• Title/Summary/Keyword: Vascular plants

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Relationship between threatened vascular plants and the human population in Japan

  • Hayashi, Naoki;Watanabe, Eriko;Matsuda, Hiroyuki
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.331-341
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    • 2012
  • Using data sets for Japan as a whole, as arranged with approximately $10{\times}10$ km squares (a secondary grid), we investigated the relationship between population density and the habitats of threatened vascular plants listed in the Japanese Red Data Book; depopulated areas in the present and future, areas where under-use may be serious, and those with a predominance of elderly people; and the present state of the habitats in terms of a characteristic land use pattern. Regarding the habitats of threatened vascular plants, the progress of deterioration [$(N_{CR}+N_{EN})/(N_{CR}+N_{EN}+N_{VU})$] in depopulated areas has been confirmed, where $N_{CR}$, $N_{EN}$, and $N_{VU}$ are the numbers of species classified as critically endangered, endangered, and vulnerable, respectively. Moreover, in grid squares used by a human such as farmland, the progress of the deterioration simply increases when population density becomes low. However, for many vascular plants, they are particularly endangered in populous areas. Local populations will decrease throughout Japan with the rate of depopulation in and around large cities being relatively slow. We also propose some issues that need further study. The deterioration by human activity may be reduced. On the other hand, some vascular plants may be adversely influenced by depopulation. Additionally, we should keep a close watch on grasslands and water areas in large cities to preserve vascular plants.

Vertical Distribution of Vascular Plants in Jungsanri, Mt. Jiri by Temperature Gradient (지리산 중산리계곡 관속식물의 고도별 온도구배에 따른 수직 분포)

  • Yun, Jong-Hak;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Oh, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Byoung-Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.680-707
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    • 2010
  • In order to investigate vertical plant distribution on Jungsanri of Mt. Jirisan by temperature change, vascular plants of fourteen areas with 100-meter-high difference were surveyed from the Jungsan bridge(348 m alt.) to the Jangteumog(1653 m alt.). A total of 440 taxa belonging to 104 families, 287 genera, 385 species, 7 subspecies, 42 varieties, and 6 forma were vegetated on survey areas. Around 700 m high did species diversity of vascular plants decrease rapidly, but foreign species were not found. The Detrended correspondence analysis(DCA) divided distribution of vascular plants into five groups; areas below 500m alt., 500~600m alt., 600~1000m alt., 1000~1200m alt., and areas above 1200m alt.. These results showed that vegetation of vascular plants on investigated areas has high correlation with climate elements of temperature. Vascular plants should be crowded within their own optimal ranges of vegetation. Climate change would result in shift of these distribution ranges, and thus vegetation shift will be happened accordingly.

A Study on Vascular Plants of Uninhabited Islands in the Deokjeok Archipelago (덕적군도 내 무인도서의 관속식물상 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Yun, Jong-Hak;Nam, Gi-Heum;Lee, Jung-Hyun;Choi, Byoung-Hee;Lee, Byoung-Yoon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the flora of uninhabited Island in the Deokjeok Archipelago. The vascular plants which were collected in 5 times (from Jun. 2009 to Apr. 2010) were identified as 350 taxa in total, including 89 families, 231 genera, 309 species, 5 subspecies, 31 varieties, and 5 forms. There were many useful plants such as 2 taxa of Korean endemics and 2 taxa of rare plants which were proposed by the Korea Forest Service. The specially determined plants which were categorized as 5 degrees in all by the Ministry of Environment appeared as 49 taxa; Degree V was one taxon; Senecio nemorensis and IV was one taxon; Apocynum lancifolium and III was 2 taxa; Stauntonia hexaphylla, Hylotelephium spectabile and I was 45 taxa; Machilus thunbergii, Neolitsea sericea, Hedera rhombea, etc. Based on the plants which were approval objects when transfer overseas were 5 taxa, and 21 taxa of evergreen plants were recorded in the investigated area. The naturalized plants were identified as 15 taxa, and their naturalization ratio were found to be 4.2% respectively.

First Report of Ceriporiopsis resinascens (Phanerochaetaceae, Basidiomycota) in Korea

  • Lee, Jin-Sung;Woo, Eun-Ju;Lim, Young-Woon
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.305-307
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    • 2009
  • An unrecorded Ceriporiopsis species was collected at Mt. Gariwang, Gangwon Province, in 2008. Based on morphological characteristics, such as a fully resupinate basidiocarp, a reddish white to pinkish poroid hymenophore and a monomitic hyphal system with clamp connections, the species was identified as Ceriporiopsis resinascens. This is the first report of Ceriporiopsis resinascens in Korea. We confirmed the identity of the species as Ceriporiopsis resinascens based on ITS sequence analysis.

The Vascular Plants in Mt. Munsu(Gyeonggi-do) (문수산(경기도)의 관속식물상)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Nam, Gi-Heum;Yoon, Chang-Young;Lee, Byoung-Yoon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.459-481
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the vascular flora of Mt. Munsu. The vascular plants collected in 13 times(from Mar. to Oct. 2009) were identified as 511 taxa in total, including 113 families, 332 genera, 445 species, 5 subspecies, 46 varieties, 5 forms. Among them, 6 taxa of the Korea Forest Service-designated rare & endangered plants and the Korean endemic plants were identified as 2 taxa. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 6 taxa were recorded in the investigated area. The Ministry of Environment-designated plants, which should be protected by the wildlife protection law, were identified as 2 taxa and 39 taxa of specially designated plants by the Ministry of Environment. The naturalized plants were identified as 53 taxa, and their naturalization ratio and urban index were found to be 10,3%, and 18.5% respectively. There existed many kinds of plants resources having conservational value like Ranunculus trichophyllus var. kadzusensis, Jeffersonia dubia etc, in this area, but there remains a fear of nature destruction's acceleration due to indiscriminate human development and access of a lot of visitors, so it is judged that there should be a management plan, such as a limit on the number of visitors or rest-year-system for restoration of nature.

The Vascular Plants in Mt. Gaji (Gyeongsang nam-do) (가지산(경남)의 관속식물상)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Byoung-Yoon;Yoon, Chang-Young;Kim, Min-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.303-326
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the flora of Mt. Gaji(Gyeongsang nam-do). The vascular plants which are collected in 12 times(from May to Oct. 2006 and Mar. to Oct. 2009) were identified as 573 taxa in total, including 106 families, 314 genera, 503 species, 6 subspecies, 56 varieties, 8 forms. There were many useful plants such as 20 taxa of Korean endemics and 10 taxa of specially designated plants which were determined by the Korea Forest Service. The designated in endangered plants by the Ministry of Environment, which should be protected by the wildlife protection law, were identified as 3 taxa and 64 taxa of specially designated floristic regional indicator plants by the Ministry of Environment. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 23 taxa were recorded in the investigated area. The naturalized plants were identified as 22 taxa, and their naturalization ratio were found to be 3.8% respectively. The 573 taxa listed consists of 217 taxa(37.8%) of edible plants, 181 taxa(31.5%) of medicinal plants, 91 taxa(15.8%) of pasture plants, 86 taxa(15%) of ornamental plants, 19 taxa(3.3%) of timber plants, 11 taxa(1.9%) of fiber plants and 7 taxa(1.2%) of industrial plants.

Conservation Methods and Vascular Plants of Thuja orientalis Community in Seokmun-bong, Danyang (단양 석문봉 측백나무군락지의 식물상 및 보전방안)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2013
  • The vascular plants of Thuja orientalis community in Seokmun-bong, Danyang were listed 222 taxa (4.5% of all 4,881 taxa of vascular plants); 67 families, 150 genera, 163 species, 2 subspecies, 43 varieties and 14 forms. Limestone plants, 29 taxa; Asplenium rutamuraria, Celtis koraiensis, Goodyera coreana, etc. So, Based on the legal protection species, endangered wild plants II, were recorded; Thalictrum coreanum (EN) and rare plants, 8 taxa; Thuja orientalis (LC), Exochorda serratifolia var. serratifolia (LC), Diarthron linifolium (EN), Bupleurum falcatum (VU), Lithospermum erythrorhizon (LC), Dracocephalum argunense (EN), Polygonatum robustum (EN), etc. and endemic plants, 3 taxa; Populus tomentiglandulosa (Planted plant), Thalictrum actaefolium var. brevistylum, Asperula lasiantha, etc. Based on the list of specific plants, 29 taxa; Thalictrum coreanum in class V, 7 taxa (Neillia uyekii for. uyekii, Prunus sibirica, Abelia coreana, etc.) in class IV, 8 taxa (Spiraea trichocarpa, Polygala tatarinowi, Asparagus oligoclonos, etc.) in class III, 2 taxa (Potentilla dickinsii var. dickinsii, Weigela florida) in class II, 11 taxa (Morus cathayana, Buxus microphylla var. koreana, Zizyphus jujuba var. jujuba, etc.) in class I. Based on the list of naturalized plants, 10 taxa (Robinia pseudoacacia, Oenothera biennis, Festuca arundinacea, etc.), naturalization rate (NR) was 4.5% of all 222 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index (UI) was 3.1% of all 321 taxa of naturalized plants.

Vascular Plants of Ecologically Restored Stream, Chunghyocheon in Gyeongju-si (경주시 생태복원하천인 충효천의 관속식물상)

  • You, Ju-Han;Jung, Sung-Gwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.25-42
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to present the basic data for management of ecologically restored stream by surveying and analysing the vascular plants distributed in Chunghyocheon stream, Gyeongju-si. The survey of vascular plants in this site was conducted before and after restoration. The number of vascular plants were summarized as 276 taxa including 68 families, 188 genera, 242 species, 1 subspecies, 29 varieties and 4 forms. The rare plants were 2 taxa including Prunus yedoensis Matsum. and Iris ensata var. spontanea (Makino) Nakai, and the Korean endemic plant was Lespedeza maritima Nakai. The specific plants by floristic region were 13 taxa including 1 taxa of grade V, 3 taxa of grade III, 1 taxa of grade II and 8 taxa of grade I. The naturalized plants were 62 taxa including Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach, Lepidium virginicum L., Poa compressa L. and so forth. The invasive alien plants were 3 taxa including Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Aster pilosus Willd. and Lactuca scariola L.. The hydrophytes were 34 taxa including 26 taxa of emergent plant, 1 taxa of floating-leaved plant, 2 taxa of free-floating plant and 5 taxa of submerged plant.

Flora of Mt. Hwangjang (Mungyeong, Gyeongsangbuk-do) (황장산(문경시) 일대의 식물상)

  • Paik, Weon-Ki;Shin, Chang-Min
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.310-323
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    • 2008
  • This study was to establish the floristic composition of vascular plants of Mt. Hwangjang (1,077.3m). Floristic composition of vascular plants were conducted during April 2006${\sim}$August 2007. Vascular plants were composed of 97 families, 257 genera, 357 species, 5 subspecies, 42 varieties and 9 formae, totaling 413 taxa. Among the investigated resources plants, 6 taxa were Korean endemic species. The special plants based on floral region by Ministry of Environment (2006) were 55 taxa. A naturalized plants were 15 species, correspond to 5.2% of totaling 290 species (Kim and Lee, 2006) appeared in South Korea.

Vascular Plants of Mt. Jangsan in Busan Metropolitan City (부산광역시 장산 일대의 관속식물상)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Kim, Eun-Ok;Choi, Song-Hyun;You, Ju-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.49-68
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    • 2021
  • This study was to carried out to survey and analyse the vascular plants of Mt. Jangsan, Busan Metropolitan City, South Korea. The vascular plants were surveyed from June to October, 2019. The numbers of vascular plants in this site were 497 taxa and comprised of 106 families, 306 genera, 454 species, 7 subspecies, 29 varieties, 5 forms and 2 hybrids. The planted species were 16 taxa including Ginkgo biloba, Cedrus deodara, Zea mays and so on. In this study, 309 taxa were identified, including Selaginella rossii, Cyrtomium falcatum, Cephalanthera falcata and so on. The rare plants were 4 taxa including Hololeion maximowiczii(EN), Ottelia alismoides(LC), Iris ensata Thunb. var. spontanea(LC) and Sagittaria trifolia(DD). All rare plants were found in Jangsan Wetland. The Korean endemic plants were 9 taxa including Populus × tomentiglandulosa, Hemerocallis hakuunensis, Hosta minor and so on. The floristic target species were totally 53 taxa, which were 2 taxa of grade IV, 11 taxa of grade III, 6 taxa of grade II and 34 taxa of grade I. The alien plants were 58 taxa including Rumex crispus, Ipomoea purpurea, Helianthus tuberosus, Vulpia myuros and so on.