• Title/Summary/Keyword: Trade Environment

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An RBMS-based Approach for Efficient Trade Process Change Management: Focused on Export and Import Customs Operations (무역 프로세스의 효율적 변화 관리를 위한 RBMS기반 접근법 : 수출입 통관 업무를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Kun-Woo;Cho, Hyuk-Soo
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.25-45
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    • 2009
  • The e-Trade environment has enabled the complex trade processes to be automated using e-Trade information systems, which had been manually processed through many trade-related parties in the past. Korea has completed the development of the most advanced e-Trade platform called "u-Trade Hub," which can process automatically all the trade-related activities from marketing to payment. It is anticipated for the world trade environment to have more FTAs throughout the world and this will complicate the trade processes more and more in the future. This means the constant cost-bearing updates of the e-Trade environment to adapt the process changes brought by new FTAs with other countries. In this paper, we propose the systematic approach to easily as well as less costly adapt the possible trade process changes resulted from the future FTAs by adopting a rule base management system. The prototype system to test the applicability of the proposed approach is developed using Win-Prolog 4.8 environment.

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A Study on the Commercial Customs and Practices in Indonesia (인도네시아의 통상환경과 상관습에 대한 소고)

  • Kim, Hee-Jun
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.87-105
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    • 1999
  • A objective of this study is to examine a commercial practices and analyze a trade environment for a successful launch of Indonesian market. In general, Indonesian trade environment is composed of a natural environment, religious peculiarity, history and politic, an economic prospect. In order to understand a commercial practice exactly and then be possible a favorable business achievement, a natural character, a mode of living, custom of a meal and invitation, custom of gift, religious taboo, a human relationship, commercial power, a tendency of product preference should be recognized. The results of the study indicate mostly that even though an excellent brand image, a good Quality and an efficient sales network are a basic factor for making of a successful business. However practically it is more important to understand a business custom and a natural character of Indonesian. Because business is made up of through relation between human being eventually.

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A Study on the Commercial Customs and Practices in India (인도의 통상환경과 상관습에 대한 소고)

  • Kim, Hee-Jun
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.259-275
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze trade environment and examine a commercial practices for a successful launching of Indian market In general, Indian trade environment is composed of a natural environment, religious peculiarity, history and politic and economic prospect. In order to understand Indian commercial practices and secure business achievements, its national character, mode of living, customs related to foods and social relations such as exchange of gifts, religious taboos, tendency of product preference should be recognized. The results of the study indicate mostly that even though an excellent brand image, a good quality and an efficient sales network are a basic factor for making of a successful business, practically it is more important to understand a business customs and national character of indian people. Because business is accomplished through relationship between human beings eventually.

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Korean Enterprise Export Strategies to China Dependent on Trade Environment Changes

  • Ham, Ki-Soo;Lee, Sang-Youn
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - Currently, the foreign trade environment in China has shifted to a very different system. Korean enterprises have been forced to compete with Chinese enterprises in today's world market owing to the economic growth and technical improvement in China. Research design, data, and methodology - The author visited Korean export enterprises in Shanghai from January 5 to 12, 2014 to implement a questionnaire survey and conduct in-depth interviews with the local enterprises. The author investigated the Shenyang area using e-mail communication. For the questionnaire, one copy of the questionnaire was given to each business and to a staff member for each of the products when a company sold multiple products. Results - Selling cost advantage, efficiency of economic scale, and product differentiation had the most influence on Korean enterprises' export strategy to China. Additionally, entry barrier, product differentiation, and concentration all had an influence on Korean enterprise export strategy to China as well. Conclusion - Korean enterprises developed strategies for price priority, economies of scale, and product differentiation based on changes in the competitive structure in the Chinese market.

The Development of Trade Experts according to the Changing Trade Environment (무역환경 변화에 따른 무역전문가 양성 방안)

  • Song, Youngsook;Cho, Eun Sik
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.45-63
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to identify methods to effectively train experts in trade. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, the relevant literature was analyzed. Three experts from each of academia, the private sector and the government sector were interviewed. The study results found that the problems of cultivating trade experts were quantitative and qualitative mismatches, the disparity with the field, and the lack of government support for training trade experts, etc. Methods for fostering trade experts were suggested to resolve these mismatches, to secure a budget for training trade experts, to establish a body or council for coordination, to develop a trade expert roadmap, to introduce a program for certificated trade expert, and to improve the quality of education for trade experts.

A Study on the Activation of the Technology Trade to Changing Trade Environment - Focusing on the Intellectual Property Rights - (통상환경 변화에 따른 기술무역 활성화 방안 - 지식재산권을 중심으로 -)

  • Seo, Gab-Sung;Kim, Jong-Sung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.165-188
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    • 2008
  • Some developed countries have already long been adapted to these changes in the international economic environment would improve productivity rather than traditional technology based on more high value-added business and increased investment. IPR protection is not just a national interest in the creation and growth of dimensions beyond the country's national competitiveness and a driving force to decide whether to challenge the core of the matter. Therefore, the importance of IPR in the country to raise awareness of IPR protection, and for systematic and comprehensive policy that will continue to be prepared.

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Customs Administration strategies under FTA's trade environment (FTA 무역환경에서의 관세행정 전략)

  • Choe, Hui-In
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2007.06a
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2007
  • The Customs Administration, unlike other administrative service, should respond to constantly changing external environment. The Customs has to actively adapt itself to government policy changes, economic changes and international environment changes to facilitate the flow of trade logistics and maintain trading relations wi th other countries. The purpose of this paper is to explain policy directions of the Korea Customs Service which enforces various policies related to tariff and non-tariff barrier elimination for the trade liberalization while the Korean government is pursuing FTAs on a multi-track basis. This paper aims to seek ways to apply FTA policies to the Korean society and economy in a smooth manner. First of all, this paper examines changes in Customs administration brought by the proliferation of FTAs to such areas as FTA negotiations, import/export management, duties and taxes collection, drawback reduction/exempt ion of duty application area of preferential tariff rate and country of origin management. Then, the paper sets FTA missions of "supporting Customs Administration to lead the new trend of free trade environment" after analyzing the environment changes. To achieve the FTA mission mentioned above, the KCS designated 4 strategies and 40 implementation tasks. The 4 strategies are named "4C Strategies" taking initial letters from Client-oriented, Customized procedures, Cooperation and Constitution. "4C" also refers to Foresee(strategies to foresee the successful establishment of FTA policies) or For C(Customer or Customs). The KCS will continue to create new tasks through various channels and monitor their implementation process, and to help FTA regime successfully take root in Korea.

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A Study on the Proposal for Training of Global Trade Expert of Korean University under Global Trade Environment (글로벌 무역환경 변화에 따른 우리나라 대학의 선진형 무역전문인력 양성방안에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Eun-Sig;Park, Kwang-So
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.47
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    • pp.403-428
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    • 2010
  • Our country's sustainable trade growth fundamentally depends on the supply of excellent labors called global trade expert. He or she is required several knowledge and skills not only trade, marketing, information technology, foreign languages but also global mind. Universities have to supply excellent global trade expert to companies according to needs and wants. The object of this paper is to propose some ideas for training of global trade expert of Korea university under global trade environment. First, global companies prefer labors who have not only some skills about specialty and communication skill but also personality on passion, creativity, leadership and so on. Second, The university's curriculum needs to improved in terms of "convergence" and "specialty". In nature, trade major treats lots of subjects such as trade, business adminstration, economics, international law, international commerce, logistics, marketing, etc to catch up changing global business circumstances and companies' needs. Therefore convergence of adjacent field is very important in study and training. Finally, Universities need to use field-specialist to supplement of trade working experience as instructors and practitioners. The concept of convergence and specialty is not separated but harmonious each other.

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A Study on the Roles of Arbitration and Online Arbitration in International Cyber Trade (사이버무역에서 중재의 역할과 온라인중재에 관한 연구)

  • Oh Won-Suk;Yu Byoung-Yook
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.61-101
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    • 2004
  • Information and communications technologies are affecting an economic and social transformation of all countries. Without exception international commercial dispute resolution systems are faced with change its mechanism to online technology. Dispute parties can seek redress through arbitration other than litigation or mediation. Traditional dispute resolutions do not match the cyber trade environment which is basically pursuit the speed and efficiency in cyberspace. Arbitration other than resolution methods have been considered to be match with the online environment which is including party autonomy, speed and internationally accepted and binding awards. Traditional arbitration, however is lack of time and different physical location relating all parties. So we now think cyberspace as for the resolving place which is online arbitration. Even the parties exist in different space and time they may meet in the same time and space without moving or trips. Nowadays there are many online arbitration service provider serving the resolution of dispute arising with online transaction. In this paper we study the tendency for online arbitration, the recognize uncertain matters and avoiding programs its matters when use the online arbitration between disputing parties under cyber trade environment.

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The Importance of the University Education System for Trade Workforce: the Person-Organization Fit Perspective

  • Kim, So Yeon;Moretti, Raul
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.56
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    • pp.57-76
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    • 2012
  • As globalization accelerates and the trade environment rapidly changes, a more prepared trade workforce is required for the business world. The trade department is an important educational institution that educates and trains future trade talent. Thus, in the evolving trade environment, their role has significant implications for the economic growth of Korea. The present paper is a comparative study of the importance of the university education system in terms of the trade work force through the Person-Organization fit (P-O fit) perspective. We observe that the American trade education system is more oriented to meet and reflect the needs from the real world. It contains a support structure through various governmental organizations that offer financial incentives as well as educational opportunities through internships and other hands-on experiences. The trade education systems in universities in Korea are still static by comparison and are recommended to implement changes that will give students more practical exposure to trade. The governmental and business sectors are also encouraged to support universities in achieving these goals through building a strong cooperative network with university trade departments.

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