• Title, Summary, Keyword: Transgenic Plants

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Growth and Yield Response of Transgenic Rice Plants Expressing Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase Gene from Bacillus subtilis

  • Kuk, Yong-In;Chung, Jung-Sung;Sunyo Jung;Kyoungwhan Back;Kim, Han-Yong;Guh, Ja-Ock
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2003
  • Transgenic rice plants expressing a Bacillus subtilis protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox), the last shared enzyme of the porphyrin pathway in the expressed cytoplasm or the plastids, were compared with non-trangenic rice plants in their growth characteristics such as tiller number, plant height, biomass, and yield. Transgenic rice plants of $\textrm{T}_3$ generation had 8 to 15 % and 25 to 43% increases in tiller number compared to non-transgenic rice plants at 4 and 8 weeks after transplanting(WAT); similar values were observed for $\textrm{T}_4$ generation at 4 and 8 WAT. However, the plant height in both $\textrm{T}_3$ and $\textrm{T}_4$ generations was similar between transgenic rice plants and non-transgenic rice plants at 4 and 8 WAT. Transgenic rice plants had 13 to 32% increase in above-ground biomass and 9 to 28% increase in grain yield compared to non-transgenic rice plants, demonstrating that biomass and yield correlate with each other. The increased grain yield of the transgenic rice plants was closely associated with the increased panicle number per plant. The percent of filled grain, thousand grains and spikelet number per panicle were similar between transgenic and non-transgenic rice plants. Generally, the growth and yield of transgenic generations ($\textrm{T}_2$, $\textrm{T}_3$, and $\textrm{T}_4$) and gene expressing sites (cytoplasm-expressed and plastid-targeted transgenic rice plants) were similar, although they slightly varied with generations as well as with gene expressing sites. The transgenic rice plants had promotive effects, indicating that regulation of the porphyrin pathway by expression of B. subtilis Protox in rice influences plant growth and yield.

Low risk of pollen-mediated gene flow in transgenic plants under greenhouse conditions

  • Kim, Deuk-Su;Song, Ilchan;Ko, Kisung
    • Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology : HEB
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    • v.59 no.5
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    • pp.723-728
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    • 2018
  • There is concern about the potential for transgene contamination in wild type (WT) plants via pollen-mediated gene flow from transgenic plants. In this study, we investigate pollen-mediated gene flow using tobacco transgenic lines carrying recombinant protein GA733-FcK, which is a putative candidate for producing colorectal cancer vaccine. Transgenic and WT plants were grown in greenhouse, with WT plants placed 0.3, 1, 5, 10, and 20 m away from transgenic plants. Seeds were harvested from randomly selected WT plants and sown on germination media supplemented with or without kanamycin. At 30 days after sowing, none of the WT seedlings produced true leaves and roots when grown on selective media. Polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that GA733-FcK and nptII genes were expressed in shoots of transgenic plants but not of WT plants. Expression of GA733-FcK and nptII proteins was also abolished in WT leaves when compared to that of transgenic plants. Our findings suggested that there is low risk of pollen-mediated gene flow from transgenic plants expressing GA733-FcK when grown in greenhouse conditions.

Transgenic Tobacco Plants Expressing a Mutant VU-4 Calmodulin Have Altered Nicotinamide Co-Enzyme Levels and Hydrogen Peroxide Levels

  • Oh, Suk-Heung;Park, Yoon-Sick;Yang, Moon-Sik
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 1999
  • In order to understand the biological role of calmodulin in plants, transgenic tobacco plants expressing a calmodulin mutant (VU-4 calmodulin, lys to ile-115) gene have been analyzed. SDS-PAGE and Western-blot analyses showed that the foreign calmodulin mutant is stably and highly expressed in the transgenic tobacco plants. The levels of $H_2O_2$were elevated approximately 2-fold in the transgenic plants. Furthermore, the transgenic tobacco plants have more than 6-fold higher levels of NADPH compared to control tobacco plants. The present findings, combined with previous data showing differences in the susceptibility of the transgenic tobacco seeds and normal tobacco seeds to fungal contamination (Oh and Yang, 1996), suggest that the expression of the calmodulin derivative gene in tobacco plants could increase resistance to infection by fungal pathogens.

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Impact of transgenic AFPCHI (Cucumis melo L. Silver Light) fungal resistance melon on soil microbial communities and enzyme activities

  • Bezirganoglu, Ismail;Uysal, Pinar
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.156-163
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    • 2017
  • A greenhouse experiment was conducted for evaluation of ecological effects of transgenic melon plants in the rhizospheric soil in terms of soil properties, enzyme activities and microbial communities. Organic matter content of soil under transgenic melon plants was significantly higher than that of soil with non-transgenic melon plants. Significant variations were observed in organic matter, total P and K in soil cultivation with transgenic melon plants. There were also significant variations in the total numbers of colony forming units of fungi, actinomycetes and bacteria between soils treated with transgenic and non-transgenic melon plants. Transgenic and non-transgenic melon significantly enhanced several enzymes activities including urease, acid phosphatase, alkalin phosphatase, arysulphtase, ${\beta}$ glucosidase, dehydrogenase, protease and catalase. Soil polyphenoloxidase activity of $T_1$ transgenic melon was lower than that of $T_0$ transgenic melon and a non-melon plant during the same period. The first generation transgenic melon plants ($T_0$) showed significantly greater (p<0.05) effect on the activitiy of arylsulfatase, which increased from $2.540{\times}10^6CFU\;g^{-1}$ (control) to $19.860{\times}10^6CFU\;g^{-1}$ ($T_0$). These results clearly indicated that transgenic melon might change microbial communities, enzyme activities and soil chemical properties.

Responses to Infection of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Pepper Strain (TMV-P) in Transgenic Tobacco Plants Expressing the TMV-P Coat Protein or Its Antisense RNA (담배 모자이크 바이러스 고추계통(TMV-P)의 외피단백질 유전자를 도입한 형질전환 담배의 TMV-P에 대한 반응)

  • 최장경;홍은주;이재열;장무웅
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.374-379
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    • 1995
  • The cDNA of tobacco mosaic virus-pepper strain (TMV-P) coat protein (CP) genes were introduced into tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun nn) using a binary Ti plasmid vector of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. these cDNAs introduced into tobacco plants were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Symptom development was distinctly suppressed in the transgenic plant introduced buy sense CP cDNA when the plant was inoculated with TMV-P, while in transgenic tobacco plants of antisense CP gene, symptom development was not suppressed as in non-transgenic plants. TMV-P concentration in the sense CP transgenic tobacco plant was decreased to 1/14 of the concentration in non-transgenic plants. Expression of the kanamycin resistance gene of these transgenic plants could be detected in the progeny.

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Salt Tolerance in Transgenic Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Plants by P5CS Gene Transfer

  • Najafi F.;Rastgar-jazii F.;Khavari-Nejad R. A.;Sticklen M.
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.233-240
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    • 2005
  • Slices of embryonic axis of mature pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Green Arrow) seeds were used as explant. Transformation of explants was done via Agrobacterium tumefaciens bearing vector pBI-P5CS construct. The best results for inoculation of explants were obtained when they were immersed for 90 s at a concentration of $6{\times}10^8$ cell $ml^(-1)$ of bacterial suspension. Transformed pea plants were selected on $50\;mg\;l^(-1)$ kanamycin and successful transformants were confirmed by PCR and blotting. Transgenic plants were further analyzed with RT-PCR to confirm the expression of P5CS. Transgenic plants and non-transgenic plants were treated with different concentrations of NaCl 0 (control), 100, 150 and 200 mM in culture medium. Measurement of proline content indicated that transgenic plants produced more amino acid proline in response to salt in comparison with non-transgenic plants. Photosynthetic efficiency in transgenic plants under salt-stress was more than that of non-transgenic plants.

Biochemical Characterization of Transgenic Tobacco Plants Expressing a Human Dehydroascorbate Reductase Gene

  • Kwon, Suk-Yoon;Ahn, Young-Ock;Lee, Haeng-Soon;Kwak, Sang-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.316-321
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    • 2001
  • Dehydroascorbate (DHA) reductase (DHAR, EC 1.8.5.1) catalyzes the reduction of DHA to reduced ascorbate (AsA) using glutathione (GSH) as the electron donor in order to maintain an appropriate level of ascorbate in plant cells. To analyze the physiological role of DHAR in environmental stress adaptation, we developed transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi) plants that express a human DHAR gene isolated from the human fetal liver cDNA library in the chloroplasts. We also investigated the DHAR activity, levels of ascorbate, and GSH. Two transgenic plants were successfully developed by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and were confirmed by PCR and Southern blot analysis. DHAR activity and AsA content in mature leaves of transgenic plants were approximately 1.41 and 1.95 times higher than in the non-transgenic (NT) plants, respectively In addition, the content of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in transgenic plants was approximately 2.95 times higher than in the NT plants. The ratios of AsA to DHA and GSSG to GSH were changed by overexpression of DHAR, as expected, even though the total content of ascorbate and glutathione was not significantly changed. When tobacco leaf discs were subjected to methyl viologen at $5\;{\mu}M$, $T_0$ transgenic plants showed about a 50% reduction in membrane damage compared to the NT plants.

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Fitness cost and competitive ability of transgenic herbicide-tolerant rice expressing a protoporphyrinogen oxidase gene

  • Chun, Young Jin;Kim, Dae In;Park, Kee Woong;Jeong, Soon-Chun;Park, Sangkyu;Back, Kyoungwhan;Kim, Chang-Gi
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2013
  • The expression of transgenic traits in genetically modified crops is sometimes associated with decreases in crop performance or fitness. These decreases in performance or fitness of transgenic plants in unfavourable conditions may provide valuable information about the ecological consequences of transgene escape. In a glasshouse trial, we tested the cost associated with resistance to herbicides by comparing the growth, yield, and competitive ability of transgenic rice with its parental non-transgenic line. This new line was developed for constitutive overexpression of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO) to increase resistance to herbicides. We evaluated nine agronomic traits of transgenic and non-transgenic rice grown in a replacement series design over four densities. Competitive ability was also assessed between transgenic and non-transgenic plants by analyzing their relative yields based on biomass and seed weight data. Our results indicated that non-transgenic plants showed greater performance than did the transgenic plants when those genotypes were grown in mixtures. The non-transgenic rice plants exhibited superior competitive ability at certain combinations of planting densities and genotype proportions. These results suggest that PPO-herbicide resistance incurs some costs in plant performance and competitive ability.

Transgenic Tobacco Plants Introduced with cDNA of Cucumber Mosaic Virus Satellite RNA (오이 모자이크 바이러스 위성RNA의 cDNA가 도입된 형질전환 담배의 육성)

  • 이상용;홍은주;최장경
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.80-86
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    • 1995
  • The cDNA of CMV-As satellite RNA was introduced into tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun NN) using a binary Ti plasmid vector system of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The cDNA of satellite RNA introduced into tobacco plants was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and molecular hybridization analyses. Symptom development was distinctly suppressed in the transgenic tobacco plants when inoculated with CMV-Co. CMV concentration in the transgenic tobacco plants was decreased to 1/40 of non-transgenic tobacco plants. The kanamycin resistance gene of the transgenic tobacco plants was also detected in the progeny.

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Transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing the Nicta; CycD3; 4 gene demonstrate accelerated growth rates

  • Guo, Jia;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.542-547
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    • 2008
  • D-type cyclins control the onset of cell division and the response to extracellular signals during the G1 phase. In this study, we transformed a D-type cyclin gene, Nicta;CycD3;4, from Nicotiana tabacum using an Agrobacterium-mediated method. A predicted 1.1 kb cyclin gene was present in all of the transgenic plants, but not in wild-type. Northern analyses showed that the expression level of the Nicta;CycD3;4 gene in all of the transgenic plants was strong when compared to the wild-type plants, suggesting that Nicta;CycD3;4 gene driven by the CaMV 35S promoter was being overexpressed. Our results revealed that transgenic plants overexpressing Nicta;CycD3;4 had an accelerated growth rate when compared to wild-type plants, and that the transgenic plants exhibited a smaller cell size and a decreased cell population in young leaves when compared to wild-type plants.