• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Ulleung Basin

Search Result 203, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Characteristics of Core Sedimentary Facies at the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea of Korea (한국 동해 울릉분지 코어 퇴적상 특성)

  • Lee, Byoung-Kwan;Lee, Su-Woong;Kim, Hong-Tae;Kim, Seok-Yun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.20 no.7
    • /
    • pp.829-837
    • /
    • 2011
  • A study on the grain size change, sedimentary facies and age indicator of volcanic tephra was analysis through four cores (P1 ~ P4) at the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea of Korea. The two cores (P1 and P2) were collected in the northeastern side of the Ulleung Basin (about 2,000 m in water depth), while the other two cores (P3 and P4) with the water depth of about 1,500 m and 1,700 m, respectively, were collected from the continental slope of the southwestern and western side of the Ulleung Basin. Four sedimentary facies and eight sedimentary subfacies were identified. The four facies were massive sand, bioturbated mud, homogeneous mud, and laminated mud. The eight subfacies were further divided as pumiceous ash massive sand, scorieaous massive sand, plain bioturbated mud, pyrite filamented bioturbated mud, distinctly laminated mud, indistinctly laminated mud, thinly laminated mud and homogeneous mud. The homogeneous mud was not found in the core of P3 which is located in the western side of Ulleung Basin (close to the Korean coast). In the case of laminated mud facies, the thinly laminated mud facies was dominated in the lower part of core sequences of the Ulleung Basin (P1 and P2), while the indistinctly laminated mud were overally distributed in the core sequences from the continental slope of Ulleung Basin. The Tephra layers from the core sequences of central Ulleung Basin were more dominated and distinctive than those from the core sequences of continental slope. This is related to the distance from the volcanic source and the amount of sediment supply. The core locations of Ulleung-Oki Tephra layers in the central Ulleung Basin were in the upper part of core sequences, while those in the continental slope were in the lower part of core sequences. This is indicated that the amounts of sediment supply in the continental slope after the Ulleung-Oki eruption were very high and different sedimentary environment between upper and lower of Tephra layer.

Paleoenvironments and Volcanism of the Ulleung Basin : Sedimentary Environment (울릉분지의 고환경과 화산활동 특성에 관한 연구 : 퇴적환경)

  • PARK Maeng-Eon;LEE Gwang-Hoon;SONG Yong-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.481-496
    • /
    • 1996
  • The last Sea is a typical bark-arc basin consisting of basins, plateaus, ridges, and seamounts. The Ulleng Basin, located in the southwestern corner of the last Sea, contains thick Neogene sedimentary sequence. Analysis of over 2,500 km of single-channel seismic reflection data suggests that hemipelagic sedimentation prevailed over much of the basin during the late Miocene and pelagic sedimentation became more dominant during the Pliocene. During the Pleistocene terrigeneous sediments transported by turbidity currents and other gravity flows, together with continuous hemipelagic settling, resulted in well-stratified sedimentary layers. Influx of terrigenous sediments during the Pleistocene formed depocenters in the western and southern parts of the basins. In the Ulleung Interplain Gap, where the Ulleung Basin joins the deeper Japan Basin, sediment waves suggesting bottom current activities are seen.

  • PDF

The Inflow Path of the East Sea Intermediate Water into the Ulleung Basin in July 2005

  • Shin, Chang-Woong
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.153-161
    • /
    • 2006
  • To investigate inflow path of the East Sea Intermediate Water (ESIW) into the Ulleung Basin, hydrographic data surveyed in July 2005 were analyzed. The ESIW was characterized by the Salinity Minimum Layer (SML) within a depth range of 100 to 360 meters. Averaged potential temperature and salinity of the SML were $1.835^{\circ}C$ and 34.049 psu, respectively. Mean potential density $({\sigma}_{\theta})$ of the SML was 27.221 with a standard deviation of 0.0393. On isopycnal surfaces of 27.14 and 27.18 $({\sigma}_{\theta})$ which correspond to upper layers of the ESIW, the coastal low salinity water was separated from the offshore low salinity water by the relatively warm and saline water which might be affected by the Tsushima Warm Current Water. Relatively cold and fresh water, however, intruded into the Ulleung Basin from the region of Korean coast on isopycnal surfaces of 27.22 and 27.26 which was lower layer of the ESIW. The salinity distribution in the isopycnal layer of $27.14{\sim}27.26$ with acceleration potential on 27.22 up surface also showed clearly that the low salinity water flowed from the coastal area and intruded into the Ulleung Basin. This implies that the ESIW flows ken the north to the south along the east coasts of Korea and spreads into the Ulleung Basin in summer.

Marine Geophysical Constraints on the Origin and Evolution of Ulleung Basin and the Seamounts in the East Sea (울릉분지와 동해 해산의 기원과 발달과정에 대한 해양지구물리학적 연구)

  • Kim Jinho;Park Soo-chul;Kang Moo-hee;Kim Kyong-O;Han Hyun-chul
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.643-656
    • /
    • 2005
  • The East Sea, a marginal sea or back-arc basin, consists of Japan Basin, Yamato Basin, and Ulleung Basin and is surrounded by the Pacific Plate and Philippine Sea Plate. Ulleung Basin locates in the southwestern part of the East Sea and shows the depth of 1,500 m in average and 2,500 m in maximum, connecting to the Japan Basin along 2,000 m contour. The slope of the seafloor is greater in the western side of the basin than in the southern and the eastern side. The crustal thickness of the Ulleung Basin from the OBS tends to get thicker toward the north and the west side and the sediment thickness of the Ulleung Basin is getting thicker toward the southeast side and reaches up to 12 km. The crustal type of the Ulleung Basin was variously suggested as like as a rifted continental crust, an extended continental crust, and an incipient oceanic trust. The origin of the crustal formation and the Ulleung Basin, however, is still controversial. Based on the bathymetry and gravtiy anomaly data for this study, the axis of the Ulleung Basin shows that the basin develops along the axis trending NW-SE direction and reveals a general symmetry of the bathymetry. And also the free-air gravity anomalies show a very similar pattern to the bathymetry of the basin. The sediment thickness is relatively thicker in the southeastern side of the basin than in the northwestern side. Although the crustal age of the Ulleung Basin is supposed to be younger than them of the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin, the free-air gravity anomalies of the Ulleung Basin ranging -40 to 50 mGals are lower than the other basins, which suggests that the densities of crust and sediment of the Ulleng Basin are lower than the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin.

Sedimentary Facies and Processes in the Ulleung Basin and Southern East Sea (동해남부해역과 울릉분지의 퇴적상과 퇴적작용)

  • Lee, Byoung-Kwan;Kim, Seok-Yun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.160-166
    • /
    • 2007
  • The coarse deposit with a lower mud content adjacent to the shelf of the southern East Sea is probably a "relict" sediment deposited in response to a lower stand of sea level during the Pleistocene. The sediment that developed on the slope and in the deep sea was river-borne primarily and was secondarily reworked or redistributed by the Tsushima Warm Current from the East China Sea. The clay mineralogy of the area suggests various sources of fine-grained sediment from adjacent rivers, the Korea Strait, volcanic material from Ulleung Island, and the Japan coast. Massive sand, bioturbated mud, homogeneous mud, and laminated mud were the dominant facies found in the core sediments from the study area. The massive sand was mainly volcanic ash from an eruption on Ulleung Island (9300 yr BP) and consisted of colorless pumiceous glass and a black scoriaceous type. The sedimentation rates on the slope, based on the Ulleung-Oki ash layer, were about 10cm/ky higher than in the basin. Other than the coarse-grain sediment, the mean size of the fine sediment dominating the bioturbated and homogeneous muds in the basin and the laminated mud on the slope was 6-10 phi. This indicates a difference in the major sedimentary process: hemipelagic sedimentation in the Ulleung Basin and mass flow deposition, such as turbidite, on the slope of the southern East Sea.

Organic Carbon Cycling in Ulleung Basin Sediments, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 퇴적물에서 유기탄소 순환)

  • Lee, Tae-Hee;Kim, Dong-Seon;Khim, Boo-Keun;Choi, Dong-Lim
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.145-156
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study investigated organic carbon fluxes in Ulleung Basin sediments, East Sea based on a chamber experiment and geochemical analyses. At depths greater than 2,000 m, Ulleung Basin sediments have high organic carbon contents (over 2.0%). Apparent sedimentation rates (ASR) calculated from excess $^{210}Pb$ activity distribution, varied from 0.036 to $0.047\;cm\;yr^{-1}$. The mass accumulation rates (MAR) calculated from porosity, grain density (GD), and ASR, ranged from 131 to $184\;g\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$. These results were in agreement with sediment trap results obtained at a water depth of 2100 m. Input fluxes of organic carbon varied from 7.89 to $11.08\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$ at the basin sediments, with an average of $9.56\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$. Below a sediment depth of 15cm, burial fluxes of organic carbon ranged from 2.02 to $3.10\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$. Within the basin sediments, regenerated fluxes of organic carbon estimated with oxygen consumption rate, varied from 6.22 to $6.90\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$. However, the regenerated fluxes of organic carbon calculated by subtracting burial flux from input flux, varied from 5.87 to $7.98\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$. Respectively, the proportions of the input flux, regenerated flux, and burial flux to the primary production ($233.6\;gC\;m^{-2}\;yr^{-1}$) in the Ulleung Basin were about 4.1%, 3.0%, and 1.1%. These proportions were extraordinarily higher than the average of world open ocean. Based upon these results, the Ulleung Basin might play an integral role in the deposition and removal of organic carbon.

A Combined Effect of Differential Cooling and Topography on the Formation of Ulleung Warm Eddy

  • SEUNG Young Ho;NAM Soo Yong;LEE Sang Yong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.375-384
    • /
    • 1990
  • A numerical experiment is made to study the combined effect of differential cooling and bottom topography on the formation of Ulleung Warm Eddy. The Ulleung Warm Eddy appears after the passage around the Ulleung Basin of coastal trapped baroclinic waves generated in the north initial density front to the north, the continental slopes both to the west and south, and the Yamato Rise to the east. It resides therefore always inside the Ulleung Basin, as confirmed by observations.

  • PDF

Geophysical study about gas hydrate formation in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 가스하이드레이트 형성에 관한 지구물리해석)

  • Kang, Dong-Hyo;Ryu, Byong-Jae;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Bahk, Jang-Jun;Koo, Nam-Hyung;Kim, Won-Sik
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.680-681
    • /
    • 2009
  • On the basis of seismic interpretation, seismic indicators of gas hydrate and associated gas such as bottom simulating reflector (BSR), acoustic blanking, column structure, gas seepage, enhanced reflection were identified in the Ulleung Basin. Fractures, faults, sandy layer could be the migration pathways transporting fluid and gas to stability zone. The formation of gas hydrate in the Ulleung Basin include: (1) nodules, veins, layers in muddy sediments and disseminated forms in sandy layer within localized column structure, (2) disseminated forms in sandy layer, and (3) disseminated forms in sandy layer just above BSR.

  • PDF

Hydrography around Dokdo

  • Chang, Kyung-Il;Kim, Youn-Bae;Suk, Moon-Sik;Byun, Sang-Kyung
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.369-389
    • /
    • 2002
  • CTD data taken in the Ulleung Basin between 1996 and 2001 are analyzed to understand the hydrography around Dokdo. Major features occurring in the Ulleung Basin such as the path variability of the East Korean Warm Current (EKWC), the location and size of the Ulleung Warm Eddy (UWE) and the position of the Offshore Branch along the Japanese coast all influence the hydrography around Dokdo. The Dokdo area frequently lies in the eastern part of the meandering EKWC and the UWE that results in a filting of isolines sloping upwards to Dokdo in the Ulleung Interplain Gap (UIG) between Ulleungdo and Dokdo. Subsurface water near Dokdo then becomes colder and less saline than water near Ulleungdo. Two cases that are opposite to this general trend are also identified when the Dokdo area is directly affected by the EKWC and by a small scale eddy ffd by the Offshore Branch. High salinity cores and warm waters are then found near Dokdo with isolines sloping upwards to Ulleungdo. Freshening of the East Sea Intermediate Water was observed in the UIG when neither the EKWC nor the UWE was developed in the Ulleung Basin during June-November 2000.

Dissolved Oxygen at the Bottom Boundary Layer of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 해저 경계면의 용존산소)

  • Kang, Dong-Jin;Kim, Yun-Bae;Kim, Kyung-Ryul
    • Ocean and Polar Research
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.439-448
    • /
    • 2010
  • General consensus on typical vertical profile of dissolved oxygen in the Ulleung Basin is that dissolved oxygen concentration beyond 300 m decreases with increasing depth. However, the results of our observations in 2005 and 2006 revealed three different dissolved oxygen distribution types in the deep layer of the Ulleung Basin. The first type showed oxygen concentration decreasing with increasing depth (Type-1), the second showed oxygen concentration decreasing very sharply near the bottom boundary layer but constant in the bottom adiabatic layer (Type-2), the final was of the oxygen minimum layer above the bottom boundary layer (Type-3). Type-2 was the most common pattern in the Ulleung Basin. Type-1 was most common close to the Japan Basin, including the Ulleung Interplane Gap, while Type-3 was found around Dok do. Oxygen Consumption Rate (OCR) at surface sediment estimated using the dissolved oxygen distribution at the bottom boundary layer was $0.2{\sim}5.8\;mmol{\cdot}m^{-2}d^{-1}$, which coincided with OCR from direct sediment incubation. This implies that organic matter decomposition at surface sediment may play an important role in dissolved oxygen distribution patterns at the bottom boundary layer of the Ulleung Basin.