• Title/Summary/Keyword: Undaria pinnatifida

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A New Species of Amonardia (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Miraciidae) from the Cultivated Brown Alga, Undaria pinnatifida

  • Song, Sung-Joon;Rho, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Won
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2007
  • Both sexes of a new species of Miraciidae belonging to the genus Amonardia Lang, 1948 are described. All materials collected from the cultivated brown alga, Undaria pinnatifida of Gijang, Korea. So far only one species, A. normani (Brady, 1872) from the algal bed at Jindo Island was recorded in Korea. The new species can easily be distinguished from its congeners by the combination of characters as follows: (1) shape of first antennular segment in female, (2) setal formular of mandible and maxillule, (3) setae of female sixth leg in female, and (4) shape of P2 endopod and exopod of fifth leg in male.

Isolation and Characterization of Marine Bacterial Strain Degrading Fucoidan from Korean Undaria pinnatifida Sporophylls

  • Kim, Woo-Jung;Kim, Sung-Min;Lee, Yoon-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Guell;Kim, Hyung-Kwon;Moon, Seong-Hoon;Suh, Hyun-Hyo;Jang, Ki-Hyo;Park, Yong-Il
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.616-623
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    • 2008
  • In spite of an increasing interest in fucoidans as biologically active compounds, no convenient commercial sources with fucoidanase activity are yet available. A marine bacterial strain that showed confluent growth on a minimal medium containing fucoidan, prepared from Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophylls, as the sole carbon source was isolated and identified based on a 16S rDNA sequence analysis as a strain of Sphingomonas paucimobilis, and named Sphingomonas paucimobilis PF-1. The strain depolymerized fucoidan into more than 7 distinct low-molecular-mass fucose-containing oligosaccharides, ranging from 305 to 3,749 Da. The enzyme activity was shown to be associated with the whole cell, suggesting the possibility of a surface display of the enzyme. However, a whole-cell enzyme preparation neither released the monomer L-fucose from the fucoidan nor hydrolyzed the chromogenic substrate p-nitrophenyl-${\alpha}$-L-fucoside, indicating that the enzyme may be an endo-acting fucoidanase rather than an ${\alpha}$-L-fucosidase. Therefore, this would appear to be the first report on fucoidanolytic activity by a Sphingomonas species and also the first report on the enzymatic degradation of the Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophyll fucoidan. Moreover, this enzyme activity may be very useful for structural analyses of fucose-containing polysaccharides and the production of bioactive fucooligosaccharides.

미역(Undaria pinnatifida) 6품종간의 형질상관분석

  • 서태호;전영호;최성제;진판동;이금열;신종암
    • Proceedings of the Korean Aquaculture Society Conference
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    • pp.116-116
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    • 2003
  • 명천산, 카마이시산, 나루산, 풍남산, 기장산, 울산산 미역(Undaria pinnatifida)의 성숙 포자체는 각각 2001년 5월에 명천 배양장에서 채묘하였다. 인공 채묘와 채묘의 주요방법은 손(1993)에 따랐다. 재배미역의 번식생태학과 생산량이 우수한 형질을 규명하기 위하여 2001년 12월부터 2002 4월까지 명천산, 카마이시산, 나루산, 풍남산, 기장산, 울산산 미역(Undaria pinnatifida)에 대해서 고흥군 명천 어장과 계도 어장에서 양식실험을 실시하였다. 형태적 형질에 있어서 명천, 계도 어장에서 전장은 3월까지 급격한 성장을 보였으나 4월 이후 성장이 점점 완만해 지면서 감소하였다. 품종간에도 전장의 성장도가 달리 나타났으며 그중 가장 큰 것은 가마이시산이었고 가장 작은 것은 울산산이었다. 경장은 3월까지 지속적인 증가를 보였으며 6품종중 1품종은 증감하였다. 품종별로 경장의 변화는 달리 나타났다. 각 어장별 품종별로 줄기길이는 대부분이 월별로 증가하다 4월부터 감소하였다. 그러나 명천산은 4월까지 증가 하였다. 성실엽장은 6품종 모두 4월까지 지속적인 증가를 보였으며 특히 풍남산과 가마이시산이 두 어장에서 크게 나왔으며, 울산산이 두 어장에서 가장 작게 나타났다. 명천 어장에서 6품종의 전장과 경장의 상관계수는 카마이시산이 가장 크게 나타났고, 울산산이 가장 작게 나타났다. 계도 어장에서도 카마이시산이 가장 크게 나타났으며 울산산이 가장 작에 나타났다. 전장과 줄기길이의 상관계수는 명천어장에서는 풍남산이 가장 크게 나타났고, 울산산이 가장 작게 나타났으며, 계도 어장에서는 카마이시산이 가장 크게 나타났고 울산산이 가장 작게 나타났다. 명천 어장에서 전장과 성실엽장의 상관관계를 보면 명천산의 상관 계수가 가장 크게 나타났으며 나루토산이 가장 작게 나타났다. 계도 어장에서는 카마이시산이 가장 크게 나루토산이 가장 작게 나타났다. 명천, 계도 어장에서 전장과 각 형질간 ANOVA 분석은 1%~5% 수준에서 품종별로 모두 유의성 있게 나타났다.

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Comparison of Saccharina japonica-Undaria pinnatifida Mixture and Minoxidil on Hair Growth Promoting Effect in Mice

  • Park, Ki Soo;Park, Dae Hwan
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.498-505
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    • 2016
  • Background Algae have traditionally been used for promotion of hair growth. Use of hair regrowth drugs, such as minoxidil, is limited due to side effects. The aim of this study was to examine a mixture of Saccharina japonica and Undaria pinnatifida (L-U mixture) on hair growth and to compare the promoting effect of hair growth by a 3% minoxidil and a L-U mixture. Methods To evaluate the hair growth-promoting activity, saline, 50% ethanol, 3% minoxidil, and the L-U mixture were applied 2 times a day for a total of 14 days on the dorsal skin of C57BL/6 mice after depilation. Analysis was determined by using a high-resolution hair analysis system, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and H&E staining. Results On day 14, the hair growth effect of the L-U mixture was the same as that of the 3% minoxidil treatment. The L-U mixture significantly (P<0.05) stimulated hair growth-promoting genes, as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor -1. Increase of VEGF was observed in the L-U mixture group compared with minoxidil and the negative control. In contrast, the L-U mixture suppressed the expression of transforming growth factor-${\beta}1$, which is the hair loss-related gene. In histological examination in the L-U mixture and minoxidil groups, the induction of an anagen stage of hair follicles was faster than that of control groups. Conclusions This study provides evidence that the L-U mixture can promote hair growth in mice, similar to the effect from minoxidil, and suggests that there is potential application for hair loss treatments.

Preparation of Jam Using Undaria pinnatifida Sporophyll (미역귀를 이용한 잼의 제조)

  • 김선재;문지숙;김정목;강성국;정순택
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.598-602
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    • 2004
  • In the preparation of jam using Undaria pinnatifida sporophyll, effects of food ingredients to the jam rheology were investigated. The paste was prepared by crushing the sporophyll using chopper and homogenizer with 2.5 times water and then it was filtrated before to make a jam. The sporophyll jam was adjusted to 62$^{\circ}$Brix by heating and concentration. It was a similar to the commercial jam in the gel strength. Among the various treatments, the jam prepared with 60% (w/w) sugar, 0.75% (w/w) high methoxy (HM) pectin and 0.3% (w/w) citric acid showed best quality aspects of both texture profile analysis (TPA) and sensory evaluation. Addition of 0,08% (v/w) synthetic strawberry flavor and 0.5% (w/w) cinnamon powder to sporophyll paste gave a good masking effect for the undesirable sea mustard flavor.

Immunomodulating Activity of a Fucoidan Isolated from Korean Undaria pinnatifida Sporophyll

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Kim, Woo-Jung;Kim, So-Yeon;Kim, Sung-Min;Chung, Mi-Kyung;Park, Joo-Woong;Suh, Hyun-Hyo;Lee, Kyung-Bok;Park, Yong-Il
    • ALGAE
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2007
  • A fucoidan, isolated from Korean Undaria pinnatifida spoprophyll (UP-F), was investigated for its immunomodulating activity on murine macrophages and splenocytes, and its activity was compared with that of fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus (FV-F). Treatment of UP-F resulted in inhibition of the growth of murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, but its cytotoxicity was not observed in normal murine splenocytes. FV-F was shown to be highly cytotoxic to both immune cells, and its cytotoxic activity was higher than that of UP-F. Treatment of UP-F induced TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner from two types of macrophages, RAW 264.7 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages. The TNF-α-inducing activity of UP-F was higher than that of FV-F. UP-F also actively induced chemokines (RANTES and MIP-1α) from RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, treatment of UP-F gave rise to activation of murine splenocytes to produce cytokine (IL-6) and chemokines (RANTES and MIP-1α), showing significantly higher activity than that of FV-F. These results indicate that UP-F is less cytotoxic to immune cells than FV-F, and possesses immunomodulating activity to produce cytokines and chemokines from macrophages and splenocytes.

Rheological Properties of Fucoidans from Laminaria religiosa, Sporophylls of Undaria pinnatifida, Hizikia fusiforme and Sagassum fulvellum in Korea (국내산 다시마, 미역포자엽, 톳, 모자반 fucoidan의 리올리지 특성)

  • KOO Jae-Geun;JO Kil-Suk;PARK Jin-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.329-333
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    • 1997
  • Rheological properties of partially purified fucoidans of Laminaria religiosa, sporophylls of Undaria pinnatifida, Hizikia fusiforme, and Sargassum fulvellum in Korea were investigated, The fucoidans produced aqueous solutions of low apparent viscosity with pseudoplastic flow behavior. The viscosity of $5\%$ solution of the fucoidan from sporophylls of U. pinnatifida was 2.2 mPa.s. The activaton energies of L. religiosa, sporophylls of U. pinnatifida, H. fusiforme and S. fulvellum were $8.269\times10^6,\;7.498\times10^6,\;7.141\times10^6,\;and\;6.677\times10^6\;J/Kg.mol$ at 1,500 1/s of shear rate, respectively. The viscosity of the fucoidan solution was increased by the addition of sugar, but that was not changed by addition of NaCl.

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Studies on the Manufacture of Underia pinnatifida Laver and it's Physicochemical Properties - I. Histochemical Properties - (미역김의 제조와 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구 - 제 1 보 : 미역김의 조직화학적 특성 -)

  • Kim, Kil-Hwan;Kim, Chang-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.336-341
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    • 1982
  • The histochemical examination of Undaria pinnatifida Laver were conducted with light microscope and electron microscope. The results obtained were as follow: 1. Undaria pinnatifida frond were composed with epidermis, cortex and medulla. But the cutting section of Undaria pinnatifida Laver showed that only the epidermal cell were bound to each other. The cortex and medulla of the frond were destroyed during U.P. Laver process. 2. To identification of bind material of U.P. Laver, which were treated with sodium carbonate solution for extraction of alginic acid and reacted with Periodic Acid Schiff(PAS) reagent. And the PAS reaction result was negative by light microscope observation. On this result, we found out that the alginic acid has the binder role of U.P. Laver. 3. Also, the bind structure of U.P. Laver were observed by electron microscope and could well find out the epidermal cell wall and bind position of alginic acid, which were could not observed by light microscope.

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Effect of Hot Water Extract of Undaria pinnatifida on the Activities of Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging (미역 열수 추출물의 항산화 및 아질산 제거효과)

  • Kim, Yoon-Soo;Nam, Hyung-Gun;Shin, Hyun-Jae;Na, Myung-Soon;Kim, Mi-Hye;Lee, Chul-Won;Kim, Jong-Soo;Piao, Yu Lan;Cha, Wol-Suk
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 2011
  • For the development of functional food and cosmetics using the hot water extract of Undaria pinnatifida, the concentrations of vitamin, amino acid and element and activities of antioxidant and nitrite scavenging were investigated. The results are shown as follows: Vitamin C and E concentrations were 0.301 and 0.11 mg/100 g, respectively. Mineral concentrations were an order of Ca > Mg > K > Fe. The concentrations of total amino acids were an order of Glu > Ala > Val > Leu > Gly > Pro. Total phenol concentration and DPPH radical scavenging activity were increased with the increase of the concentration of extract. Especially, when the extract concentrationwas increased from 1.0 to 10.0 mg/mL, the total phenol concentration was increased from 0.043 to 0.125 OD 725 nm. DPPH radical scavenging activity at 50 mg/mL was 70.1%. The antioxidant activity of extract was stable in range of 80 to $140^{\circ}C$ and pH 3-9. The nitrite scavenging activity was increased with the decreaseof pH and the increase of it's extract concentration. Especially, it was 83.4% at 50 mg/mL (pH 1.2). These results showed that the hot water extract of U. pinnatifida can be applied to functional food and cosmetics.