• Title, Summary, Keyword: Viscum album

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Antimicrobial Effect of Viscum album var. coloratum Extracts on Food-Borne Pathogens (식중독 유발 세균의 증식에 미치는 겨우살이 추출물의 영향)

  • Bae Ji-Hyun;No Suck-Hee;Park Hyo-Jung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.182-187
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial effect of the Viscum album var. coloratum extracts against food-borne pathogens. First, the Viscum album var. coloratum was extracted with methanol at room temperature and the fractionation of the methanol extracts was carried out by using petroleum ether, chloroform, and ethyl acetate, and methanol, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of the Viscum album var. coloratum extracts was determined by using a paper disc method against food-borne pathogens and food spoilage bacteria. The petroleum ether extracts of Viscum album var. coloratum showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus and Shigella dysenteriae. Synergistic effect in inhibition was observed when Viscum album var. coloratum extract was mixed with Perillae folium extract as compared with each extract alone. Finally, the growth inhibition curves were determined by using petroleum ether extracts of Viscum album var. coloratum against Bacillus cereus and Shigella dysenteriae. The petroleum ether extract of Viscum album var. coloratum had strong antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus at the concentration of 5,000 ppm. At this concentration, the growth of Bacillus cereus was retarded more than 24 hours and up to 12 hours for Shigella dysenteriae. In conclusion, the petroleum ether extracts of Viscum album var. coloratum inhibit efficiently Bacillus cereus and Shigella dysenteriae.

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The Cytotoxicity of Rat Hepatocytes on Viscum album Lectin (겨우살이 lectin의 흰쥐 간세포 독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Choul-Soo;Ryu, Jae-Ki;Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.190-195
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    • 2007
  • In the present study, the author investigated to the cytotoxocity in cultured rat hepatocytes of Viscum album lectin. The cytotoxcity effect in Viscum album lectin on the activity of LDH was also investigated. Viscum album lectin significantly increased LDH leakage into medium of hepatocytes treated or untreated with $CCl_4$ (p<0.001). However, Viscum album lectin significantly increased LDH leakage from $CCl_4$-induced hepatocyte (p<0.001). There was a significant increase in LDH levels relative to the control group. Histological observation basically supported the result obtained from LDH assay. The livers of rats challenged with $CCl_4$ produced a marked increased cytoplasmic vacuoles and inflammatory cells in number, while the number of necrotic cells and swollen hepatocytes did not change significnatly. Rats administered DMSO alone did not alter the normal hepatic architecture. Histological observation of liver section in rat treated 72 hrs with either Viscum album lectin $CCl_4$-induced liver damage showed number of cytoplasmic vaculoe and necrotic cell. The number of inflammatory cell increased markedly. This results suggest to the conclusion that Viscum album lectin has a effect of hepatotoxicity activator.

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Effect of Lipid Metabolism in Viscum album Lectin on Rats (겨우살이 Lectin이 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Choul Soo;Hwang, Seock Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to investigate effect of lipid metabolism in Viscum album lectin on rats. The lectin was purified by sepharose 4B affinity chromatography and gel filtration using sephadex G-150 with plant material from Viscum album collected in Mt. Duk Yui. After 72 h of $CCl_4$ injection (in olive oil, 1:1, 2 mg/kg) there was a significant increase in serum total cholesterol and triglycerige levels relative to the control group. However, treatment of both Viscum album and purified lectin were significantly decreased lipid parameters against the $CCl_4$-induced. Histological observation basically supported the result obtained from serum lipid assay. The livers of rats challenged with $CCl_4$ produced a marked increase of cytoplasmic vacuoles in number, while the number of necrotic cells and swollen hepatocytes did not change significnatly. Rats administered olive oil alone did not alter the normal hepatic architecture. Histological observation of the liver section in rats treated 72 h with either Viscum album purified lectin or $CCl_4$-induced liver lipogenesis showed decreased numbers of cytoplasmic vaculoes and necrotic cells. The normal hepatic architectural pattern was observed in Hematoxylin-eosin stain. These results suggest that Viscum album lectin has a possible protective effect of lipid metabolim in rats.

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Antitumor Activities of Extract of Viscum album var. coloratum Modified with Viscum album var. coloratum Agglutinin

  • Lyu, Su-Yun;Rhim, Jee-Young;Moon, You-Sun;Jung, Seung-Hee;Lee, Kyue-Yim;Park, Won-Bong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2002
  • The mistletoe lectins are major active components in the extract of European mistletoe (Viscum album L) that have been widely used in adjuvant chemotherapy of cancer. This study was performed to investigate the antitumor activity of extract of Korean mistletoe (Viscum album var. coloratum) modified with Korean mistletoe lectin (Viscum album var. coloratum agglutinin, VCA). Compared with the results of VCA, survival rate was increased and experimental lung metastasis was reduced by treatment of modified extract (VCM). In addition, the treatment of VCM reduced angiogenesis and VCA-induced toxicity measured by a CAM assay. And VCM inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in vitro in tumor cells originated from tissues which are possible to apply topically without surgery. Taken together, the antitumor activities of VCM-treated group outperformed the activities of the VCA-treated group.

Effects of Serum Lipid and Liver Tissue on Rats in Lectin from Viscum Album(Mistletoe) (겨우살이 Lectin이 흰쥐의 혈청지질 및 간조직에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Chul-Soo;Ryu, Jae-Ki
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.244-249
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to investigate effect of serum lipid and liver tissue in lectin from Viscum album on rats. The lectin was purified by sepharose 4B affinity chromatography and gel filtration using sephadex G-150 with plant material from Viscum album. After 72 h of $CCl_4$ injection, there was a significant increase in serum total cholesterol and triglycerige levels relative to the control group. However, treatment of both Viscum album and purified lectin were significantly decreased lipid parameters against the $CCl_4$-induced. Histological observation of the liver section of rats challenged with $CCl_4$ produced a marked increase of cytoplasmic vacuoles in number, while rats administered olive oil alone did not alter the normal hepatic architecture. Histological observation of the liver section in rats treated 72 h with either Viscum album purified lectin or $CCl_4$-induced liver lipogenesis showed decreased numbers of cytoplasmic vaculoes and necrotic cells. These results suggest that Viscum album lectin has a significantly decreased lipid in serum or histological observation of the liver section decreased in lipogenesis in rats.

Bleeding Time Prolongation Effect of Methanol Extract of Viscum album var. coloratum

  • Yang, Hyun-Ok;Park, Shin-Young;Hong, Kyung-Hee;Kang, Lin-Woo;Choe, Kwang-Hoon;Kim, Young-Kyoon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.152-154
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    • 2002
  • The methanol extract of Viscum album var. coloratum, Korean mistletoe, showed potent prolongation effects on the bleeding time in rats in vivo, and whole blood clotting time and plasma recalcification time in rats ex vivo. The prolongation effect on the bleeding time of Korean mistletoe is comparable to that of Viscum album L., European mistletoe, 185.6% and 176.5%, respectively. However, the water extracts of the both plants did not show any prolongation effects. Platelet activating factor (PAF) receptor binding assay was carried out to elucidate the action mechanisms of the extracts, and both of the methanol extracts did not show any inhibitory activity. The $LD_{50}$ of the methanol extracts of both mistletoes are more than 2 g/kg. These results suggest that the mehtanol extract of Korean mistletoe might be a potential candidate to develop new drug to improve microcirculation.

Comparative Study of Korean (Viscum album var. coloratum) and European Mistletoes (Viscum album)

  • Lyu, Su-Yun;Park, Sun-Myo;Choung, Bo-Yun;Park, Won-Bong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.592-598
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    • 2000
  • A lectin (agglutinin, VCA) from Korean mistletoe (Viscum album L. coloratum) was isolated by affinity chromatograpy on a asialofetuin-Sepharose 4B. The molecular weights of A- and B-chains of VCA were different from those of VAAS. The VCA recognized the antibody of VAAs in the Western blot analysis and ELLA system. We also investigated the synergistic effects of the components in mistletoe by dividing the extract into different molecular weight fractions.

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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome after Viscum album Pleurodesis for Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

  • Noh, Dongsub;Park, Joon Suk;Lee, Doo Yun
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.64-67
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    • 2017
  • A 52-year-old male patient who underwent multiple wedge resections experienced postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome in both lungs after Viscum album pleurodesis. Despite initial rapid deterioration in clinical condition and rapid progression of bilateral lung infiltration, he exhibited a relatively smooth clinical recovery with marked response to glucocorticoid treatment. Our case report suggests that care must be taken to guard against the development of acute respiratory complications in the use of Viscum album for pleurodesis. However, in view of the clinically benign course, initial aggressive management of complications can prevent suffering and sequelae.

Viscum Album Therapy in Malignant Pleural Effusion (악성 흉막삼출액에서 Viscum Album 치료)

  • 김종중;이석기;임진수;최형호
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.978-982
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    • 2004
  • Background: Malignant pleural effusion is a common clinical problem in neoplastic patients. With the diagnosis of a malignant pleural effusion, palliative therapy was done. One of the treatments was a chemical pleurodesis. Talc was the most commonly used a sclerosing agent, but the quality of patient's life was not improved. We was evaluated by other agents such as Viscum album for relief of malignant pleural effusion. Material and Method: From November 2001 to October 2003, 17 patients who underwent to chemical pleurodesis for the malignant pleural effusion. We compared the talc (group I: 10 patients) and Viscum album (group II: 7 patients). We analysed them retrospectively in term of various factors and results. Result: There were no significant differences between group I and group II in the sex ratio, mean age, origin of primary cancer and site, but, group I had higher successful rate (80% : 71 %) than group II. Group II had better length of chest tube stay after procedure, Karnofsky performance and recurrence than group I. The failed treatement group was related to the pleural fluid pH and interval of initial chemical pleurodesis after thoracostomy. Conculsion: Although the chemical pleurodesis with Viscum album was slightly lower than talc in the successful rate, there was an alternative method instead of the chemical pleurodesis with talc to improve the patient's quality of life in malignant pleural effusion.

Anti-diabetic Effect of Viscum album Lectin (겨우살이 Lectin의 항당뇨 효과)

  • 장철수;노광수
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2000
  • We investigated anti-diabetic effect of the crude extracts and lectin purified from the leaves of Viscum album collected in Mt. Duk Yu. The induction of diabetes mellitus was confirmed by the presence of statistically significant greater serum glucose levels in strptozotocin-treated rats compared with the untreated non-diabetic group. There are no significant differences in the serum glucose levels compared extracts and purified lectin to tap water in the non-diabetic group after administration through the oral cavity in 29 day. But for streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats the serum glucose level in extracts after administration through the oral cavity was strikely decreased to 36% than tap water in 29 day. Significantly lower glucose level was obtained at 2 hr and 4 hr after administration of purified lectin(0.4 mg/kg) through the peritoneal cavity. These results provide an evidence that Viscum album lectin has an andti-diabetic effect pharmacologically.

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