• Title/Summary/Keyword: Transfer

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Configuration models for technology transfer from universities and research institutes to industries (대학 및 연구소와 산업계간 기술이전시스템의 구성 모델)

  • 문병근;조규갑
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2001
  • Technology transfer from universities and research institutes to industries is recognized as a critical issue to strengthen industrial competitiveness, and the roles of technology transfer intermediaries are becoming one of the most important factors for successful technology transfer In today's global and knowledge-based economies, technology transfer services are started shifting to Internet and vertical transfer of technology from R&D labs to industries is becoming more emphasized than horizontal company-to-company transfer of commercialized technology. And the need of comprehensive technology transfer services necessitates cooperation among technology transfer intermediaries and networks offering complementary services. In order to respond to these changes, it is required to construct a new type of technology transfer system. But there are few researches on technology transfer system configuration for design and realization of technology transfer intermediaries. This paper presents the configuration models of technology transfer from universities and research institutes to industries. The configuration models are classified and described from the viewpoint of flows of information, technology and knowledge.

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An Analysis on the Determinants of Technology Export by Korean Finns to China (한국기업의 대(對)중국 기술수출 결정요인 분석)

  • Lee, Sing-Young;Kim, Hee-Yong
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.141-164
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to come up with the elements that have influence on the outcomes of technology transfer in a multi-divisional way by making analysis of the interactive relations among technology transfer factor, technology transfer procedure factors, and technology transfer outcome factors through the Structural Equation Model(SEM). And the sample companies are restricted to the ones that have the records of technology transfer to China for the past five years For research model, technology success factor model of Choi and Lee (2000) and technology receptive capability and technology transfer outcome model of Lin, Tan and Chang(2002) were adopted. The research model was divided into an external variable, technology transfer factors and an internal variables, technology transfer procedure factors and technology transfer outcome factors. Research hypothesis was divided into technology transfer factors and technology transfer procedure factors; and technology transfer outcomes. As a result of analysis, cultural difference associated with technology transfer, technological type, corporate capability, and mutual trust have an effect on the outcomes of technology transfer.

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A study on the Analogy between Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer (열전달과 물질전달의 유사성에 관한 연구)

  • 유성연;노종광;정문기
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.2624-2633
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    • 1993
  • Mass transfer experiment by naphthalene sublimation method has great advantages in measurement of local transfer coefficients in the region of a three dimensional flow or for a model of complex geometry, which is considered to be very difficult with conventional heat transfer measurements. Mass transfer data obtained by naphthalene sublimation technique are converted to the heat transfer data through heat/mass transfer analogy. This analogy is valid for a simple or laminar flow, but new insight is needed when applying to a turbulent flow or complex flow such as separation, reattachment and recirculation, The purpose of this research is to investigate how geometries and flow conditions incorporate heat/mass transfer analogy. Mass transfer experiments are performed using naphthalene sublimation technique for a flat plate, a circular cylinder, and rectangular cylinders. And mass transfer data are compared with earlier heat transfer measurements for the same geometries. Usefulness of analogy relation between heat and mass transfer is examined with these results.

Experimental study on the characteristics of heat transfer for new type aluminum tube (신형 알루미늄관의 열전달 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 문춘근;윤정인;김재돌
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated heat transfer characteristics of refrigeration system using new type aluminium heat transfer tube for evaporator of refrigeration and air-conditioning comparing with bare tube. From the result of heat transfer experiment form one phase flow using cooled and hot water, about 20% heat transfer performance is superior in case of same quantity of flow and about 4% heat transfer performance if superior in case of same velocity comparing with bare tube. Casing of two phase flow, heat transfer performance of new type aluminum heat transfer tube shows about 50% superior heat transfer performance comparing with bare tube in the same evaporating pressure when using heat transfer tube as evaporator and shows about 47% increase when expressing performance coefficient as the rate of refrigerating capacity and compressing work. However, it can be known that pressure drop in the heat transfer tube is taken higher value of about 18% in case of new type aluminum heat transfer tube. From the above result, new type aluminum heat transfer tube is excellent comparing with bare heat transfer tube using the existing heat exchanger for refrigerator.

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An Evaluation of Transfer of Training Effects on Nuclear Power Plant MCR Operators

  • Kim, Jung Ho;Byun, Seong Nam
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The aim of this study sets factors from previous research known to impact transfer effects as the independent variables, and examines their relationship with the dependent variables, near transfer effects and far transfer effects. Background: Transfer of Training refers to the application of what learners acquire knowledge and skills in training programs to their job. The ultimate goal of training is to apply what employees learn in training sessions to their workplace. In this sense, transfer of training has been a vital concern for training effectiveness. For training to be effective, trainees(learners) should be able to use what they learn in training program back on the job. Method: For this research purpose, this study conducted a survey on 170 nuclear operators in nuclear education and training center. Of these, survey result from the 167 recruits were sampled. Theoretical model of this study is based on Holton & Baldwin's(2003) distance model of transfer effects. This study sets transfer effects(near transfer, far transfer) as the main dependent variables. Meanwhile, the independent variables are trainee characteristics, training characteristics, organizational transfer climate. Each independent variable has subordinate variables. Subordinate variables of trainee characteristics are self-efficacy, motivation to learn, motivation to transfer and ability to transfer. Subordinate variables of training characteristics are training contents, ability of trainers, training design, training climate. The last Subordinate variables of organizational transfer climate are support of supervisors, support of peer, support of organization. Conclusion: As a analysis result, trainee characteristics appeared to be in effect only significant influence near far transfer of training, the effect of the far transfer of training, there is no significant. In addition, the training characteristics appeared to be having a significant influence on near and far transfer effects. Organizational transfer climate appeared to be having a significant influence on near and far transfer effects. Finally, near transfer effect appeared to be having a significant influence on far transfer effects. Application: Results of this analysis in the study to training organization and training characteristics of the transition environment effects on nuclear power institutions and operators training organization having a significant impact that says. The transfer of knowledge and technology, as well as that can be applied to a new situation in terms of education and training are important characteristics.

A Study on the Local Heat Transfer Characteristics for Circular Tubes Using Heat Transfer Promoter (열전달촉진체를 사용한 원관에서의 국소열전달 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon Hwa-Kil;Yoo Seong-Yeon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.389-396
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    • 2006
  • For the successful design of heat exchangers, it is very important to understand local heat transfer phenomena on the circular tube of heat exchangers. In the present study, experiments are performed for single circular tube and tube banks with and without heat transfer promoters. The naphthalene sublimation technique is employed to measure the local mass transfer coefficients, and the measured local mass transfer data are converted to the local heat transfer data using heat and mass transfer analogy. The distribution pattern of local Nusselt numbers on single circular tube with heat transfer promoters is similar to that without the heat transfer promoter, but average Nusselt numbers are greatly increased. In case of tube banks without the heat transfer promoter, the Nusselt numbers are much lower in the first row than those of other rows, but the local heat transfer coefficients on all rows are equalized when the heat transfer promoter is installed.

Timed-Transfer of Buses (동시환승(Timed-Transfer) 버스시스템)

  • 고승영
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 1995
  • This paper deals with an operation concept of "time-transfer of buses", in which buses arrive a transfer center at the same time and allow passengers to transfer to other bus lines, so that passengerscan go anywhere all the timed-transfere buses operate with only one transfer. This timed-transfer bus system is known as an efficient operating technique which can be adopted in an area with sparsely distrubuted bus demand. A model of timed-transfer is estabilished in terms of vaious factors such as the expected(or average) arrival time, distribution of arrival time, timed-transfer cycle, shceduled departure time, etc. It is assumed that the objective of timed-transfer bus system is to minimize the total transfer waiting time. The optimal schedualed arrival time or buffer time(time required to arrive ealy in consideration of delay) is analyzed for a general case and various speicial cases. It was found that the optiaml buffer time is an inverse funcion of the timed-transfer cycl and increases with the cycle time, assumin g that there is a fixed scheduled departure time at the transfer cetner regardless of whether one or more buses fail to arrive before the scheduled departure time. If buses are to wait uhtil all the buses arrive at the transfer center, that is, the transfer departure time is vairable, the optimal scheduled arrival times can be obtained by a mathmatical programming.

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Associations of post-warming embryo or blastocyst development with clinical pregnancy in vitrified embryo or blastocyst transfer cycles

  • Hong, Yeon Hee;Lee, Jang Mi;Kim, Seul Ki;Youm, Hye Won;Jee, Byung Chul
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2020
  • Objective: To investigate whether the degree of post-warming embryo or blastocyst development is associated with clinical pregnancy in vitrified embryo or blastocyst transfer cycles. Methods: Ninety-six vitrified cleavage-stage embryos and 58 vitrified blastocyst transfer cycles were selected. All transfer cycles were performed from February 2011 to March 2019, and all vitrified embryos or blastocysts were warmed from 4 PM to 6 PM and then transferred the next morning from 9 AM to 10 AM. The scores of the cleavage-stage embryos and blastocysts were assessed at warming and at transfer using the modified Steer method and the Gardner method, respectively. The mean embryo or blastocyst score, score of the single top-quality embryo or blastocyst, and the difference in the score between warming and transfer were compared between nonpregnant and pregnant women. Results: In the cleavage-stage embryo transfer cycles, both the top-quality embryo score at transfer and the difference in the score between warming and transfer were significantly associated with clinical pregnancy. A top-quality embryo score at transfer of ≥ 60.0 (area under the curve [AUC], 0.673; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.531-0.815) and a difference in the score between warming and transfer of ≥ 23.0 (AUC, 0.675; 95% CI, 0.514-0.835) were significant predictors of clinical pregnancy. In blastocyst transfer cycles, the top-quality blastocyst score at transfer was the only significant factor associated with clinical pregnancy. A top-quality blastocyst score at transfer of ≥ 38.3 was a significant predictor of clinical pregnancy (AUC, 0.666; 95% CI, 0.525-0.807). Conclusion: The top-quality embryo score at transfer and the degree of post-warming embryo development were associated with clinical pregnancy in vitrified cleavage-stage embryo transfer cycles. In vitrified blastocyst transfer cycles, the top-quality blastocyst score at transfer was the only significant factor affecting clinical pregnancy.

Free Vibration Analysis of Double Cylindrical Shells Using Transfer of Influence Coefficent (영향계수의 전달에 의한 2중 원통형 셸의 자유진동해석)

  • Choi, Myung-Soo;Yeo, Dong-Jun
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2017
  • The transfer influence coefficient method which is an vibration analysis algorithm based on the transfer of influence coefficient is applied to the free vibration analysis of double cylindrical shells. After the computational programs for the free vibration analysis of double cylindrical shells were made using the transfer influence coefficient method and the transfer matrix method, we compared the results using the transfer influence coefficient method with those by the transfer matrix method. The transfer influence coefficient method provided the good computational results in the free vibration analysis of double cylindrical shells. In particular, The results of the transfer influence coefficient method are superior to those of the transfer matrix method when the stiffness of internal springs connecting a inside cylindrical shell and a outside cylindrical shell is very large.

Linguistic Modeling for Multilingual Machine Translation based on Common Transfer (공통변환 기반 다국어 자동번역을 위한 언어학적 모델링)

  • Choi, Sungkwon;Kim, Younggil
    • Language and Information
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2014
  • Multilingual machine translation means the machine translation that is for more than two languages. Common transfer means the transfer in which we can reuse the transfer rules among similar languages according to linguistic typology. Therefore, the multilingual machine translation based on common transfer is the multilingual machine translation that can share the transfer rules among languages with similar linguistic typology. This paper describes the linguistic modeling for multilingual machine translation based on common transfer under development. This linguistic modeling consists of the linguistic devices such as 1) multilingual common Part-of-Speech set, 2) multilingual common transfer format, 3) multilingual common transfer chunking, and 4) multilingual common transfer rules based on linguistic typology. Validity of this linguistic modeling for multilingual machine translation is shown in the simulation. The multilingual machine translation system based on common transfer including Korean, English, Chinese, Spanish, and French will be developed till 2018.

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