• Title, Summary, Keyword: UNECE

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United Nations Framework and Recommendations for International Electronic Business Facilitation

  • Dollein, Richard
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2013
  • Within the United Nations framework of the Economic and Social Council, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) serves as the focal point for trade facilitation recommendations and electronic business standards, covering both commercial and government business processes that can foster growth in international trade and related services. Accordingly United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) was established, as a subsidiary, intergovernmental body of the UNECE Committee on Trade, mandated to develop a program of work of global relevance to achieve improved worldwide coordination and cooperation in these areas. Domestic development and distribution of electronic documents to be conformed to international standards, it is enough to have the role of international activities continue to supply part of the domestic industry and the trends in participation and international standard.

Improvement Alternative of Korean Environmental Assessment through the EA of the European Union (유럽연합의 EA에 비춰본 한국의 환경평가제도 개선 방안)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Han, Sang-Wook;Park, Joo-Hyun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.139-155
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    • 2006
  • The introduction of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) has strengthened and extended the value of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a fundamental tool for sustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a stand alone approach that is applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied to proposals of policy, plan, and/or programme when major alternatives are open. In Korea, similar to SEA, the Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) was introduced to overcome the limitations of the EIA, by checking the environmental impacts on major policy and administrative actions in the early stage of decision making process. SEA appears in various national, regional and international laws. SEA is addressed specifically in the UNECE SEA protocol to the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context, as well as the European Commission SEA Directive (2001/42/EC). SEA is a valuable tool for integrating sustainability decisions into country's policies, plans and programmes. This paper reviews the policy direction for implementation of the SEA and efficient Environmental Assessment (EA) through integration of the PERS and the EIA.

A Study on Maximum Power Measurement Method for NOVC-type Hybrid Electric Vehicle (NOVC형식 하이브리드 자동차의 최고 출력측정방법 연구)

  • Kim, Joowon;Yong, Geejoong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 2018
  • UNECE/WP29/GRPE/EVE has recently defined that the power of a hybrid electric vehicle is the system power. Although a method for measuring the maximum power of a hybrid electric vehicle is presented by KATRI, it does not consider charging and discharging characteristics of traction batteries. This study provides a maximum power measurement method which reflects the charging and discharging characteristics of traction batteries in NOVC-HEVs (Not Off Vehicle Charging-Hybrid Electric Vehicles). Both methods are compared with regard to the output measurement results.

Measurement of Persistent Toxic Substances in Gosan, Jeju (제주도 고산에서의 미량독성 유해물질 측정)

  • 김영성;김진영;문길주;한진석;김영준;윤순창;김용표;강창희;권성안
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.77-78
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    • 2003
  • 2001년 5월 스톡홀름에서는 92개국이 DDT, 다이옥신 등 12개 잔류성 유기오염물질 (POPs, persistent organic pollutants)의 궁극적 소멸을 목표로, 배출 및 사용 저감을 위하여 유엔협약인 이른바 스톡홀름협약에 서명하였다. 이는 유럽에서 UNECE (United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe) 장거리 이동 대기오염 협약의 일환으로 1998년 6월 덴마크 오후스에서 체결된 POPs에 관한 의정서에 뒤이은 결과이다 1998년 6월 오후스에서는 POPs와 함께 수은, 카드뮴, 납 등 3개 중금속에 관한 의정서가 체결되어 중금속에 관한 향후 국제사회의 동향을 짐작케 하고 있다. (중략)

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Study on the Electric Continuity Measurements of Green Car for Human Body Safety (친환경자동차의 인체 안전을 위한 전기적 연속성 측정 연구)

  • Kim, Hyang-Kon;Lee, Ki-Yeon;Kim, Dong-Ook;Choi, Hyo-Sang
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.351-356
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we analyzed and experimented about electric continuity for human body safety from green cars. And we compared power systems of HEV and examined about human body effect of current and time. We investigated internal and external standards and regulations for human body safety from high voltage electrical equipments. Indirect contact refers to contact between the human body and exposed conductive parts. According to UNECE R100, ISO 23273-3, ISO 6469-3 and Japanese Regulation Attachment 101, electric continuity between any two exposed conductive parts shall not exceed $0.1{\Omega}$. The value of electric continuity was measured below $0.1{\Omega}$ at the actual condition of green car. We expected that the results of these experiments can utilize to data for electrical safety of green car.

A Study on Vehicle Frontal Structure for Crash Compatibility (상호 안전성 대응 차체 전방 구조에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Jangho;Kim, Yun Chang;Kim, Hye Yeon
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2011
  • In recent years, rapid-increasing market share of compact cars and SUVs has brought for both consumer and automaker to pay more attention on crash compatibility between the compact passenger vehicles and the light trucks (i.e., Pickups and SUVs). Vehicle compatibility regarding both self and partner protection in frontal crash of different class vehicles is one of hot issues in vehicle safety. Furthermore, it is expected that the amendment of UNECE-Regulation 94 to implement compatibility issues in couple of coming years. In this study, conceptual design of compatibility compliant frontal vehicle structure which subjects to improve? the distribution of frontal crash loading and structural engagement between vehicles is introduced. The effects of proposed vehicle structure on both possible candidates (i.e. FWRB, FWDB and PDB) for a compatibility evaluation test procedure and car-to-car crash are also investigated.

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Study on the Evaluation Method of Electrical Isolation Property for High Voltage System of Green Car (친환경자동차 고전압시스템의 절연성능 평가 방법 연구)

  • Lee, Ki-Yeon;Kim, Hyang-Kon
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.611-612
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    • 2012
  • 친환경자동차의 고전압시스템에 대한 인체 감전 사고 예방을 위한 전기안전 평가요소는 절연성능 평가이다. 고전압시스템을 사용하는 자동차의 절연성능은 $100{\Omega}/Vdc$, $500{\Omega}/Vac$ 이상으로 규정하고 있으며, 평가방법은 UNECE WP.29의 GTR 등에서 여러 가지 방법을 제시하고 있지만, 실차에 대한 측정을 통하여 몇 가지 문제점이 도출되었다. 본 연구에서는 실차상태의 절연성능 평가의 문제점 분석을 통하여 In Use 상태와 Post Crash 상태의 실차에 대한 절연성능 평가 방법을 제시하였다.

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Study on the Measuring Methods of Electric Continuity of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (하이브리드자동차의 전기적 연속성 측정 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyang-Kon;Gil, Hyoung-Jun;Moon, Hyun-Wook;Choi, Chung-Seog;Choi, Hyo-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.273-275
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문에서는 하이브리드자동차(hybrid vehicle)의 고전원 전기장치 및 전기배선 충전부의 인체 접촉에 의한 감전사고의 예방을 위한 전기적 연속성의 측정방법에 대하여 논하였다. 인체 감전 보호를 위한 기본 대책으로 충전부의 기본절연, 충전부 접근에 대한 보호(배리어, 인클로져 등)가 있다. 하이브리드자동차의 전기적 연속성과 관련된 시험방법은 UNECE, ISO, Japan Attachment 등에서 언급하고 있다. 이들 기준에서 전기적 연속성은 $0.1{\Omega}$ 이하를 유지하도록 하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 하이브리드자동차의 전기적 연속성 측정 방법에 있어 외국의 기준과 규격의 내용을 검토하고 전기적 연속성 측정방법을 제시하고자 한다.

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Open Trade Technical Model using ebXML for FTA with China and Korea

  • Jung, Yong Gyu;Kang, Min Soo;Jung, Ga-Woon;Cha, Kwang Seung;Chong, Agatha
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2014
  • China and South Korea have effectively reached a free trade agreement. The deal now faces legal and parliament reviews in the two countries. We need to discuss the recommendations on XML conversion with UN / CEFACT electronic documents. To solve this problem of interworking between these standards, Two kinds of translation rules is proposed for exchanging to UN / CEFACT Tag smoothly. For development and distribution of electronic documents to be conformed to international standards, it is enough to have the role of international activities continue to supply part of the domestic industry and the trends in participation and international standard. Our principal focus is on facilitating national and international transactions, through the simplification and harmonization of processes, procedures and information flows, and so contributing to the growth of global commerce. The agreement with South Korea will be China's ninth bilateral FTA.

A Comparison Study on the Engine Performance Test Regulation of Two-wheeled Vehicles between EU and Korea (유럽과 한국의 이륜차 엔진 성능 시험 규정에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Gwang Goo;Yong, Geejoong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2016
  • As a preliminary research to provide amendment for the engine performance test regulation of two-wheeled vehicles, the engine performance data are investigated in terms of maximum torque, rated power, and engine speed of motorcycles on sales in Korean market. Based on the engine performance database officially published to consumers, some forecasted problems are discussed when the maximum torque and the rated power are measured under the present test standards. EU and Korea regulations on engine performance test are carefully compared in terms of the accuracy of measurement devices, test procedures including data acquisition method, and allowable range of rated power measurement. Complementary items are discussed to eliminate ambiguities in the present regulation and to construct rational regulation system.

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