• Title, Summary, Keyword: VacA

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Helicobacter pylori vacA Mosaicism and New Primers for vacA Signal Sequence Indigenous to Korea (Helicobacter pylori vacA 대립유전자의 Mosaicism과 Signal Sequence의 한국고유 시발체)

  • Ahn, Yeon-Hwa;Kim, Heung-Ryel;Lee, Ji-Eun;Hwang, Tae-Sook;Choe, Yon-Ho
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: Helicobacter pylori has been known to have diverse vacA allelic types. The purpose of the study was to identify vacA diversity in Korea and design new primers for signal sequence alleles indigenous to Korea. Methods: Fifty antral biopsy specimens, which had been proven to be H. pylori-positive, were examined for vacA status; signal sequence and mid-region. After PCR amplification and DNA sequencing, vacA alleles of Korean H. pylori strains were compared with those from other countries. Results: Among Korean H. pylori strains vacA alleles with all combinations of signal sequence and mid-region were found, with the exception of s1b or s2. vacA genotype s1c/m1 was predominant in Korea. We found that GGGAGCGTTR in s1a and GGGGYTATTG in s1c were the indigenous sequences to Korea and constructed the new Korean specific primers for the vacA signal sequence; VASK-F, VASK-R, S1AK-F, and S1CK-F. Conclusion: This study showed that s1c/m1 is the predominant type of vacA allele in Korea. We designed new primers for the vacA signal sequence.

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Pathogenetic Impact of Vacuolar Degeneration by Accelerated Transport of Helicobacter pylori VacA

  • Choi, Kyung-Min;Park, Jeong-Kyu;Hwang, Se-Young
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.666-672
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    • 2003
  • Vacuolar degeneration of the gastric epithelial cells is a characteristic feature of the derangement of mucosa where Helicobacter pylori colonizes, and H. pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) has been suggested to playa key role in it. To elucidate the VacA-involved degenerative mechanism, VacA was purified, and its impact on degeneration of HeLa cells was determined. In the presence of ammonium chloride, cell vacuolation by VacA was dose-and time-dependent, however, no detectable degeneration of the cells was observed with the VacA concentration tested. A further increase of vacuolation was shown in cells pre-treated with diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) , and this resulted in a change of the cell morphology to become spherical. Similar phenomena were also observed when HeLa cells were co-cultivated with intact H. pylori cells. It was remarkable to note that the degree of growth inhibition was proportional to the increase in vacuole formation, suggesting that the vacuolation rate would be critical for cell degeneration. Surprisingly, although VacA was itself inhibited by DEPC, its uptake was markedly increased by this agent, similar to that found in cells with Nabutyrate. These data indicate that the cell's tolerance of VacA transport may be critical for vacuolar degeneration and may be changeable during H. pylori inhabitation.

A study on Applicability of VacCAD Simulator

  • Kim, Hyung-Taek;Kim, Kang-Won
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.200-206
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we compared the VacCAD and VacSim(Multi), commercial vacuum simulators, to verify the advantages of VacCAD's efficiency. It was emphasized on immediacy and simplicity of simulation modelling, and characteristics of the pump combinations, pumping down curves, and vacuum materials. First, usability of simulation mechanism was estimated through the modeling schematics and obtained simulation results of each employed simulator were compared to evaluate the applicability in practice. Simulation reliability of each simulator was also probed by comparing the pumping characteristics of commercially available high vacuum systems. In addition, the degree of tolerances on VacCAD was also investigated through pumping down analysis considering outgassing effect due to chamber material variations. The higher effectiveness and expediency of VacCAD than VacSim(Multi) has been presented, and it was expected that the utilization of VacCAD in vacuum applications to be increased.

Helicobacter pylori Vacuolating Toxin Exhibits Polar Activity of $Cl^-$ Secretion and Secretory Response to Carbachol in T84 Cells

  • Jin, Nan-Ge;Jin, Yong-Ri;So, In-Suk;Kim, Ki-Whan
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.289-293
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    • 2004
  • To investigate whether VacA (vacuolating toxin) produced by Helicobacter pylori Korean stain 99 induces intestinal secretion, purified VacA was added to T84 cell monolayers mounted in Ussing chambers, and electrical parameters were monitored. Mucosal addition of low pH-pretreated VacA increased short circuit current (Isc). The effect was time- and dose-dependent and saturable. The time-to-peak Isc was concentration-dependent. Chloride channel inhibitors, niflumic acid or 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoate (NPPB), inhibited VacA-stimulated Isc. Carbachol (CCh)-induced increase of Isc was prolonged by the addition of VacA to the mucosal side only. The effect was unaltered by the addition of niflumic acid. VacA did not show cytopathic effects. These studies indicate that VacA is a nonlethal toxin that acts in a polar manner on T84 monolayers to potentiate $Cl^-$ secretion and the response to CCh secretion without decrease in monolayer resistance. VacA may contribute to diarrhea diseases in human intestinal epithelial cells.

Effect of Carbon Couch Side Rail and Vac-lok In case of Lung RPO irradiation (Lung RPO 선량전달시, Carbon Couch Side Rail과 Vac-lok이 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seok Min;Gwak, Geun Tak;Lee, Seung Hun;Kim, Jung Soo;Kwon, Hyoung Cheol;Kim, Yang Su;Lee, Sun Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.30 no.1_2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : To evaluate the effect of carbon couch side rail and vacuum immobilization device in case of lung RPO irradiation. Materials and Methods : The 10, 20, 30 mm thickness of vac-lok's right side were obtained. To measure of doses, glass dosimeters were used and measured reference point is left lung center at the phantom. A, B, C, and D points are left, right, down, and up directions based on the center point. In the state of Side-Rail-Out, place the without vac-lok, with the thickness of 10, 20, and 30 mm vac-lok. After the glass dosimeters was inserted in center, A, B, C, and D points, 100 MU of 6 MV X-ray were irradiated to the referenced center point in the condition of $10{\times}10cm^2$ field size, SAD 100 cm, gantry angle 225, 300 MU/min dose rate. Five measurements were made for each point. In the state of Side-Rail-In, five measurement were made for each point under the same conditions. The average is measured on each of the five Side-Rail-Out and Side-Rail-In measurements. Results : In the presence of side rail, the dose reduction ratio was -11.8 %, -12.3 %, -4.1 %, -12.3 %, -7.3 % for each A, B, C, and D points. In the state of Side-Rail-Out, the dose reduction ratio for the using 10 mm thickness of vac-lok was -0.9 % than without vac-lok. The dose reduction ratio for the using 20 mm thickness of vac-lok was -2.0 %, for the using 30 mm thickness of the vac-lok was -3.0 % than without vac-lok. In the state of Side-Rail-In, the dose reduction ratio for the using 10 mm thickness of vac-lok was -1.0 % than without vac-lok. The dose reduction ratio for the using 20 mm vac-lok was -2.1 %, for the using 30 mm vac-lok was -3.0 % than without vac-lok. Based on the value of no vac-lok dose in the Side-Rail-In state, The dose reduction ratios for the using 10 mm, 20 mm and 30 mm thickness of vac-loks In the Side-Rail-Out that the center point were -12.7 %, -13.7 %, -14.2 % and -12.8 %, -13.8 %, -14.5 % respectively at point A. The dose reduction ratios for the same conditions to the B point were -4.9 %, -6.1 %, -7.1 % and -13.4 %, -14.4 %, -15.5 % respectively at point C. The dose reduction ratios for the same conditions to the D point were -8.4 %, -9.0 %, -10.4 % respectively. Conclusion : The attenuation was caused by presence of side rails and thickness of vac-lok. Pay attention to these attenuation factors, making it a more effective radiation therapy.

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Inhibitory Effect of Ponciretin on Helicobacter pylori VacA Toxin-induced Vacuolation in HeLa Cells

  • KIM JONG-MI;SHIN JI-EUN;BAE EUN-AH;HAN MYUNG JOO;KIM DONG-HYUN
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2006
  • The inhibitory effects of flavanone derivatives on Helicobacter pylori (HP) growth, infection and VacA toxininduced vacuolation were investigated. Among flavanones tested, ponciretin potently inhibited the growth of HP with a MIC value of 0.01 mg/ml and VacA toxin-induced vacuolation in HeLa cells with $IC_{50}$ value of 0.078 mM. However, other flavanones inhibited neither HP growth nor VacA toxininduced vacuolation. All flavanones tested did not inhibit HP infection to KATO III cells. Ponciretin also inhibited activation of procaspase-3 to caspase-3 in HeLa cell induced by HP VacA toxin, but did not affect Bax and Bcl-2 protein levels. These findings indicate that ponciretin inhibits growth as well as vacuolation by HP VacA toxin, which induces cell death via proteolytic activation of a cascade of caspases.

The Use of Vacuum-Assisted-Closure Theraphy for the Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant-Staphylococcus aureus Infected Wounds (메치실린 저항 포도알균에 감염된 창상 치료에 있어 음압요법의 의의)

  • Kim, Joo Hyoung;Park, Myoung Chul;Lee, Il Jae;Park, Dong Ha
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.632-636
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: Methicillin-Resistant-Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) has been increasingly recognized as a cause of nosocomial infection. MRSA is hardly-controllable organism among the pathogen of nosocomial infection, because it is resistant to most antibiotics except vancomycin, and local treatment with most antiseptics are not effective to eradicate MRSA from the infection. The effectiveness of Vacuum-Assisted-Closure(VAC) was reported widely. we tried to modify original VAC. We tried VAC dressing on MRSA infected wound to evaluate whether or not the VAC is effective to eradicate MRSA which existed in the open wound. Methods: From September 2003 to December 2003, 24 patients admitted to the plastic and reconstructive surgery and orthopedic surgery, were studied. All patients were found to be positive in previous wound. Using clinical randomized study, 24 patients were divided into two groups: VAC dressing group and the $Betadine^{(R)}$ dressing group(control). During treatment, wound culture was done twice a week for evaluation of MRSA infection elimination. Results: The mean period that MRSA become not detected in all case was 17.1 days in VAC dressing group, and 25.8 days in control group, respectively. The p value was 0.013. The result reveals that the VAC dressing group is more effective to MRSA infection control. As a result, the VAC dressing was more effective in MRSA infected wound than conventional dressing. Conclusion: Through this study, we found objective result of VAC dressing. We hope that VAC dressing is more widely applied to fresh and infected wound.

Construction of CpG Motif-enriched DNA Vaccine Plasmids for Enhanced Early Immune Response

  • Park Young Seoub;Hwang Seung Ha;Choi Cha-Yong
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2005
  • A DNA vaccine methodology using eukaryote expression vectors to produce immunizing proteins in the vaccinated hosts is a novel approach to the development of vaccine and immuno-therapeutics, and it has achieved considerable success over several infectious diseases and various cancers. To further enhance its efficiency, attempts were made to develop novel plasmid vectors containing multiple immunostimulatory CpG motifs, for rapid and strong immune response. First, a 2.9 kb compact plasmid vector (pVAC), containing CMV promoter, polycloning site, BGH poly(A) terminator, ampicillin resistance gene and pBR322 origin was constructed. A pVAC-hEPO was also constructed, which contained a human erythropoietin gene, for evaluating the transfection efficiency of naked plasmid DNA both in vitro and in vivo. To examine the adjuvant effect of multi-CpG motifs on naked plasmid DNA, 22 and 44 enriched and unmethylated CpG motifs were introduced into pVAC to generate pVAC-ISS1 and pVAC-ISS2, respectively. $100{\mu}g$ of pSecTagB, pVAC, pVAC-ISS1 or pVAC-ISS2 were each injected intramuscularly into the tibilias anterior muscle of Balb/c mice. The level of interleukin-6 induced in the mice injected with pVAC-ISS1 and pVAC-ISS2 were significantly elevated after 12 hours, which were almost 2 and 2.5 times higher than that in the mice injected with pSecTagB, respectively. These results suggest that DNA vaccine plasmids with enriched CpG motifs can induce rapid secretion of interleukin-6 by lymphocytes. In conclusion, these vectors can contribute to the development of adjuvant-free DNA vaccinations against infectious diseases and various cancers.

Manufacture of Immobilization Device (Vac-lok) and the Usefulness of Evaluation for Reproducibility of Patients in the Radiotherapy (환자의 재현성을 위한 고정장치(Vac-lok) 제작과 방사선치료에서 유용성 평가)

  • Lee, Jae-Seung;Kim, Gyoung-Hee;Jeong, Kyu-Hwan;Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Goo, Eun-Hoe;Park, Cheol-Woo;Im, In-Chul;Dong, Kyung-Rae;Chung, Woon-Kwan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2011
  • We manufactured the Vac-lok that can be applied to patient of special body shape and need to special set-up position and evaluated the usefulness in the radiation therapy. The manufacture Vac-lok, It was used EVA resin and biobeadform of a diameter 1.5 mm. carried out the test of functionality, structural and analyzed the relative reproducibility of phantoms and patients. During the total period of radiation therapy, Vacuum pressure bring variety to a very small amount in the test of functionality of the manufacture Vac-lok. But It was a negligible quantity. The manufacture Vac-lok improved the relative reproducibility of phantoms than the existing Vac-lok and tolerance has a confidence less than 4% error. Also, relative reproducibility of patient increased error than phantom in the antero-posterior and lateral plan. However, the maximum set-up error was less than ${\pm}\;2.3$ mm. In conclusion, If tolerance set-up error of radiotherapy is less than ${\pm}\;3$ mm, the manufacture Vac-lok was enough possible to use and improvement of reproducibility, considering supply with the Vac-lok made to measure of special patient that produced at a low price and without delay.

Application of Modified Vacuum Assisted Closure with Silver Materials in Chronic Infected Wound (만성 감염성 창상에 대한 변형 음압요법과 은이온 제재의 이용)

  • Park, Gun Wook;Jeong, Jae Ho
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.393-399
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Chronic infected wounds sustained over 4 weeks with exposed tendon or bone are difficult challenges to plastic surgeons. Vacuum assisted closure (VAC) device has been well used for the management of chronic wounds diminishing wound edema, reducing bacterial colonization, promoting formation of granulation tissue and local blood flow by negative pressure to wounds. But Commercial ready-made VAC device might have some difficulties to use because of its high expenses and heavy weight. So we modified traditional VAC device with silver dressing materials as topical therapeutic agents for control of superimposed bacterial wound infection such as MRSA, MRSE and peudomonas. Methods: We designed the modified VAC device using wall suction, 400 cc Hemovac and combined slow release silver dressing materials. We compared 5 consecutive patients' data treated by commercial ready-made VAC device(Group A) with 11 consecutive patients' data treated by modified VAC device combined with silver dressing materials(group B) from September 2004 to June 2007. Granulation tissue growth, wound discharge, wound culture and wound dressing expenses were compared between the two groups. Results: In comparison of results, no statistical differences were identified in reducing rate of wound size between group A and B. Wound discharge was significantly decreased in both groups. Modified VAC device with silver dressing materials showed advantages of convenience, cost effectiveness and bacterial reversion. Conclusion: In combination of modified VAC device and silver dressing materials, our results demonstrated the usefulness of managing chronic open wounds superimposed bacterial infection, cost effectiveness compared with traditional VAC device and improvement of patient mobility.