• 제목, 요약, 키워드: UV wavelength

검색결과 631건 처리시간 0.04초

UV광 측정용 아조벤젠 코팅된 FBG의 열적 효과 제거 및 파장 의존성에 대한 연구 (The Study of Thermal Effect Suppression and Wavelength Dependence of Azobenzene-coated FBG for UV Sensing Application)

  • 최동석;김현경;안태정
    • 한국광학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2011
  • 본 논문에서는 ultraviolet (UV) 광의 세기를 원격으로 측정하기 위한 아조벤젠 (azobenzene) 코팅된 fiber Bragg grating (FBG)를 구현하였다. 아조벤젠 폴리머는 UV 광에 의해서 탄성이 변화하여 FBG의 코어 격자의 주기 변화를 유도하여 중심파장을 이동시킨다. 중심파장의 이동은 UV 광과 UV 이외의 파장대역의 빛에 의해서 복합적으로 발생하는데 중심파장의 이동량은 약 0.18 nm 이다. 측정의 정확성을 향상시키기 위해서 광원의 복사열에 의한 중심파장의 이동을 열차단 필터(thermal filter)를 사용하여 제거한 결과 중심파장의 이동량은 약 0.06 nm로 다소 감소하였지만 분석 결과 열에 의한 이동량이 충분히 제거된 것을 확인하였다. 또한 서로 다른 방법인 열경화법과 UV 경화법으로 각각 제작된 아조벤젠 폴리머를 이용하여 아조벤젠 코팅 FBG를 제작하였고, 각 제조법에 따른 UV센서로서의 적합성을 확인하였다. 몇 개의 밴드패스 필터(band pass filter)를 사용하여 파장에 대한 민감도를 측정한 결과, 단위 UV 세기당 중심파장의 이동량은 370nm 파장 밴드에서 가장 큰 값인 0.029로, 단파장 영역에서 반응성이 우수하다는 사실을 확인 하였다. 아조벤젠 폴리머의 흡수 스펙트럼과 아조벤젠 코팅 FBG의 파장 의존도가 서로 잘 일치하는 것을 확인하였다.

식물성 플랑크톤에 대한 UV LED의 살균성능 분석 (Analysis of Disinfection Performance of UV LEDs for a Phytoplankton)

  • 길경석;최성국;박대원;김성욱;천상규
    • 한국마린엔지니어링학회지
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.959-964
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    • 2009
  • This paper dealt with the disinfection performance by Ultra-Violet Light Emitting Diode (UV LED) for a phytoplankton as a basic study for the development of a low-energy consumption ballast water treatment system. UV LEDs having peak wavelength of 255nm, 265nm and 280nm were used in the experiment. UV LED modules with driving circuit were fabricated, and optical and electrical characteristics of them were analyzed. The disinfection performance for phytoplankton depending on the UV wavelength was evaluated by comparing the number of phytoplankton before and after the UV treatments. The experimental result showed that the highest disinfection wavelength for the phytoplankton was 265nm.

UV 차단렌즈의 제작에서 광 투과율 Edge 및 Half Point의 Dippy 시간의존성 (Dippy Time Dependence of Transmittance Edge and Half Point in the UV cut lens' manufacture)

  • 김용근
    • 한국안광학회지
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2001
  • UV 차단 렌즈 UV solution을 이용한 dip method로 제작하여 광 투과율과 광 반사율을 측정하였다. 광 투과율의 half point 파장 및 edge 파장이 dip 시간의 존성인 exponetial decay형식에 잘 적용되었다. $$W=W_0+A_1{e}{x}{p}[-(x-x_1)/t_1]$$ 광 투과율의 half point 파장은 358 nm 에서 408 nm로 이용하였고, edge 파장은 340 nm에서 398 nm로 이동하였다. 광 반사율 주 peak 380 nm는 dip 시간이 클수록 세기는 작아지고 장파장 쪽으로 이동하였으며, dip 시간 10분에서 UV solution의 성분 peak가 나타나기 시작하였다.

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Effects of organic carbon and UV wavelength on the formation of dissolved gaseous mercury in water under a controlled environment

  • Lee, Jae-In;Yang, Ji-Hye;Kim, Pyung-Rae;Han, Young-Ji
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 2019
  • The effects of UV wavelength and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the formation of dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) were investigated in a controlled environment. To remove any other influences than UV wavelength and DOC, purified water was used as the working solution. DGM was instantly produced with irradiation of all UV lights even without DOC; whereas, there was no noticeable increase of DGM during irradiation of visible light. The amount of formed DGM increased as the DOC concentration increased even in dark conditions; however, UV-B irradiation significantly promoted DGM production with DOC present. The rate constants of reduction ranged from $1.4{\times}10^{-6}s^{-1}$ to $3.5{\times}10^{-5}s^{-1}$, with the lower values occurring under the dark condition without DOC and the higher values resulting under UV-B irradiation and high DOC concentration. However, DGM production was not linearly correlated with the DOC concentration at higher range of DOC in this study. Future studies should investigate the effects of DOC concentration on mercury (Hg) reduction over the broad range of DOC concentrations with different DOC structures and with other influencing parameters.

PLC형 WDM 방향성 결합기와 UV 조사에 의한 파장 천이 효과 (PLC-Type WDM directional coupler and the effect of wavelength shift by UV irradiation)

  • 한상필;박태상;최영복;강민정;김상인;박수진;정기태
    • 한국광학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.33-36
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    • 2000
  • 일반적으로 광섬유 격자에 사용되고 있는 KrF 엑시머 레이저를 광출력 스펙트럼 파장천이용으로 이용하였다. 실험 결과, FHD에 의해서 제작된 PLC형 WDM 방향성결합기에서는 UV에 의한 파장천이효과가 비교적 큼을 알 수 있었다. UV 노출량에 의한 파장천이량을 측정하여 UV 노출량에 따른 실리카 광도파로의 유효굴절률 변화량을 계산하였다.

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견본 회화보존처리에 자외선 인공열화견의 적용성 평가 (Estimation of Application of Artificially Deteriorated Silk by Ultraviolets for Conservation of Paintings on the Silk)

  • 오준석;전지연;임인경
    • 보존과학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.191-199
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    • 2011
  • 견본 회화 문화재의 보존처리의 보견작업에 적합한 자외선 인공 열화견을 얻기 위해 자외선의 종류, 자외선 조사시간에 따른 열화견의 물리적 특성과 견본 회화 보존처리에의 적용성을 평가하였다. 장파장 자외선(UV-A) 조사 열화견은 단파장 자외선(UV-C) 조사 열화견에 비해 자연상태에서 열화가 일어난 생견과 유사한 표면 손상 형태를 보였다. UV-C 열화견은 자외선 조사와 함께 강도가 급격하게 떨어져 54시간을 조사하였을 때 원래 강도의 12.7%까지 저하한 반면 UV-A 열화견은 168시간 조사하였을 때 원래 강도의 14.2% 수준으로 떨어져 강도 저하가 완만하였다. UV-A 열화견의 수분율은 자외선 조사시간의 증가와 함께 7.3%까지 떨어지다가 증가하지만 UV-C 열화견은 6.0%까지 떨어지다가 다시 증가하였으며 전체적으로 UV-A 열화견의 수분이 높았다. UV-A 열화견은 밝은 황색을 띠며 황변지수가 낮은 반면 UV-C 열화견은 어두운 황갈색이며 황변지수가 높았다. 견본 회화 보존처리에의 적용성을 평가한 결과, UV-A 열화견은 UV-C 열화견에 비해 황변에 의한 색상차가 크지 않아 보견 작업시 염색이나 보채에 크게 문제가 되지 않을 정도이며, 강도면에서 UV-C 열화견은 섬유가 부서지기 쉬운 상태인 것과는 달리, UV-A 열화견은 자연상태에서 열화가 일어난 생견과 유사한 속심이 살아있는 듯한 느낌을 띠었다. 그리고 UV-A 열화견과 UV-C 열화견 모두 친수성을 가져 보채에는 문제가 없었다. 전반적인 평가 결과 UV-C 열화견 보다 UV-A 열화견이 견본 회화의 보견에 사용하기 적합하였다.

펄스 UV 램프를 이용한 미생물 소독 및 2-MIB 제거 특성 (Characteristics of Disinfection and Removal of 2-MIB Using Pulse UV Lamp)

  • 안영석;양동진;채선하;임재림;이경혁
    • 상하수도학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2009
  • The characteristics of disinfection and organic removal were investigated with pulse UV lamp in this study. The intensity and emission wavelength of pulse UV Lamp were compared with low pressure UV lamp. The emission spectrum range of pulse UV lamp was between 200 and 400 nm while the emission spectrum of low pressure UV lamp was only single wavelength of 254nm. 3 Log inactivation rate of B. subtilis spore by pulse UV and low pressure UV irradiation was determined as $44.71mJ/cm^2$ and $57.7mJ/cm^2$, respectively. This results implied that wide range of emission spectrum is more effective compared to single wavelength emission at 254nm. 500ng/L of initial 2-MIB concentration was investigated on the removal efficiency by UV only and $UV/H_2O_2$ process. The removal efficiency of UV only process achieved approximately 80% at $8,600mJ/cm^2$ dose. 2-MIB removal rate of $UV/H_2O_2$ (5 mg/L $H_2O_2$) process was 25 times increased compared to UV only process. DOC removal efficiency for the water treatment plant effluent was examined. The removal efficiency of DOC by UV and $UV/H_2O_2$ was no more than 20%. Removal efficiency of THMFP(Trihalomethane Formation Potential), one of the chlorination disinfection by-products, is determined on the UV irradiation and $UV/H_2O_2$ process. Maximum removal efficiency of THMFP was approximately 23%. This result indicates that more stable chemical structures of NOM(Natural Organic Matter) than low molecule compounds such as 2-MIB, hydrogen peroxide and other pollutants affect low removal efficiency for UV photolysis. Consequently, pulse UV lamp is more efficient compared to low pressure lamp in terms of disinfection due to it's broad wavelength emission of UV. Additional effect of pulse UV is to take place the reactions of both direct photolysis to remove micro organics and disinfection simultaneously. It is also expected that hydrogen peroxide enable to enhance the oxidation efficiency on the pulse UV irradiation due to formation of OH radical.

Ultraviolet Light Sensor Based on an Azobenzene-polymer-capped Optical-fiber End

  • Cho, Hee-Taek;Seo, Gyeong-Seo;Lim, Ok-Rak;Shin, Woojin;Jang, Hee-Jin;Ahn, Tae-Jung
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.303-307
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    • 2018
  • We propose a simple ultraviolet (UV) sensor consisting of a conventional single-mode optical fiber capped with an azobenzene-moiety-containing polymer. The UV light changes the dimensions of the azobenzene polymer, as well as the refractive index of the material. Incident light with a wavelength of 1550 nm was reflected at the fiber/polymer and polymer/air interfaces, and interference of the reflected beams resulted in spectral interference that shifted the wavelength by 0.78 nm at a UV input power of $2.5mW/cm^2$. The UV sensor's response to wavelength is nonlinear and stable. The response speed of the sensor is limited by detection noise, which can be improved by modifying the insertion loss of the UV sensor and the signal-to-noise ratio of the detection system. The proposed compact UV sensor is easy to fabricate, is not susceptible to electromagnetic interference, and only reacts to UV light.

Sensitivity Analysis by Using Global Imager for Retrieval of Biomass Burning Aerosols

  • Lee, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Jae-Hwan
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the strength of the near-UV wavelength of 380 nm relative to visible and near-IR bands, and to find the suitable wavelength for detecting aerosols by using the Global Imager (GLI) sensor aboard the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite-II (ADEOS-II). Sensitivity analysis is performed for the retrieval of biomass burning aerosols by employing the radiative transfer model Rstar5b. It is determined that background surface reflectance in the blue band is similar to that in the near-UV band, and that wavelengths in the blue bands are more sensitive to the Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) than wavelengths in the near-UV band. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Aerosol Index (AI) is used in the indirect method used for aerosol retrieval, and the wavelength pair 380 nm and 460 nm is determined to be the most sensitive to the AOT. The results of this study suggest that wavelengths in the blue bands are suitable for detecting biomass burning aerosols over the Korean peninsula.

Photoluminescence of SrO-$Al_2O_3$ Doped with Eu and Ce Excited at near UV

  • Han, Sang-Hyuk;Kim, Young-Jin;Chung, Sung-Mook
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.654-656
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    • 2004
  • The effect of excitation energy and various dopants(Eu and Ce) on the emission wavelength and intensity were investigated. According to PL spectra, SrO-$Al_2O_3$ phosphors had wide absorption band at nUV. By substituting Ce for Eu, the emission band and excitation wavelength were shifted to shorter wavelength. Ce doped $SrAl_2O_4$ and $Sr_4Al_{14}O_{25}$ showed greenish blue(475nm) and blue(400nm), respectively.

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