• Title, Summary, Keyword: Violent abuse

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A Study on Typology and the Casual factors of Elderly-abuse (노인학대 유형화 및 유형결정요인 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Kim, Mee-Hye
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1165-1178
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study are developing the new types of elderly abuse and finding the variables affecting the new elderly abuse type. And This is at suggesting the intervention strategies preventing the elderly abuse. The 350 cases of elderly abuse reported in Elder Protection Agency was analysed. Data is analyzed by using statistical techniques including cluster analysis and logit-regression. New type of elderly abuse is "violent elderly abuse" and "avoiding elderly abuse". Violent elderly abuse is very connected with directly violence speech and behavior and avoiding elderly abuse is connected with neglect and abandonment, self-neglect. The elderly's instrumental activity of daily living and education, the offender's sex and education and living together type of the elderly - the offender, and the offender's care burden are the casual factors of the new type of elderly abuse. Based on the results, the various service programmes for the abused elderly is developed and implemented.

Child sexual abuse and pediatricians (아동 성학대 대응체계와 소아청소년과 의사의 역할)

  • Lee, Insil
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.11
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    • pp.1200-1206
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    • 2009
  • Child sexual abuse is not a rarely encountered problem. Child sexual abuse is a pediatric disease entity with lifelong impact. Child sexual abuse, different from sexual assault, is not always accompanied by violent force and usually repeated over a period of time. Child sexual abuse should be approached by multidisciplinary team experts. Every pediatrician should know the child protection network in his district and be competent in the child sexual abuse medical evaluation and treatment as a primary doctor. In order to accomplish that goal, the Korean Pediatric Society should change the pediatric residency training curriculum and foster child sexual abuse experts. Pediatricians have responsibilities to do their active role in response to children at risk.

The Effects of Violent Experiences and Coping on Job Stress of Caregivers in Long-Term Care Facilities (요양보호사의 폭력경험과 대처방법이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Og Son;Oh, Jin Hwan;Lee, Kee Lyong
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate factors that affect job stress among caregivers in long-term care facilities. Methods: Data were collected from 125 caregivers through a structured questionnaire targeting general characteristics, violent experiences, coping, and job stress from February 2 to March 10, 2015. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression using SPSS 21.0. Results: The rate of violence experienced by caregivers was 99.2% for verbal abuse, 99.2% for physical violence, 95.2% for physical threatening, and 62.3% for sexual abuse. The mean score for coping and job stress was above average. Job stress significantly differed by marital status, education level, facility size, and policy on workplace violence. The significant predictors of job stress included policy on workplace violence, violent experiences, and education level. The regression model explained 28.0% of the variance in job stress. Conclusion: To improve job stress of caregivers, it is necessary to establish policies for violence within the organization and to develop and apply various programs that allow caregivers to work safe from violence both physically and psychologically.

A Study on the Courtship Violence among Unmarried College Students I (미혼대학생의 혼전 단계에서의 신체적 폭력의 경험에 관한실태조사연구)

  • 김용미
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and dynamics of permarital abuse among never-married college students. 21.3% of 497 male and female respondents reported that they had experienced premarital violence at least once. Types of violence most frequently used were pushing or shoving slapping and throwing objects. It is interesting that both victims and aggressors interpret violent acts as expression of love most of all. Behavioral response to violent acts were to try to make up to talk to the partner and to apologize. In general the respondents had negative attitudes toward violence in premarital and marital relationships. Males showed more positive attiutudes toward violence than females. This sex difference appeared to have some inflence on marital abuse, In is suggested that counseling program and shelter for victims of severe violence need to be developed.

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A Typology of Maritally Violent Men: Testing the Three Batterer Subtypes Derived from Theory (가정폭력 행위자의 유형: 이론에 따른 세 하위유형의 검증)

  • Chang, Hee-Suk;Kim, Ye-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.303-325
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated subtypes of men who batter, and explored the differences among them. It was based on 217 subjects from all around the nation who received legal punishment. In the analysis of the typology, we specifically tested whether the Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart proposed typology was verified. The results of the cluster analysis revealed support for their theoretical distinction for three types of abusers. These results imply that Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart's batterer typology is applicable to Korean batterers to some degree. Type 1 men demonstrated the lowest levels of physical and psychological abuse toward their wives and were the least likely to have had a history of child abuse or alcohol problems. These men had lower MCMI scores and did not show any extraordinary personality traits. Men in this category were violent only against their wives, had relatively liberal sex role attitudes and had the most satisfaction in their intimate relationships. Type 2 men were violent only at home, using a moderate level of violence. These men had very high levels of dependency on others and showed a borderline, avoident or passive-aggressive personality. The amount of alcohol consumption was similar to Type 1, but scores of jealousy, self-esteem, and attitudinal variables were similar to Type 3 men. They lacked assertiveness skills and reported the least marital satisfaction. Type 3 men used the most severe violence and were violent both inside and outside the home. These men showed signs of antisocial and aggressive personality. They had experienced frequent physical abuse during childhood, were the most likely to abuse alcohol and had lower self-control. Type 3 were the most traditional in their views of women's roles and had attitudes supporting violence. Based upon the study findings, practical implications of enhancing treatment efficacy were considered.

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The Study on Violence Status in High School -Based on One Area High School Students- (청소년의 학교폭력 실태에 관한 연구 -일지역 남자고등학생을 중심으로-)

  • 최소영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.870-879
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    • 1999
  • The reality of violence involving youth has recently increased and has become a serious social problem. The study was done to identity violence related feetors including types of assault, victim status and a violence preventive plan. The subjects were students in boy's high schools in the Jinju area and data were collected through a questionnaire. The research was done to demonstrate the seriousness of school violence and to determine the origins of the problems present measures to eradicate school violence. 1. The types of assault included slander, violent language to classmates, destroying school property, stealing money by beating and violent conduct, sexual harrassment or sexual violence. About 19% of the high school students had experience as violent assaulters. The reasons for such assault were abuse by the victim, discontent at home & school and for amusement with friends without any reason. 2. With respect to the status of damage by violence most cases took place within the school which is considered to be safe for students. Violence such as slander, abuse, violence language, disregarding or excluding took place the most at school and in case of the assaulter it was a college student or a student in the senior grad. 3. As for measure to prevent violence identified by the students, the need to provide space for youth leisure activity was listed as important along with the need for guidance for the future which took into account suitability related to the student's ability and the need to get rid of education mainly for entrance exams. Endeavors to prevent violence must be persistent in all aspect, so that such inhuman like violence will not appear and the negative elements raised by youth will be solved one by one.

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The Effects of Individual Characteristics, School Organizational Factors, and Teacher Factors on Students' School Violence: A Hierarchical Linear Modeling (학생 개인요인, 학교 구조적 요인, 교사요인이 학교폭력 가해행동에 미치는 영향: 위계적 선형모형 분석)

  • Lee, Jihyeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.77-100
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    • 2014
  • To validate the effects of students' individual factor, school organizational factor, and teacher factor on violent behavior toward peers in school, this study applied Hierarchical Linear Modeling and analyzed it using the HLM 7 program. To this end, it used survey data of students from 50 middle schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. A total of 1,777 cases from 50 middle schools were used for individual student-level analysis (Level 1), and used for school-level analysis (Level-2). According to the results of the analysis, student-level variables such as attitude toward violence, experience of child abuse at home, and delinquent peers had significant effects on school violence. The effects of violent discipline by teacher, which are used as a school-level variable, was statistically significant. Based on the result of the study, action plans and policies to resolve school violence were discussed.

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Violent Experiences, Responses and Coping of Nurses in Long-Term Care Hospitals in J Province (J도 소재 요양병원 간호사의 폭력피해경험, 반응 및 대처양상 분석)

  • Park, Jinhee;Yoo, Kwang Soo;Kong, Eun Suk;Chang, Soo Jung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.869-881
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of violent experiences, the types of responses to violent experiences, the coping methods among nurses working in long-term care hospitals. Data were collected using structured questionnaires from 226 nurses in 12 long-term care hospitals in J province. Data collection was performed between April 15, 2016 and April 29, 2016. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and ${\chi}2-test$. Of all the respondents, 55.8% had experienced violence in the past 1 year. Of the perpetrators of the violence, 54.6% and 60.0%, were aged 65 and over and had cognitive functional decline, respectively. The most frequent type of violence was verbal abuse(90.5%). Following the violent experiences, emotional responses had the highest score($2.8{\pm}0.8$). The major coping behavior was "told their peers(84.1%)", followed by "disregarded it and worked although it felt bad(75.4%)". These results indicate the need to establish systems for violence prevention and coping, as well as applicable educational programs, tailored to the circumstances of long-term care hospitals and the characteristics of their patients.

A Study on the Group Intervention for Family Violent Offenders (가정폭력 가해자를 위한 집단프로그램 개입에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Jin-Sook;Chun, Suk-Kyoun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.44
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    • pp.36-63
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study are to experiment a modified domestic conflict containment program (DCCP) which was initially development for developed by Dr, Neidig on 10 Korean offenders, and to provide practical basement for development of Korean offenders' group. This modified group program is based on cognitive-behavioral and communication theories. The group was leaded by 2 therapists, one female and one male, and continued 12 consecutive weeks, each week for 2 1/2 hours. The evaluation on the program is based on 4 different data: 1) intake form for spouse abuse, 2) group leader's summary on each session based on video taping and an analysis after each session with two probation officers in charge for the offenders, 3) clinical measurement for self esteem (ISE), 4) daily self report on each session and the final evaluation form by the group members. The result was shown consisently that this program achieved the purpose of this study across the all 4 data. Therefore, we suggest our experimental study will be able to provide a practical basement for future development of group treatment model for Korean offenders.

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Violence Experiences of Clinical Nurses and Nurse Aids in Hospitals (병원종사 간호 인력의 직장폭력 경험 실태)

  • Kim, Souk Young;Ahn, Hye Young;Kim, Hyeon Suk
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study were to explore workplace violence experiences and to analyze differences of violence experiences based on the department and harmers to nurses in hospitals. Method: Data were collected from the self-reported survey of 496 nurses and nurse aids in three hospitals in D area in Korea from April to May in 2007. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis using SPSS Win 12.0. Result: The nurses in hospitals experienced offensive verbal abuse (88.4%), verbal threat (36.5%), physical violence (24.5%), serious physical violence (2.2%), and sexual harrassment (25.7%) during last one year in hospitals. Nursing staffs in hospital demonstrated different violent experiences by age and service areas. Conclusion: These findings revealed high rates of violence experiences of nursing staffs in hospital. Thus, hospitals should develop policies, guidelines, and programs for preventing and managing workplace violence.

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