• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tradition

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A Critical Study on Theorization of Tradition in Korean Architecture (전통의 현대적 계승을 위한 한국 전통건축의 이론화에 대한 비판적 고찰)

  • Lee, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to critically investigate the ways in which scholars and architects in Korea have theorised the tradition in Korean architecture from the early 20th century to the present. After opening the door to foreign powers, the most important issue to be resolved in Korea architecture has been the modernization of the traditional architecture. The successful modernization of Korean traditional architecture depends on successful theorization of the tradition. However, many attempts to theorise the uniqueness of tradition in Korean architecture had not been instrumental to the modernization of Korean traditional architecture. The reason why they were not successful lies in the lack of philosophical and methodological reflection upon how to approach the tradition. They were either trapped in ambiguous essentialism without systematic methods and theories, or simply inventing the tradition from the vantage point of the present. This paper argues that in order to theorise the tradition, one need to translate the tradition into contemporary architectural vocabularies. What is important in translating the tradition is not to directly apply contemporary concepts and perceptual frame of architecture to traditional architecture but to find the gaps and differences between the two. This will open hermeneutic spaces to translate the tradition into useful principles and vocabularies of comtemporary architecture.

Cognition of Korean Tradition and the Required Basic Educational Contents Among Interior Architects (실무 종사자들의 한국 전통성에 대한 인식 및 요구되는 전통관련 기초 이론 교육의 내용)

  • 오혜경;천진희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to comprehend the cognition of Korean tradition and the required basic educational contents among interior architects. The survey had been made 277 designers and the major findings of this study are as follows. First. It is revealed that only a half of interior architect have been taught about Korean tradition in university and their level of knowledge is entry level. Therefore it is found that the education in university on the Korean tradition was not sufficient enough Second, it is believed that one ideal way of expressing Korean tradition is re-interpreting traditional motive with modern views and another way is to express abstractly about Korean traditional space arrangement, composition and space concept. It is found that substantial knowledge and information is required to express Korean tradition effectively. Third. it is found that a lot of interior architect has faced difficulties in carrying out projects because of not having sufficient knowledge related to Korean tradition. Therefore it is recommended to educate basic theory about Korean tradition first and then reinforce the program by including field trip In university curriculum. Fourth. it is necessary to re-educate to current Interior architect because of lacking knowledge about Korean tradition. The recommended area in priority order is traditional Interior space, traditional architecture, traditional color, traditional pattern and traditional furniture

A Study on the Characteristics of Traditionality Expression at Modernized Chinese Restaurants - Focused on MT(Modernized Traditional) Syle Restaurants in Hong Kong - (현대화 된 중국식 레스토랑에 나타난 전통성 표현 특성 연구 - 홍콩 소재 MT 유형(Modernized Traditional Style) 레스토랑을 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Hye-Kyung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of traditionality expressions at modernized Chinese restaurant in Hong Kong. As a case study, the study examined 12 modernized Chinese restaurants in Hong Kong. The gathered data were categorized and examined according to the ways of traditionality expressions, which included reproduction, transformation, and reinterpretation of traditional components. Each of the components was measured for the amount of traditional or modernity expression on a five-point scale. The five-point scoring system put an emphasis on heritage; 1 point was given to principal modernity(modernity: 90-100% + tradition: 0-10%), 2 points were given to principal modernity + auxiliary tradition(modernity: 70-90% + tradition: 10-30%), 3 points were given to the same ratio between tradition and modernity(modernity: 40-60% + tradition: 40-60%), 4 points were given to principal tradition + auxiliary modernity(modernity: 10-30% + tradition: 70-90%), and 5 points were given to principal tradition(modernity: 0-10% + tradition: 90-100%). The analysis performed according to those criteria and methodologies led to the following findings and conclusions: Traditional components were most reproduced in the ornaments placed all over the restaurant and applied to the chirography of the restaurant logos, walls, and windows/doors in a big number. The methodology of transforming tradition was evenly applied to each of the spatial components. With the most transformations occurring to the lattices, there were many different ways to transform tradition including the partition, chirography, pattern, red lantern, furniture and ornament, and traditional materials that were turned into modern ones. Few examples of reinterpreting tradition were observed in the restaurant titles, inside floors, and ceilings, but plenty of examples were found in the walls, windows/doors, lighting, and furniture in a range of ways. Most of them reinterpreted the traditional forms and added altered patterns to them to remind customers of tradition. In short, all of the three ways of expressing tradition were actively applied to each component in an array of ways.

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The Face of Traditional Cloth Tradition of Tuban Society, East Java, Indonesia

  • Ciptandi, Fajar;Sachari, Agus
    • Fashion, Industry and Education
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.56-69
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    • 2018
  • Tuban area in East Java, Indonesia, has a role as one of international ancient trading ports since 11th century. For that role, Tuban has accepted many foreign cultures that are brought by other nations, such as Tionghoa and Gujarat. The improvement of Tuban that involves international relationship clearly influences the forms of tradition and culture that is shown in Tuban nowadays. It is believed that from those tradition and cultures owned by people of Tuban, producing cloth is one of the oldest tradition maintained by the people. Those clothes, as one of traditional products, have unique identity that differ them to other regions. It is because the uniqueness of people's knowledge about cosmology concept, and skill owned by the people that passes through generations. This research explains the condition of traditional cloth tradition of Tuban society with fundamental ground data and explains elements that intervenes the tradition, and forms resulted from it.

The Anti-osteoporosis Effects of Cassia tora L. Seed Ethanol Extract in Ovariectomixed Rats (결명자 주정추출물의 난소적출 랫드에서 항골다공증 효과)

  • Lee, Mu-Jin;An, Byeong-Kwan;Jung, Ho-Kyung;Lee, Ki-Ho;Kim, A-Hyeon;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Jang, Ji-Hun;Sim, Mi-Ok;Kim, Tae-Muk;Kim, Min-Suk;Seong, Tea-Gyeong;Woo, Kyeong-Wan;Cho, Jung-Hee;Kim, Jong-Choon;Cho, Hyun-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.333-342
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    • 2016
  • In our study, osteoporosis was induced by ovariectomized in female rats, and the prevention and treatment efficacy of the climacteric disease the postmenopausal type I pattern was examined by using the experimental substance Cassia tora (CT) ethanol extracts. Female rats were either sham-operated (sham; n=5) or surgically ovariectomized (OVX; five animals per group) and then administered to OVX control, raloxifene hydrochloride (RLX) 1 mg/kg/day, or CT (20 and 200 mg/kg/day) for 12 weeks. Serum osteocalcin and creatinine concentration were significantly lower in the CT 200 mg/kg/day group compared with the OVX control group. Serum progesterone concentration was significantly higher in the CT 200 mg/kg/day group compared with the OVX control group. Reduction grade of the trabecular bone decreased in the RLX 1 and CT 200 mg/kg/day group compared with that of the OVX control group. In conclusion, CT 200 mg/kg/day may have inhibitory effects on osteoporosis in OVX rats.

A Study on the Analysis of Traditionality in the Architecture of Kenzo Tange (단게 겐조(丹下健三)의 건축에서 나타나는 전통성 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Je-Joong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2019
  • Kenzo Tange who had successfully led Japan's early modern architecture has been interested in how to express tradition in the process of realistic creation of architecture since the 1950s. He tried to express the tradition of Japanese architecture in modern architecture in his own way. Tange believed that existing theory of tradition preserving traditional forms would no longer make Japan's tradition international. Therefore, he insisted that through his own 'new tradition', the tradition is maintained only by constant innovation, and that it does not leave traces in the results as a catalyst to stimulate creative activities. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the concept and characteristics of 'new tradition' which Tange has claimed in his architecture.

A Study on the Characteristics of Traditionality Expression at TM Style Chinese Restaurants - Focused on Chinese Restaurants in Hong kong - (TM 유형 중국식 레스토랑의 전통성 표현 특성 연구 - 홍콩에 소재한 레스토랑을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Ji-Eun;Oh, Hye-Kyung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.280-288
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of traditionality expressions at modernized Chinese restaurant in Hong Kong. As a case study, the study examined 12 modernized Chinese restaurants in Hong Kong. The gathered data were categorized and examined according to the ways of traditionality expressions, which included reproduction, transformation, and reinterpretation of traditional components. Each of the components was measured for the amount of traditional or modernity expression on a five-point scale. The five-point scoring system put an emphasis on tradition; 1 point was given to principal modernity(modernity: 90-100% + tradition: 0-10%), 2 points were given to principal modernity + auxiliary tradition(modernity: 70-90% + tradition: 10-30%), 3 points were given to the same ratio between tradition and modernity(modernity: 40-60% + tradition: 40-60%), 4 points were given to principal tradition + auxiliary modernity(modernity: 10-30% + tradition: 70-90%), and 5 points were given to principal tradition(modernity: 0-10% + tradition: 90-100%). The analysis performed according to those criteria and methodologies led to the following findings and conclusions: TM style, in which modernity was principal, usually did transformation and reinterpretation of traditionality. As for the design attributes of the styles, the TM style, they processed a majority of the spatial components as modern or reinterpretation of traditionality, which would be easily considered to be modern without careful observation, and applied a small amount of direct reproduction or transformation, which gives out a direct hint at traditionality, to attract more attention. Many of the spatial components did not express traditionality directly, expressing it indirectly or metaphorically. Traditionality was expressed in a small number of the spatial components, thus serving as a focus or impact point in the given space.

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The Protection System of Cultural Property and the Discourse of Tradition (문화재보호제도와 전통 담론)

  • Jung, Soo-jin
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.172-187
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine how the 'tradition' has been identified and used concretely on the protection system of cultural property. Firstly, this paper investigated the historical process and aspects that the 'cultural property' and the 'tradition' combined, each had different meaning at the beginning. And it investigated the linkage of them which effect to the protection system and to each other on the system operated. Then, it pointed out a rift within the discourse of tradition to which the system have held on, and the problems as its result. This paper applied the viewpoint of anti-essentialism that the tradition is presented with hegemonic act to raise the inevitable continuity with the past, instead of the common notion that the tradition is 'everything that is handed down from the past.' Because the cultural property is the product of the state system, to pursne the linkage of it and the tradition is identical to examine how the tradition have been officially defined in the national hegemony. Since the 1920s the tradition has defined as a fixed, essential, pure reality in the changing process of the protection system of cultural property. This essentialist viewpoint about the tradition have been continued as the institutional premise regardless of many critics, raised by studies focusing on the culture and cultural property. But we see now a rift on the discourse of tradition as the intellectual discourse has been supported to the system, that is caused by the fast-changing global economic environment and a rat race around the registration of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.

Classical Tradition in the Modern Movements - Architectural Historical re-evaluation on the possibility of Italian Rationalism - (근대 건축과 고전 건축의 전통성 문제 - 이태리 합리주의 건축의 가능성에 대한 건축사적 재평가 -)

  • Yim, Seock-Jae
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.126-135
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    • 1993
  • Italian Rationalism held a specific position in the Modern Movements of Architecture, due to the fact that Italian Rationalism could not totally escape from the classical tradition of Italy. Until the seventies, Italian Rationalism had been criticized for having made no contribution to the progressive aspects of the Modern Movements owing to the very keeping of tradition. After the seventies, however, there emerged a movement which tries to reinterprete the Modern Movements of Architecture in relation to tradition and under this new situation, Italian Rationalism is believed to have a historical possibility of unifying tradition with modernity. This study is to show how Italian Rationalism struggled with the issue of tradition, why Italian Rationalism was under-evaluated and which historic lesson we can learn from it in the contemporary days of the revivalistic Post-Modernism.

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A study on the Tradition of Meaning and Express in Contemporary Architecture (현대 건축에 있어서 전통성의 의미와 표현에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Dong-Jae;Kim, Jong-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1998
  • The aim of this study is to examine the expression of the meaning of tradition and the archetype of korean image in it in order to find out korean image on reflection of the meaning of tradition. The results are as follows. 1) The nature of tradition illuminates the past, and lights up the present. It cannot be a portrait which enable to have a future prospect and also a cornerstone a tutore pave the way for of the better direction. 2) It's meaning like to say that korean style it self is considered as an expression of tradition. But it korean tradition has a tradition course in a dialectical way, new creation will be possible, 3) The social and cultural aspects change as time goes by through the tendency of society and it's culture we can get some imformation about the inner spirit of human being. The inner spirit of human being is the spirit of our nation so that we can get oringinality from the culture of our nation. 4) On the aspect of idea oganic system must be visualized on the basis of scale whichs accustomed to our emotion. 5) We can also find out the growing tendency that architects are willing to express the typological image as spacial arrangement and ideology of the Korean image to their works recently. It can be defined that it is a progressive tendency for the expression of Korean image in contemporary architecture. This study is needed to have move practical and concrete examination in order to approach more ideologically the expression of the sense of tradition.

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