• Title, Summary, Keyword: Transmission dose

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Transmission Dose Estimation Algorithm for in vivo Dosimetry

  • Yun, Hyong-Geun;Huh, Soon-Nyung;Lee, Hyoung-Koo;Woo, Hong-Gyun;Shin, Kyo-Chul;Ha, Sung-Whan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : Measurement of transmission dose is useful for in vivo dosimetry of QA purpose. The objective of this study is to develope an algorithm for estimation of tumor dose using measured transmission dose for open radiation field. Materials and Methods : Transmission dose was measured with various field size (FS), phantom thickness (Tp), and phantom chamber distance (PCD) with a acrylic phantom for 6 MV and 10 MV X-ray Source to chamber distance (SCD) was set to 150 cm. Measurement was conducted with a 0.6 cc Farmer type ion chamber. Using measured data and regression analysis, an algorithm was developed for estimation of expected reading of transmission dose. Accuracy of the algorithm was tested with flat solid phantom with various settings. Results : The algorithm consisted of quadratic function of log(A/P) (where A/P is area-perimeter ratio) and tertiary function of PCD. The algorithm could estimate dose with very high accuracy for open square field, with errors within ${\pm}0.5%$. For elongated radiation field, the errors were limited to ${\pm}1.0%$. Conclusion : The developed algorithm can accurately estimate the transmission dose in open radiation fields with various treatment settings.

Transmission Dose Estimation Algorithm for in vivo Dosimertry (투과선량을 이용한 생체내 (in vivo) 선량측정을 위한 알고리즘)

  • Yun, Hyong-Geun;Chie, Eui-Kyu;Huh, Soon-Nyung;Lee, Hyoung-Koo;Woo, Hong-Gyun;Shin, Kyo-Chul;Kim, Si-Yong;Ha, Sung-Whan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Measurement of transmission dose is useful for in vivo dosimetry of QA purpose. The objective of this study is to develope an algorithm for estimation of tumor dose using measured transmission dose for open radiation field. Materials and Methods : Transmission dose was measured with various field size (FS), phantom thickness (Tp), and phantom chamber distance (PCD) with a acrylic phantom for 6 MV and 10 MV X-ray. Source to chamber distance (SCD) was set to 150 cm. Measurement was conducted with a 0.6 co Farmer type ion chamber. Using measured data and regression analysis, an algorithm was developed lot estimation of expected reading of transmission dose. Accuracy of the algorithm was tested with flat solid phantom with various settings. Results : The algorithm consisted of quadratic function of log(A/P) (where A/P is area-perimeter ratio) and tertiary function of PCD. The algorithm could estimate dose with very high accuracy for open square field, with errors within ${\pm}0.5%$. For elongated radiation field, the errors were limited to ${\pm}1.0%$. Conclusion : The developed algorithm can accurately estimate the transmission dose in open radiation fields with various treatment settings.

Tissue Inhomogeneity Correction in Clinical Application of Transmission Dosimetry to Head and Neck Cancer Radiation Treatment (두경부 방사선 치료 환자에서 투과선량 알고리즘의 임상 적용시 불균질 조직 보정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Suzy;Ha Sung Whan;Wu Hong Gyun;Huh Soon Nyung
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.155-163
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    • 2004
  • Purpose : To confirm the reproducibility of in vivo transmission dosimetry system and the accuracy of the a1gorithms for the estimation of transmission dose in head and neck radiation therapy patients. Materials and Methods : From September 5 to 18, 2001, transmission dose measurements were peformed when radiotherapy was given to brain or head and neck cancer patients. The data of 35 patients who were treated more than three times and whose central axis of the beam was not blocked were analyzed in this study. To confirm the reproducibility of this system, transmission dose was measured before dally treatment and then repetitively every hour during the treatment time, with a field size of 10$\times$10 cm$^{2}$ and a delivery of 100 MU. The accuracy of the transmission dose calculation algorithms was confirmed by comparing estimated dose with measured dose. To accurately estimate transmission dose, tissue inhomogeneity correction was done. Results : The measurement variations during a day were within $\pm$0.5$\%$ and the dally variations in the checked period were within $\pm$ 1.0$\%$, which were acceptable for system reproducibility. The mean errors between estimated and measured doses were within $\pm$5.0$\%$ in Patients treated to the brain, $\pm$2.5$\%$ in head, and $\pm$ 5.0%$\%$in neck. Conclusion : The results of this study confirmed the reproducibility of our system and its usefulness and accuracy for dally treatment. We also found that tissue inhomogeneity correction was necessary for the accurate estimation of transmission dose in patients treated to the head and neck.

Appropriate Time for Primaquine Treatment to Reduce Plasmodium falciparum Transmission in Hypoendemic Areas

  • Wilairatana, Polrat;Krudsood, Srivicha;Tangpukdee, Noppadon
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.179-182
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    • 2010
  • Artemesinin-combination therapies (ACT) for falciparum malaria reduce gametocyte carriage, and therefore reduce transmission. Artemisinin derivatives will act against only young gametocytes whereas primaquine acts on mature gametocytes which are present usually in the circulation at the time when the patient presents for treatment. Both artemisinin derivatives and primaquine have short half-lives, less than 1 hr and 7 hr, respectively. Therefore, asexual parasites or young gametocytes remain after completed ACT. A single dose of primaquine (0.50-0.75 mg base/kg) at the end of ACT can kill only mature gametocytes but cannot kill young gametocytes (if present). Remaining asexual forms after completion of ACT course, e.g., artesunate-mefloquine for 3 days, may develop to mature gametocytes 7-15 days later. Thus, an additional dose of primaquine (0.50-0.75 mg base/kg) given 2 weeks after ACT completion may be beneficial for killing remaining mature gametocytes and contribute to more interruption of Plasmodium falciparum transmission than giving only 1 single dose of primaquine just after completing ACT.

Development of software for real-time evaluation of tumor dose from transmission dose (실시간 투과선량 측정 소프트웨어의 개발)

  • Youn, J.W.;Lee, H.K.;Ha, S.H.;Huh, S.Y.;Choi, B.Y.;Suh, T.S.;Shinn, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1998 no.11
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    • pp.319-320
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    • 1998
  • We have developed algorithm for calculating tumor dose from transmission dose in radiation therapy. Using data acquisition card and LabVIEW programming language, we acquired the signal from 9 ion chambers, processed and displayed it in real time. And we also developed GUI(Graphic User Interface) for system operation.

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VLC Wireless Data Transmission of High Luminance LED Irradiated by the High Dose-Rate Gamma-Ray (고 선량 감마선 조사에 따른 고휘도 LED의 가시광 무선 데이터 전송)

  • Cho, Jai-Wan;Choi, Young-Soo;Hong, Seok-Boong
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.59 no.5
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    • pp.996-1000
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    • 2010
  • In order to apply VLC (visible light communication) in harsh environment of nuclear power plant in-containment building, the high luminance LEDs, which are key components of the VLC system, have been gamma irradiated at the dose rate of 4 kGy/h during 72 hours up to a total dose of 288 kGy. The radiation induced coloration effect in the high luminance LED bulb made of acryl or plastic material was observed. In the VLC wireless data transmission experiment using the high luminance LEDs irradiated by high dose rate gamma-ray, the radiation induced coloration effect of the high luminance LED bulb extended the communication distance compared to non-irradiated LEDs.

Analysis of dosimetric leaf gap variation on dose rate variation for dynamic IMRT (동적 세기조절방사선 치료 시 선량률 변화에 따른 선량학적엽간격 변화 분석)

  • Yang, Myung Sic;Park, Ju Kyeong;Lee, Seung Hun;Kim, Yang Su;Lee, Sun Young;Cha, Seok Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2016
  • To evaluate the position accuracy of the MLC. This study analyzed the variations of the dosimetric leaf gap(DLG) and MLC transmission factor to reflect the location of the MLC leaves according to the dose rate variation for dynamic IMRT. We used the 6 MV and 10 MV X-ray beams from linear accelerator with a Millennium 120 MLC system. We measured the variation of DLG and MLC transmission factor at depth of 10 cm for the water phantom by varying the dose rate to 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 MU/min using the CC13 and FC-65G chambers. For 6 MV X-ray beam, a result of measuring based on a dose rate 400 MU/min by varying the dose rate to 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 MU/min of the difference rate was respectively -2.59, -1.89, 0.00, -0.58, -2.89%. For 10 MV X-ray beam, the difference rate was respectively ?2.52, -1.69, 0.00, +1.28, -1.98%. The difference rate of MLC transmission factor was in the range of about ${\pm}1%$ of the measured values at the two types of energy and all of the dose rates. This study evaluated the variation of DLG and MLC transmission factor for the dose rate variation for dynamic IMRT. The difference of the MLC transmission factor according to the dose rate variation is negligible, but, the difference of the DLG was found to be large. Therefore, when randomly changing the dose rate dynamic IMRT, it may significantly affect the dose delivered to the tumor. Unless you change the dose rate during dynamic IMRT, it is thought that is to be the more accurate radiation therapy.

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Radiation Dose during Transmission Measurement in Whole Body PET/CT Scan (전신 PET/CT 영상 획득 시 투과 스캔에서의 방사선 선량)

  • Son Hye-Kyung;Lee Sang-Hoon;Nam So-Ra;Kim Hee-Joung
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiation doses during CT transmission scan by changing tube voltage and tube current, and to estimate the radiation dose during our clinical whole body $^{137}Cs$ transmission scan and high quality CT scan. Radiation doses were evaluated for Philips GEMINI 16 slices PET/CT system. Radiation dose was measured with standard CTDI head and body phantoms in a variety of CT tube voltage and tube current. A pencil ionization chamber with an active length of 100 mm and electrometer were used for radiation dose measurement. The measurement is carried out at the free-in-air, at the center, and at the periphery. The averaged absorbed dose was calculated by the weighted CTDI ($CTDI_w=1/3CTDI_{100,c}+2/3CTDI_{100,p}$) and then equivalent dose were calculated with $CTDI_w$. Specific organ dose was measured with our clinical whole body $^{137}Cs$ transmission scan and high quality CT scan using Alderson phantom and TLDs. The TLDs used for measurements were selected for an accuracy of ${\pm}5%$ and calibrated in 10 MeV X-ray radiation field. The organ or tissue was selected by the recommendations of ICRP 60. The radiation dose during CT scan is affected by the tube voltage and the tube current. The effective dose for $^{137}Cs$ transmission scan and high qualify CT scan are 0.14 mSv and 29.49 mSv, respectively. Radiation dose during transmission scan in the PET/CT system can measure using CTDI phantom with ionization chamber and anthropomorphic phantom with TLDs. further study need to be peformed to find optimal PET/CT acquisition protocols for reducing the patient exposure with same image qualify.

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Transmission Dose Estimation Algorithm for Irregularly Shaped Radiation Field (부정형 방사선 조사면에 대한 투과선량 보정 알고리즘)

  • Yun Hyong Geun;Chie Eui Kyu;Huh Soon Nyung;Wu Hong Gyun;Lee Hyoung Koo;Shin Kyo Chul;Kim Siyong;Ha Sung Whan
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Measurement of transmission dose is useful for in vivo dosimetry. In this study, the algorithm for estimating the transmission dose for open radiation fields was modified for application to partially blocked radiation fields. Materials and Methods : The beam data was measured with a flat solid phantom with various blocked fields. A new correction algorithm for partially blocked radiation field was developed from the measured data. This algorithm was tested in some settings simulating clinical treatment with an irregular field shape. Results : The correction algorithm for the beam block could accurately reflect the effect of the beam block, with an error within ${\pm}1.0\%$, with both square fields and irregularly shaped fields. Conclusion : This algorithm can accurately estimate the transmission dose in most radiation treatment settings, including irregularly shaped field.