• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vibration Control Smart Material

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Vibration control of laminated composite plates using embedded smart layers

  • Reddy, J.N.;Krishnan, S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.135-156
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    • 2001
  • Analytical solutions and finite element results of laminated composite plates with smart material layers embedded in them are presented in this study. The third-order plate theory of Reddy is used to study vibration suppression characteristics. The analytical solution for simply supported boundary conditions is based on the Navier solution procedure. The velocity feedback control is used. Parametric effects of the position of the smart material layers, material properties, and control parameters on the suppression time are investigated. It has been found that (a) the minimum vibration suppression time is achieved by placing the smart material layers farthest from the neutral axis, (b) using thinner smart material layers have better vibration attenuation characteristics, and, (c) the vibration suppression time is larger for a lower value of the feedback control coefficient.

A new hybrid vibration control methodology using a combination of magnetostrictive and hard damping alloys

  • Buravalla, Vidyashankar R.;Bhattacharya, Bishakh
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.405-422
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    • 2007
  • A new hybrid damping technique for vibration reduction in flexible structures, wherein a combination of layers of hard passive damping alloys and active (smart) magnetostrictive material is used to reduce vibrations, is proposed. While most conventional vibration control treatments are based exclusively on either passive or active based systems, this technique aims to combine the advantages of these systems and simultaneously, to overcome the inherent disadvantages in the individual systems. Two types of combined damping systems are idealized and studied here, viz., the Noninteractive system and the Interactive system. Frequency domain studies are carried out to investigate their performance. Finite element simulations using previously developed smart beam elements are carried out on typical metallic and laminated composite cantilever beams treated with hybrid damping. The influence of various parameters like excitation levels, frequency (mode) and control gain on the damping performance is investigated. It is shown that the proposed system could be used effectively to dampen the structural vibration over a wide frequency range. The interaction between the active and passive damping layers is brought out by a comparative study of the combined systems. Illustrative comparisons with 'only passive' and 'only active' damping schemes are also made. The influence and the mode dependence of control gain in a hybrid system is clearly illustrated. This study also demonstrates the significance and the exploitation of strain dependency of passive damping on the overall damping of the hybrid system. Further, the influence of the depthwise location of damping layers in laminated structures is also investigated.

Active Noise Control in the Duct Using the Ring-type Smart Foam and the Optimization of a Cancellation Path (환형 스마트 폼을 이용한 덕트 내부의 능동 소음 제어 및 상쇄 경로 최적화)

  • 한제헌;강연준
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.499-507
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a method for active noise control (ANC) in a duct by using a ring-tyPe smart foam. The ring-type smart foam consists of an elastic porous material of lining shape and a PVDF film embedded In the material. The PVDF element acts as a secondary sound source to reduce the noise. Active noise control using a ring-type smart foam is only effective locally because of the way to excite radially. To enlarge the quiet zone, the duct Is lined with additional acoustic foam between the smart foam and the error microphone. When cancellation path ks optimized by the LMS/RLS algorithm, the computation power is reduced while control performance Is maintained. The filtered-x LMS algorithm is used to minimize the error signal.

Hybrid Damping Treatment for Vibration control of an Automotive Roof using Viscoelastic and Piezoelectric material (하이브리드 방법을 이용한 자동차 루프의 진동제어)

  • Na, Jung-Kee;Moon, Sung-Jin;Kim, Chan-Mook;Kang, Young-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.994-998
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    • 2004
  • Hybrid method is used to suppress vibration of an automotive roof surface. The hybrid method proposed in this paper is implemented experimentally using both viscoelastic and piezoelectric material. The piezoelectric material is used to control the vibration of automotive structure for lower range of frequencies and the experiment of vibration control using viscoelastic material has been carried out suppress vibrations of high frequency range mark. At first the plate controlled by using hybrid method has been .implemented to verify the performance for suppressing vibration. Then the experiment has been applied to the automotive roof structure.

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Hybrid Vibration Control of Smart Laminated Composite Beams using Piezoelectric and Viscoelastic Material

  • Kang, Young-Kyu
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2003
  • Active control of flexural vibrations of smart laminated composite beams has been carried out using piezoceramic sensor/actuator and viscoelastic material. The beams with passive constrained layer damping have been analyzed by formulating the equations of motion through the use of extended Hamilton's principle. The dynamic characteristics such as damping ratio and modal damping of the beam are calculated for various fiber orientations by means of iterative complex eigensolution method. This paper addresses a design strategy of laminated composite under flexural vibrations to design structure with maximum possible damping capacity.

Vibration Control of Beam Containing ER Fluid Using PPF Control Scheme (PPF 제어기법을 적용한 전기점성유체가 함유된 보의 진동제어)

  • Yun Shin-Il;Chin Do-Hun;Yoon Moon-Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.32-37
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    • 2005
  • Several types of smart materials and control scheme are available to adjust the structure actively in various external disturbances. A control scheme was introduced for a specific material. But the effectiveness of the control scheme has some limitation according to the choice of the smart materials and the response of the structure. The ER(Electrorheological) fluid is adequate for a large control force, and the PZT(lead zirconate titanate) patches are suitable for small but arbitrary control force at any point of the structure. It can be used for active control of structure by changing the dynamic characteristics of the structure. But it has some difficulty in suppressing the excited vibration in broad band. To compensate this resonance of the controlled structure, a hybrid controller was constructed using PPF(Positive position feedback) control with PZT and ER fluid control.

Adaptive Vibration Control of Smart Composite Structures Using Neuro-Controller (신경망 제어기를 이용한 지능 복합재 구조물의 적응 진동 제어)

  • Youn, Se-Hyun;Han, Jae-Hong;Lee, In
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.832-840
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    • 1998
  • Experimental studies on the adaptive vibration control of composite beams have been performed using a piezoelectric actuator and the neuro-controller. The variations in natural frequencies of the specimen and the actuation characteristics of the piezoelectric actuator according to the delamination in the bonding layer have been studied. In addition, the simulation of adaptive vibration control has been performed for the composite specimens with delaminated piezoelectric actuator using neuro-controller. The hardware for the adaptive vibration control experiment was prepared. A DSP(digital signal processor) has been used as a digital controller. Using neuro-controller, the adaptive vibration control experiment has been performed. The vibration control results using the neuro-controller show that the present neuro-controller has good performance and robustness with the system parameter variations.

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Dynamic behavior of smart material embedded wind turbine blade under actuated condition

  • Mani, Yuvaraja;Veeraragu, Jagadeesh;Sangameshwar, S.;Rangaswamy, Rudramoorthy
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2020
  • Vibrations of a wind turbine blade have a negative impact on its performance and result in failure of the blade, therefore an approach to effectively control vibration in turbine blades are sought by wind industry. The small domestic horizontal axis wind turbine blades induce flap wise (out-of-plane) vibration, due to varying wind speeds. These flap wise vibrations are transferred to the structure, which even causes catastrophic failure of the system. Shape memory alloys which possess physical property of variable stiffness across different phases are embedded into the composite blades for active vibration control. Previously Shape memory alloys have been used as actuators to change their angles and orientations in fighter jet blades but not used for active vibration control for wind turbine blades. In this work a GFRP blade embedded with Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) and tested for its vibrational and material damping characteristics, under martensitic and austenite conditions. The embedment portrays 47% reduction in displacement of blade, with respect to the conventional blade. An analytical model for the actuated smart blade is also proposed, which validates the harmonic response of the smart blade.

A Study on the Damping Characteristics of a Hybrid Smart Structure Using Electrorheological Fluids and PZT (전기유동유체와 압전세라믹을 이용한 복합지능구조물의 감쇠특성 연구)

  • 윤신일;박근효;한상보;최윤대
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.382-387
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    • 2003
  • Many type of smart materials and control laws are available to actively adjust the structure from various external disturbances. Usually, a certain type of control law to activate a specific smart material is tell established, but the effectiveness of the control scheme is limited by the choice of the smart materials and the responses of the structure. ER fluid is adequate to provide small but arbitrary control forces at any point along the structure. It was found that active vibration control of the structure embedded with ER fluids fluidly to suppress the vibration excited with broad band frequency due to the limited change of the structure characteristics. To compensate this limited effect of the control scheme with ER fluid alone, PPF control using PZT as an actuator is added to construct a hybrid controller.

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Multiobjective State-Feedback Control of Smart Structural Systems (지능구조물의 다목적 상태궤환 제어)

  • 홍성일;박현철;박철휴
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.452-458
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a robust vibration control methodology of smart structural systems. The governing equations and associated boundary conditions are derived by Hamilton's principle. A robust controller is designed using a linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach to the multiobjective synthesis. The design objectives are to achieve a mix of H$\sub$$\infty$/ performance and H$_2$ performance satisfying constraints on the closed-loop pole locations in the face of model uncertainties. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of LMI approach in damping out the multiple modes of vibration of the piezo/beam system.

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