• Title, Summary, Keyword: User Acceptance Factors

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A Contingent Analyses on the Relationship Between the Characteristics of Internet Shopping Mall and User Acceptance (인터넷 쇼핑몰의 특성과 사용자 수용간의 상황적 관계분석)

  • Suh, Kun-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.23-55
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    • 2001
  • It is generally agreed that realizing the full potential of the internet shopping mall(ISM) requires careful identification of customer needs and expectations. However, a quantitative framework to explain and predict users' behavior toward ISM has not been well established because the research on the user acceptance of ISM is still in its infancy. This study proposes a model which uses factor analysis to identify factors of ISM characteristics and individual characteristics affecting user acceptance of ISM. Predictive models based on the multiple regression analyses select the factors and their interactions with individual characteristics that significantly influence user acceptance. Results show that five factors including economy, convenience, credibility, reliability, information risks, and performance risks affects user acceptance. In addition, individual differences in terms of innovativeness, playfulness, and recreational shopping traits have both direct and interaction effects on user acceptance. The implication of this study is that, although user attitudes towards ISM characteristics in general are important to their acceptance behavior, the level of importance depends upon different user groups.

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Exploring the Influence of the Internet Shopping Mall's Quality Factors on User Trust and Acceptance (인터넷 쇼핑몰이 갖는 품질요인이 사용자 신뢰와 수용에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee Kung-Chang;Kang Byung-Uk;Suh Bomil;Kim Jong-Uk
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.27-46
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    • 2005
  • As the electronic commerce has grown dramatically, visiting the Internet shopping malls is accepted as one of our daily life. Despite many studies about user acceptance of the Internet shopping malls, it still remains unanswered how the Internet shopping mall's three quality factors such as system qualify, Information qualify, and service quality affect user trust, and eventually user acceptance of the mall. To investigate this issue, we propose a research model in which six external factors such as three qualify factors as well as self-efficacy, subjective norm, and trust have a significant impact on user's attitude and intention to use the mall. After garnering 244 valid questionnaires from users, we analyze them with structural equation modeling. Experiment results show that the Internet shopping mall's three quality factors such as system quality, information qualify, and service quality significantly Influence user trust for the mall, which in turn impacts user's perceived usefulness, attitude toward using the mall. Another external factors such as self-efficacy and subjective norm also influence user's perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness respectively, affecting user's attitude altogether. Implications and further research directions are presented.

Factors Affecting User Acceptance in Mobile Banking: An Empirical Study Using Extended TAM and Trust (모바일뱅킹에서의 사용자 수용요인: 확장된 TAM과 Trust를 이용한 실증연구)

  • Gu, Ja-Chul;Lee, Sang-Chul;Kim, Nam-Hee;Suh, Yung-Ho
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.159-181
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this research is to identify the factors affecting user acceptance of mobile banking. To test the hypotheses, this research incorporates trust to extend the model. This study investigates the causal relationship among four factors; perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, trust, and intention to use in mobile banking. This study also identifies the elements by which these factors are influenced. The result finds that facilitation condition and self-efficacy are significant elements affecting perceived ease of use. System quality, perceived ease of use and trust are significant elements affecting perceived usefulness, However, social influence is found to be not significant. System quality and perceived ease of use are significant elements affecting trust. Conclusively, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and trust are significant factors affecting the user acceptance in Mobile banking.

A Study on Factors Influencing Acceptance Intention of Fintech -Focusing on Mobile Payment Service- (핀테크 수용에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구: 모바일 결제 서비스를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jae Kwang;Kim, Jong Moo;Lee, Kang Eun;Yoon, So Ra;Jo, Hyeon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.181-199
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    • 2017
  • Recently, the Fintech industry is growing rapidly, and mobile payment service plays a key role in this growth. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors affecting initial acceptance of mobile payment service using Technology Acceptance Model. In the research model, service-related factors such as economic efficiency and security, user-related factors such as user innovativeness and social factors such as social influence were adopted as external variables, and acceptance intention was introduced as dependent variable. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use were selected as mediating variables. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics v22 and Smart PLS 2.0. The results of the study are as follows. First, service-related factors such as economic efficiency and security did not affect the user acceptance intention. Second, individual innovativeness and social influence have significant effects on perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use respectively. And the perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, which are mediators, have a significant influence on the acceptance intention of mobile payment service. The results of this study will serve as a useful guide for Fintech industries.

A Study on the Acceptance Intention and Usage Behavior of Blockchain Technology : From the Perspective of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (통합기술수용이론 관점에서 블록체인기술의 사용자 수용과 이용 행동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byung-Gon;Lee, Byeong-Gil;Yoon, Il-Ki
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2020
  • Recently, following the development of FinTech technology that combines finance and information and communication technology, the need and social demands for a block chain technology-based trading system have increased significantly. In this study, a research model was developed and hypothesized through literature research on the concept of block chain technology, the technology acceptance model, and the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology. The research theories were tested by collecting data through surveys and analyzing the collected data. This study conducted empirical research to identify the factors influencing the user acceptance intention and utilization behavior of the block chain technology in introducing the block chain technology. First, factors affecting the acceptance intention of the blockchain user were performance expectation, effort expectation, social impact, and blockchain transparency variables. Second, the facilitation conditions and stakeholder confidence variables were analyzed as factors that did not affect the acceptability of the blockchain users. Third, variables such as blockchain transparency, stakeholder trust and intention of acceptance are factors that affect the usage behavior of the blockchain. Fourth, it was confirmed that the acceptance intention had a very high explanatory power on usage behavior of Blockchain technology.

The effect of experiential marketing factors of fashion service applying 4th industrial revolution technology on customer acceptance and use : focusing on 3D printing, internet of things, and innovation (4차 산업 기술 패션 서비스 체험마케팅 요인이 소비자 수용과 이용에 미치는 영향 : 3D프린팅, 사물인터넷, 혁신성을 중심으로)

  • Jeong, So-Jeong;Rhee, Young-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.93-108
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the influence of experiential marketing factors of 3D printing and Internet services on technology acceptance factors and usage intention. Furthermore, we analyzed how the user's innovativeness shows the effect on the intention to use. Data acquired from a total of 518 college students was used for the final analysis, which was perfromed by SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 23.0 programs. The results of this study are as follows. We analyzed the influence of the experiential marketing factors of fashion service utilizing the 3D printing and the Internet of Things on the acceptance of technology and intention to use these technologies. As for 3D printing, first, sensory and behavioral factors are positively related to the acceptance of technology. Second, emotional and cognitive factors have negative effects on all technology acceptance. Third, relational factors did not show a significant influence on several conditions of technology acceptance. Fourth, the effects of technology acceptance on the willingness to use have a positive effect on several conditions factors, except the effort expectation. As for the result concerning the Internet of Things first, behavioral factors have a positive effect on all technology acceptance. Second, emotional factors have a negative effect on all technology acceptance. Third, cognitive factors did not have a significant effect on various conditions and showed negative effects on several factors. Fourth, sensory and relational factors did not affect the acceptance of technology. Fifth, the effects of technology acceptance on the intention to use are affected by several conditions, except for effort expectation. As a result of analyzing the moderating effects of user's innovativeness on the willingness to use, 3D printing did not show any significant effect on innovation. However, the Internet of Things has a significant influence on the user acceptance of technology acceptance.

Research on the Influence of Interaction Factors of mobile Phone Dance Live Broadcast on User's Intention of Use -Centered on Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Accessibility

  • Wu, Nuowa
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose to characteristics of mobile phone dance live broadcast platform and the second-generation technology acceptance model TAM2, this paper established the user acceptance model of mobile phone dance live broadcast platform, aiming to study the influencing factors of users' acceptance on mobile phone dance live broadcast platform. Based on the empirical analysis of user survey, the model is validated, and the relationship between variables in the model is clarified. It is also confirmed that human-computer interaction, scene interaction, relationship interaction and other factors will affect the user's acceptance on mobile phone dance live broadcast platform. At the same time, based on the relationship among variables obtained in the research, this paper tries to analyze how the variables affect each other based on the actual practice of mobile phone dance live broadcast platform. In addition, the video design strategy and marketing strategy for further development of mobile phone dance live broadcast platform are given to help the platform and dance creators to carry out better promotion on the mobile side. In the end, this paper summarizes the shortcomings of this study and points out further research directions in the future, providing a reference for researchers in the field of mobile phone dance live broadcast platform acceptance.

Effect on Acceptance Intentions to Service Quality factors of Social TV : Focus on Technology Acceptance Model (소셜TV 서비스품질 요인이 수용의도에 미치는 영향 : 기술수용모형(TAM)을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Dosoon;Hwang, Changyu;Hong, Soongeun
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.201-218
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to verify a causal relationship between social tv services and intended acceptance of social tv service through the SERVQUAL five dimensions which mean generally assessment of superior user. Also I am going to analyze that how factors of intended acceptance of social tv service effect on intended acceptance through perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use based on Technology Acceptance Model which provides theoretical basis for behavior response of information technology. This study is significant that social tv combine the five dimensions of service quality that mean assessment of overall excellent or superior user and Technology Acceptance Model that provides theoretical basis for describing an behavior response of information technology.

An Analysis of the Moderating Effects of User Ability on the Acceptance of an Internet Shopping Mall (인터넷 쇼핑몰 수용에 있어 사용자 능력의 조절효과 분석)

  • Suh, Kun-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.27-55
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    • 2008
  • Due to the increasing and intensifying competition in the Internet shopping market, it has been recognized as very important to develop an effective policy and strategy for acquiring loyal customers. For this reason, web site designers need to know if a new Internet shopping mall(ISM) will be accepted. Researchers have been working on identifying factors for explaining and predicting user acceptance of an ISM. Some studies, however, revealed inconsistent findings on the antecedents of user acceptance of a website. Lack of consideration for individual differences in user ability is believed to be one of the key reasons for the mixed findings. The elaboration likelihood model (ELM) and several studies have suggested that individual differences in ability plays an moderating role on the relationship between the antecedents and user acceptance. Despite the critical role of user ability, little research has examined the role of user ability in the Internet shopping mall context. The purpose of this study is to develop a user acceptance model that consider the moderating role of user ability in the context of Internet shopping. This study was initiated to see the ability of the technology acceptance model(TAM) to explain the acceptance of a specific ISM. According to TAM. which is one of the most influential models for explaining user acceptance of IT, an intention to use IT is determined by usefulness and ease of use. Given that interaction between user and website takes place through web interface, the decisions to accept and continue using an ISM depend on these beliefs. However, TAM neglects to consider the fact that many users would not stick to an ISM until they trust it although they may think it useful and easy to use. The importance of trust for user acceptance of ISM has been raised by the relational views. The relational view emphasizes the trust-building process between the user and ISM, and user's trust on the website is a major determinant of user acceptance. The proposed model extends and integrates the TAM and relational views on user acceptance of ISM by incorporating usefulness, ease of use, and trust. User acceptance is defined as a user's intention to reuse a specific ISM. And user ability is introduced into the model as moderating variable. Here, the user ability is defined as a degree of experiences, knowledge and skills regarding Internet shopping sites. The research model proposes that the ease of use, usefulness and trust of ISM are key determinants of user acceptance. In addition, this paper hypothesizes that the effects of the antecedents(i.e., ease of use, usefulness, and trust) on user acceptance may differ among users. In particular, this paper proposes a moderating effect of a user's ability on the relationship between antecedents with user's intention to reuse. The research model with eleven hypotheses was derived and tested through a survey that involved 470 university students. For each research variable, this paper used measurement items recognized for reliability and widely used in previous research. We slightly modified some items proper to the research context. The reliability and validity of the research variables were tested using the Crobnach's alpha and internal consistency reliability (ICR) values, standard factor loadings of the confirmative factor analysis, and average variance extracted (AVE) values. A LISREL method was used to test the suitability of the research model and its relating six hypotheses. Key findings of the results are summarized in the following. First, TAM's two constructs, ease of use and usefulness directly affect user acceptance. In addition, ease of use indirectly influences user acceptance by affecting trust. This implies that users tend to trust a shopping site and visit repeatedly when they perceive a specific ISM easy to use. Accordingly, designing a shopping site that allows users to navigate with heuristic and minimal clicks for finding information and products within the site is important for improving the site's trust and acceptance. Usefulness, however, was not found to influence trust. Second, among the three belief constructs(ease of use, usefulness, and trust), trust was empirically supported as the most important determinants of user acceptance. This implies that users require trustworthiness from an Internet shopping site to be repeat visitors of an ISM. Providing a sense of safety and eliminating the anxiety of online shoppers in relation to privacy, security, delivery, and product returns are critically important conditions for acquiring repeat visitors. Hence, in addition to usefulness and ease of use as in TAM, trust should be a fundamental determinants of user acceptance in the context of internet shopping. Third, the user's ability on using an Internet shopping site played a moderating role. For users with low ability, ease of use was found to be a more important factors in deciding to reuse the shopping mall, whereas usefulness and trust had more effects on users with high ability. Applying the EML theory to these findings, we can suggest that experienced and knowledgeable ISM users tend to elaborate on such usefulness aspects as efficient and effective shopping performance and trust factors as ability, benevolence, integrity, and predictability of a shopping site before they become repeat visitors of the site. In contrast, novice users tend to rely on the low elaborating features, such as the perceived ease of use. The existence of moderating effects suggests the fact that different individuals evaluate an ISM from different perspectives. The expert users are more interested in the outcome of the visit(usefulness) and trustworthiness(trust) than those novice visitors. The latter evaluate the ISM in a more superficial manner focusing on the novelty of the site and on other instrumental beliefs(ease of use). This is consistent with the insights proposed by the Heuristic-Systematic model. According to the Heuristic-Systematic model. a users act on the principle of minimum effort. Thus, the user considers an ISM heuristically, focusing on those aspects that are easy to process and evaluate(ease of use). When the user has sufficient experience and skills, the user will change to systematic processing, where they will evaluate more complex aspects of the site(its usefulness and trustworthiness). This implies that an ISM has to provide a minimum level of ease of use to make it possible for a user to evaluate its usefulness and trustworthiness. Ease of use is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the acceptance and use of an ISM. Overall, the empirical results generally support the proposed model and identify the moderating effect of the effects of user ability. More detailed interpretations and implications of the findings are discussed. The limitations of this study are also discussed to provide directions for future research.

User Acceptance Factors of u-Health System - For Converged Smart Health (유헬스 시스템의 사용자 수용 요인 연구 - 융합형 양방향 스마트 헬스를 위한)

  • Kim, Mincheol
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2013
  • Lately, in accordance with the improvement of living standards and income level, concern about the health is continuously increasing and the desire is also becoming diverse. This study focused on the user's acceptance of converged smart u-health system. For the study purpose, this paper analyzed the health and technology factors influencing the user's acceptance on u-health system. Thus this study was carried out by using covariance based SEM in order to test the model fitness and path coefficient. As the results, the health management experience among HPM factors and perceived usefulness among TAM had a positive effect on attitude and the perceived usefulness had a direct effect on behavioral intention.