• Title, Summary, Keyword: Visual Display Terminal Syndrome

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A Study on the Perceived Reaction & Humanization of VDT(Visual Display Terminal) Labor (컴퓨터(VDT : Visual Display Terminal) 노동의 지각반응과 인간화에 관한 연구 -(주)H통신 직원을 대상으로-)

  • Jang Kyung-Chae;Park Geun-Soo
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.6
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    • pp.227-266
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    • 2001
  • These days the use of personal computer has become generalized at factory, office, house, etc and this fact indicates that visual display terminal work became popular in every field of our society. The use of computer improves work efficiency, productivity & qualify but in addition, it also generated the physical and mental diseases or defects so called VDT syndrome to workers. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the computer-work-related anti-physical, anti-psychogenic symptoms & side effects through the data drawn from workers who use computers on their works, and to find out methods of improvement & humanization of computer works. The follows are the results of questions about personal sensibility of VDT syndrome. 1. Female workers are more sensitive to the side effects of computer labor than males. 2. Workers aged twenties feel more severe symptoms of VDT syndrome than thirties or fourties, but there are no level of significance. 3. Middle managements workers are the most sensitive group to VDT syndrome, on the other hand tow managements are less sensitive than operators. 4. The result of questions indicates that a phone conductress show more severe VDT syndrome symptoms than business affairs or an engineer workers, with level of significance. 5. The longer computer work engagement period, the more evident VDT syndrome symptoms appear. For instance, workers who have more than 2 year engagement period complain more severe symptoms, compared workers who have less than 2 year engagement period. 6. Long computer working time per day also increases VDT syndrome severity specially people who have more than 2 hours in working time in a day have much less severe symptoms, compared people whose daily working time exceeds 2 hours. 7. Specific body part which shows VDT syndrome symptoms is shoulder, wrist, neck, finger, eye, waist, arm in the order of severity. 8. Sensibility of VDT syndrome symptoms have effect on degree of vocational satisfaction.

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Effects of PNF Program on Neck Pain, Cervical Range of Motion, Pressure Pain, and Cervical Flexion-Relaxation Ratio in VDT Worker: a Case Study (VDT 직업 종사자의 목 통증, 목뼈 운동범위, 누름통증, 목뼈 굽힘-이완 비율에 PNF 프로그램이 미치는 영향: 증례보고)

  • Kim, Yong-Hun;Jung, Ju-Hyeon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) program on neck pain, cervical range of motion, pressure pain, and the cervical flexion-relaxation ratio in a visual display terminal (VDT) worker. Methods: We recruited a 33-year-old VDT worker diagnosed with chronic VDT syndrome. The subject was treated using a PNF program for 20 minutes a day, three times a week for six weeks. All evaluations were performed every two weeks on the first test day. Results: The PNF program resulted in a significant improvement in the subject's neck pain, cervical range of motion, pressure pain, and the cervical flexion-relaxation ratio after six weeks, in comparison to the subject's condition before treatment. Conclusion: The PNF program can be used effectively to improve neck pain, cervical range of motion, pressure pain, and the cervical flexion-relaxation ratio in visual display terminal (VDT) workers.

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Comparison of The VDT Occupation and VDT-related Hobby Groups in terms of Patients' Subjective Symptoms of VDT Syndrome

  • Lee, Jun Cheol;Park, Si Eun;Shin, Hee Jun;Choi, Wan Suk
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1168-1174
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the health conditions of occupation group and hobby group related to visual display terminal (VDT) syndrome. The VDT occupation group was mainly composed of the worker in banks, telephone companies, and general offices. The VDT-related hobby group was composed of high school students, and Internet cafe users. A questionnaire survey was conducted to classify the subjects according to hours of computer usage. The results indicated that the occupation group represented a higher level of subjective symptoms than VDT-related hobby group. In the VDT occupation group, 'Poor body condition', 'Feeling uncomfortable or pain in the neck', 'Feeling uncomfortable or pain in the back', 'Feeling stressed out', and 'Feeling uncomfortable or pain in the shoulder' items indicated a high level of subjective symptoms. In the VDT-related hobby group, 'Feeling uncomfortable or pain in the neck', and 'Feeling uncomfortable or pain in the back' items indicated a high level of subjective symptoms. According to the hours of computer usage, 4-6 hours and 6 hours or more groups represented a higher level of subjective symptoms than 2-4 hours group. These findings suggest that Visual display terminal (VDT) work effects the individual's health conditions.

A study on the factors affecting the subjective symptoms of VDT syndrome (VDT 증후군 자각증상에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kang, Jeom-Deok
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : In order to develop the measuring tool of visual display terminal (VDT) syndrome and investigate the variables affecting the development of VDT syndrome. Methods : A questionnaire study accompanied with the evaluation of working environment was performed with 42 VDT users from banking operations. Results : As a results of analysis with data colleted by newly developed questionnaire, VDT syndrome included five factors named as eye-related component, and psychological component. general body discomfort component. musculoskeletal component, and skin-related component. The scores of eye-related symptoms was 15.17, scores of psychological symptoms was 7.36, scores of general body discomfort symptoms was 10.52, scores of musculoskeletal symptoms was 9.38, scores of skin-related symptoms was 3.67, and total scores was 46.10. Scores of 2.05 eye fatigue in the level of eye-related symptoms were higher significantly. Scores 50.52 of female was statistically higher than scores 41.67 of male. Conclusions : The subjective symptoms of VDT syndrome scores was significantly associated with gender and age.

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Subjective Symptom of Visual Display Terminal Syndrome and State Anxiety in Adolescent Smartphone Users

  • Park, Soonjoo;Choi, Jung-wha
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2015
  • The objectives of this study were: 1) to determine smartphone addiction, visual display terminal syndrome (VDTS) related symptoms, and state anxiety among adolescents, and 2) to identify the relationship among these variables. Data were collected via selfadministrated questionnaire survey from May to June, 2013. The survey was carried out with 540 voluntary participants at 13 to 24 years old from middle schools, high schools, and universities in Korea. The presence and severity of smartphone addiction, VDTS symptoms, and state anxiety were measured using Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale, VDTS Questionnaire, and State Anxiety Inventory, respectively. Data were analyzed by Cohen’s Kappa coefficient, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Mann-Whitney U test. The mean score of smartphone addiction for all students was 2.17 ± 0.51. The mean scores of smartphone addiction depending on school grade were 2.12 ± 0.53, 2.03 ± 0.48, and 2.42 ± 0.43 for middle school, high school, and college students, respectively. Subjects who experienced minor level of VDTS symptoms had a score of 0.49 ± 0.49 for VDTS symptoms. The score was increased when the level of addiction was higher. There were significant differences in VDTS subjective symptoms among smartphone addiction groups (p<.001). High-risk group of smartphone addiction had the highest scores in every subdomain of VDTS symptoms. Differences were also found in state anxiety among the three groups with smartphone addiction. The findings of this study showed that approximately one out of three adolescents might be classified into problematic smartphone users. Therefore, it is important to educate problematic smartphone users about smartphone addiction and VDTS symptoms to prevent further addiction and aggravation of anxiety.

A study of the relationship between the subjective symptoms of VDT syndrome and occupational factors in VDT operators (VDT작업자의 작업조건과 다발하는 자각증상과의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Kap-Sung;Lee Seung-Deok
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.70-83
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    • 2001
  • Objective : In order to investigate symptoms prevalence related to visual display terminal(VDT) syndrome, and to evaluate the variables affecting the development of the VDT syndrome. Methods : a questionnaire survey was conducted on 127(81 men and 46 women) VDT operators who had been studied in Soongsil University graduated school in Seoul. Result : As a result of analysis with data collected by questionnaire, l. Variables affecting the level of general symptoms were sex, the total time of VDT operation per day, type of typewriting, location of keyboard, illumination, VDT working duration, the time of VDT operation without rest. 2. Variables affecting the level of eye symptoms were sex, the total time of VDT operation per day, type of typewriting, VDT working duration, illumination, method of eye-resting. 3. Variables affecting the level of musculoskeletal symptoms were sex, the total time of VDT operation per day, the time of VDT operation without rest, illumination. Conculsions : In order to protect workers from VDT syndrome, it is urgently required to implement standard management recommendations including restriction of VDT working hours and allowance of more sufficient resting time for VDT workers.

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Physical Therapy and Ergonomic Interventions in Patients with VDT Syndrome: 4 Cases Study (VDT 증후군 환자에 물리치료와 인간공학적 개입: 사례 연구)

  • Lee, In-Hee;Park, Sang-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Among computer users, the awkward posture and workstation setups of workers contribute to work-related upper limb musculoskeletal disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a traditional physical therapy and ergonomic intervention by physical therapists in 4 computer users. Methods: After checking Visual Analogue Scores (VAS), four subjects who were treated by physical therapy for neck and shoulder problems related to VDT syndrome were enrolled in the study. All subjects spent at least 40 hours per week at a computer workstation. All subjects had pain and ergonomic states evaluated using methods such as VAS, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Workstyle short form, Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA), and OSHA VDT checklist (Occupational Safety and Health Administration video display terminal) before a physical therapy + ergonomic intervention. Participants were re-evaluated 1 month later. Results: Participants showed more improvement of their neck pain after being treated with a physical therapy plus ergonomic intervention than when treatment consisted only of physical therapy. Improvements in RULA, Workstyle short form, and OSHA VDT checklist also were achieved. Conclusion: This case study suggests the importance of examining the work habits and work-related postures of subjects who complain of neck and shoulder pain that is exacerbated by computer use. Personalized ergonomic interventions and physical therapy can lead to improvement of patients with VDT syndrome.

The Effect of Visual Display Terminal Work on the Human Body (영상화면 단말기(VDT)작업이 인체에 미치는 영향)

  • 이호찬;박용억;강회향;민경진;김종규
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 1995
  • This study was performed to investigate the negative side effects of video display terminal (VDT) work on the human body and to provide data for preventing VDT syndrome. A questionnaire survey was made to 339 VDT workers at 22 offices in Taegu, Kyungpook and Kyungnam areas from July 1 to August 31, 1994, and 280 of them were finally used for statistical analysis. The VDT syndrome in the present study inclhded five factors, namely as eye-related symptom, psychological symptom, general body symptom, musculoskeletal symptom, and skin-related symptom, and the estimates of Crombach coefficients of the five factors were 0.954, 0.952, 0.953, 0.957, and 0.955, respectively, showing very high reliability. In view of socio-economical characteristics, the symptoms of female were higher than those of male in the order of musculoskeletal symptom, eye-related symptom, skin-related symptom and psychological symptom. The age group of 30 years or less was higher than the older groups in the order of musculoskeletal symptom, eye-related symptom, psychological symptom and skinrelated symptom. The group of lower education level showed higher skin-related symptom. The psychological symptom and skin-related symptom increased as the amount of smoking increased. Higher eye-related symptom was observed in the group without glasses. In the job-related variables, the group of working on programming and data input showed higher eye-related symptom and psychological symptom. The group of working on programming and graphic design showed higher musculoskeletal symptom and skin-related symptom. The skin-related symptom increased as the total time of VDT operation per day increased. The group of working 2-4 hours followed by 15 minutes rest was higher in musculoskeletal symptom and psychological symptom. Higher musculoskeletal symptom was observed from the group working on Friday and Sunday. The group of 1 year or less working showed higher in skin-related symptom. In relation with the VDT type, all symptoms except skin-related symptom were higher in the group using monochrome monitor. As showed above, the questionnaire could be a tool for evaluating VDT syndrome and prevention of the syndrome would be possible by a comprehensive consideration of factors including socio-economic characteristics, job-related variables and VDT type.

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A Preliminary Study on Visual Display Terminal Syndrome Prevention System Using Ultrasonic Sensor (초음파 센서를 이용한 거북목 증후군 예방 시스템에 관한 기초연구)

  • Lee, Yoo-Jung;Im, Do Hwi;Yoo, Soo-Han;Na, Ye-Ji;Wang, Changwon;Min, Se Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.890-892
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 초음파 센서를 사용하여 사용자와 모니터 사이의 거리측정을 통해 거북목 증후군 예방 시스템 개발에 대한 기초연구로 수행하였다. 자세는 바른 자세, 중간 자세, 거북목 유발 자세 총 3가지로, 각 피험자의 역치값을 통해 자세를 구분하였다. 피험자는 총 4명으로 실험을 통해 설정해 놓은 역치값 이상의 신호가 들어왔을 때, LED를 켜서 사용자의 현재 자신의 자세에 대해 피드백을 주도록 구성하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 바탕으로 향후 거북목 증후군 예방과 관련된 다양한 연구에 도움이 될 것으로 사료된다.

linical Performance Analysis of Lens for Improving VDT Syndrome (VDT 증후군 개선을 위한 렌즈의 임상성능 분석)

  • Ryu, Geun-Chang;Park, Ji-Hoon;Jun, Jin;Jin Moon-Seog;Chae, Soo-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the survey results of clinical performance and visual problem, and the survey were carried out before and after of VDT working for 4 hours by wearing functional lens designed for improving VDT syndrome and single-vision lens. Methods: We tested near & far visual acuity, change of spherical equivalent, near point of accommodation, near point of convergence, AC/A ratio, accommodative facility and survey of subjective symptoms to visual problem of before and after VDT working for 4 hours after wearing single-vision lens and functional lens subjected on 30 males and females in the age of 20 to 45. Results: When wearing functional lens comparing to single-vision lens, near visual acuity, near point of accommodation, near point of convergence, and accommodative facility are significantly improved. It is investigated that average scores of 10 items to visual problem after VDT working for 4 hours are 3.63${\pm}$0.75 at single-vision lens and 4.69 ${\pm}$ 0.83 at functional lens, and therefore functional lens is significantly improved. Conclusions: It is thought that functional lens is an excellent lens which helps to improve accommodative function and visual problem after VDT working for 4 hours than single-vision lens.

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