• Title, Summary, Keyword: Upconversion phosphor

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Visible green upconversion luminescence of Li+/Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped CaWO4 phosphor and effects of Yb3+ concentration

  • Cho, Hyun;Lee, Jung-Il;Ryu, Jeong Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.142-145
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    • 2013
  • The upconversion (UC) luminescence of $Li^+/Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ co-doped $CaWO_4$ phosphors and effects of $Yb^{3+}$ concentration are investigated in detail. Single crystallized $CaWO_4$ : $Li^+/Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ phosphor can be obtained, co-doped up to 35.0/5.0/30.0 mol% ($Li^+/Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$) by solid-state reaction. Under 980 nm excitation, $CaWO_4$ : $Li^+/Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ phosphor exhibited strong green UC emissions visible to the naked eye at 530 and 550 nm induced by the intra 4f transitions of $Er^{3+}$ ($^4H_{11/2}$, $^4S_{3/2}{\rightarrow}^4I_{15/2}$). The optimum doping concentrations of $Yb^{3+}$ that would result in the highest UC luminescence were determined, and a possible UC mechanism that depends on the pumping power is discussed in detail.

Preparation and Luminescence Optimization of CeO2:Er/Yb Phosphor Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis (분무열분해법으로 CeO2:Er/Yb 형광체 제조 및 발광특성 최적화)

  • Jung, Kyeong Youl;Park, Jea Hoon;Song, Shin Ae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.319-325
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    • 2015
  • Submicron-sized $CeO_2:Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ upconversion phosphor particles were synthesized by spray pyrolysis, and their luminescent properties were characterized by changing the concentration of $Er^{3+}$ and $Yb^{3+}$. $CeO_2:Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ showed an intense green and red emission due to the $^4S_{3/2}$ or $^2H_{11/2}{\rightarrow}^4I_{15/2}$ and $^4F_{9/2}{\rightarrow}^4I_{15/2}$ transition of $Er^{3+}$ ions, respectively. In terms of the emission intensity, the optimal concentrations of Er and Yb were 1.0 % and 2.0%, respectively, and the concentration quenching was found to occur via the dipole-dipole interaction. Upconversion mechanism was discussed by using the dependency of emission intensities on pumping powers and considering the dominant depletion processes of intermediate energy levels for the red and green emission with changing the $Er^{3+}$ concentration. An energy transfer from $Yb^{3+}$ to $Er^{3+}$ in $CeO_2$ host was mainly involved in ground-state absorption (GSA), and non-radiative relaxation from $^4I_{11/2}$ to $^4I_{13/2}$ of $Er^{3+}$ was accelerated by the $Yb^{3+}$ co-doping. As a result, the $Yb^{3+}$ co-doping led to greatly enhance the upconversion intensity with increasing ratios of the red to green emission. Finally, it is revealed that the upconversion emission is achieved by two photon processes in which the linear decay dominates the depletion of intermediate energy levels for green and red emissions for $CeO_2:Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ phosphor.

Up-conversion Luminescence Characterization of CeO2:Ho3+/Yb3+ Particles Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis

  • Jung, Kyeong Youl;Min, Byeong Ho;Kim, Dae Sung;Choi, Byung-Ki
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.248-255
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    • 2019
  • Spherical $CeO_2:Ho^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ particles were synthesized using spray pyrolysis, and the upconversion (UC) properties were investigated with changing the preparation conditions and the infrared pumping power. The resulting particles had a size of about $1{\mu}m$ and hollow structure. The prepared $CeO_2:Ho^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ particles exhibited intense green emission due to the $^5F_4/^5S_2{\rightarrow}^5I_8$ transition of $Ho^{3+}$ and showed weak red or near-IR peaks. In terms of achieving the highest UC emission, the optimal concentrations of $Ho^{3+}$ and $Yb^{3+}$ were 0.3% and 2.0%, respectively. The UC emission intensity of prepared $CeO_2:Ho^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ particles had a linear relationship with crystallite size and concentration quenching was caused by dipole-dipole interaction between the same ions. Based on the dependency of UC emission on the pumping power, the observed green upconversion was achieved through a typical two-photon process and concluded that the main energy transfer from $Yb^{3+}$ to $Ho^{3+}$ was involved in the ground-state adsorption (GSA) process.

Microwave Sol-Gel Derived NaLa(MoO4)2 Yellow Phosphors Doped with Ho3+/Yb3+ and Upconversion Photoluminescence

  • Lim, Chang Sung
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2016
  • $NaLa_{1-x}{(MoO_4)}_2$:$Ho^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ phosphors with the correct doping concentrations of $Ho^{3+}$ and $Yb^{3+}$ ($x=Ho^{3+}+Yb^{3+}$, $Ho^{3+}=0.05$ and $Yb^{3+}=0.35$, 0.40, 0.45 and 0.50) were successfully synthesized by the microwave-modified sol-gel method. Well-crystallized particles formed after heat-treatment at $900^{\circ}C$ for 16 h showed a fine and homogeneous morphology with particle sizes of $3-5{\mu}m$. The optical properties were examined using photoluminescence emission and Raman spectroscopy. Under excitation at 980 nm, the UC intensities of the doped samples exhibited strong yellow emissions based on the combination of strong emission bands at 545-nm and 655-nm emission bands in green and red spectral regions, respectively. The strong 545-nm emission band in the green region corresponds to the $^5S_2/^5F_4{\rightarrow}^5I_8$ transition in $Ho^{3+}$ ions, while the strong emission 655-nm band in the red region appears due to the $^5F_5{\rightarrow}^5I_8$ transition in $Ho^{3+}$ ions. Pump power dependence and Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage chromaticity of the upconversion emission intensity were evaluated in detail.

Luminescence Characterization of SrAl2O4:Ho3+ Green Phosphor Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis (분무열분해법으로 제조된 SrAl2O4:Ho3+ 녹색 형광체의 발광특성)

  • Jung, Kyeong Youl;Kim, Woo Hyun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.620-626
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    • 2015
  • $Ho^{3+}$ doped $SrAl_2O_4$ upconversion phosphor powders were synthesized by spray pyrolysis, and the crystallographic properties and luminescence characteristics were examined by varying activator concentrations and heattreatment temperatures. The effect of organic additives on the crystal structure and luminescent properties was also investigated. $SrAl_2O_4:Ho^{3+}$ powders showed intensive green emission due to the $^5F_4/^5S_2{\rightarrow}^5I_8$ transition of $Ho^{3+}$. The optimal $Ho^{3+}$ concentration in order to achieve the highest luminescence was 0.1%. Over this concentration, emission intensities were largely diminished via a concentration quenching due to dipole-dipole interaction between activator ions. According to the dependence of emission intensity on the pumping power of a laser diode, it was clear that the upconversion of $SrAl_2O_4:Ho^{3+}$ occurred via the ground state absorption-excited state absorption processes involving two near-IR photons. Synthesized powders were monoclinic as a major phase, having some hexagonal phase. The increase of heat-treatment temperatures from $1000^{\circ}C$ to $1350^{\circ}C$ led to crystallinity enhancement of monoclinic phase, reducing hexagonal phase. The hexagonal phase, however, did not disappear even at $1350^{\circ}C$. When both citric acid (CA) and ethylene glycol (EG) were added to the spray solution, the resulting powders had pure monoclinic phase without forming hexagonal phase, and led to largely enhancement of crystallinity. Also, N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) addition to the spray solution containing both CA and EG made it possible to effectively reduce the surface area of $SrAl_2O_4:Ho^{3+}$ powders. Consequently, the $SrAl_2O_4:Ho^{3+}$ powders prepared by using the spray solution containing CA/EG/DMF mixture as the organic additives showed about 168% improved luminescence compared to the phosphor prepared without organic additives. It was concluded that both the increased crystallinity of high-purity monoclinic phase and the decrease of surface area were attributed to the large enhancement of upconversion luminescence.

Preparation of SrGd2(MoO4)4:Er3+/Yb3+ Phosphors by the Microwave-Modified Sol-Gel Method and Their Upconversion Photoluminescence Properties

  • Lim, Chang Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.605-611
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    • 2014
  • $SrGd_{2-x}(MoO_4)_4:Er^{3+}/Yb^3$ phosphors with doping concentrations of $Er^{3+}$+ and $Yb^{3+}$ ($x=Er^{3+}+Yb^{3+}$, $Er^{3+}=0.05$, 0.1, 0.2, and $Yb^{3+}=0.2$, 0.45) were successfully synthesized by the cyclic microwave-modified sol-gel method, and their upconversion mechanism and spectroscopic properties have been investigated in detail. Well-crystallized particles showed a fine and homogeneous morphology with grain sizes of $2-5{\mu}m$. Under excitation at 980 nm, $SrGd_{1.7}(MoO_4)_4:Er_{0.1}Yb_{0.2}$ and $SrGd_{1.5}(MoO_4)_4:Er_{0.05}Yb_{0.45}$ particles exhibited a strong 525-nm emission band, a weak 550-nm emission band in the green region, and a very weak 655-nm emission band in the red region. The Raman spectra of the doped particles indicated the domination of strong peaks at higher frequencies of 1023, 1092, and $1325cm^{-1}$ and at lower frequencies of 223, 2932, 365, 428, 538, and $594cm^{-1}$ induced by the incorporation of the $Er^{3+}$+ and $Yb^{3+}$+ elements into the $Gd^{3+}$ site in the crystal lattice, which resulted in the unit cell shrinkage accompanying a new phase formation of the $[MoO_4]^{2-}$ groups.

Fabrication of Microcrystalline NaPbLa(WO4)3:Yb3+/Ho3+ Phosphors and Their Upconversion Photoluminescent Characteristics

  • Lim, Chang Sung;Atuchin, Victor V.;Aleksandrovsky, Aleksandr S.;Denisenko, Yuriy G.;Molokeev, Maxim S.;Oreshonkov, Aleksandr S.
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.741-746
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    • 2019
  • New triple tungstate phosphors NaPbLa(WO4)3:Yb3+/Ho3+ (x = Yb3+/Ho3+ = 7, 8, 9, 10) are successfully fabricated by microwave assisted sol-gel synthesis and their structural and frequency upconversion (UC) characteristics are investigated. The compounds crystallized in the tetragonal space group I41/a and the NaPbLa(WO4)3 host have unit cell parameters a = 5.3927(1) and c = 11.7961(3) Å, V = 343.05(2) Å3, Z = 4. Under excitation at 980 nm, the phosphors have yellowish green emissions, which are derived from the intense 5S2/5F4→5I8 transitions of Ho3+ ions in the green spectral range and strong 5F5→5I8 transitions in the red spectral range. The optimal Yb3+:Ho3+ ratio is revealed to be x = 9, which is attributed to the quenching effect of Ho3+ ions, as indicated by the composition dependence. The UC characteristics are evaluated in detail under consideration of the pump power dependence and Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage chromaticity. The spectroscopic features of Raman spectra are discussed in terms of the superposition of Ho3+ luminescence and vibrational lines. The possibility of controlling the spectral distribution of UC luminescence by the chemical content of tungstate hosts is demonstrated.

Thermal stabilizing effect of Yb3+ Er3+ codoping into TiO2 powder prepared by sol-gel method and its upconversion characteristic (Yb3+ Er3+ ions 동시도핑에 의한 TiO2 분말의 열적 안정성 증가효과와 upconversion 특성 연구)

  • Eun, Jong-Won;Oh, Dong-Keun;Kim, Kwang-Jin;Hong, Tae-Ui;Jeong, Seong-Min;Choi, Bong-Geun;Shim, Kwang-Bo
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 2010
  • Thermal stabilizing effect of $Yb^{3+},\;Er^{3+}$ codoping into $TiO_2$ powder prepared by sol-gel method and its upconversion characteristics were analyzed. The effect of $TiO_2:Yb^{3+},\;Er^{3+}$ ions on crystallinity and phase transition was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The change of band-gap energy induced from Yb and Er codoping was analyzed by UV-Vis. The band-gap energy of $TiO_2$ have been slightly narrowed by $Yb^{3+},\;Er^{3+}$ codoping, which indicated that the $Yb^{3+},\;Er^{3+}$ ions can enhance the photo-catalytic property of $TiO_2$. green and red up-conversions of $Yb^{3+}$ and $Er^{3+}$ co-doped $Y_2O_3:Yb^{3+},\;Er^{3+}$ phosphor were analyzed by PL equipped with 980 nm laser.

Upconversion luminescence from poly-crystalline Yb3+, Er3+ co-doped NaGd(MoO4)2 by simple solid state method (Er3+, Yb3+ 이온이 동시 도핑된 NaGd(MoO4)2의 업컨버젼 분석)

  • Kang, Suk Hyun;Kang, Hyo Sang;Lee, Hee Ae;Shim, Kwang Bo
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2016
  • Up-conversion (UC) luminescence properties of polycrystalline $Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ doped $NaGd(MoO_4)_2$ phosphors synthesized by a simple solid-state reaction method were investigated in detail. Used to 980 nm excitation (InfraRed area), $Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ co-doped $NaGd(MoO_4)_2$ exhibited very weak red emissions near 650 and 670 nm, and very strong green UC emissions at 540 and 550 nm corresponding to the infra 4f transitions of $Er^{3+}(^4F_{9/2},\;^2H_{11/2},\;^4S_{3/2}){\rightarrow}Er^{3+}(^4I_{15/2})$. The optimum doping concentration of $Er^{3+}$, $Yb^{3+}$ for highest emission intensity was determined by XRD and PL analysis. The $Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ (10.0/10.0 mol%) co-doped $NaGd(MoO_4)_2$ phosphor sample exhibited very strong shiny green emission. A possible UC mechanism for $Er^{3+}/Yb^{3+}$ co-doped $NaGd(MoO_4)_2$ depending on the pump power dependence was discussed.