• Title/Summary/Keyword: Undaria pinnatifida

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Effect of Temperature on Catches of Anchovy and Sea Mustard(Undaria pinnatifida) in Southern Part of East Sea of Korea (한국동해남부해역의 수온이 멸치와 미역의 생산량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seong-Hyeon;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2010
  • This study looked into changes in catches of anchovy and production of sea mustard(Undaria pinnatifida) in Southern part of East Sea in Korea from 1990 to 2007 out of the fishing industry production statistics of Korea from 1969 to 2007, and then examined the relationship between the productions and the sea temperature. The production of sea mustard(Undaria pinnatifida) decreased when the sea surface temperature was high, as it adversely affected its production, while its production increased when the sea surface temperature was low, as this facilitated its growth.

Natural Dyeing of Silk Fabrics with Undaria Pinnatifida Extracts (미역 추출물을 이용한 견직물의 천연염색)

  • Kim, Sangyool;Jeon, Soonduk
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.69-81
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    • 2014
  • Fabric made of 100% silk was dyed with Undaria pinnatifida extracts under different conditions such as varing colorant concentration, temperature, time and dyebath pH. The dye uptake (K/S, value), CIE L*,a*,b* and Munsell values of the dyed samples and mordanted samples were measured. Colorfastness, antibacterial property and UV protection property were also evaluated. As colorants concentration increased, the dye uptake increased progressively and maximum color strength was obtained at 100% V/V. Dye uptake also increased with increasing temperature and time, and the maximum color strength was obtained at $80^{\circ}C$ and 60min. With pre-mordanting, the color of the Al and Fe mordanted silk fabrics was yellow on the Munsell color system, while the Cu mordanted fabric was a greenish color. Al and Fe post-mordanted fabrics had a yellow tone, and the Cu post-mordanted fabric had a yellow greenish tone. The light fastness property of the Cu mordanted silk fabric was relatively good, The effect of Al and Fe mordanting on fastness was insignificant. The antibacterial activity of dyed and unmordanted silk fabric was excellent, whereas fabric dyed and mordanted with Undaria pinnatifida extract demonstrated superior ultraviolet protection.

Effect of Environment of Catches of Anchovy and Sea Mustard in Busan Coastal, Korea (부산연안해역의 환경이 멸치와 미역의 생산량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chi-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Hyun;Cho, Cu-Dae; Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2009
  • Water temperature data of National Fisheries Research and Development Institute[NFRDI] during periods of 1990 to 2007 were analyzed to investigate the effect of the water temperature on catches of anchovy and Undaria Pinnatifida in coastal of Busan, Korea Our findings indicated that the catches of anchovy and Undaria Pinnatifida were controlled by various oceanographic conditions, mainly water temperature. The appearance of warmer water at stratification above depth. higher anchovy catches and cooler water at stratification below depth, higher Undaria Pinnatifida production.

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Analysis of Long-term Oceanic Data for the Prediction of Undaria pinnatifida Aquaculture Production off the Coast of Busan (부산연안 미역(Undaria pinnatifida)양식 생산 예측을 위한 장기 해양자료 분석)

  • Han, In-Seong;Suh, Young-Sang;Lee, Joon-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.941-947
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    • 2013
  • To understand the relationship between various oceanographic factors and seaweed production, we examined the annual accumulated aquaculture production of Undaria pinnatifida with respect to water temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, current patterns and nutrients over 21 years (1990-2010) (this date range does not add up to over 21 years) along the coast of Busan, Korea. According to the results of the cross-correlation function, annual production of U. pinnatifida was closely related to the following conditions: low water temperature, low salinity, strong Tsushima Warm Current, and high concentrations of dissolved oxygen and nutrients. In this study, we also considered the Index of Oceanographic factors for U. pinnatifida (IOU) by computation of a simple equation. This index will be used for the prediction of U. pinnatifida aquaculture production off the coast of Busan.

Community Structure of Subtitdal Marine Algae at Uljin on theEast Coast of Korea (동해안 울진 연안 조하대 저서 해조류의 군집구조)

  • Choi, Chang-Geun;Kwak, Seok-Nam;Sohn, Chul-Hyun
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.463-470
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    • 2006
  • Studies have been made of the species composition and variation of benthic marine algae at subtidal zone of Uljin on the east coast of Korea. Destructive method was employed to measure biomass over four seasons (2000-2002). Of 87 marine algae species identified, 11 were Chlorophyta, 29 were Phaeophyta and 47 were Rhodophyta. Dominant species in biomass were Ulva pertusa, Undaria pinnatifida and Sargassum piluliferum in summer, Laminaria religiosa, Sargassum fulvellum and Gigartina tenella in autumn, Codium fragile, Undaria pinnatifida, Sargassum horneri, S. piluliferum and S. ringgoldianum in winter, and Undaria pinnatifida, Dictyopteris divaricata, Sargassum confusum and S. horneri in spring. In general, green algae (Ulva pertusa, Codium fragile) and brown algae (Undaria pinnatifida, Sargassum fulvellum, S. horneri, S. piluliferum) appeared predominantly in the 3, 6 m depths and red algae (Gelidium amansii, Plocamium telfairiae) in the 9, 12 m depths. The barren ground of the rocky shore might provide the decrease of benthic marine algae biomass and species.

Chemical Composition and Rheological Properties of Polysaccharides Isolated from Different Parts of Brown Seaweed Undaria pinnatifida (미역(Undaria pinnatifida) 부위별로 추출한 다당의 이화학적 특성)

  • Koo, Jae-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.665-671
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    • 2020
  • The chemical and rheological properties of fucoidan and alginate prepared from different parts of Undaria pinnatifida (sporophyll, frond, stipe) were investigated. The algal materials were extracted with HCl (pH 2.0, 3 h at 70℃) to prepare fucoidan, and the remaining solid was continuously re-extracted with Na2CO3 (pH 10.0, 70℃, 3 h) to prepare alginic acid. The fucoidan and alginic acid contents in the sporophyll, frond, and stipe were 11.14%, 3.84%, and 1.73% and 22.04%, 37.14%, and 31.74%, respectively. The content of fucoidan and alginate depends on the part extracted. The fucoidan extracted from the sporophyll mainly consists of fucose and galactose, but the fucoidan extracted from frond and stipe contains mannose in addition to fucose and galactose. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analysis of fucoidan and alginate suggests the presence of sulfate groups (1261 and 840 cm-1) and carboxyl groups (1626 and 1419 cm-1), respectively. Alginate solutions (5%) had a low viscosity of 10.84-31.63 mPa·s. The activation energies of fucoidan and sodium alginate were 14.45-18.38 kJ/mol and 18.61-22.06 kJ/mol, respectively. The D-mannuronic acid/L-guluronic acid (M/G) ratios of alginate showed a relatively high (frond, 3.72; stipe, 2.88; and sporophyll, 1.80).

Undaria pinnatifida Fucoidan-Rich Extract Recovers Immunity of Immunosuppressed Mice

  • Lee, Hwan Hee;Cho, Yoo Jin;Kim, Gun-Hee;Cho, Hyosun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.439-447
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    • 2020
  • We investigated the immune restoration activity of Undaria pinnatifida fucoidan-rich extract in cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppressed mice. C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with 80 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide (CP) and orally administered with either drinking water (DW), red ginseng extract (RG), or one of three different doses of Undaria pinnatifida fucoidan-rich extract (DSU02 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg). After 14 days, liver, spleen, and whole blood were isolated from each animal. The frequencies of NK and CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells were significantly increased in splenocytes isolated from the DSU02 100 mg/kg and DSU02 150 mg/kg groups (NK1.1+, 5.4% or 4.9% vs 3.8%; CD3+, 39.3% or 37.9% vs 32.3%; CD4+, 22% or 20.2% vs 17.4%; CD8+, 12.7% or 11.6% vs 10.1%). NK cytotoxicity was enhanced in the DSU02-fed groups at all doses (CP-treated DW, 93.4%; RG, 107.2%; DSU02 50, 107.3%; DSU02 100, 107.3%; DSU02 150, 107.1%), and the proliferation of T cells (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) was also greater in the DSU02 100 mg/kg and DSU02 150 mg/kg administered groups compared with the unfed group. Plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IgM, and total IgG from the DSU02 150 mg/kg group were also significantly higher compared with the other groups (TNF-α: CP-treated DW - 21.5 pg/ml, DSU02 150 - 47.1 pg/ml; IgM: CP-treated DW - 82.9 ng/ml, DSU02 150 - 110.8 ng/ml; total IgG: CP-treated DW - 114.4 ng/ml, DSU02 150 - 162.7 ng/ml). We suggest that Undaria pinnatifida fucoidan-rich extract could be a promising candidate for a marine natural immune stimulator.

Effect of Seaweeds added in preparation of Tofu (두부제조시 해조류 첨가 효과)

  • 백승화;강귀환;최선남
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.529-535
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate some quality characteristics of 새려 prepared from soybean milk and various seaweed(Undaria pinnatifida, Laminaria japonica, Porpyra tenera, Enteromorpha sp., Codium sp.) pulps in the ration of 9:1(v:v) with 20% MgCl2. The yields of tofu containing Undaria pinnatifida, Laminaria japonica, or Enteromorpha sp. increased but porphyra tenera, Codium sp. decreased in comparison with tofu prepared from whole soybean milk. The protein content of tofu containing Undaria pinnatifida, Laminaria japonica, Porphyra tenera, or Codium sp. increased but Enteromprpha sp. decreased in comparison with the tofu prepared from whole soybean milk. The content of Ca in Undaria pinnatifida, Porphyra tenera added tofu was higher than that of the tofu prepared from whole soybean milk or other seaweeds added tofu. In sensory evaluation the texture, color, taste of tofu were favored with the addition of sea mustard(Undaria pinnatifida) pulp than that of the tofu prepared from whole soybean milk or tofu prepared other seaweed. Tofu prepared was possible with adding 0.5~1.5% sea mustard to soybean milk but the feasible added amount level was 1% of sea mustard. The yields, protein Ca, and K content of tofu were increased by the more adding amount of sea mustard tan tat of the tofu prepared from whole soybean milk. The hardness values of 1% sea mustard added tofu were decreased than that of the tofu prepared from whole soybean milk ; on the other hand, elasticity, cohensiveness, gumminess and brittleness of tofu with sea mustard increased. The L and a values of tofu were lower and b values were higher with the addition of 1% sea mustard. The content of histidine, tyrosine, leusine, and phenylalanine were decreased but the other amino acid were increased in tofu prepared from 1% sea mustard pulp added to soybean milk. The saturated fatty acid and monoene fatty acid content of tofu were increased and C18:2, C18:3(${\gamma}$), C18:3, C20:5 of polyene fatty acid were slightly decreased in tofu prepared from 1% sea mustard pulp added to soybean milk.

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Marine Bacteria Associated with the Korean Brown Alga, Undaria pinnatifida

  • Lee, Yoo-Kyung;Jung, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Hong-Kum
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.694-698
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    • 2006
  • Several marine bacterial strains were isolated from Undaria pinnatifida (Miyok in Korean). Sixty-six strains were isolated on R2A agar media at $10^{\circ}C$ and identified by a phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences. They were grouped into 10 different sequence types based on the initial sequence analysis of the 5' domain of the gene (approximately 500 bp). Full sequences of 16S rRNA gene, were obtained from one strain in each sequence type and the species-affiliation was determined using phylogenetic and sequence similarity analyses. The results of the analyses indicated that they were closely related to Psychrobacter aquimaris, P. celer, P. nivimaris, P. pulmonis, Psychromonas arctica or Bacillus psychrodurans. These bacteria are marine or psychrotrophic bacteria. Because the sporophytes of U. pinnatifida are cultured on the costal area during winter, the U. pinnatifida-associated bacteria appeared to grow at low temperatures. U. pinnatifida sporophytes can be a good source for the isolation of psychrotrophic bacteria.

Studies on Uterus Contraction of the Components of Undaria pinnatifida (미역의 자궁수축에 관한 연구)

  • Huh, Keun;Song, Jae-Woong;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 1992
  • Undaria pinnatifida (UP) has long been ingested by woman who was delivered of a child. The present study was investigated to find out the contractive compound from UP and the contractive mechanism. The active extract, MeOH extract was partitioned with $CHCl_3$ and water. Whereas potassium iodide and alginic acid do not affected the uterus contraction, $CHCl_3$ extract significantly increased uterus contraction in vitro and in situ studies. The contraction by $CHCl_3$ extract was not blocked by atropine, prazosin and propranolol. Blood estrogen level was not changed by $CHCl_3$ extract.

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