• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vehicle-track interaction

### Train/Track/Bridge Interaction Analysis Using 2-Dimensional Articulated High-Speed Train Model (2차원 관절형 고속열차 모델을 이용한 차량/궤도/교량 상호작용해석)

• 김만철;양신추;이종득
• Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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• pp.414-421
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• 1999
• In this paper, the simplified method for 2-dimensional train/track/bridge interaction analysis is utilized in the analysis of dynamic behavior of bridges in which the eccentricity of axle loads and the effect of the toriosnal forces acting on the bridge are included for the more accurate train/track/bridge interaction analysis. Inverstigations mainly into the influence of vehicle speed on train/track/bridge interactions are carried out for the two cases. The first case is that only train and bridge are considered in the modelling and the other case is that train, track and bridge are considered.

### Simulation of Vehicle-Track-Bridge Dynamic Interaction by Nonlinear Hertzian Contact Spring and Displacement Constraint Equations (비선형 헤르쯔 접촉스프링과 변위제한조건식의 적용에 의한 차량-궤도-교량 동적상호작용 수치해석기법)

• Chung Keun-Young;Lee Sung-Uk;Min Kyung-Ju
• Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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• pp.191-196
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• 2005
• In this study, to describe vehicle-track-bridge dynamic interaction phenomena with 1/4 vehicle model, nonlinear Hertzian contact spring and nonlinear contact damper are introduced. In this approach external loads acting on 1/4 vehicle model are self weight of vehicle and geometry information of running surface. The constraint equation on contact surface is implemented by Penalty method. Also, to improve the numerical stability and to maintain accuracy of solution, the artificial damper and the reaction from constraint violation are introduced. A nonlinear time integration method, in this study, Newmark method is adopted for both equations of vehicles and structure. And to reduce the error caused by inadequate time step size, adaptive time-stepping technique is partially introduced. As the nonlinear Hertzian contact spring has no resistance to tensile force, the bouncing phenomena of wheelset can be described. Thus, it is expected that more versatile dynamic interaction phenomena can be described by this approach and it can be applied to various railway dynamic problems.

### A Study on Dynamic Modeling for Underwater Tracked Vehicle (트랙기반 수중건설로봇의 운동 모델링에 관한 연구)

• Choi, Dong-Ho;Lee, Young-Jin;Hong, Sung-Min;Vu, Mai The;Choi, Hyeung-Sik;Kim, Joon-Young
• Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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• v.29 no.5
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• pp.386-391
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• 2015
• The mobility of tracked vehicles is mainly influenced by the interaction between the tracks and soil. When the track of a tracked vehicle rotates, there will be a slip effect between the track and the soil, which creates a track shear force and the vehicle’s driving force. In this paper, the modeling of a working tool such as a trenching cutter and a tracked vehicle that is the lower frame of a track-based operating robot was performed. In addition, a numerical simulation was executed to verify the performance of the design objectives and the motion characteristics of the combined system.

### Train-Structure Dynamic Interaction Analysis of The Bridge Transition Considering Track Irregularity (궤도틀림을 고려한 교대접속부의 열차상호동적거동해석)

• Choi, Chan-Yong;Kim, Hun-Ki;Chung, Keun-Young;Yang, Sang-Beom
• Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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• v.31 no.9
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• pp.29-38
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• 2015
• In this study, track dynamic interaction characteristics caused by the vehicle running through transitional section such as bridge abutments were studied using the finite element analysis program. The geometric condition of track was generated by trigonometric function and allowable maximum track irregularity is determined by KORAIL track maintenance criteria. The sub-infrastructure under rail fastener system was modelled by 3D solid elements. To reduce computational cost only half track line is numerically considered and the roller boundary condition was applied to each side of model. In this study, the vehicle-track dynamic interaction analysis was carried out for standard Korean transition section of concrete track and the dynamic behaviors were investigated. The dynamic characteristics considered are wheel load variation, vertical acceleration at body, and maximum Mises stress at each part of transitional section.

### Dynamic Anlaysis of High Mobility Tracked Vehicles (고속주행용 궤도차량의 동적해석)

• 김상두;이승종
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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• v.9 no.1
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• pp.205-215
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• 2001
• In this study, modeling and analysis procedure for the dynamic analysis of a high mobility tracked vehicle system were studied. The vehicle model used in this investigation is assumed to be consist of two kinematically decoupled subsystems. The chassis subsystem consists of chassis frame, sprocket, support rollers, road wheels, idler wheel, road wheel arms and idle wheel arm, while the track subsystem is represented as a closed kinematic chain consisting of track links and end connectors interconnected by revolute joints with bushing. Nonlinear contact force module describing the interaction between track link, and sprocket, idler wheel, road wheel, support roller, ground was used. The effects of road wheel arms and idler wheel arm due to tension adjuster are also considered.

### Evaluation of Dynamic Stability of Precast Floating Slab Track with Vehicle-Track Interaction Analysis (차량-궤도 상호작용 해석을 통한 사전 제작형 플로팅 슬래브 궤도의 동적 안정성 검토)

• Jang, Dongdoo;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Se-Gon
• Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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• v.18 no.3
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• pp.562-568
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• 2017
• A precast floating slab track with a 5m slab panel and installed with isolators is proposed to solve the noise and vibration problem at existing elevated railway stations. Thus, the construction can be carried out rapidly without interrupting the train operation. However, dynamic instability problems may be caused by repeated discontinuities in track due to the short slab panel length and excessive rail displacement due to the inherent operation mechanism of a floating system in reducing the vibration. Furthermore, the difference of the supporting stiffness at the transition between the floating track and ballast track may raise problems. In this study, the assessment factors to evaluate the dynamic stability of the precast floating slab track are presented and assessed with the vehicle-track interaction analysis. Through the analysis, all values relevant to the stability at the floating track section are found to be acceptable, and the slab panels at the transition section are designed to satisfy the stability.

### Development of a Dynamic Track Tensioning System in Tracked Vehicles (궤도차량의 동적 궤도장력 조절시스템 개발)

• Seo, Mun-Seok;Heo, Geon-Su;Hong, Dae-Geon;Lee, Chun-Ho;Choe, Pil-Hwan
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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• v.25 no.10
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• pp.1678-1683
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• 2001
• The mobility of tracked vehicles is mainly influenced by the interaction between tracks and soil, so that the characteristics of their interactions are quite important fur the tracked vehicle study. In particular, the track tension is closely related to the maneuverability of tracked vehicles and the durability of tracks and suspension systems. In order to minimize the excessive load on the tracks and to prevent the peal-off of tracks from the road-wheels, the Dynamic Track Tensioning System (DTTS) which maintains the optimum track tension throughout the maneuver is required. It consists of track tension monitoring system, track tension controller and hydraulic system. In this paper, a dynamic track tensioning system is developed for tracked vehicles which are subject to various maneuvering tasks. The track tension is estimated based on the idler assembly model. Using the monitored track tension and con sidering the highly nonlinear hydraulic units, fuzzy logic controllers are designed in order to control the track tension. The track tensioning performance of the proposed DTTS is verified through the simulation of the Multi -body Dynamics tool.

### Running Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle depending on Rail Inclination Change on Actual Track of Subway Line No.3 in Seoul (3호선 실제선로 조건에서의 레일경좌 변화에 따른 철도차량 주행안전성 해석)

• Kim, Tae Geon;Lee, Hi Sung
• Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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• v.31 no.3
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• pp.130-135
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• 2016
• It is very hard to analyze the train derailment safety quantitatively at the curved section because of the diversified affect parameters including the complex interaction between wheel and rail, the train conditions such as the shape of wheel, suspension system, the track conditions such as the radius of curve, cant, transition curve, and the operation conditions, etc. Two major factors related to the running safety of railway vehicle are classified as the railway vehicle and the track condition. In this study, when the railway vehicle passing through curves of actual track condition of subway line NO.3 in seoul ($Yeonsinnae{\leftrightarrow}Gupabal$), the effect that has influence on running safety depending on rail inclination. The analysis result of 1/40 rail inclination condition is more favorable on running safety than other rail inclination conditions because derailment coefficient and wheel unloading ratio are the lowest.

### Effects of Vehicle Loads on Thermal Buckling Behavior of Continuous Welded Rail Tracks (장대레일 궤도의 온도좌굴 거동에 미치는 열차하중의 영향)

• Choi, Dong Ho;Kim, Ho Bae
• Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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• v.12 no.6
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• pp.727-736
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• 2000
• The present study investigates the influences of vehicle induced loads on the thermal buckling behavior of straight and curved continuous welded rail (CWR) tracks. Quasi-static loads model is assumed to determine the uplift region, which occurs due to the vertical track deflection induced by wheel loads of vehicle. The lateral loads of vehicle induced by weight, the speed, the superelevation and curvature of track, and other dynamic vehicle track interaction, are included in the ratio of lateral to vertical vehicle load. Parametric numerical analyses are perfomed to calculate the upper and lower critical buckling temperatures of CWR tracks, and the comparison between the results of this work and the previous results without vehicle is also included.

### Study on the Levitation Stability of Maglev Vehicle considering the Vibration of Steel Switch Track (강재 분기기의 진동을 고려한 자기부상열차 부상안정성 연구)

• Han, Jong-Boo;Park, Jinwoo;Han, Hyung-Suk;Lee, Jong-Min;Kim, Sung-Soo
• Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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• v.18 no.3
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• pp.175-185
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• 2015
• Generally, in the train area, switch tracks have required high reliability because this system is directly associated with derailment. Especially, switch tracks of Maglev vehicles must be moved in terms of the whole geometric characteristics, in which the bogies are encased in the switch track. For this reason, switch track was constructed with steel lighter than concrete girders. But, the steel switch track was weak because of structural vibration as well as structural deformation. Therefore, it is important to predict the levitation stability when a vehicle passes over flexible switch track. The aims of this paper are to develop a coupled dynamic model to describe the relationship between a Maglev vehicle and switch track and to predict the levitation stability. In order to develop the coupled dynamic model, a three dimensional vehicle model was developed based on multibody dynamics; a switch model was made using the modal superposition method. And, the developed model was verified using comparison measured data.