• Title, Summary, Keyword: Victim

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Effects of Nurse's Second Victim Experiences on Third Victim Experiences: Multiple Mediation Effects of Second Victim Supports (간호사가 인식한 이차 피해 경험이 삼차 피해 경험에 미치는 영향과 이차 피해 지지의 다중 매개효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Kim, Sun-Aee;Kim, Ji-In;Lee, Ju-Ry;Na, Sun-Gyoung
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Nurse's second victim experiences could influence organizational negative work-related outcome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the casual relationship between nurses' second victim experience and third victim experience and multiple mediation effects of second victim supports. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-report survey (the Second Victim Experience and Support Tool) was conducted with 305 nurses working in a general hospital. Data were collected from October 20 to November 25, 2016 and analyzed using SPSS Win version 23.0. Results: The nurses' perceived second victim experience was $3.24{\pm}0.61$ and the third victim experience was $3.12{\pm}0.92$. Nurses' second victim experience was found to have a direct effect on increasing third victim experience and indirect effect of colleague support as mediator (p<.05). However, institutional support and supervisor support had not a partial and indirect effect on third victim experience. Conclusion:This study is one of the first to connect second victim experience to third victim experience in South Korea. This study broadens the understanding of the negative effects of a second victim experience influence third victim experience. When involvement in patient safety events, the important role of colleague support in limiting nurse's third victim experience have been acknowledged. This study reinforces the efforts health care leaders are making to develop interventional programs to colleague support their staff as they recover from adverse event involvement.

Relationship between Bully/victim Types and Coping with Stress in Elementary School Children (초등학생의 또래 괴롭힘 유형과 스트레스 대처행동에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Jae Seon;Chung, Moon Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.123-138
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    • 2002
  • The assessment of the 678 6th grade subjects of this study was with the Perry, Kusel, and Perry(1988) Modified Peer Nomination Inventory and the Daily Hassles Coping Scale for Children (Min & Yoo, 1998). Findings were that 14% of the children were bullies, 14% were victims, and 11% were bully/victims(bullies in one situation and victims in a different situation). Sex differences showed that boys who are victims and bully/victims used more passive coping than bully type boys. Bully and bully/victim types used more aggressive coping; victim types used more evasive coping. For girls, bully and bully/victim types used more passive coping than the victim types, who used more evasive coping. Bully types used more social support-seeking in their coping than victims and bully/victim types.

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Korean High School Student's Perceptions of Sexual Harassment: The Effects of Victim's Clothing, Behavior, and Respondent's Gender

  • Jang, Eun Hye;Lee, Miyoung
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2013
  • This study investigates Korean high school student's perception of sexual harassment and relative effects of victim's clothing, dating behavior and respondent's gender on perceptions of alleged sexual harassment cases. A quasi-experimental method was applied using a $2{\times}2{\times}2$ between-subjects factorial design that manipulated three variables (clothing exposure, dating behavior, and gender). Questionnaires were distributed to a convenience sample of 540 high school students and 530 questionnaires were used for the data analysis. The results indicate that the victim's clothing and dating behavior had a significant main effect on the responsibility for sexual harassment. The respondent put less responsibility on the assailant when the victim wore revealing clothing and when her dating behavior was provocative. The significant interaction effect between the respondents' gender and the victim's dating behavior indicated that when the victim's behavior was provocative, female respondents held more responsible to victim than male respondents did. The results also indicate that victim's clothing, dating behavior, and respondent's gender had significant main effect on the justification of sexual harassment. The respondents indicated that assailant's behavior is unjustifiable; however, when victim more revealing clothing, they indicated that the behavior is more justifiable.

The Protection of Criminal Victims and the Improvement of Relevant Laws (범죄피해자 보호와 관련한 법률의 개선방안)

  • Song, Kwang-Soub
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.13
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    • pp.235-258
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    • 2007
  • Every crime involves a victim and an offender. The offender, from the start of the criminal investigation, is considered as a suspect. After prosecution, he/she becomes the accused, and under consitutional law and criminal procedural law, has the right to enforce the contests of the acts. On the other hand, the victim or his/her family, despite being the person harmed, has very few and comparatively weak rights. To overcome this problem, the Korean criminal justice has recently recognised 'the protection and support of the victim' as a major proposition, and the police as well as the prosecutor's office have been releasing improvement plans for the protection of victims. Setting the above as the background, this thesis deals with the current victim protection acts and discusses the methods to improve them. This study will investigate a more reasonable and effective method of victim support and protection. Currently korea's laws regarding victim protection are not satisfactory, however it is fitting to say that it is certainly an external outline of what it should be. This has been due to the enforcement and creation of 'criminal victim protection' and has acted as a key to more improvements ever since. Despite this, the lack of commitment in human and financial resources to enforce these laws has now produced a possibility of the laws proving to be nothing but an unopened letter. To prevent this from happening, the victim nothing but an unopened letter. To prevent this from happening, the victim protection related laws need to be revised to be more practical and secure. Despite this, the lack of commitment in human resources and financial resources to enforce these laws has now produced a possibility of the laws proving to be nothing but an unopened letter. To prevent this from happening, the victim nothing but an unopened letter. To prevent this from happening, the victim protection related laws need to be revised to be more practical and secure.

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Research on solution for protecting victim privacy of crime deposit with depository

  • Park, Jong-Ryeol;Noe, Sang-Ouk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2020
  • As depository system for negotiation or reimbursement to the victim in criminal case is reflected to consideration for diminishing punishment and hence, it is very important in the process. According to the current law, one needs to fill out victim's personal information such as name, address, and ID number for processing depository. However, if the victim is sexual violence victim, all the personal information is covered up becoming anonymous. Therefore, it becomes difficult for the accused person to get necessary information. Such covering up action is to prevent further second damage that may be caused such as threatening for the negotiation whereas victim has no willingness to forgive the accused. However, even if the accused person regrets his/her crime and make reimbursement to the victim, as they have no personal information on the victim it becomes impossible for them to make the depository. If we apply ESCROW system here it will allow victims to avoid any direct contact with the accused person as well as preventing any privacy disclosure. Also, for the accuse person, they can show how much they regret by making depository within their capability.

Supporting Those Who Provide Support: Work-Related Resources and Secondary Traumatic Stress Among Victim Advocates

  • Benuto, Lorraine T.;Singer, Jonathan;Gonzalez, Francis;Newlands, Rory;Hooft, Sierra
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.336-340
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    • 2019
  • Background/Aims: Victim advocates are at risk of developing secondary traumatic stress (STS), which can result from witnessing or listening to accounts of traumatic events. This study investigated the relationship between victim status, years of experience, hours of direct contact with victims, and availability of workplace supports in the development of STS. Results: Of the 142 victim advocates, 134 were women. Regression analyses revealed that the only significant predictor of STS was the number of direct hours of victim services provided. Conclusion: The findings from this study found that women have high rates of STS and that more workplace support needs to be implemented.

Infrared Image Based Human Victim Recognition for a Search and Rescue Robot (수색 구조 로봇을 위한 적외선 영상 기반 인명 인식)

  • Park, Jungkil;Lee, Geunjae;Park, Jaebyung
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.288-292
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we propose an infrared image based human victim recognition method for a search and rescue robot in dark environments, like general disaster situations. For recognizing a human victim, an infrared camera on a RGB-D camera, Microsoft Kinect, is used. The contrast and brightness of the infrared image are first improved by histogram equalization, and the noise on the image is removed by morphological operation and Gaussian filtering. For recognizing a human victim, the binarization and blob labeling methods are applied to the improved image. Finally, for verifying the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method, an experiment for human victim recognition is carried out in a dark environment.

The Volume and the Quality of Media Visibility according to the Hierarchy of Offender and the Victim (가해자와 피해자의 위계(hierarchy)에 따른 매체가시성(media visibility)의 양과 질 네트워크 분석)

  • Hong, Ju-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.520-534
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    • 2017
  • A sex offense report highlights the victim as well as the offender involved in the sex crime. This study explored the hierarchy between the offender and the victim, based on the frequency analysis and network analysis. In case that the perpetrator is a celebrity, the media focuses more on the celebrity's actions. The volume of reports for cases where the offender has a position superior to the victim's (offender superior relationship) is larger than for those where the two have a horizontal relationship. The press highlights the celebrity in offender superior relationships and the victim in horizontal relationships. The celebrity is held responsible for the cause of the crime in the offender superior relationship. However, the victim him/herself is held responsible for the perpetrated offense in horizontal relationships. According to the results of the analyses in this study, the press fails to protect human rights and privacy in offender superior relationships.

Influence of Limerence and Ruminative Response on Dating Violence in Romantic Relationship (연인관계에서의 집착과 반추적 반응이 데이트 폭력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.479-490
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    • 2017
  • The study analyzed the relationship between dating violence and limerence and ruminative response in romentic relationship. The subjects were 205 college students who had experience of dating. And mean age of subjects was 22.1 years. Analysis methods were correlation analysis, ANOVA, two-step cluster analysis, and multinomial logistic regression analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First, self-reproach ruminative respone were significantly higher the victim group and perpetrator victim group than the general group. Second, all sub-factors of ruminative respone were significantly higher the victim group and perpetrator victim group than the general group. Third, the self-reproach ruminative respone was significant positive explanatory variable on dating violence. Fifth, the victim limerence experience significantly increased the odds ratio of victim group of dating violence by 3.3 times, and that of perpetrator victim group of dating violence by 10.9 times. Based on these findings, he discussed the importance of dating violence and the importance of limerence and rumination.

An Energy-Delay Efficient System with Adaptive Victim Caches (선택적 희생 캐쉬를 이용한 저전력 고성능 시스템 설계 방안)

  • Kim Cheol Hong;Shim Sunghoon;Jhon Chu Shik;Jhang Seong Tae
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.32 no.11_12
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    • pp.663-674
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    • 2005
  • We propose a system aimed at achieving high energy-delay efficiency by using adaptive victim caches. Particularly, we investigate methods to improve the hit rates in the first level of memory hierarchy, which reduces the number of accesses to mort power consuming memory structures such as L2 cache. Victim cache is a memory element for reducing conflict misses in a direct-mapped L1 cache. We present two techniques to fill the victim cache with the blocks that have higher probability to be re-reqeusted by processor. Hit-based victim cache ks tilled with the blocks which were referenced frequently by processor. Replacement-based victim cache is filled with the blocks which were evicted from the sets where block replacements had happened frequently According to our simulations, replacement-based victim cache scheme outperforms the conventional victim cache scheme about $2\%$ on average and refutes the power consumption by up to $8\%$.