determined by HPLC analysis. Vitamin E contents of the milk showed 539, 520, 464, 422, 409 and 351$\mu\textrm{g}$/100m1 during the lactation respectively. Vitamin E contents of the human milk were not affected by energy, lipid and protein consumption of lactating women. Vitamin E intake of breast-fed infants averaged 3375 and 269$\mu\textrm{g}$/day in boys and girls during the first 5 months of lactation. Vitamin E intake per body weight of breast-fed infants appeared 725, 752, 600, 461, 420 and 334$\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day respectively. We conclude that breast-fed infants most likely receives adequate vitamin E from the human milk compared with recommended dietary allowances for Korean infants. (Korean J Nutrition 31(9) : 1440-1445, 1998)

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Intakes and Major Food Sources of Vitamins A and E of Korean Adults Living in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province (서울.경기지역 성인의 비타민 A와 E 섭취현황 및 급원식품 조사)

  • Noh, Hyun-Hee;Kim, Young-Nam;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.628-637
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    • 2010
  • To determine vitamin A and E intakes and their food sources, dietary intakes were collected by three consecutive 24-hour recalls from 192 adults living in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, Korea. The mean vitamin A, retinol and ${\beta}$-carotene intakes were $1240.1{\pm}1101.1\;{\mu}g$ retinol equivalent/day ($693.3{\pm}563.2\;{\mu}g$ retinol activity equivalent/day), $182.6{\pm}149.5\;{\mu}g$/day and $5443.3{\pm}6365.5\;{\mu}g$/day, respectively. Only 9.4% of the subjects consumed less than the Korean Estimated Average Requirement for vitamin A. The mean vitamin E intake was $6.03{\pm}2.54\;mg$ ${\alpha}$-tocopherol equivalent/day. The ${\alpha}$-tocopherol and ${\gamma}$-tocopherol intakes were $4.83{\pm}2.03$ and $5.57{\pm}3.41\;mg$/day, respectively. Most of the subjects (93.8%) consumed less than the Korean Adequate Intake for vitamin E. The major food sources of vitamin A were sweet potato, carrot, red pepper powder, spinach, and citrus fruit, and the top 30 foods provided 91.5% of total Plant foods provided 81.0% and animalderived foods 10.5% of the vitamin A intake from the top 30 foods. The major food sources of vitamin E were soybean oil, red pepper powder, Ramyeon (cup noodles), spinach, and egg. The top 30 foods provided 78.0% of total vitamin E intake. Plant foods provided 61.3% and animal-derived foods 15.9% of the vitamin E intake from the top 30 foods. In conclusion, the vitamin A intake of the Korean adults in this study was ge-nerally adequate, but the vitamin E intake of many subjects was inadequate. Therefore, nutritional education may be of benefit to Korean adults to increase their vitamin E intake.