• Title, Summary, Keyword: UCP2 expression

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Effects of Polygonatum sibiricum rhizome extract on lipid and energy metabolism in high-fat diet-induced obese mice (고지방 식이 유도 비만 마우스 모델에서 황정 추출물의 지방질 및 에너지 대사 관련 유전자에 대한 효능 연구)

  • Jeon, Woo-Jin;Kim, Ji-Young;Oh, Ik-Hoon;Lee, Do-Seop;Shon, Suh-Youn;Seo, Yun-Ji;Yeon, Seung-Woo;Kang, Jae-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.192-202
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    • 2017
  • In this study, factors involved in lipid and energy metabolism following treatment with ethanolic extract of the Polygonatum sibiricum rhizome (ID1216) were evaluated in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. ID1216-treated mice showed a significant reduction in weight gain compared to non-treated mice. ID1216 treatment increased the protein levels of AMP-dependent protein kinase, sirtuin1, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$ coactivator 1-${\alpha}$ ($PGC1{\alpha}$), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\alpha}$ ($PPAR{\alpha}$) and uncoupling proteins in the adipose tissue, liver and muscle compared to vehicle treatment. Analysis of downstream signals of the sirtuin1 $PGC1{\alpha}$-$PPAR{\alpha}$ pathway showed that ID1216 regulates the expression of ${\beta}$-oxidation related genes such as acyl-CoA oxidase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase1, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and adipocyte protein 2. In addition, ID1216 increased the expression of adipose triglyceride lipase. These results suggest that ID1216 has anti-obesity effects by regulating the genes involved thermogenesis, ${\beta}$-oxidation and lipolysis in a diet-induced obesity model.

Moderate Intensity Exercise Has More Positive Effects on The Gene Expression of Inflammasome, M1, M2 Macrophage Infiltration and Brown Adipocyte Markers Compared to High Intensity Exercise in Subcutaneous Adipose of Obese Mice Induced By High Fat Diet (비만모델에서 중강도 운동에 의한 인플라마좀, 대식세포 침윤, 갈색지방 관련 바이오 마커의 개선 효과)

  • Kim, Yong-An;Pitriani, Pipit;Park, Hee-Geun;Lee, Wang-Lok
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.303-310
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of either moderate or high intensity aerobic exercise on inflammasome, M1, M2 macrophage infiltration and brown adipocyte markers in subcutaneous adipose tissue of the high fat diet-induced obese mice. The 4 weeks male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: normal diet control (NC; n=10), high-fat diet control (HC; n=10), high fat diet with moderate intensity exercise (HME; n=10), or high fat diet with high intensity exercise (HIE; n=10) groups. The high fat diet was given 60% calories from fat whereas normal diet was given 18% calories from fat. The moderate intensity exercise group (HME) was set at 10m/min in the first 2 weeks, 12m/min in 3-5 weeks and 14m/min in 6-16 weeks and the high intensity exercise group (HIE) was set at 14m/min in the first 2 weeks, 17m/min in 3-5 weeks and 18m/min in 6-16 weeks. The semi quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) was used to analyze the gene expression. The moderate intensity exercise significantly reduced the expression of NLRP3, F480, CD11c and CD86. Further, the moderate intensity exercise significantly increased CD206 and $PGC1{\alpha}$, BMP7 and PRDM. The high intensity exercise significantly reduced NLRP3, CD11c and CD86. Further, the high intensity exercise significantly increased $PGC1{\alpha}$ and BMP7. In conclusion, moderate intensity exercise has more positive effects on inflammasome, M1, M2 macrophage infiltration and brown adipocyte maskers compared to high intensity exercise in high fat diet induced obese mice.

Lipolytic Effect of Sparassis crispa Extracts in Differentiated 3T3-L1 Cells and High Fat Diet-induced Obese Mice (분화된 3T3-L1 세포와 비만유도 쥐에 꽃송이버섯 추출물의 지질분해 효과)

  • Lee, Mi-Ae;Park, Jin-Kyung;Um, Mi-Hyang;Jeon, Jung-Woo;Lee, Jung-Min;Park, Yoo-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.12
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    • pp.1708-1715
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether water extracts of Sparassis crispa (SC) have anti-obesity effects. Treatment of mature adipocytes with SC caused a decrease in lipid accumulation (assessed by Oil Red O staining) and an increase in glycerol release. Mice were induced to obesity by a high fat diet (45% fat in total kcal) and experimental groups were treated with two different dosages of SC extracts, a low SC (LSC, 100 mg/kg/day) or high SC (HSC, 300 mg/kg/day). SC extracts were administered by gavages for 10 weeks in the experimental groups, while the control group was fed with distilled water. The body weight gain of mice fed SC was significantly reduced (11.88% lower in LSC, 14.54% lower in HSC) compared to the control group. Additionally, there were significantly reduced serum levels of triglycerides (13.57% lower in LSC, 19.46% lower in HSC), total cholesterol (32.22% lower in LSC, 24.67% lower in HSC) and glucose (28.85% lower in LSC, 25.82% lower in HSC) in mice fed SC compared to the control group. Hepatic triglycerides in mice fed SC were lower (9.68% lower in LSC, 14.24% lower in HSC) than the control group and total cholesterol levels were also lower in mice fed SC (38.72% lower in LSC, 35.20% in HSC). These results demonstrate that the water extract of SC may enhance lipolysis and up-regulate the expression of lipolytic enzymes in vitro and reduce body weight in vivo. These significant effects were found for both low and high doses of SC treatment, and suggest SC can be used as potential therapeutic substances for the prevention and treatment of obesity.