• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vehicle-track interaction

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Evaluation on Allowable Vehicle Speed Based on Safety of Track and Railway Bridge (궤도 및 교량 안전성을 고려한 열차 증속가능 속도대역 평가)

  • Bahng, Eun Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the track-bridge interaction analysis was performed using an analytical model considering the track structure, thereby taking into account the linear conditions (R=650 m, cant variation $160{\pm}60mm$) and the dynamic characteristics of the bridge. As a result of the study, the allowable speed on the example bridge considered was calculated at 200 km/h based on vertical deflection, vertical acceleration, and irregularity in longitudinal level, but was also evaluated at 170km/h based on the coefficient of derailment, wheel load reduction, and lateral displacement of the rail head. It is considered desirable to set the speed 170km/h to the speed limit in order to secure the safety of both the bridge and the track. It is judged that there will be no problems with ensuring rail protection and train stability in the speed band.

The Fatigue Life Evaluation of Rail on the Concrete Track of High Speed Railway by Analysis of the Vehicle/Track Interaction (차량/궤도 상호작용해석을 통한 고속철도 콘크리트궤도 레일의 피로수명 예측)

  • Lim, Hyoung-Jun;Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.6D
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    • pp.663-671
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    • 2012
  • The demand of CWR is rapidly increasing because of the adaptation of concrete track, the need for rapid and comfortable ride, and the reduction of maintenance cost. Because of short applying period of the concrete track, there is not a case of CWR fracture in Korea caused by repeated load of the train, which makes it difficult to calculate replacement period of rail based on rail fatigue life using an actual field data. This study thus inspected the bending stress at rail bottom through analyzing the vehicle/track interaction, performed multiple regression analysis on the data, deducted the bending stress prediction equations by the speed and the surface irregularity. Finally, the fatigue life of CWR on the concrete track was predicted based on the prediction equations for bending stress at rail bottom.

Influence of track irregularities in high-speed Maglev transportation systems

  • Huang, Jing Yu;Wu, Zhe Wei;Shi, Jin;Gao, Yang;Wang, Dong-Zhou
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.571-582
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    • 2018
  • Track irregularities of high-speed Maglev lines have significant influence on ride comfort. Their adjustment is of key importance in the daily maintenance of these lines. In this study, an adjustment method is proposed and track irregularities analysis is performed. This study considers two modules: an inspection module and a vehicle-guideway coupling vibration analysis module. In the inspection module, an inertial reference method is employed for field-measurements of the Shanghai high-speed Maglev demonstration line. Then, a partial filtering, integration method, resampling method, and designed elliptic filter are employed to analyze the detection data, which reveals the required track irregularities. In the analysis module, a vehicle-guideway interaction model and an electromagnetic interaction model were developed. The influence of the measured line irregularities is considered for the calculations of the electromagnetic force. Numerical integration method was employed for the calculations. Based on the actual field detection results and analysis using the numerical model, a threshold analysis method is developed. Several irregularities modalities with different girder end's deviations were considered in the simulations. The inspection results indicated that long-wavelength irregularities with larger girder end's deviations were the dominant irregularities. In addition, the threshold analysis of the girder end's deviation shows that irregularities that have a deviation amplitude larger than 6 mm and certain modalities (e.g., M- and N-shape) are unfavorable. These types of irregularities should be adjusted during the daily maintenance.

A Study of Dynamic Analysis of a Tracked Vehicle for Mining on Deep-Sea Bed (심해저 무한궤도식 채광차량의 동적 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Hyung-Seok;Hong, Sub
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.178-188
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    • 2003
  • A study on the dynamic analysis of a tracked vehicle for mining on deep-sea bed with very soft soil is presented. An equation for the interaction between track and soft soil is employed to develop a track/soil interaction module called TVAS. The vehicle is modeled as a multi-body dynamic system using a multi-body dynamic analysis program. The developed module is incorporated into the multi-body dynamic analysis program with a user subroutine. The dynamic behavior and design of the mining vehicle on deep-sea bed is investigated.

On effects of rail fastener failure on vehicle/track interactions

  • Xu, Lei;Gao, Jianmin;Zhai, Wanming
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.63 no.5
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    • pp.659-667
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    • 2017
  • Rail support failure is inevitably subjected to track geometric deformations. Due to the randomness and evolvements of track irregularities, it is naturally a hard work to grasp the trajectories of dynamic responses of railway systems. This work studies the influence of rail fastener failure on dynamic behaviours of wheel/rail interactions and the railway tracks by jointly considering the effects of track random irregularities. The failure of rail fastener is simulated by setting the stiffness and damping of rail fasteners to be zeroes in the compiled vehicle-track coupled model. While track random irregularities will be transformed from the PSD functions using a developed probabilistic method. The novelty of this work lays on providing a method to completely reveal the possible responses of railway systems under jointly excitation of track random irregularities and rail support failure. The numerical results show that rail fastener failure has a great influence on both the wheel/rail interactions and the track vibrations if the number of rail fastener failure is over three. Besides, the full views of time-dependent amplitudes and probabilities of dynamic indices can be clearly presented against different failing status.

Evaluation of Tractive Performance of an Underwater Tracked Vehicle Based on Soil-track Interaction Theory (궤도-지반 상호작용 이론을 활용한 해저궤도차량의 구동성능 평가)

  • Baek, Sung-Ha;Shin, Gyu-Beom;Kwon, Osoon;Chung, Choong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2018
  • Underwater tracked vehicle is employed to perform underwater heavy works on saturated seafloor. When an underwater tracked vehicle travels on the seafloor, shearing action and ground settlement take place on the soil-track interface, which develops the soil thrust and soil resistance, respectively, and they restrict the tractive performance of an underwater tracked vehicle. Thus, unlike the paved road, underwater tracked vehicle performance does not solely rely on its engine thrust, but also on the soil-track interaction. This paper aimed at evaluating the tractive performance of an underwater tracked vehicle with respect to ground conditions (soil type, and relative density or consistency) and vehicle conditions (weight of vehicle, and geometry of track system), based on the soil-track interaction theory. The results showed that sandy ground and silty sandy ground generally provide sufficient tractions for an underwater tracked vehicle whereas tractive performance is very much restricted on clayey ground, especially for a heavy-weighted underwater tracked vehicle. Thus, it is concluded that an underwater tracked vehicle needs additional equipment to enhance the tractive performance on the clayey ground.

The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

A Study on Stability Assessment of Vehicle and Track on Transition between Conventional and Zero-Longitudinal Resistance Rail Fastener (일반체결구/활동체결구 접속구간 차량 및 궤도 안정성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Jang, Seung-Yup;Yoo, Eun;Kim, Jin-Young;Hong, Sung-Mo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1078-1083
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, assessed are the stability of vehicle and track according to vertical support stiffness difference on the transition between conventional and zero-longitudinal resistance (ZLR) rail fastener on bridge. For this, the spring constants of rail fastener have been determined according to different load ranges - KTX load (with or without impact factor) and test load of EN standards - from results of laboratory test on rail pad, the stability analysis of vehicle and track has been performed according to numbers or installation length of ZLR fasteners using vertical vehicle-track coupled model to consider train-track interaction. The analysis results reveal that only the wheel load variation slightly exceed the limit value when 2 ZLR fasteners are used with spring constant determined within the EN test load range, but, in all other cases, all evaluation items are satisfied. Thus, it can be said that the stability of vehicle and track will not be degraded by ZLR fastener.

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Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Tracked Vehicles(II) : Development of the Nonlinear Contact Force Module (다물체로 구성된 궤도차량에 대한 동적 해석(II) : 비선형 접촉력 모듈 개발)

  • 신장호;최진환;이승종
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 1998
  • In this study, a procedure is presented for the dynamic analysis of a multibody tracked vehicle system. The planar vehicle model used in this investigation is assumed to consist of two kinematically decoupled subsystems. i.e., the chassis subsystem and track subsystem. The chassis subsystem includes the chassis frame, sprocket, idler and rollers, while the track subsystem is represented as a closed kinematic chain consisting of rigid links interconnected by revolute joints. The nonlinear contact force modules describing the interaction between track links, and sprocket, idler, rollers and ground will be developed.

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A mechanical model of vehicle-slab track coupled system with differential subgrade settlement

  • Guo, Yu;Zhai, Wanming;Sun, Yu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.66 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2018
  • Post-construction subgrade settlement especially differential settlement, has become a key issue in construction and operation of non-ballasted track on high-speed railway soil subgrade, which may also affect the dynamic performance of passing trains. To estimate the effect of differential subgrade settlement on the mechanical behaviors of the vehicle-slab track system, a detailed model considering nonlinear subgrade support and initial track state due to track self-weight is developed. Accordingly, analysis aiming at a typical high-speed vehicle coupled with a deteriorated slab track owing to differential subgrade settlement is carried out, in terms of two aspects: (i) determination of an initial mapping relationship between subgrade settlement and track deflections as well as contact state between track and subgrade based on a semi-analytical method; (ii) simulation of dynamic performance of the coupled system by employing a time integration approach. The investigation indicates that subgrade settlement results in additional track irregularity, and locally, the contact between the concrete track and the soil subgrade is prone to failure. Moreover, wheel-rail interaction is significantly exacerbated by the track degradation and abnormal responses occur as a result of the unsupported areas. Distributions of interlaminar contact forces in track system vary dramatically due to the combined effect of track deterioration and dynamic load. These may not only intensify the dynamic responses of the coupled system, but also have impacts on the long-term behavior of the track components.