• Title/Summary/Keyword: Undaria pinnatifida

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Adsorption Features of Lead Ion on Waste Undaria pinnatifida (폐기된 해조류를 이용한 납 이온의 흡착 특성)

  • Seo Myung-Soon;Kim Dong-Su
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2004
  • Basic studies have been conducted regarding the attempt of the utilization of waste Undaria pinnatifida as an adsorbent for the adsorption treatment of lead-containing wastewater. Undaria pinnatifida was found to be chiefly composed of hyo-carbonaceous compounds and have a fairly high specific surface area, which suggesting the possibility of its application as a Potential adsorbent. The electrokinetic Potential of Undaria pinnatifida particles was observed to be negatively highest at around pH 8 and the fact that its electrokinetic potentials are negative at the whole pH range supported it might be an efficient adsorbent especially for cationic adsorbates. Under the experimental conditions, $Pb^{2+}$ was found to mostly adsorb onto Undaria pinnatifida within a few minutes and reach the equilibrium in adsorption within ca. 30 minutes. The adsorption of $Pb^{2+}$ was exothermic and explained well by e Freundlich model. Acidic pretreatment of Undaria pinnatifida enhanced its adsorption capacity for $Pb^{2+}$ , however, the reverse was observed for alkaline pretreatment. The formation of organometallic complex between $Pb^{2+}$ and some functional groups on the surface of Undaria pinnatifida was considered to be one of the main drives for adsorption. Finally the adsorbability of$ Pb^{2+}$ was examined to be rather affected by several solution features such as the coexistence of other adsorbate, the variation of ionic strength, and the concentration of complexing agent.

Effect of Undaria pinnatifida Extract on Insulin Secretion from the Pancreas of Diabetic Rats

  • Nam, Jeong-Su;Lee, Won-Joon;Choi, Hyun-Ju
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2009
  • We found previously that Undaria pinnatifida extract has an effect of lowering blood glucose levels in diabetic rats. Therefore, an effect of Undaria pinnatifida extract on the insulin secretion directly from the pancreas was examined in this study. Neonatal diabetes were induced by intraperitoneal injection of Streptozotocin (100 mg/kg body weight) at age of day 1. Rats were fed a rodent pellet diet until they were grown to adults (age of 7 weeks). Rats having a fasting serum glucose level over 250 mg/dL were used in this feeding study and they were divided into two diet groups as follows; a diet with Undaria pinnatifida extract (5%) and a diet without this extract (control group). Fasting (12 hr) blood glucose and serum insulin levels were measured before and after feeding a diet with Undaria pinnatifida extract for 4 weeks. At the last day of feeding, in vitro pancreas perfusion was performed. Pancreas was stimulated with a perfusate without glucose during a period of 0~10 minutes and with a perfusate containing 200 mg/dL glucose during a period of 11~40 minutes. Insulin amount was measured using a radioimmuno assay. In results, amount of the insulin secreted from the pancreas in the diabetic rats fed Undaria pinnatifida extract was significantly greater than that in the diabetic control group during the periods of the equilibration period (0~10 min) and the first phase (11~20 min) of the insulin secretion (P<0.05). It is concluded that Undaria pinnatifida extract increases insulin secretion from the pancreas in the neonatal diabetic rats. Therefore, the blood glucose lowering effect of the Undaria pinnatifida extract may be elucidated by mechanisms with promoted insulin secretion from the pancreas in diabetic rats.

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Characteristics of Metal Biosorption of Oxidized Undaria pinnatifida

  • PARK, JAE YEON;CHOONG CHUN;YOUNG JE YOO
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 1999
  • Undaria pinnatifida oxidized by nitric acid had a high capacity of Cu/sup 2+/ uptake (3.5 mmol Cu/sup 2+/g dry mass) at pH 4 and showed high affinity to Cu/sup 2+/ and Pb/sup 2+/, in a mixed-metal system, compared to Ca/sup 2+/ and Mg/sup 2+/. The IR spectrum showed increase of carboxylic acid on the surface of Undaria pinnatifida, mostly due to the effect of the oxidation reaction.

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FACTORS INVOLVED IN THE QUALITY RETENTION OF CULTURED UNDARIA PINNATIFIDA (양식미역의 품질요인과 그 가공)

  • PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;PARK Yenog-Ho;LEE Kang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.125-135
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    • 1977
  • Recently, culture of Undaria pinnatifida, one of the representative esculent sea weed, has been prevailing in tile east and south coasta of Korea and reached the mass culture stage. In this study, compositional quality factors for food were studied and the contributory effects of blanching and pigment fixatives in the quality retention of cultured Undaria pinnatifida are discussed. When the place and time of harvesting were the same, cultured pinnatifida showed scarce difference in the chemical composition comparing to tile naturally grown Undaria pinnatifida, but cultured Undaria pinnatifida shelved a considerable difference depending upon the cultured places. In the chemical composition of Undaria pinnatifida, the alginic acid comprising about $40\%$ of the whole solid materials seemed to be responsible for the compositional puality. The chlorophyll and carotenoid content of the clutured Unaria pinnatifida were considerably lower than that of the naturally grown Undaria pinnatifida and wass inferior in puality by color to the naturally grown one. Dried Undaria pinnatifida contained a considerable amount of amino-N, mannitol, and soluble minerals and it is considered that these components play a great role in the relish effects. It could also be evaluated as a good albuminous source for food science the dried pinnatifida contains about $18\%$ of crude protein. In the analysis of free amino acid composition of dried Undaria pinnatifida, the naturally growm samples showed so what higher levels in all amino acid content than the cultured samples. The contents of theronine, alanine, and glutamic acid were major in quantity wherease histidine cysteine, tyrosine, and phenylalanine were minor. The contents of such amino acids like serine and proline were particularly low or undetectable. The results of amino acid analysis of the acid hydrolysates of dried Undaria pinnatifida in quantity of individual amino acid showed te same pattern as that of free amino acid. It is noticed that Undaria pinnatifida seemed to contain good quality protein since the contents of essential amino acids were considerably higher and uniform. By blanching the fresh sample, the water soluble components brought about cousiderable loss, and, particularly, it was noteworthy that both mannitol and soluble minerals apparently decreased. In the pigment analysis of the dried sample, blanching was effective to retain chlorophyll and carotenoid. The addition of pigment fixatives in blanching solution such as Ca-gluconate, Ca-carbonate, and Ca-hydroxide did not exhibit much effect on the pigment retention except that Ca-carbonate shelved some effect only in the early stage of storage.

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Studies on the Nutrition of Amino Acids and Vitamins in Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (미역의 아미노酸 및 비타민에 對한 營養學的 硏究)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 1965
  • Leuconostoc mesenteroides P-60, Lactobacillus arabinosus 17-5, Streptococcus faecalis R have been successfully used for the quantitative determination of sixteen amino acids in Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar hydrolysate by alkaline and hydrolysis for succesive two hours from two to twelve hours, by means of microbiological assay. And thiamine and riboflavin were fluorometrically determinated by thiochrome and lumiflavin in powder (80mesh) of Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar. The results were as follows: 1) Arginine contents was the highest in hydrolysate for two hours, but longer the hydrolysis, the more content Undaria pinnatifida was decreased. 2) The adequate contents of other amino acids were obtained by hydrolysis for six hours. 3) Growth check and improve of Lactobacillus were not identified in determination by microbiological assay for Undaria pinnatifida. 4) The following values were obtained in Undaria pinnatifida hydrolysate six hours: asparatic acid 466, arginine 230, lysine 317, histidine 74, isoleucine 242, methionine 202, phenylalanine 256, proline 231, threonine 231, tyrosine 161, valine 415, glycine 302, leucine 414, glutamic acid 625, cystine (5 hrs.) 53 and tryptophan (8 hrs.) 90mg per nitrogen one gram. 5) Protein score was 81 (limiting factor was isoleucine) and essential amino acids pattern was of satisfactory results. And methionine contained was higher than FAO value or milk value. 6) Sulphur contained amino acids (methionine plus cystine) contained in Undaria pinnatifida were 225mg/N-g. That was satisfactory results. 7) Absorption spectrum of wave length were not different 1% HAc from buffer-sol. (pH 6.8) in dilution for determination of riboflavin. Both methods might be suitable. 8) Thiamine and riboflavin contained in Undaria pinnatifida were ($B_1,\;82.51{\pm}1.1){\gamma}/N-g\;and\;(B_2,\;115.29{\pm}1.5){\gamma}/N-g.$.

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Effects of Extraction Conditions on the Componential Extraction of Brown Seaweed (Undaria pinnatifida)

  • Park, Nan-Young;Kim, In-Sun;Jeong, Yong-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 2008
  • In order to improve the market competitiveness of the processed products of Undaria pinnatifida, various extraction conditions of Undaria pinnatifida were examined to determine the optimal conditions for the extraction of its valuable components. The highest level of alginic acid content was detected after 90 min of typical extraction or after 20 min of pressure extraction, after which the levels decreased slightly. The concentrations of reducing sugar and crude protein were also high after 90 min of typical extraction. Both alginic acid and reducing sugar were extracted in greater amounts using pressure extraction. The reducing sugar content was $2.8{\sim}3.2$ times higher using pressure extraction rather than typical extraction. Furthermore, the extraction results were superior with the, pressure extraction method. The appropriate temperature and duration of extraction were found to be $120^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. The use of a single enzyme yielded better results during extraction compared to the use of a mixture of enzymes. 20 min of pressure extraction followed by the addition of 0.1% pectinase and 2 hr of further extraction at $50^{\circ}C$ yielded high contents of alginic acid and reducing sugar from Undaria pinnatifida.

Recovery of Heavy Metals using Oxidized Undaria pinnatifida in Plating Wastewater

  • Park, Jae-Yeon;Jeon, Chung;Yu, Yeong-Je
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.357-360
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    • 2000
  • Biosorption process is an economic and potential process for metal sequestering from the water. The oxidized Undaria pinnatifida by nitric acid had high uptake capacity for heavy metals of 4 - 6 meq / g dry mass. For the application of oxidized Undaria pinnatifida, recovery of metal in plating wastewater was studied. The uptake capacity of the oxidized Undaria pinnatifida was high compared to the ion exchanger IR-120 plus. The treatment efficiency of chromium and copper in the wastewater was 85% In batch. Activated carbon was used to assist the recovery of water by removing organic matters of the wastewater.

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Feces Production Rate of Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) fed Undavia pinnatifida (미역 (Undaria pinnatifida)을 섭취 한 참전복(Haliotis discus hannai)의 분 배출률)

  • Park, Jeong-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.353-358
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    • 2005
  • The present study investigated the feces production rate and fecal nitrogen production ratio of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai fed seaweed, Undaria pinnatifida. The abalone, with shell lengths of 3 cm, 5 cm, and 7 cm, were tested at temperatures of $12^{\circ}C$, $16^{\circ}C$, and $20^{\circ}C$ in a semi-recirculating aquaculture system. Under the given experimental conditions, the weight specific feces production rate (FPw) of the abalone increased with the decrease of shell length and the increase of temperature. The relationship of the FPw was. $FPw=-3.092+206.573/T - 1916.8/T^2+0.141L -0.037L^2(r^2=0.9412)$. In addition the abalone produced 17.8-22.5% of fecal material against ingested seaweed, Undaria pinnatifida, and $18.4-22.4\%$ of nitrogen ingested total nitrogen.

Effect of Packaging and Electron Beam Irradiation on the Microbial Safety and Quality of Dried Undaria pinnatifida (전자선 조사가 포장방법에 따른 건미역(Undaria pinnatifida)의 미생물학적 안전성 및 품질변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Bark, Si-Woo;Kim, Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri;Kim, Min-Ji;Kang, Bo-Kyeong;Pak, Won-Min;Kim, Bo-Ram;Ahn, Na-Kyung;Choi, Yeon Uk;Lee, Ju-Woon;Kim, Jae-Hun;Byun, Myoung-Woo;Ahn, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.489-494
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    • 2014
  • This study determined the effect of packaging and electron beam irradiation on the quality of dried Undaria pinnatifida. Samples were air or vacuum packaged and irradiated at 7 kGy. The dried Undaria pinnatifida had total viable cells and coliform counts of 5.51 and 4.40 log CFU/g in total, respectively, and counts of 5.56 and 4.19 log CFU/g in surface. These counts were reduced by 2-4 log cycles after irradiation. Irradiation increased the lightness and yellowness of the dried Undaria pinnatifida, but not the redness. In the sensory evaluation, there were no significant differences among samples. Therefore, electron beam irradiation improves the microbial safety and quality of dried Undaria pinnatifida.