• Title, Summary, Keyword: User

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PC User Authentication using Hand Gesture Recognition and Challenge-Response

  • Shin, Sang-Min;Kim, Minsoo
    • Journal of Advanced Information Technology and Convergence
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2018
  • The current PC user authentication uses character password based on user's knowledge. However, this can easily be exploited by password cracking or key-logging programs. In addition, the use of a difficult password and the periodic change of the password make it easy for the user to mistake exposing the password around the PC because it is difficult for the user to remember the password. In order to overcome this, we propose user gesture recognition and challenge-response authentication. We apply user's hand gesture instead of character password. In the challenge-response method, authentication is performed in the form of responding to a quiz, rather than using the same password every time. To apply the hand gesture to challenge-response authentication, the gesture is recognized and symbolized to be used in the quiz response. So we show that this method can be applied to PC user authentication.

Secure GSM User Authentication Protocol For User Privacy (사용자 프라이버시를 위한 안전한 GSM 사용자인증 프로토콜)

  • Park, Mi-Og;Kim, Chang-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.157-161
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    • 2006
  • GSM(Global System for Mobile communications) that is the most popular standard for mobile phones, has more than 70% users in the world and the number of users increase continuously. However GSM system has the problem that cannot normally authenticate a user by the exposure of IMSI that is able to uniquely authenticate MS? during the user authentication procedure. In this paper? we provide security enhancement and user privacy by adopting a temporary id and an encryption scheme. Moreover we provide fast user authentication via architecture modification of the conventional GSM user authentication protocol.

A Study on the Need of the Usable Security in the Corelation between IT Security and User Experience

  • Lee, Soowook
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, an contemplate the direction for Usable Security in IT security and User Experience. To evaluate how the user interface is convenient to use, we examine the components such as the property, learnable property, memory simplicity, faults and satisfaction level. By considering for the security, we should bring positive effects on the user experience. By emphasizing usability and security at the same time, we should increase the satisfaction level of the user experience and then produce the valuable experience through participation, use and observation. The positive user experience is the important task for the software engineering, business administration and others., and this will result satisfaction of the users, brand trust, and success in the market. On the other hand, for the negative user experience, the users cannot achieve their desired goal and therefore, are unsatisfied due to emotional, rational and economic inconvenience. Due to this, we should try to maintain a certain level of usability and security of the system in IT security and User Experience.

Proactive Task Execution Using Data Sharing and Event Transition among Personal Devices

  • Jeon, Ho-Cheol;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Choi, Joong-Min
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.4 no.6
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    • pp.1237-1252
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    • 2010
  • This paper proposes an intelligent technique for data sharing and event transition among personal devices including smart phones, laptops, and desktops. We implemented the PES (Personal Event Service) system that proactively executes appropriate tasks across multiple devices without explicit user requests by sharing the data used by the user and recognizing user intention based on the observed actions of the user for specific devices. The client module of PES installed on each device monitors the user actions and recognizes the intention of the user. The server provides data sharing and maintenance for clients. The connection between client and server is established by Java RMI (Remote Method Invocation). A series of experiments were performed to evaluate user satisfaction and system accuracy, and the results showed that the PES system can proactively provide appropriate, personalized services with a high degree of satisfaction to the user in an effective and efficient manner.

Development of Efficient Encryption Scheme on Brain-Waves Using Five Phase Chaos Maps

  • Kim, Jung-Sook;Chung, Jang-Young
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2016
  • Secondary damage to the user is a problem in biometrics. A brain-wave has no shape and a malicious user may not cause secondary damage to a user. However, if user sends brain-wave signals to an authentication system using a network, a malicious user could easily capture the brain-wave signals. Then, the malicious user could access the authentication system using the captured brain-wave signals. In addition, the dataset containing the brain-wave signals is large and the transfer time is long. However, user authentication requires a real-time processing, and an encryption scheme on brain-wave signals is necessary. In this paper, we propose an efficient encryption scheme using a chaos map and adaptive junk data on the brain-wave signals for user authentication. As a result, the encrypted brain-wave signals are produced and the processing time for authentication is reasonable in real-time.

A Design and Implementation of Haptics Small Device User Interface using Zoomable User Interface (Zoomable User Interface를 이용한 햅틱 기술 기반 소형장비 사용자 인터페이스 설계 및 구현)

  • Yeom, Sae Hun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2009
  • Computing environments are being more and more various due to the development of technologies. While existing computing environments used for fixed locations or particular purposes by requesting big scale monitors or complicate calculation performance, recent computing environments are used for a variety of locations and for a diversity of purposes by using various devices. Because of the needs, digital device convergence, which emphases portability and mobility, came out. However, almost researches for user interface are performed for big scale monitors or complicate calculation performance until now. By the reason, user interface on each small device is different from others, or is not appropriate for the purpose of small device. Therefore, this research is to design Zoomable User Interface (ZUI) that adapts for small devices by adding the existing user interface on small devices and haptic technologies, and to implement a user interface for PDA devices.

A Study on the Development of Service Robot Control based on User Created Contents (User Created Contents 기반 서비스 로봇 제어의 개발 연구)

  • Na, Seung-kwon;Choi, Seok-Im;Pyeon, Yong-Kug
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2015
  • This paper is a study on how to develop service robots can easily complex software development services robot control system. User created contents based on the robot control system developed in this study is a robot drive control circuit, a sensor data processing, the status, the monitoring systems and modular system to configure the service robot operation screen from a user perspective and that can control the service robot operation As in the text-based features that can be operated to have freedom to the robot control service content. In addition, the user has the advantage that changes position by the development as well as user created contents desired by the user operating the robot control GUI (graphic user interface) also changes are possible. As a result, the service robot operator to offer a way to make the service robot can be conveniently presented in a user's point of view how to enable the development of the service robot.

A Real-Time User Authenticating Method Using Behavior Pattern Through Web (웹 사용자의 실시간 사용 패턴 분석을 이용한 정상 사용자 판별 방법)

  • Jang, Jin-gu;Moon, Jong Sub
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1493-1504
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    • 2016
  • As cyber threats have been increased over the Internet, the invasions of personal information are constantly occurring. A malicious user can access the Web site as a normal user using leaked personal information and does illegal activities. This paper proposes an effective method which authenticates a genuine user with real-time. The method use the user's profile which is a record of user's behavior created by Membership Analysis(MA) and Markov Chain Model(MCM). In addition to, user's profile is augmented by a Time Weight(TW) which reflects the user's tendency. This method can detect a malicious user who camouflage normal user. Even if it is a genuine user, it can be determined as an abnomal user if the user acts beyond the record profile. The result of experiment showed a high accuracy, 96%, for the correct user.

An Analysis of the Moderating Effects of User Ability on the Acceptance of an Internet Shopping Mall (인터넷 쇼핑몰 수용에 있어 사용자 능력의 조절효과 분석)

  • Suh, Kun-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.27-55
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    • 2008
  • Due to the increasing and intensifying competition in the Internet shopping market, it has been recognized as very important to develop an effective policy and strategy for acquiring loyal customers. For this reason, web site designers need to know if a new Internet shopping mall(ISM) will be accepted. Researchers have been working on identifying factors for explaining and predicting user acceptance of an ISM. Some studies, however, revealed inconsistent findings on the antecedents of user acceptance of a website. Lack of consideration for individual differences in user ability is believed to be one of the key reasons for the mixed findings. The elaboration likelihood model (ELM) and several studies have suggested that individual differences in ability plays an moderating role on the relationship between the antecedents and user acceptance. Despite the critical role of user ability, little research has examined the role of user ability in the Internet shopping mall context. The purpose of this study is to develop a user acceptance model that consider the moderating role of user ability in the context of Internet shopping. This study was initiated to see the ability of the technology acceptance model(TAM) to explain the acceptance of a specific ISM. According to TAM. which is one of the most influential models for explaining user acceptance of IT, an intention to use IT is determined by usefulness and ease of use. Given that interaction between user and website takes place through web interface, the decisions to accept and continue using an ISM depend on these beliefs. However, TAM neglects to consider the fact that many users would not stick to an ISM until they trust it although they may think it useful and easy to use. The importance of trust for user acceptance of ISM has been raised by the relational views. The relational view emphasizes the trust-building process between the user and ISM, and user's trust on the website is a major determinant of user acceptance. The proposed model extends and integrates the TAM and relational views on user acceptance of ISM by incorporating usefulness, ease of use, and trust. User acceptance is defined as a user's intention to reuse a specific ISM. And user ability is introduced into the model as moderating variable. Here, the user ability is defined as a degree of experiences, knowledge and skills regarding Internet shopping sites. The research model proposes that the ease of use, usefulness and trust of ISM are key determinants of user acceptance. In addition, this paper hypothesizes that the effects of the antecedents(i.e., ease of use, usefulness, and trust) on user acceptance may differ among users. In particular, this paper proposes a moderating effect of a user's ability on the relationship between antecedents with user's intention to reuse. The research model with eleven hypotheses was derived and tested through a survey that involved 470 university students. For each research variable, this paper used measurement items recognized for reliability and widely used in previous research. We slightly modified some items proper to the research context. The reliability and validity of the research variables were tested using the Crobnach's alpha and internal consistency reliability (ICR) values, standard factor loadings of the confirmative factor analysis, and average variance extracted (AVE) values. A LISREL method was used to test the suitability of the research model and its relating six hypotheses. Key findings of the results are summarized in the following. First, TAM's two constructs, ease of use and usefulness directly affect user acceptance. In addition, ease of use indirectly influences user acceptance by affecting trust. This implies that users tend to trust a shopping site and visit repeatedly when they perceive a specific ISM easy to use. Accordingly, designing a shopping site that allows users to navigate with heuristic and minimal clicks for finding information and products within the site is important for improving the site's trust and acceptance. Usefulness, however, was not found to influence trust. Second, among the three belief constructs(ease of use, usefulness, and trust), trust was empirically supported as the most important determinants of user acceptance. This implies that users require trustworthiness from an Internet shopping site to be repeat visitors of an ISM. Providing a sense of safety and eliminating the anxiety of online shoppers in relation to privacy, security, delivery, and product returns are critically important conditions for acquiring repeat visitors. Hence, in addition to usefulness and ease of use as in TAM, trust should be a fundamental determinants of user acceptance in the context of internet shopping. Third, the user's ability on using an Internet shopping site played a moderating role. For users with low ability, ease of use was found to be a more important factors in deciding to reuse the shopping mall, whereas usefulness and trust had more effects on users with high ability. Applying the EML theory to these findings, we can suggest that experienced and knowledgeable ISM users tend to elaborate on such usefulness aspects as efficient and effective shopping performance and trust factors as ability, benevolence, integrity, and predictability of a shopping site before they become repeat visitors of the site. In contrast, novice users tend to rely on the low elaborating features, such as the perceived ease of use. The existence of moderating effects suggests the fact that different individuals evaluate an ISM from different perspectives. The expert users are more interested in the outcome of the visit(usefulness) and trustworthiness(trust) than those novice visitors. The latter evaluate the ISM in a more superficial manner focusing on the novelty of the site and on other instrumental beliefs(ease of use). This is consistent with the insights proposed by the Heuristic-Systematic model. According to the Heuristic-Systematic model. a users act on the principle of minimum effort. Thus, the user considers an ISM heuristically, focusing on those aspects that are easy to process and evaluate(ease of use). When the user has sufficient experience and skills, the user will change to systematic processing, where they will evaluate more complex aspects of the site(its usefulness and trustworthiness). This implies that an ISM has to provide a minimum level of ease of use to make it possible for a user to evaluate its usefulness and trustworthiness. Ease of use is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the acceptance and use of an ISM. Overall, the empirical results generally support the proposed model and identify the moderating effect of the effects of user ability. More detailed interpretations and implications of the findings are discussed. The limitations of this study are also discussed to provide directions for future research.

Correlation Between Public Library Service User Satisfaction and Loyalty and Moderator Variables (공공도서관 서비스이용자 만족도와 충성도의 상관관계분석 및 매개변수)

  • Lee, Seongsin
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.83-103
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    • 2013
  • According to the results from the recent research in Business field, the correlation between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty is not strong. Based on this understanding, the first purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between public library service user satisfaction and public library service user loyalty. To achieve this purpose, the study conducted a survey of 240 public library users. The findings of this study are 1) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service user loyalty' exists. However the strength of the correlation is moderate, 2) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service users' intention to use new library services' is the weakest among the variables of 'public library service user loyalty', and 3) the correlation between 'public library service user satisfaction' and 'public library service users' intention to recommend library services to others is the strongest among the variables of 'public library service user loyalty'. The second purpose of this study was to find the moderator variables between public library service user satisfaction and public library service user loyalty. According to the study results, the following moderate variables are found: 1) physical accessibility, 2) lack of diversity in library service, 3) car-parking issues, 4) lack of diversity and recency in collections, and 5) lack of convenience in facilities.