• Title, Summary, Keyword: Udo Island

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Natural Heritage Values and Diversity of Geoheritages on Udo Island, Jeju Province (제주도 우도 지역 내 지질유산의 다양성과 가치)

  • Woo, Kyung Sik;Yoon, Seok Hoon;Sohn, Young Kwan;Kim, Ryeon;Lee, Kwang Choon;Lim, Jong Deock
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.290-317
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    • 2013
  • The objectives of this study are to investigate the natural heritage and scientific value of various geosites on Udo Island, and to evaluate the sites as natural monuments and as world natural heritage properties. Udo Island includes a variety of geoheritage sites. Various land forms formed during the formation of the Someori Oreum formed by phreatomagmatic eruptions. The essential elements for the formation of Udo Island are the tuff cone, overflowing lava and overlying redeposited tuff sediments. Various coastal land forms are also present. About 6,000 years B.C., when sea-level rose close to its present level due to deglaciation since the Last Glacial Maximum, carbonate sediments have been formed and deposited in shallow marine environment surrounding Udo Island. In particular, the very shallow broad shelf between Udo Island and Jeju Island, less than 20 m in water depth, has provided perfect conditions for the formation of rhodoids. Significant amounts of rhodoids are now forming in this area. Occasional transport of these rhodoids by typhoons has produced unique beach deposits which are entirely composed of rhodoids. Additional features are the Hagosudong Beach with its white carbonate sands, the Geommeole Beach with its black tuffaceous sands and Tolkani Beach with its basalt cobbles and boulders. Near Hagosudong Beach, wind-blown sands in the past produced carbonate sand dunes. On the northern part of the island, special carbonate sediments are present, due to their formation by composite processes such as beach-forming process and transportation by typhoons. The development of several sea caves is another feature of Udo Island, formed by waves and typhoon erosion within tuffaceous sedimentary rocks. In particular, one sea cave found at a depth of 10 m is very special because it indicates past sea-level fluctuations. Shell mounds in Udo Island may well represent the mixed heritage feature on this island. The most valuable geoheritage sites investigated around Udo Isalnd are rhodoid depostis on beaches and in shallow seas, and Someori Oreum composed of volcanoclastic deposits and basalt lava. Beach and shallow marine sediments, composed only of rhodoids, appear to be very rare in the world. Also, the natural heritage value of the Someori Oreum is outstanding, together with other phreatomagmatic tuff cones such as Suwolbong, Songaksan and Yongmeori. Consequently, the rhodoid deposits and the Someori Oreum are worth being nominated for UNESCO World Natural Heritage status. The designation of Someori Oreum as a Natural Monument should be a prerequisite for this procedure.

An Operation Strategy of Udo Island Power System with the Introducing ESS (ESS 도입에 의한 우도 전력계통 운영방안)

  • LEE, DOHEON;Kim, Eel-Hwan;Kim, Ho Min;Oh, Sung-Bo;LEE, SEUNGMIN
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a solution by introducing energy storage system(ESS) to solve an annual blackout due to a typhoon or electrical failure in Udo Island. This island is now receiving electrical power through undersea cables from the Jeju Island. During blackout period, ESS will supply the electricity. And it is necessary to estimate the ESS capacity and control the transient state for the operation of stable power system. For the verification of proposed method, ESS capacities have been estimated according to base load and the minimum capacity of only home appliance in Udo Island. Also, in case of restoring from the fault, the algorithm for synchronization is proposed. Finally, the simulation results by using the PSCAD/EMTDC program will show the feasibility.

One-cyclic Volcanic Processes at Udo Crater, Korea (우도(牛島) 분화구(噴火口)에서의 일윤회(一輪廻) 화산과정(火山過程))

  • Hwang, Sang Koo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 1993
  • Udo Island, some 3 km off the coast of Sungsan Peninsula at the eastern promontory of Cheju Island, occurs in such a regular pattern on the sequences which reprent an excellent example of an eruptive cycle. The island comprises a horseshoe-shaped tuff cone, a nested cinder cone on the crater floor, and a lava delta which extends over northwest from the moat between two cones. The volcanic sequences suggest volcanic processes that start with emergent Surtseyan eruption, progress through Strombolian eruption and end with lava effusion followed by reworking of smooth tephra on the tuff cone. Eruptive environment and hydrology of vent area in the Udo tuff cone are poorly constrained because the stratigraphic units under the tuff cone are unknown. It is thoughl, however, that the tuff cone could be mainly emergent because the present cone deposits show no evidence of marine reworking, and standing body of sea water could play a great role. The emergent volcano is characterized by distinctive steam-explosivity that results primarily from a bulk interaction between rapidly ascending magma and a highly mobile slurry. The sea water gets into the vent by flooding accross or through the top or breach of tephra cone. Udo tuff cone was constructed from Surtseyan eruption which went into with tephra finger jetting activities in the early stage, late interspersed with continuous uprush activities and proceeded to only continuous uprush activities in the last. When the enclosure of the vent by a long-lived tephra barrier would prevent the flooding and thus allow the vent to dry out, the Surtseyan eruption ceased to transmit into Strombolian activities, which constructed a cinder cone on the crater floor of the tuff cone. The Strombolian eruption ceased when magma in the conduit gradually became depleted in gas. In the case of Udo, the last magmatic activity was Hawaiian-type (and/or fountain) which accumulated basalt lava delta. And then the loose tephra of the tuff cone reworked over the moat lava and the northeastern flank.

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Macroalgal species composition and seasonal variation in biomass on Udo, Jeju Island, Korea

  • Kang, Jeong-Chan;Choi, Han-Gil;Kim, Myung-Sook
    • ALGAE
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.333-342
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    • 2011
  • Macroalgae are important primary producers in marine ecosystem. They don't only play an important role as bioindicators but also provide economic resources for humans. Seasonal and vertical variations in seaweed species composition and biomass were examined to determine the ecological status of seaweed beds around Udo, near Jeju Island. We obtained samples at two sites in the high-intertidal to subtidal zones using the quadrat method between June 2010 and May 2011. A total of 262 species were collected, including 31 green, 61 brown, and 170 red algae. The composition of algal species revealed a decrease in species growing in cold water in comparison with the list 20 years ago. The macroalgal mean biomass (g wet wt $m^{-2}$) was 3,476 g and 2,393 g from the two sites, respectively. Ecklonia cava had the greatest biomass at both sites. The seasonal dominant species by biomass at site 1 from the low-intertidal to 1-3 m depth of the subtidal zone was mostly comprised of thick-leathery form, such as Sargassum hemiphyllum, S. coreanum, and Ecklonia cava, whereas site 2 was comprised of the turf form, such as Chondrophycus intermedius, Chondracanthus intermedius, Dictyopteris prolifera, and Gelidium elegans. The current ecological status of the seaweed community in Udo is stable based on diversity and dominance indices.

Supergene Alteration of Basaltic Ash in Udo Tuff Cone, Jeju Island (제주도 우도 현무암질 화산재의 표성 변질작용)

  • Jeong, Gi-Young
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2010
  • Basaltic ash of Udo tuff cone, Jeju Island, was almost fresh across strata, but significantly altered toward surface by supergene process. The supergene alteration of the Udo tuff was examined by using X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and electron microprobe analysis for elucidating the alteration process of basaltic ash in terrestrial environments. Fresh ash particles were composed of glass matrix, plagioclase, olivine, and pyroxene. The glass matrix was selectively replaced inward by colloform alteration rinds of Fe-Ti-rich amorphous silicate nanogranules and smectite, often leaving glass core at the center of larger ash particles. Some of the dissolved species released from the altered ash particle precipitated as fine honycomb aggregates of smectite on the pore walls, contributing to the cementation and lithification of volcanic ash.

Petrology of the basalt in the Udo monogenetic volcano, Jeju Island (제주도 우도 단성화산의 현무암에 대한 암석학적 연구)

  • Koh Jeong Seon;Yun Sung-Hyo;Hyeon Gyeong Bong;Lee Moon Won;Gil Young-Woo
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.45-60
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    • 2005
  • This study was intended to elucidate the petrography and geochemical characteristics of the Someori Basalt in the Udo monogenetic volcano, eastern Jeju Island. The Someori basalts consist of plagioclase, olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and ilmenite. The Someori basalts are plotted into subalkali rock series on the TAS diagram, and belong to tholeiitic basalts in the diagram of alkali index against to Al₂O₃ contents. The basalts belong to tholeiitic rock series, having normative quartz (less than 3.9%) + hypersthene + diopside.

Geochemical Characteristics of the Sub-alkaline Basalt in the Udo Island, Jeju (제주도 우도 화산섬의 서브알칼리 현무암의 지화학적 특징에 대하여)

  • Lee, Jin-Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.601-610
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    • 2014
  • Udo is the site of a short-lived monogenetic submarine volcanic vent which builts basaltic clastic deposits below sea level, by early Surtseyan-type explosive eruption and later effusive lava eruptions. Mineral assemblage, major and trace element chemistry indicate that the Someori sub-alkaline lava flows were related to the WPTB(within plate tholeiitic basalt) rather than IAT(island-arc tholeiite) and that the geotectonic regime of Korean Peninsula went away from the subduction zone after the Later Miocene.

First Record of Tri-spine Horseshoe Crab, Tachypleus tridentatus (Merostomata: Xiphosurida: Limulidae) from Korean Waters

  • Yang, Kea Cheong;Ko, Hyun Sook
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.42-45
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    • 2015
  • A tri-spine horseshoe crab, Tachypleus tridentatus (Leach, 1819) was collected from a sandy beach of Udo Island of Jeju during the full moon tides in November 1997. Three spines on the posterior margin of the opisthosoma were characterized indicating that the specimen was T. tridentatus. This specimen was a female with the total length of 49.5 cm and prosoma width of 23.0 cm. Tachypleus tridentatus was the first record from Korean waters. A brief description and figures of the species were given. This finding indicates that Korea is included to the distribution range of the species.

Eruptive mechanisms and processes at Udo tuff cone, Udo Island, Korea (우도응회과의 분출기기구와 분출과정)

  • Hwang, Sang-Koo
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 1992
  • Eruptive mechanisms and processes at Udo tuff cone can be inferred from indicative characters of products, bedforms and lithofacies, and ring faults. In terms of bedforms and lithofa-cies in particular, massive lapilli tuff beds and chaotic lapilli tuff beds are derived from subaerial falls of aggregated tephra of wet tephra finger jets, occurring dominantly at the lower sequences of proximal part at the tuff cone. Crudely stratified lapilli tuff are derived from subaerial falls of slightly aggregated tephra of less wet tephra finger jets, whereas reversely graded lapilli tuff beds are from slightly disaggregated subaerial falls of continuous uprush. Both beds frequently occur in the middle sequences at proximal and near medial part of the tuff cone. Block and lapilli tephra lenses, ash-coated lapilli tephra beds(lenses) and thin-bedded tuff beds are derived from extremely disaggregated subaerial falls of dry tephra in the continuous uprush, frequently occurring at the upper sequences of medial part at the tuff cone. Udo tuff cone is a basaltic volcano emergent through the sea water surface while water could flood across or into the vent area. Emergence of the tuff cone was from the type-Surtseyan eruption characterized by earlier tephra finger jets and later continuous uprush columns of tephra with copious volumes of steam. Explosions began when boiling of wter produced a bubble column reducing the hydrostatic pres-sure, allowing exsolution of gases from the magma. This expansion of magma into a vesiculating froth fragmented the magma and permitted mixing of magma and water so that a more vigorous generation of steam could proceed. Tephra finger jetting explosions continued to build the crater rims, then remove water from the vent that their deposits flowed like slsurries until the continuous uprush explosion ensued. Continuous uprush explosions were associated with most rapid accumula-tion of tephra. The increasing volume rate led to partial removal of water from the vent area by the newly tephra ring so that more vigorous activity could be attended by a reducing water supply. This might restrain surplus of cold water entering the vent and thus enhance the vigour of the eruption by allowing optimal heat exchange. Eventually the crater became so deep and unsuported that piecemeal sliding, or massive subsidence on indipping ring faults, filled and closed the vent, and the cycle of explosions and collapse began anew.

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A new Korean red algal species, Haraldiophyllum udoensis sp. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta)

  • Kim, Myung-Sook;Kang, Jeong-Chan
    • ALGAE
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.211-219
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    • 2011
  • The genus Haraldiophyllum comprises seven species worldwide. Six of these are endemics with limited distributions, whereas the type species H. bonnemaisonii has been reported from the Atlantic Ocean. In Korea, H. bonnemaisonii has been previously recorded from the southern coast. During a red algal collection at Udo, Jeju Island, Korea, we found a potentially undescribed Haraldiophyllum species and analyzed its morphology and rbcL sequences. Herein we describe a new species, H. udoensis sp. nov., and compare our Udo specimen to similar congeners. This new species is characterized by one or several elliptical blades on a short cylindrical stipe with fibrous roots, blades that are monostromatic except at the base and on reproductive structures, a lack of network and microscopic veins, entire margins, lack of proliferations, growth through many marginal initials, and two distinct tetrasporangia layers. A phylogenetic rbcL sequence analysis demonstrated H. udoensis was distinct from the United Kingdom's H. bonnemaisonii, as well as from other species. Morphological and sequence data indicated a previous misidentification of H. udoensis as the type species H. bonnemaisonii. Based on maximum likelihood analysis, Myriogramme formed a sister clade with H. udoensis, with relatively low bootstrap support.