• Title, Summary, Keyword: Viscum album

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Seasonal Variation in Photosynthetic Characteristics and Chlorophyll Content of the Loranthus tanakae, Viscum album var. coloratum and its Hosts in Korea (계절에 따른 국내 자생 꼬리겨우살이, 겨우살이 및 기주목의 광합성 특성과 엽록소 함량)

  • Lee, Sugwang;Lee, Seong Han;Woo, Su Young;Kang, Hoduck
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.104 no.1
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    • pp.50-59
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    • 2015
  • We investigated seasonal variation in photosynthetic characteristics and chlorophyll content of the Loranthus tanakae, Viscum album var. coloratum and its hosts in Korea. The maximum photosynthesis and transpiration rate of L. tanakae were $9.36{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ at $941{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ PAR (photosynthetically active radiation) in June, $5.06{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ at $1,596{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ PAR in July, respectively. The maximum photosynthesis and transpiration rate of V. album var. coloratum were $6.51{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ at $418{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ PAR in Autumn, $3.91{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ at $1,735{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ PAR in Autumn, respectively. V. album var. coloratum was able to conduct photosynthesis in November whereas its host and L. tanakae were not able to conduct photosynthesis. Especially transpiration rate of L. tanakae were always higher than its host and V. album var. coloratum. The chlorophyll a+b contents of L. tanakae was $8.23mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$ in July, V. album var. coloratum was $10.27mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$ in June, and chlorophyll a/b ratio of L. tanakae was 1.7~3.7, V. album var. coloratum was 1.1~4.5, depend on season.

Analysis of Chemical Constituents of Saccharides and Triterpenoids in the Korean Native Mistletoes - I. Triterpenoids - (한국산(韓國産) 겨울살이류(類)의 당류(糖類)와 triterpenoids의 화학적(化學的) 조성(組成) 분석(分析))

  • Ahn, Won-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 1996
  • The aim of this research was to investigate the chemical components of C30 compounds, especially triterpenoids in Korean native mistletoes of Korthalsella japonicus Engler parasiting to Camellia japonica L., Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohmi, to Quercus acutissima Carruth. and Loran-thus yadoriko Sieb. to Neolitsea sericea (BI.) Koidz. For the identification of triterpenoidal components, alkaline hydrolyzates of mistletoes meals were analyzed by TLC, GC, and GC/MS. The content of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid derivatives were highest in K. japonica. In V. album, there was no big difference between leaves and twigs in content. but oleanolic acid in leaves. and olean-12-en-$3{\beta}$-ol and lup-20(29)-en-3-one in twigs were prominent. Similiar to V. album in L. yadoriki there was no difference between leaves and twigs in content, and both olean-12-en-$3{\beta}$-ol, lup-20(29)-en-3-one and urs-12-en-$3{\beta}$-ol in leaves, lup-20(29)-en-3-one in twigs were abundant. Triterpenoids as olea-12-en-$3{\beta}$-ol, lupe-20(29)-en-3-one, 3-oxo-urs-12-en-24-oic acid, and $21{\beta}$-A'-neogam-macer-22(29)-en-3-ol acetate were common in all samples tested. whereas ursolic acid only in P. japonicus and ursenol in L. yadoriki were detected. And P. japonicus had the largest number of triterpenoids and showed the highest in biological activity. So it is noted that Korean mistletoes tested in the study had three types of triterpenoid, oleanane, lupane, and ursane, irrespective of hosts, sampling positions and species.

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Isolation and Characterization of Lectins from Stem and Leaves of Korean Mistletoe (Viscum album var. coloratum) by Affinity Chromatography

  • Park, Won-Bong;Han, Seon-Kyu;Lee, Myung-Hwang;Han, Kwang-Ho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.306-312
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    • 1997
  • We attempted to isolate and characterize the lectins from stem and leaves of Korean mistletoe (Viscum album var. coloratum) by affinity chromatography. Lectin I was isolated only from stem. Lectin II was not isolated from Korean mistletoe, whereas lectin III was isolated from the stem and leaves. The hemagglutinating activity of lectin I was 16HU and inhibited by D-galactose, lactose, and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. The lectin I has molecular weight of 60, 000D being composed of two basic subunits with molecular weights of 32, 000D and 28, 000D which are linked by a disufide bond. The lectin III from stem has molecular weight of 66, 000D being two basic subunits which have molecular weights of 34, 000D and 29, 000D and are linked by a disufide bond. The activity of lectin I was stable at the pH range of 4.00-8.50 and at a wide range of temperature (0-42.deg. C). The lectin I showed more potent mitogenic activity to murine lymphocytes than concanavalin A.

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Korean Mistletoe Lectin-induced Apoptosis in Hepatocarcinoma Cells is Associated with Inhibition of Telomerase via Mitochondrial Controlled Pathway Independent of p53

  • Park, Won-Bong;Lyu, Su-Yun;Choi, Sang-Ho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2002
  • The extract of European mistletoe ( Viscum album, L) has been used in adjuvant chemotherapy of cancer and mistletoe lectins are considered to be major active components. The present work was performed to investigate the effects of Korean mistletoe lectin (Viscum album L. coleratum agglutinin, VCA) on proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatoma cells as well as the underlying mechamisns for these effects. We showed that VCA induced atoptosis in both SK-Hep-1 and Hep 3B (p53-negative) cells through p53- and p21 -independent pathways. VCA induced apoptosis by down-regulation of Bcl-2 and by up-regulation of Bax functioning upstream of caspase-3 in both cell lines. In addition, we observed down-regulation of telomerase activity in both VCA-treated cells. Our results provide direct evidence of the anti-tumor potential of this biological response which comes from inhibition of telomerase and consequent inducing apoptosis. VCA-induced apoptosis is regulated by mitochondria controlled pathway independently of p53. These findings are important for the therapy with preparation of mistletoe because they show that telomerase-dependent mechanism can be targeted by VCA in human hepatocarcinoma. Taken together, our results suggest that the VCA, considered as a telomerase-inhibitor, can be envisaged as a candidate for enhancing sensitivity of conventional anticancer drugs.

Effect of Korean Mistletoe (Viscum album Coloratum) on the Non-Specific Immune Responses in Japanese Eel (Anguilla japonica)

  • Cho, Young-Hye;Choi, Dae-Han;Choi, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2005
  • In the present paper, the immunostimulatory effects of Korean mistletoe (Viscum album Coloratum) on the non-specific immune responses of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) were examined. Eel were innoculated with mistletoe, Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA), or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) as a control into their peritoneal cavities. The number of nitrobule tetrazolium (NBT)-positive cells in the head kidney of fish was significantly increased by the second day post-injection of mistletoe. ROI products were more enhanced in mistletoe-injected fish kidney leucocytes than in FCA-injected ones. The level of lysozyme activity detected in the serum of fish 2 days after injection with mistletoe was also significantly higher than that found in the serum of the control fish. The appropriate concentration of mistletoe to induce the highest level of serum lysozyme activity was revealed to 1000${\mu}g$/200 g of fish. In phagocytic activity assay, mistletoe-sensitized eel kidney phagocytes captured more zymosan than did the control fish. Korean mistletoe appeared to be a good activator of the non-specific immune responses of Japanese eel.

Mistletoe Lectin (Viscum album coloratum) Modulates Proliferation and Cytokine Expressions in Murine Splenocytes

  • Lyu, Su-Yun;Park, Won-Bong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.662-670
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    • 2006
  • It is well documented that an extract of European mistletoe has a variety of biological effects, such as the stimulation of cytokine production from immune cells, and additional immunoadjuvant activities. While the European mistletoe has been studied intensively, we know less about Korean mistletoe as a therapeutic plant, especially as a possible immunomodulating drug. This study will investigated the effects of Korean mistletoe lectin (Viscum album L. var. coloratum agglutinin, VCA) on murine splenocytes to investigate whether VCA acts as an immunomodulator, which could lead to improved immune responses in these cells. The results showed that VCA inhibited cell proliferation at higher concentrations (at 1-8 ng/ml) and enhanced cell proliferation at lower concentrations (at 4-32 pg/ml). Further studies were carried out to determine if the pro-proliferative or anti-proliferative activity exhibited by VCA was correlated with cytokine secretion. Consequently, interferon (IFN)-$\gamma$ secretion was decreased in concanavalin A (ConA)-stimulated murine splenocytes by VCA (4-64 ng/ml), but there was no change in IL-4 levels. This suggests that VCA has the ability to modulate murine splenocyte proliferation and can possibly act on the balance of Th1/Th2 cellular immune responses.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of White Bread Added with Mistletoe (Viscum album var.) Powder (겨우살이 분말 첨가 식빵의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Soohyun;Yoo, Sujung;Yoo, Dongjin;Kim, Changeun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of bread containing mistletoe (Viscum album var.) powder (at ratios of 0, 3, 5, 7, and 10% of total flour quantity). As mistletoe powder (MP) content increased, the pH levels of dough and bread and lightness decreased, whereas total titratable acidity increased. The fermentation power of the dough expansion by fermentation decreased with an increase in MP content added. Although bread weight decreased, there were no significant differences in baking loss as MP content increased. Volume and specific volume significantly decreased as MP content increased. Moisture content was highest at a substitution level of 10% and increased with increasing MP content. Lightness of crumbs significantly decreased with increasing MP content, whereas redness and yellowness showed the reverse effect. As MP content increased, changes in hardness, gumminess, and brittleness were all significant. In the sensory evaluation, color, flavor, softness, and overall acceptability were highest at MP 3% and were lowest at MP 10%. Total polyphenol contents and DPPH radical scavenging activity of bread significantly increased with increasing MP content. In conclusion, addition of MP 3% showed the best performance in terms of the nutritional and functional aspects of the bread.

The Impact of Environmental and Host Specificity in Seed Germination and Survival of Korean Mistletoe [Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi]

  • Lee, Bo Duck;Lee, Young Woo;Kim, Seong Min;Cheng, Hyo Cheng;Shim, Ie Sung
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.710-717
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    • 2015
  • Humankind has been searching for medicinal materials from various plant sources in an attempt to treat disease. Mistletoe is one indubitable plant source for these materials due to its effectiveness in treating various diseases, but it has almost disappeared from the mountainous areas of Korea due to excessive harvesting. In this study, in order to select host tree species for Korean mistletoe [Viscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi] by seed inoculation and to clarify the effect of host specificity among various tree species were conducted for the purpose of gaining basic information for the artificial cultivation of Korean mistletoe. Almost all the seeds of Korean mistletoe germinated in vitro at the temperature of 15℃. Among host trees used in this study, Prunus mume showed the highest parasitic affinity with inoculated Korean mistletoe, compared with any other host plants. However, treatment of hormones could not increase the low survival rate of Korean mistletoe on the host trees.