• Title/Summary/Keyword: Tributary

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Numerical analysis of lateral geomorphology changes by channel bed deposition and bank erosion at the river confluence section (합류부 구간에서의 하상퇴적과 하안침식에 의한 평면적 하도변화 수치모의)

  • Ji, Un;Jang, Eun Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 2016
  • The confluence section of rivers forms complex flow pattern due to inflow discharge variation at the mainstream and tributary. Due to complex flow characteristics, bed change and bank erosion at the local section produce lateral geomorphology changes in rivers. In this study, bankline change by bank erosion and bed change were simulated using CCHE2D of 2-dimensional numerical model for quantitative analysis of lateral changes in the confluence section of South Han River and Geumdang Stream. As a result, bankline at the left-side channel of the mainstream was largely changed in the downstream section of the confluence compared to the upstream section. Also, bank erosion in the tributary was hardly occurred and bankline at the left-side tributary and right-side main stream moved to riverside land due to decreased velocity and deposition.

Comparison of Changes in Upstream and Downstream Water Quality of Tributary Rivers: Gyeseong-stream and Hwapo-stream in Nakdongmiryang Watershed (지류하천의 상·하류 수질변화 비교: 낙동밀양 중권역 내 계성천 화포천을 대상으로)

  • Shim, Kyuhyun;Kim, Gyeonghoon;Kim, Seongmin;Kim, Youngseok;Kim, Jin-pil
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 2020
  • Tributary is a part of life space for people and a very important place that accommodates rest recreation and other daily activities. absolutely insufficient basic data about water quality and flow rate are available for basin management. Efficient water and basin management systems, which are also supported by local residents can be established by securing such basic data of major tributaries in the Nakdong river system. In this study, the fluctuation characteristics of upstream and downstream water pollution levels were compared using the measurement results of the water environment measurement network and the tributary monitoring project for the gyeseong-stream and Hwapo-stream in the Nakdong-miryang watershed. In 2017, when water pollution is the highest, it was confirmed that the annual average rainfall was the lowest. Although the upstream and downstream water quality tendencies of the Gyeseong-stream are similar, the water quality concentrations of the Gyeseong-stream are relatively different. But although the Hwapo stream has various causes of pollution, there was not much difference in the level of pollution between the upper and lower streams. In addition, both rivers need the ability to purify rivers by securing sufficient water for river maintenance, and if the correlation between water quality items can be inferred through continuous monitoring of tributaries where the aspect of water quality change is unclear, water quality management Determined to be efficient operation.

The Distribution and Geomorphic Changes of Natural Lakes in East Coast Korea (한반도 동해안의 자연호 분포와 지형 환경 변화)

  • Lee, Min-Boo;Kim, Nam-Shin;Lee, Gwang-Ryul
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.449-460
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    • 2006
  • This study aims to analyze distribution of natural lakes including lagoonal lake(lagoon) and tributary dammed lake(tributary lake) and calculate the size, morphology in order to interpret time-serial change of lakes using methodology of remote sensing images(1990s), GIS and topographic maps(1920s) in east coast of Korean Peninsular. Analysis results show that in 1990s, there are 57 natural lakes, with the total size of $75.62km^2$ over size $0.01km^2$. marine-origin lagoons are 48 with total size of $64.85km^2$, composing 85% of total natural lake, and the largest lagoon is Beonpo in Raseon City. Tributary lakes have been formed by damming of tributary channels by fluvial sand bars from main stream, located nearby at coastal zone, similar to lagoon sites. Large tributary lake, Jangyeonho, is developed in lava plateau dissection valley of Eorang Gun, Hamnam Province. There are more distributed at Duman River mouth$\sim$Cheongjin City, Heungnam City$\sim$Hodo Peninsular and Anbyeon Gun$\sim$Gangreung City. Geomorphometrically, correlation of size to circumference is very high, but correlation of size to shape irregularity is very low. The direction of lagoonal coast, NW-SE and NE-SW are predominated due to direction of tectonic structure and longshore currents. The length of the river into lake are generally short, maximum under 15km, and lake size is smaller, degree of size decreasing is higher. Geomorphic patterns of the lake location are classified as coast-hill range, coastal plain, coastal plain-channel valley, coastal plain-hill range and channel valley-hill range. During from 1920s to 1990s, change with lake size decreasing is highest at coastal plain-channel valley, next is coastal plain. Causes of the size decreasing are fluvial deposition from upper rivers and human impacts such as reclamation.

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Evaluation of Water Quality with BOD at Mankyeong and Dongjin River Basins (만경강 및 동진강 수계의 BOD에 의한 수질 평가)

  • Lee, Jong-Sik;Jung, Goo-Bok;Kim, Jin-Ho;Yun, Sun-Gang;Kim, won-Il;Shin, Jung-Du
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 2004
  • Biological oxygen demand (BOD) as a stream water quality indicator was monitored monthly in the Mankyeong and Dongjin river basins from June 2001 to October 2002 to evaluate water qualitied as well as to get the information on the water quality management strategy in Semangeum reclamation areas. BOD in the Mankyeong river was 5.4mg/L in average during the survey and increased after the inflow of Iksan tributary, which was contaminated with livestock wastewater. BOD of Iksan tributary was maintained at 5.4 mg/L before joining the Wanggung tributary, however, that in the downstream was increased to 13.6 mg/L in average due to the inlet of the livestock wastewater. Meanwhile, BOD of Dongjin river was the average of 2.8 mg/L during the survey periods but it showed 3.5 mg/L when Jungeup tributary which was contaminated with sewage and industrial wastewater joined into the main stream. BOD in both Mankyeong and Dongjin rivers decreased in 2002 as compared to that in 2001.

A Study on Personalized Advertisement System Using Web Mining (웹 마이닝을 이용한 개인 광고기법에 관한 연구)

  • 김은수;송강수;이원돈;송정길
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.92-103
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    • 2003
  • Great many advertisements are serviced in on-line by development of electronic commerce and internet user's rapid increase recently. However, this advertisement service is stopping in one-side service of relevant advertisement rather than doing users' inclination analysis to basis. Therefore, want advertisement service that many websites are personalized for efficient service of relevant advertisement and service through relevant server's log analysis research and enforce. Take advantage of log data of local system that this treatise is not analysis of server log data and analyze user's Preference degree and inclination. Also, try to propose advertisement system personalized by making relevant site tributary category and give weight of relevant tributary. User's preference user preference which analysis is one part of cooperation fielder ring of web personalized techniques use information in visit site tributary and suppose internet user's action in visit number of times of relevant site and try inclination analysis of mixing form. Express user's preference degree by vector, and inclination analysis result uninterrupted data that simplicity application form is not regarded and techniques that propose inclination analysis change of data since with move data use and analyze newly and proposed so that can do continuous renewal and application as feedback Sikkim. Presented method that can choose advertisements of relevant tributary through this result and provide personalized advertisement service by applying process such as user inclination analysis in advertisement chosen.

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A Study on the Estimation of Watter Loss Rates in Irrigation Canals (灌漑用水路의 水路損失率 算定에 關한 硏究)

  • Koo, Ja-Woong;Lee, Ki-Chun;Kim, Jae-Young;Lee, Jae-Young
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.56-66
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    • 1982
  • This study was carried out in order to estimate water losses in irrigation canals, which may be used to evaluate the water requirement for irrigation projects. The conveyance losses were measured by the inflow-outflow method, the seepage losses were measured by the ponding method, and the operation losses in the course of irrigation were calculated by comparing the two kinds of losses. The results obtained in this experiment were as follows; 1. Conveyance losses per unit area of wetted perimeter by the main irrigation canal, the secondary irrigation canal and the tributary irrigation canal, were 1.399${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$, 5.154${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$, and 2.67${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ respectively in the Goong-sa area. And they were 1.934${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$, 2.149${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$, and 4.558${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ respectively in the Seong-dug area. 2. Seepage losses per unit area of wetted perimeter by the secondary irrigation canal and the tributary irrigation canal, were 2.180${\times}10^{-6}m^3/sec/m^2$ and 2.168${\times}10^{-6}m^3/sec/m^2$ in the Goong-sa area, 1.150${\times}10^{-6}m^3/sec/m^2$ and 1.084${\times}10^{-6}m^3/sec/m^2$ in the Seong-dug area respectively. 3. Operation losses per unit area of wetted perimeter by the secondary irrigation canal and the tributary irrigation canal, were 4.936${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ and 2.453${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ in the Goong-sa area, 2.034${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ and 4.450${\times}10^{-5}m^3/sec/m^2$ in the Seong-dug area respectively. 4. Conveyance, seepage and operation losses in the Goong-sa area were 6.7%, 94.6%, and 14.0% more than those in the Seong-dug area. Operation losses amount to about 17 times as much as seepage losses in the Goong-sa area and about 29 times in the Seong-dug area. 5. The seepage losses depend much on the soil texture, ranging from 7.437${\times}10^{-7}m^3/sec/m^2$ to 2.430${\times}10^{-6}m^3/sec/m^2$. 6. Water loss rates in the main irrigatin canal, the secondary irrigation canal and the tributary irrigation canal, were estimated as 8.49%, 37.27% and 9.81% respectively in the Goong-sa area. And they were estimated as 15.10%, 32.67% and 13.78% respectively in the Seong-dug area.

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Water Quality Improvement Plans based on the Analysis of Pollutant Discharge Characteristics and Water Quality Modelling of Seokmun Reservoir Watershed (석문호 유역 오염물질 배출특성 분석 및 수질모델링에 기초한 수질개선방안 연구)

  • Choi, Moojin;Jung, Woohyeuk;Choi, Jaehun;Kim, Youngil
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.39 no.10
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    • pp.581-590
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    • 2017
  • For effective improvement of water quality in Seokmun reservoir, this study implemented various analyses including the tributary water quality and flowrate monitoring, contamination of sediment, investigation of pollution source, selection of priority management target tributary by stream grouping method. The COD concentration of the majority of tributaries in Seokmun reservoir watershed was relatively higher than BOD concentration. The concentration of water pollutants regardless of water quality parameters in Yeokcheon, Dangjincheon, Sigokcheon, Baekseokcheon, small stream in Jinkwanri and Janghangri were higher than the other tributaries. The pollution sources in the Seokmun reservoir watershed were mostly distributed in the population, livestock, and industry. The pollutants, which located in Yeokcheon, Dangjincheon, Baekseokcheon, and small stream in Janghangri selected as priority management target tributary, should be preferentially reduced for improving the water quality in Seokmun reservoir. As the evaluation results of water quality in Seokmun reservoir for the effect of water quality improvement according to various scenarios using water quality model, it was found that the water quality in Seokmun reservoir due to the construction of a wastewater treatment plant for management of pollutants in the watershed would be satisfied the class V of water environment standard in reservoir.

Analysis of the Effects of Bathymetry Data on Hydraulic Results - Daecheong Reservoir - (저수지 모델의 지형정보 엽력자료가 수리결과에 미치는 영향 분석 - 대청호를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Jae-Yil;Seo, Se-Deok;Ha, Sung-Ryong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.229-234
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    • 2009
  • A lot of research on the application of GIS has been conducted in the field of water quality management. The function of a geometric data acquisition for reservoir and river models, however, is not enough to satisfy multiuser' convenience. CE-QUAL-W2 is a two-dimensional(2D) longitudinal/vertical hydrodynamic and water quality model for surface water bodies, modeling eutrophication processes such as temperature-nutrient-algae and sediment relationships. The purpose of this study is to analyzing which bathymetry information affects hydraulic results. There are consisted of three scenarios under consideration. The first scenario takes into account only tribatary type data such as Heoin and Okchen river. The second scenario, Heoin river constructs to tributary and Okchen river constructs by branch. Last scenario constructs Heoin and Okchen river by branch. The RMSE error results for the first, second and third scenarios are 0.61, 0.36 and 0.28 respectively.