• Title, Summary, Keyword: Transformational Leadership

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A Duet of Leadership by Leader and Member: The Synergy Effects of Leader Transformational Leadership and Transformational Leadership Shared by Members on Team Effectiveness (리더와 구성원의 리더십 이중주: 팀에서 리더의 변혁적 리더십과 구성원의 변혁적 리더십의 상호작용)

  • Kim, Moon-Joo;Lee, Jiye;Yoon, Jeongkoo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.55-85
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    • 2013
  • The present study examines the effects of transformational leadership exercised by team leader and transformational leadership shared by team members on team creativity and team performance at the team level. A growing body on leadership research highlights the role of team leadership in work organizations. In team settings, studies have focused exclusively on individual leaders who occupy formal leadership positions and exercise vertical influence over team members. In contrast to this traditional approach, shared leadership highlights a horizontal influence process where leadership is collectively carried out by team members. In this shared form of leadership, members actively participate in the leadership process and horizontally influence other team members. This mutual influence among team members constitutes a critical condition for the success of team-based organizations. The ability of team members to work together as a team is the key to the overall functioning of the team organization. To verify the effect of two leadership styles, we analyze the effect of a leader's transformational leadership and members' shared transformational leadership on team creativity and team performance for the same team. This study also predicts that the transformational leadership shared by members will moderate the effects of leader transformational leadership on team performance and creativity. Our findings show that both leaderships have a positive effect on team performance. However, the main effect of a leader's transformational leadership on team creativity is not significant when members' transformational leadership is employed into the model. With the effect of leader transformational leadership controlled for, the main effects of the transformational leadership shared by members on team creativity and performance are significant. In addition, we also found the significant moderation effects of member transformational leadership by leader transformational leadership on team creativity. Based on these findings, we strongly recommend that team based organizations shift the leadership focus from the leader focused leadership model to the shared leadership model. We also discuss managerial implications of our findings in details.

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A Study on CIO Leadership in Korean Firms and Public Sector (CIO의 리더십에 관한 연구)

  • 안중호;홍현기
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.117-143
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    • 1999
  • As information technology becomes an increasingly intrinsic part of business operations and it's use has grown more widespread and ingrained, the demand for study on the CIO's leadership increases.. This study was accomplished to analyze the effect that CIO's transformational and transactional leadership have on leadership performance in pursuit of the ideal leadership required of CIO. The study results reveal the followings. First, CIO's transformational. transactional, and laissez faire leadership is statistically related with leadership performance. Especially, the transformational leadership was more correlated with leadership performance than transactional leadership. Second, leadership performance both of transformational leader and transactional leader was higher than than of laissez faire leader. But leadership performance between transformational leadership and transactional leadership was not statistically significant. Third, many CIOs turn out to possess both transformational and transactional leader's trait, and therefore, the subjects were categorized into the three groups such as: purely transformational leaders, purely transactional leaders, and transformational-transactional leaders. The result shows that leadership performance was high in order of transformational-transactional leader, purely transformational leader, and purely transactional leader. It reveals that leaders possessing both transformational and transactional leadership were more acceptable than the others to the subordinates.

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The Study on Effect of Transformational Leadership on Cook's Intrinsic Motivation and Creativity in Foodservice Firm - Focused on CJ Foodville - (변혁적 리더십이 외식기업 조리사의 내재적 동기와 창의성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - CJ푸드빌을 중심으로 -)

  • Jeon, Hyeon-Mo;Kwon, Na-Kyung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2017
  • The study intended to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and creativity of cooks with transformational leadership as antecedent variable. Transformational leadership has been assessed positively in variable studies as a leadership to improve employee's creativity. The authors also tried to explore structural relationships among transformational leadership, intrinsic motivation, and creativity by identifying the meditating role of intrinsic motivation in the relationship between transformational leadership and creativity of cooks. The study subject was CJ FOODVILLE, which is a representative company with its size, sales, and recognition as a domestic restaurant business. A survey was conducted with employees who were working as a cook in restaurants operated by CJ FOODVILLE in metropolitan areas. The results of the study showed that charisma and intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership positively influenced intrinsic motivation, but inspirational motivation and individualized consideration did not significantly influence intrinsic motivation. In addition, the four elements of transformational leadership did not significantly affect creativity. The findings of the study show that intrinsic motivation played a role as a mediation among charisma, intellectual stimulation, and creativity of transformational leadership. Therefore, the findings of the study suggested intrinsic motivation as an important factor affecting creativity of cooks.

The Effects of Professors' Transformational Leadership on the Improvement of Chinese Students' University Satisfaction: The Mediating Effects of University Identification

  • Zheng, Fusheng;Hahm, SangWoo
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2019
  • The Leaders in organization play various core roles in workers' performance and organizational performance. A leader presents a vision and a direction to enable members to achieve higher performance. Especially, transformational leadership suggests members a strong vision and influences them to have identification with the organization. Based on previous researches, transformational leadership is a close connection to identification with job and organization satisfaction. This study explains the influence of the university professors' transformational leadership on students' university satisfaction and university identification. In this study, the subjects of statistical analysis are Chinese international students studying in Korea. As a result, first, professors' transformational leadership enhanced the level of students' university satisfaction. Second, university identification had a partial mediating influence on the relationship between professors' transformational leadership and students' university satisfaction. Professors' transformational leadership had an influence on the students' identification with their universities. Through this process, students become aware of identification and more satisfied with their universities. As a result of the transformational leadership of the professor, the identification and satisfaction of the international students will be improved and they will be better able to adapt to their study life and achieve high results. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the roles of transformational leadership as a necessary leadership for the successful study abroad life of Chinese students studying in Korea today.

Perceived Leadership Style of Korean Dietitians : Focusing on the Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles

  • Yoon Ji-Young;Joo Nami
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the transformational or transactional leadership styles of Korean dietitians. The study was completed with Korean dietitians (n = 268, $67\%$ response) using mail survey. The leadership styles were divided into transformational (including charisma, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration) and transactional (contingent reward, management by exception) leadership found in the several literature. Overall, the score of Korean dietitians' transactional leadership was higher than that of the transformational leadership (p < .05). Among three sub-dimensions of the transformational leadership styles, the score of 'individualized consideration' was higher than 'charisma' and 'intellectual stimulation'. Between two sub-dimensions of the transactional leadership styles, Korean dietitians used more 'management-by-exception' than 'contingent reward'. ANOVA results suggested that the transformational leadership was more likely to be used by the younger dietitians, while the transactional leadership was more likely to be used by the older dietitians (p < .05). Data showed that dietitians having 3-6 year dietetic experience used more transformational leadership than other experienced dietitians (p < .05). It was also found that the Korean dietitians' leadership styles were influenced by the type of dietetic practice area. Data showed that 'charisma', 'intellectual stimulation', 'individualized consideration' and 'contingent reward' were more likely to be used by Korean dietitians from school than by dietitians from health. care and industry (p < .05). This study will be useful for dietitians to guide the application of appropriate leadership style in order to increase employees' job satisfaction as well as organizational performance. (J Community Nutrition 7(4) : $207\∼214$, 2005)

The Relevant Variables of Parent-Leadership that Influence Family Strength (가족건강성에 영향을 미치는 부모 리더십에 대한 연구)

  • Chae, Kyoung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the relevant variables of parent-leadership that influence family strength based on the transformational leadership and transactional leadership proposed by Bernard M. Bass and to investigate the primary impact of leadership on the subordinate's job satisfaction and job involvement to his/her supervisor. Therefore, this study will provide implications for the family through a diagnosis of the effect by leadership. The results of this research are as follows : 1) How is the relationship of parent-leadership and family strength? A positive correlation was found between transformational leadership scores and family strength. A negative correlation was found between nontransactional leadership scores and family strength. 2) How had transformational leadership and transactional leadership affected on the family strength? Transformational leadership had the strongest effect on family strength. How had the 7 sub- factors of transformational/transactional leadership affected family strength? Idealized influence and contingent reward had strong effect on family strength but management by except had a negative effect on family strength.

Child Care Center Director's Transformational Leadership (보육시설장의 변혁적 지도성에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Da-Wn;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate factors related to the child care center director's transformational leadership and differences of the awareness about transformational leadership between child care center directors and teachers. A survey was conducted using the questionnaire developed by Lee suk-kyung (1997). Results of this research showed that type of child care center, number of children in the program, director's age, educational degree and years of career related to child care, affected the child care director's transformational leadership as recognized by themselves. From a teacher's point of view, director's transformational leadership was influenced by director's age, educational degree, and years of career related to child care. In addition, different level of awareness about director's transformational leadership between child care directors and teachers was found. Based on the result, a program to enhance director's leadership is strongly needed.

Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior : The Mediating Role of Self Leadership (변혁적리더십이 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향에 있어 셀프리더십의 매개효과에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Dong-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Jang, Eun-Young;Moon, Jung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior. It also investigated the mediating effect of self leadership on the causal relationship between transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior. Research results, transformational leadership had a positive affected on the self leadership, The self leadership had a positive affected on organizational citizenship behavior. And transformational leadership did not make a significant impact on organizational citizenship behavior. Finally, the self leadership was a full mediator on the relationships between the transformational leadership and the organizational citizenship behavior. Based on these findings, the implications and the limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.

The Impact of Transformational Leadership, Servant Leadership, and Followers' Regulatory Focus on Individual Creativity: The Mediation Effect of Intrinsic Motivation (변혁적 리더십 및 서번트 리더십과 조직 구성원의 조절 초점 성향이 개인 창의성에 미치는 영향: 내재적 동기의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Sang-Jib
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.137-159
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    • 2016
  • Although prior studies suggest that transformational leadership and servant leadership fuel followers' creativity, there is a few study on leadership style and followers' personality interaction. Based on regulatory focus theory, this study believe that interaction impacts of leadership styles and followers' regulatory focus differed in promotion focus and prevention focus employees' creativity. To strengthen causal process and rule out alternative results, this study conducted an experimental study using field employees. Participant were randomly assigned to four conditions (transformational leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (transformational leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus). The major results of this study suggest that (1) transformational leadership was positively related to promotion focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity, and was negatively related to prevention focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity. (2) Servant leadership, on the other hand, was positively related to promotion focus and prevention focus followers' motivation and creativity. (3) Intrinsic motivation mediated the relationship between interaction effects of leadership style and follower's regulatory focus style and individual creativity. The results of this study demonstrated a remarkable differential impact based on a simple manipulation inducing feeling or thinking of a responsive situation. This research, measuring interaction impact of leadership and followers' regulatory focus in an experimental context, expands the leadership style and regulatory focus literature and provides future directions on leadership role in personality-related research domains.

The Effects of Organizational Commitment on Leadership Style: Focused on Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership (부서장 리더십 유형이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 거래적 리더십과 변혁적 리더십을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jae Woong;Han, Man Yong;Sung, Joong Ahn
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.251-264
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to suggest proper types of leadership that can enhance organizational commitment by examining differences in recognition of department head leadership style. This research is to find out what kind of leadership type is the most efficient to make member committed to their organization among transactional leadership and transformational leadership. To following consequences are gained through this analysis. First, as to the types of department head leadership, the average of transformational leadership was higher than that of transactional leadership. Second, the result of this research indicates the positive impact of transformational leadership affect organizational commitment without continuance commitment at IT departments. But, at non-IT departments, all organizational commitment is affected by transformational leadership. Third, transactional leadership affects affective commitment at IT departments. But, transactional leadership may not affect affective commitment at non-IT departments. Finally, transactional leadership may not affects normative commitment at IT departments, but at non-IT departments.