• Title, Summary, Keyword: URI

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The Clinical Report about 33 Patients who Administrated Gami-Eumcheonyijintang with the Symptom of Coughing (가미음천이진탕(加味陰喘二陳湯) 투여환자(投與患者) 33례(例) 분석보고(分析報告))

  • Choi Hae-Yun;Choi Young-Ah;Jeon Yeon-Yi;Kim Jong-Dae
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.213-224
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    • 2000
  • Objectives: We intented to find out the effect of Gami-Eumcheonyijintang to patients who complain with coughing and to make it useful for treating the patients with the symptom. Materials and Methods: We examined the medical of 33 patients who visited with the symptoms of coughing, sputum in Kyungsan University, Hospital of Oriental Medicine from April, 1996 to February, 1999. and we collected the result of the administration with Gami-Eumcheonyijintong. We aimed to find any change in the symptoms, reappearance after recovery, and any special facts with the medicine surveying by telephoning to the patients. Results : the results are as follows, 1. It showed that patients who were under thirties showed higher rate of recovery(75.00%) than who were over thirties(52.94% ). 2, The acute-stage patients who were recovered in less than four weeks showed higher rate of recovery than those chronic-stage patients who were recovered in more than eight weeks. 3. The patients who didn't have the symptoms of sputum or had less serious problems of it with severe coughing showed relatively the highest rate of recovery(73.91% ). 4. The patients who showed the coughing symptom right after URI without any past constitutional history showed the highest rate of recovery(73.68% ). Conclusion : From the above result, we found that Gami-Eumcheonyijintang is more effective in early coughing symptom after URI than chronic stage coughing symptom. It is thought that more studies about medicine composition are needed in the further.

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A Study on the Identifier Pattern of Digital Contents of the Journal (학술지 디지털 콘텐츠 식별패턴에관한 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Jung
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.67-94
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    • 2002
  • With the development of modern society, we are all living in a world where information is shared through mass media and environment. Just as there was an identifier for the approach of information in the past analog environment, there is a demand for the continuous development and research of an original identifier for each and every digital contents of the changing digital environment. In order to present the need for standardization of effective construction concerning digital contents, this study examines the identifiers system structure of ISBN and ISSN of the analog environment and URL, URN, URC, which are under the URI system of the digital environment. After analyzing the problems of different URL identifiers construction in each university library's OPAC system, this study presents a standard device of effective identifiers patterns.

Use of Text Processing Technologies in a Semantic Web Application (시맨틱 웹 응용 서비스에서의 텍스트 처리 기술 적용)

  • Jung, Han-Min;Kang, In-Su;Koo, Hee-Kwan;Lee, Seung-Woo;Kim, Pyung;Sung, Won-Kyung
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문은 시맨틱 웹 응용 서비스를 구현함에 있어 필수적으로 요구되는 온톨로지 인스턴스 구축을 효율적으로 처리하는 데 있어 텍스트 처리 기술이 어떤 역할을 수행할 수 있는 가를 $OntoFrame-K^{(R)}$라는 시맨틱 웹 기반 정보 유통 체계에의 적용 사례를 통해 살펴본다. 본 논문에서 소개하는 텍스트 처리 기술은 개체 확인물 통한 개념 사례화, 주제 분야 할당을 통한 메타데이터 확장에, 그리고 인용 정보 추출 및 인용 관계 구축을 통한 객체 관계속성 구축에 적용된다. 개체 확인에서는 메타데이터 비교 잊 병합을 사용하였으며 이를 기반으로 한 수작업 구축을 통해 8,543명의 인력 URI를 확보하였다. 주제 및 분야 할당에서는 색인어와 분야분류명이 매핑된 시소러스 개념어의 매칭을 통해 색인어 별 TF (Term Frequency), 색인어와 매칭된 개념어 별 TF, 색인어와 매칭된 개념어 별 시소러스에서의 깊이, 색인어와 매칭된 개념어 별 개념 패싯, 색인어와 매칭된 각 개념어에 부착된 분야분류명 목록 등 할당을 위한 다양한 자질을 확보 적용하였다. 인용 정보 추출과 인용 관계 구축에서는 객체 URI와 인력 URI를 기반으로 하여 자동 추출된 인용 정보를 반영하는 방식으로 7,237개 문헌으로부터 총 135개의 인용 네트워크 그룹을 자동으로 확보하였다. 본 연구를 통해 제시된 텍스트 처리 기술의 활용 방안이 향후 시맨틱 웹 응용 서비스 및 인프라 구현에서 다각적으로 활용될 수 있기를 기대한다.

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Variations on Drug Utilization between the Types of Hospital in Some Frequent Diseases (일부 다빈도 질환에서 의료기관 유형별 의약품 사용의 변이)

  • 박실비아
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.118-138
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    • 1999
  • This study presents the variations on drug utilization for outpatients' URI, gastritis. and hypertension by the type of hospital- tertiary hospital. general hospital. hospital. clinic. It investigated drug expenses. daily drug expenses. days of medication. the highest price of the drugs used. and the number of the different drugs used for each disease and type of hospital. This study also performed analysis to see how much the variations of variables related to drug use affect the variations of drug expenses. The dependent variable was drug expenses and the independent variables were days of medication. the average price of the drugs used. and the number of the different drugs used. Analysis of the drug utilization was performed on NFMI(National Federation of Medical Insurance) 1994 medical expense claim data. Patients with secondary diseases were excluded. In this study. 379 patients with URI, 386 patients with gastritis. 1.257 patients with hypertension were included. It was founded that there were large variation on drug utilization between the types of hospital for same diseases. Days of medication were longest in tertiary hospitals and shortest in hospitals or clinics. Clinics showed the lowest daily drug expenses in all of the diseases investigated. Daily drug expenses were highest in general hospitals or hospitals. which also tended to use drugs of higher price than other types of hospital. General hospitals and hospitals had larger variations in daily drug expenses and the highest price of drugs. It suggested that drug might be utilized overly in general hospitals and hospitals and some other factors might influence on drug utilization in these hospitals. It was found that the variations of drug expenses were affected by the variations of drug price and days of medication rather than the number of the different drugs. Then the strategy to reduce the variations of drug utilization and to improve the quality of drug utilization should focus on the drug price and days of medication. Further study is needed to assess the quality as well as the variation of drug utilization and to show the factors which affect them.

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A Study on the Sasang Constitutional Distribution of 17th Korean Assemblyman (대한민국 17대 국회의원 사상체질분포 조사연구)

  • Kim, Dal-Rae;Koo, Deuk-Mo;Kim, Jong-Dug;Kim, Jong-Won;Yu, Jun-Sang;Kim, Sun-Hyung
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.206-216
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    • 2007
  • 1. Objectives This Study recognize of the 17th Korean Assemblymen's Sasang Constitutional distribution and investigates Sasang Constitutional distribution of special group. 2. Methods The Questionnaire of Sasang Constitution was distributed to Korean Assemblymen's. The next, 2 persons of Sasang Constitutional Specialist interview directly, record of Korean Assemblymen's voice with PSSC and then concluded Sasang Constitution. 3. Results 1. After analysed Sasang Constitution with Questionnaire, We acquired zero person Taeyangin, sixteen persons Soyangin, nine persons Taeumin, zero person Soeumin. But, after direct interview examination, We acquired one person Taeyangin, seven persons Soyangin, twenty-two persons Taeumin, five persons Soeumin. 2. Soyangin rates was 20% practically, but Soyangin rates of amination with Questionnaire was 46%. Because Soyangin in Korean Assemblymen's expressed extrovert for oneself. 3. Taeumin constituted nineteen persons with Questionnaire, accounted for 54%. But Taeumin constituted twenty-two persons in direct interview examination, accounted for 63%. 4. Conclusions 1. In Uri Patty, Soyangin rates was 21%, Taeumin rates was 63%, Soeumin rates was 16%, Taeyangin rates was 0 %. The group of Taeyangin and Soyangin with activity and progression marked 21 %, the group of Taeumin and Soeumin with conservativeness marked 79%. 2. Grand National Parry, Soyangin rates was 14%, Taeumin rates was 64.3%, Soeumin rates was 14.3%, Taeyangin rates was 7.1 %. The group of Taeyangin and Soyangin with activity and progression marked 21.6%, the group of Taeumin and Soeumin with conservativeness marked 78.6%. 3. In comparison Uri Patty with Grand National Party, the rates of active Constitution marked 21.0% and 21.6% be much of a muchness. and in comparison Uri Parry with Grand National Parry, the rates of conservative Constitution marked 79.0% and 78.6% be much of a muchness.

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Design of Smart Service based on Reverse-proxy for the Internet of Things (리버스 프록시 기반 IoT 서비스 도메인 설계)

  • Park, Jiye;Kang, Namhi
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • The IoT (Internet of Things) is considered as a core technology to realize interconnected world. At this, companies composing ICT industry and standard organizations make efforts to accelerate it. IETF CoRE(Constrained RESTful Environment) working group standardized CoAP (Constrained Application Protocol) for the constrained device. CoAP has RESTful architecture and CoAP option is provided to use forward-proxy. The forward-proxy is used to translate protocol and perform requests on behalf of the client. However, communication between Internet based client and LLN(Low-power and Lossy Network) based CoAP server architecture has limitations to deploy real IoT service. In this architecture, problems like response delay, URI assignment and DoS attack can be occurred. To solve these problems, we propose the reverse-proxy based system. We consider both of static IoT and mobility IoT environments. Finally, our proposed system is expected to provide efficient IoT service.

Provider Variation in Diagnosing Complications of Upper Respiratory Infection in Korean Children (소아 급성상기도감염 합병증 진단의 공급자간 편차)

  • Choi, Hyug-Yong;Park, Jung-Hoo;Yoo, Do-Young;Lim, Myeon-Gil;Kim, Min-Ah;Kim, Nam-Gil;Cho, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.181-197
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study aimed to assess the differences in treatment behavior by reviewing data of a medical institution that studies treatment behavior in URI and assessing the treatment efficacy in Korea. Methods : We analyzed the behavior of medical customers and providers of upper respiratory infection medications using the NPS published by the Health Insurance Review Assessment Service. We created an operational definition for complications, and confirmed the difference in complication distribution between medical specialties. We also performed a multivariate analysis using a mixed model to elucidate the factors influencing the occurrence of complications. Results : The outcomes of analyzing factors to influence the difference in practice patterns of the diagnosing URI between the physicians are as follows; (1) Analysis of antibiotics prescriptions rate showed significant difference from medical departments (pediatrics; 49.7%, internal medicine; 54.2%, otorhinolaryngology; 69.6%, family medicine; 61.6%, general surgery; 57.5%, p<0.001). Analysis of steroid prescriptions rate showed significant difference from medical departments (pediatrics; 3.8%, internal medicine; 4.5%, otorhinolaryngology; 5.4%, family medicine; 3.0%, general surgery; 11.2%, p<0.001). (2) In patients who visited medical institutes with the common cold, the complication distribution differed according to the medical specialty, which suggests that specific complications arise depending on the particular medical specialty (p<0.001). (3) Moreover, through multivariate analysis, we found that the complication rate is higher in clinics than in hospitals, depending on the institute's size. (p<0.001; odds ratio of 4.67 in clinics than in hospitals, 95% CI 2.66-8.21) Conclusions : We observe a deviation between the behavior of patients diagnosed with URI and medication providers. This may arise from the interaction between providers and consumers, wherein the complications are associated with the choice of outpatient department and the prevention of cutting incentives. These findings suggest that the health policies should be improved to prevent inappropriate medical practice in the treatment of pediatric URI.

Teaching Tolerance in School Education

  • Sasse, Werner
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2010
  • Tolerance education must be based on the fact that tolerance like democracy cannot be achieved once and for all. Students must learn to constantly watch political and cultural processes for negative developments. Tolerance for others' values and behaviour can be learnt by studying previous historiographical views. The basic attitude to be learnt is repect for other cultures - within one's own culture as well as foreign cultures.

Recent Advances in Web Services Composition and Their Implications to Seamless Business Process Integration.

  • Park, Jong-Hun
    • Proceedings of the CALSEC Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2004
  • Web Service ·A software application identified by a URI, whose interface and bindings are capable of being defined, described, and discovered as XML artifacts A Web service supports direct interactions with other software agents using XML-based messages exchanges via Internet-based protocols(W3C) ·Utilize the WWW infrastructure ·Example : http://etech.kaist.ac.kr:8080/search.html(omitted)

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