• Title, Summary, Keyword: Universal Design

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Analysis of a universal model house of the U.S. in the view of environmental-behavioral aspect (미국 유니버설 디자인 모델주택의 환경행태학적 분석)

  • Lee, Yeunsook;Lee, So Young;Kwak, Yoon-jung;Kim, Mi-sun
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2006
  • A greater number of persons with disabilities including an increasing number of aging population has brought concerns on diversity and equality in use of products and environments. Universal design concepts have been introduced rapidly and widely in the built environments in Korea. The purpose of this study was to analyze a model house built in 2006, in the U.S. as a universal design home, systematically examine the universal design model house features, and explore possibility of application of the universal design features in the U.S. into a Korean setting. For this study, site analysis and contents analysis methods were used. Although housing norm, behavioral patterns and environmental contexts would be different, majority of universal design features appeared in the model house were expected to apply. Overall universal design features in the model house sought for attractive, comfort, convenient and safe environment with a little cost. Universal design features in the model house appeared in unobtrusive ways. Universal design considerations on floor materials in living room and bath and furniture arrangement need to modify or replace according to Korean lifestyle.

Development of Evaluation Tool and Guidelines of Space Design for Applying the Concept of Universal Design (공간디자인을 위한 유니버설 디자인 평가도구 및 지침개발)

  • Oh, Chan-Ohk
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2015
  • As the population of the aged and the disabled increases, the needs for universal design is also growing. Universal design is to design for diverse users including all ages from children to the elderly, the disabled and non-disabled, the pregnant, the tourist, and etc. This study is intended to develop the design evaluation tool and guidelines of universal design for applying to space design. In order to achieve this, four basic spaces in human living such as residential space, educational space, working space, and cultural space were selected. Then, the elements of universal design were chosen for each space. The numbers of areas in each space were 12 for residential spae, 5 for educational space, 6 for working space, and 6 for cultural space. Also, 60 elements of universal design for residential space, 53 for educational space, 36 for working space, and 46 for cultural space were selected. The field observation with photos and user evaluation survey were carried out for each space by using these elements. Finally, the elements and guidelines of universal design applied for spatial design were suggested. This consisted of 8 areas and 67 elements. This would be useful for designing space for all people.

(A) Study on the Desk Design Applying the Universal Design (유니버설디자인을 활용한 데스크 디자인)

  • Lee, Sang Ill;Kim, Chung Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.325-330
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    • 2014
  • Design concepts are pursuing the convenience of the aesthetic in furniture design recently. As a tool for human beings, all the products, make for convenient and secure more human. And, it has evolved to universal design direction us meet the needs of human beings. Design that can be a lot of people to share is required today. For these reasons, universal design affect the social art, and design. By applying the field of furniture design, universal design has to meet the needs of consumers. And must utilize to be triggered the development of furniture design market. It reduces the fatigue of the user, desk design gives a comfortable feeling. In addition, to increase the operating speed, with fewer mistakes, resulting in a number of benefits. I want to be a basic data to provide by setting the direction of furniture design through the universal design research. it would be possible if applied to furniture design characteristics of universal design, develop and recover the furniture market has stagnated.

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A Study on Application of Universal Design in School Building (학교건축의 유니버설디자인 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Seong, Ki-Chang
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The concept of the Barrier-Free Design has steadily expanded into a basic principle of design, which can provide safe and convenient lives not only limited to the disables, elders, and pregnant women, but also to all members of the society. This is what we now know as the Universal Design. In other words, Barrier-Free Design for all is Architectural Approach of Universal Design. Thus, as a future-oriented alternative to school facilities according to social change, this study suggests basic direction of school building planning and concept of universal design considering school facilities characteristics. Methods: The characteristics of school facilities are understood from the perspective of Universal Design. In addition, a survey is conducted to identify the current state of school facilities. Result: Findings from this study are as follows. First, Universal Design of School Building is an integrated characteristic. Integration is intended to create and manage an integrated environment instead of an individual and one-time approach to installation and maintenance of convenience facilities. Second, It is a flexible characteristic to be sustainable. In other words, they aim to be selectable to respond to change. Third, It is a characteristic of accumulation of outstanding cases. This means that not only individual schools but also entire school spaces will be applied to Universal Design to form a virtuous circle of environment improvement. Implications: The results of this study may serve as a basic concept in the design of school buildings.

An Analysis of Previous Researches on Universal Design in Korea (국내 유니버설 디자인 선행 연구 동향 분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Min;Kwon, Oh-Jung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 2009
  • Currently in Korea, Researches on universal design have been actively accomplished in various fields as not only housing and public space, but also product design and education. The purpose of this study is to analyze previous researches on universal design and to identify its research trends which might suggest the future directions of the related studies. In this study, researches on universal design were analyzed to classify the types according to research area, objects and respondents. Two hundreds twenty one papers(journal articles, theses, dissertations, etc.) which were published in Korea from 1997 to 2008 were analyzed. The results were as follows. Researches on universal design have increased quantitatively and research topics have been diverse. In the 1990s, with the introduction of universal design concept, research area focused on space design, but since 2000 researches on universal design have been expanded to apply the fashion, product design and education. In terms of research objects, the studies about evaluation and case analysis have conducted more than those about principles and planning design. With regard to research respondent, the studies for the elderly or people with disabilities and those of all people including a specific target have conducted in a similar ratio. Previous studies were contributed to expand the topics of universal design and it is time to study the applications based on previous research results for utilization and dissemination of universal design. Also it is necessary to conduct interdisciplinary studies in the field of universal design.

A Study on Universal Design Applicability of Rooms in Accommodation Facilities - Through the survey of awareness and the investigation of current room status (숙박시설의 객실에 대한 유니버설디자인 적용 가능성 연구 - 인식조사와 객실 현황 및 실태조사를 통하여)

  • Ryu, Sang-Oh;Kim, In-Soon;An, Sung-Joon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Recently accomodations are required to apply universal designs to all the types of rooms in order to increase accessibility to everyone. Especially universal designs are considered as one of the important methods to help disabled users utilizing accomodations with minimizing difficulties. The current research attempted to apply universal designs to ordinary rooms for promoting usage of rooms in accomodations. Methods: The field study were executed about all the types of rooms and shared spaces in 42 accomodations in 14 cities, Also, the managers working in the studied accomodations were asked to answer the online survey about awareness in universal design. Results: In many cases, ordinary rooms are partially renovated for the disabled with adding some convenient facilities. This raises negative recognition for the rooms specially designed for the disabled as well as absence of needs for universal designed rooms. Meanwhile, universal designed rooms have been required not only for the ordinary but also for the disabled. Implications: Regarding adopting universal design to rooms in accomodations, it should be reviewed throughout all the processes from designing to planning.

The Development of Universal Fashion Design for Disabled Women (장애여성을 위한 유니버설 패션 디자인 개발)

  • Moon, Sun-Jeong;Chung, Sham-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.58 no.9
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    • pp.142-150
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    • 2008
  • A universal design means a progressive and challenging design in the 21st century which can satisfy the demands from not only aged people and disabled people but also numerous members of our society. This research aims to apply a universal design commonly used in architecture (environment) and products to costumes, so as to convert the design into a universal fashion which can meet the aesthetic values, desires, and functionality of aged people and disabled women. After applying the said five universal fashion principles and design factors, a total of 20 pieces of universal fashion prototype products are produced through functional designs and designs utilizing knit materials and health & functionality materials. In addition, a direction to develop universal fashion products is suggested for costume manufacturers, for the purpose of facilitating the practical use of a universal fashion. The present author expects that human-centered universal fashion costumes shall propose the orientation of the interest in future new designs, beyond the scope of a jump in the quality of simple functional costumes.

A Study on Universal Design Using PSD (Preference Set-Based Design) Method (PSD법을 이용한 유니버설 디자인에 관한 연구)

  • Nahm, Yoon-Eui;Ishikawa, Haruo
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2015
  • Universal design is defined as the design process of products and environments usable by all people to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. The benefits of universal design have been promoted primarily through illustrative 'success stories' of public, residential and occupational environments and products. While case examples may be informative, they may unfortunately be limited in terms of generality to other designs or tasks. Therefore, design methods and criteria that can be applied systematically in a range of situations to encourage universal design are needed. In addition, the seven principles of universal design are intended to guide the design process. The principles provide a framework that allows a systematic evaluation of new or existing designs and assists in educating both designers and consumers about the characteristics of more usable products and environments. However, exactly how these principles are incorporated into the design process has beenleft up to the designer. Since the introduction of universal design, designers have become familiar with the principles of universal design, and they have developed many products based on universal design. However, the principles of universal design are qualitative, which means designers cannot quantitatively evaluate their designs. Some have worked to develop more systematic ways to evaluate products and environments by providing design guidelines for each of the principles. However, recommendations have not yet been made regarding how to integrate performance measures of universal design into the product design process before the product is mass produced. Furthermore, there are sets of requirements regarding each user group that has different age and ability. Consequently, there is an urgent need for design methods, based on a better understanding of age and ability related factors, which will lead to a universally designed product or environment. The authors have proposed the PSD (Preference Set-Based Design) method that can generate a ranged set of feasible solutions (i.e., robust and flexible solution set) instead of single point solution that satisfies changing sets of design targets. The objective of this paper is to develop a general method for systematically supporting the universal design process. This paper proposes the applicability of PSD method to universal design. Here, the proposed method is successfully illustrated with a universal design problem.

A Study on the Universal Fashion Design (유니버설 패션 디자인 연구)

  • Na, Hyun-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.57 no.9
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    • pp.124-135
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    • 2007
  • Nowadays the numbers of the disabled and elderly have been increasing, and the universal design is desperately in demand. The purpose of this study was to offer ideas and solutions for the universal fashion design. The concept and the principles of universal design have been examined and principles of universal fashion design were suggested: low physical effort, flexibility in use, fair in use, aesthetics, safely-oriented, affordability, and accessibility. Eighteen web sites were investigated and the universal fashion products were analyzed based on these principles. Well developed universal fashion design products will help individuals to obtain the quality of life, maintain the dignity, and make the access to the world a little bit easier.