• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vehicle

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Wind loads on a moving vehicle-bridge deck system by wind-tunnel model test

  • Li, Yongle;Hu, Peng;Xu, You-Lin;Zhang, Mingjin;Liao, Haili
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.145-167
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    • 2014
  • Wind-vehicle-bridge (WVB) interaction can be regarded as a coupled vibration system. Aerodynamic forces and moment on vehicles and bridge decks play an important role in the vibration analysis of the coupled WVB system. High-speed vehicle motion has certain effects on the aerodynamic characteristics of a vehicle-bridge system under crosswinds, but it is not taken into account in most previous studies. In this study, a new testing system with a moving vehicle model was developed to directly measure the aerodynamic forces and moment on the vehicle and bridge deck when the vehicle model moved on the bridge deck under crosswinds in a large wind tunnel. The testing system, with a total length of 18.0 m, consisted of three main parts: vehicle-bridge model system, motion system and signal measuring system. The wind speed, vehicle speed, test objects and relative position of the vehicle to the bridge deck could be easily altered for different test cases. The aerodynamic forces and moment on the moving vehicle and bridge deck were measured utilizing the new testing system. The effects of the vehicle speed, wind yaw angle, rail track position and vehicle type on the aerodynamic characteristics of the vehicle and bridge deck were investigated. In addition, a data processing method was proposed according to the characteristics of the dynamic testing signals to determine the variations of aerodynamic forces and moment on the moving vehicle and bridge deck. Three-car and single-car models were employed as the moving rail vehicle model and road vehicle model, respectively. The results indicate that the drag and lift coefficients of the vehicle tend to increase with the increase of the vehicle speed and the decrease of the resultant wind yaw angle and that the vehicle speed has more significant effect on the aerodynamic coefficients of the single-car model than on those of the three-car model. This study also reveals that the aerodynamic coefficients of the vehicle and bridge deck are strongly influenced by the rail track positions, while the aerodynamic coefficients of the bridge deck are insensitive to the vehicle speed or resultant wind yaw angle.

Tire and Vehicle Pull II- Basic Theory, Simulation, and Verification (타이어와 차량 쏠림 II-이론적 배경, Simulation, 실차검증)

  • 이정환;문승환
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2000
  • It is known that residual aligning torque of tires causes vehicle pull. There is, however, only a little literature available which shows how the residual aligning torque of tires causes vehicle pull. In this paper, a vehicle model in two degrees of freedom was adopted for the analysis of a vehicle under the straight-ahead motion. The analysis with this vehicle model clearly shows the effect of residual aligning torque of tires on vehicle pull. In order to show the validity of the analysis, a vehicle commercially available was selected. This vehicle was modeled in 137 degrees of freedom system with multibody dynamics software. Vehicle pull simulation results show that vehicle model drifts in lateral direction due to the residual aligning torque of tires. Vehicle test results with the car were also included.

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Design and Evaluation of Telematics User Interface for Ubiquitous Vehicle

  • Hong, Won-Kee;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Ko, Jaepil
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2014
  • In the ubiquitous computing environment, a ubiquitous vehicle will be a communication node in the vehicular network as well as the means of ground transportation. It will make humans and vehicles seamlessly and remotely connected. Especially, one of the prominent services in the ubiquitous vehicle is the vehicle remote operation. However, mutual-collaboration with the in-vehicle communication network, the vehicle-to-vehicle communication network and the vehicle-to-roadside communication network is required to provide vehicle remote operation services. In this paper, an Internet-based human-vehicle interfaces and a network architecture is presented to provide remote vehicle control and diagnosis services. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated through a design and implementation in terms of the round trip time taken to get a vehicle remote operation service.

Unmanned Vehicle System Configuration using All Terrain Vehicle

  • Moon, Hee-Chang;Park, Eun-Young;Kim, Jung-Ha
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1550-1554
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    • 2004
  • This paper deals with an unmanned vehicle system configuration using all terrain vehicle. Many research institutes and university study and develop unmanned vehicle system and control algorithm. Now a day, they try to apply unmanned vehicle to use military device and explore space and deep sea. These unmanned vehicles can help us to work is difficult task and approach. In the previous research of unmanned vehicle in our lab, we used 1/10 scale radio control vehicle and composed the unmanned vehicle system using ultrasonic sensors, CCD camera and kinds of sensor for vehicle's motion control. We designed lane detecting algorithm using vision system and obstacle detecting and avoidance algorithm using ultrasonic sensor and infrared ray sensor. As the system is increased, it is hard to compose the system on the 1/10 scale RC car. So we have to choose a new vehicle is bigger than 1/10 scale RC car but it is smaller than real size vehicle. ATV(all terrain vehicle) and real size vehicle have similar structure and its size is smaller. In this research, we make unmanned vehicle using ATV and explain control theory of each component

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Analysis and performance evaluation of the parallel typed for a vehicle driving simulator (병렬구조형 차량운전 모사장치의 성능평가 및 분석)

  • 박일경;박경균;김정하;이운성
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1481-1484
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    • 1997
  • The vehicle driving simulator expects vehicle motion with real-time simulation arise from driver's steering, accelerating, stopping and simulates motion of vehicl with visula, audio and washout algorithm. And it gives a vivid feeling to driver in reality. Vehicle driving simulator with vehicle integration control system is used for analysis of analysis of vehicle controllaility, steering capacity and safety in various pseudo environment alike. basides, it analyzeds vehicle safety factor dirver's reaction and promotes traffic safety without driver's own risks. The main proceduress of development of the vehicle driving simulator are classified by 3 parts. first the motion base system which can be generated by the motion queues, should be developed. Secondly, real-time vehicle software which can afford the vehicle dynamics, might be constructed. The third procedure is the integration of vehicle driing simulator which can be interconnected between visual systems with motion base. In this study, we are to study of the motion base for a vehicle driving simulator design and that of its real time control and using an extra gyro sensor and accelerometers to find a position and an orientatiion of the moving platform except for calculating forward kinematics. To drive the motion base, we use National Instruments corp's Labview software. Furthemore, we use analysis module for the vehicle motionand the washout algorithm module to consummate driving simulator, which can be driven by human in reality, so we are doing experimentally process about various vehicle motion conditon.

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Dynamic behaviour of high-sided road vehicles subject to a sudden crosswind gust

  • Xu, Y.L.;Guo, W.H.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.325-346
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    • 2003
  • High-sided road vehicles are susceptible to a sharp-edged crosswind gust, which may cause vehicle accidents such as overturning, excessive sideslip, or exaggerated rotation. This paper thus investigates the dynamic behaviour and possible accidents of high-sided road vehicles entering a sharp-edged crosswind gust with road surface roughness and vehicle suspension included. The high-sided road vehicle is modelled as a combination of several rigid bodies connected by a series of springs and dampers in both vertical and lateral directions. The random roughness of road surface is generated from power spectral density functions for various road conditions. The empirical formulae derived from wind tunnel test results are employed to determine aerodynamic forces and moments acting on the vehicle. After the governing equations of motion are established, an extensive computation work is performed to examine the effects of road surface roughness and vehicle suspension on the dynamic behaviour and vehicle accidents. It is demonstrated that for the high-sided road vehicle and wind forces specified in the computation, the accident vehicle speed of the road vehicle running on the road of average condition is relatively smaller than that running on the road of very good condition for a given crosswind gust. The vehicle suspension system should be taken into consideration, and the accident vehicle speed becomes smaller if the vehicle suspension system has softer springs and lighter dampers.

Dynamic Characteristic Analysis of the Vehicle System Model (차량 시스템 모델의 동특성 해석)

  • Lee, Sang-Beom;Yim, Hong-Jae
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.459-464
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    • 2001
  • Vibration characteristics of a vehicle are mainly influenced by dynamic stiffness of the vehicle body structure and material and physical properties of the components attached to the vehicle body structure. In this paper, modeling techniques of the vehicle components are presented and the effects of the vehicle components on the vibration characteristics of the vehicle are investigated.

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A Vehicle Stop-and-Go Control Strategy based on Human Drivers Driving Characteristics

  • Yi Kyongsu;Han Donghoon
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.993-1000
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    • 2005
  • A vehicle cruise control strategy designed based on human drivers driving characteristics has been investigated. Human drivers driving patterns have been investigated using vehicle driving test data obtained from 125 participants. The control algorithm has been designed to incorporate the driving characteristics of the human drivers and to achieve natural vehicle behavior of the controlled vehicle that would feel comfortable to the human driver. Vehicle following charac­teristics of the cruise controlled vehicle have been investigated using real-world vehicle driving test data and a validated simulation package.

Vehicle Steering Characteristics Simulation by a Driver Model (운전자 모델을 사용한 차량의 조향특성 시뮬레이션)

  • Lee, J.S.;Baek, W.K.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2003
  • Steering characteristics is an important factor in the evaluation of vehicle quality. To estimate steering characteristics in the vehicle conceptual design stage, vehicle dynamics simulation methods are very efficient. However, it is often difficult to simulate vehicle dynamics for the specific driving scenarios in open-loop driving environment. An efficient driver-in-the-loop vehicle model will be efficient for this job. A good tire model is also very important for the accurate vehicle dynamics simulation. In this research, a driver model is used to simulate vehicle steering dynamics for a 8-dof vehicle model with STI(Systems Technology, Inc.) tire model. For the demonstration of this model, a SUV(sports utility vehicle) and a sedan were simulated.

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Practical Study about Obstacle Detecting and Collision Avoidance Algorithm for Unmanned Vehicle

  • Park, Eun-Young;Lee, Woon-Sung;Kim, Jung-Ha
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.487-490
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    • 2003
  • In this research, we will devise an obstacle avoidance algorithm for a previously unmanned vehicle. Whole systems consist mainly of the vehicle system and the control system. The two systems are separated; this system can communicate with the vehicle system and the control system through wireless RF (Radio Frequency) modules. These modules use wireless communication. And the vehicle system is operated on PIC Micro Controller. Obstacle avoidance method for unmanned vehicle is based on the Virtual Force Field (VFF) method. An obstacle exerts repulsive forces and the lane center point applies an attractive force to the unmanned vehicle. A resultant force vector, comprising of the sum of a target directed attractive force and repulsive forces from an obstacle, is calculated for a given unmanned vehicle position. With resultant force acting on the unmanned vehicle, the vehicle's new driving direction is calculated, the vehicle makes steering adjustments, and this algorithm is repeated.

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