• Title, Summary, Keyword: Topography

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Evaluation of the Tribological Parameters of Three-dimensional Surface Topography with Various Property

  • Uchidate, M.;Shimizu, T.;Iwabuchi, A.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.249-250
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, the relationship among the 3-D surface topography parameters are studied. Several surface topography parameters that are important in tribology are calculated against various surface topography data. 3-D surface data with desired properties are generated by using the non-causal 2-D auto-regressive (AR) model. The non-causal 2-D AR model is a random 3-D surface topography model that can generate 3-D surface topography data with specified parameters.

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Correlation of the 3D-Surface Topography and Cobb's Angle in Scoliotic Patient's (측만증 환자에서 3차원 체표면 영상분석과 Cobb 각의 상관관계)

  • Choi, Eun-Jung;Kim, Tae-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of study correlation between 3D-surface topography and Cobb angle in scoliotic patients. It would be recognizing possibility of clinical application with 3D-surface topography with scoliosis assessment and correlation analysis of obtained Cobb angle through measured results of surface topography and took X-ray of subjects with scoliosis, which used to 3D-surface topography of laser scan method. A scoliosis subjects 16(males 4, females 12) agreed for study's purport volunteer our study that diagnose the scoliosis through 3D-surface topography and X-ray. The results were as follow: It was shown that the relation of Cobb angle of scoliosis and itemized 3D-surface topography measurement in horizontal view(p<0.01). top difference of cervicothoracic and lumbar in anterior-posterior view(p<0.05), the top difference of thoracic, thoracolumbar(p<0.01). These results suggest that an itemized 3D-surface topography measurement was highly correlated with Cobb angle. It would be a useful diagnosis method and assessment of physical therapy plan.

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Studies on the theory of Oriental Medicine Diagnosis and applicatin of Moire topography (한의학적(韓醫學的) 진단원리(診斷原理)와 모아레 토포그래피의 응용(應用))

  • Lee, Jae-Won
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.273-287
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    • 1995
  • Moire topography, a simple technique for three-dimensional quantitation, was used to provide interference fringe photographs of the human back with sufficient accuracy to be used for detecting patient with asymmetry due to scoliosis, the disease of cervix and lumbar, muscle dysfunction. Contour lines are a suitable and widely accepted method of describing a three-dimensional surface. In the moire technique, contour lines of an object are produced as interference fringes while the object is illuminated by a spotlight through a special grating. The fringe pattern is produced by the interference of the grating and its shadow on the object. A photograph of a moire pattern on the human back will permit an assessment of the overall body shape and the symmetry of the back. This study uses shadow moire topography. Moire topography provides a non-invasive technique for quantifying the shape of the human body. In the use of moire topography for the Oriental Medicine Diagnosis, the strength of moire lies in the ablility to detect change due to deformity of human body.

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A Study on the Korean medicine Clinical Use of Moire topography in musculoskeletal diseases (근골격계 질환에 대한 경근무늬측정검사(모아레)의 한의약적 임상응용 고찰)

  • Ryu, Hongsun;Song, Aejin;Chong, Myongsoo
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-87
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study aims to classify and analyze literature related to moire topography, as a diagnostic device of Korean medicine, discuss research trends and major results, and demonstrate the value of moire topography. Methods : To investigate moire topography research trends, Korean keywords that signify 'moire' were searched in a Korean journal search engine. Initially, 2,988 papers were found in the research, and, after classifying them and removing those that are duplicate in other databases, only 37 papers were applicable for the literature review in this study. To analyze research trends, the 37 papers were analyzed based on the publication year, research field, journal, and research type, and, clinical articles were classified based on the diagnosis purpose, subject characteristics, diagnosis method, test method, and test result, for analysis. Results : Moire topography research in South Korea was first conducted in 1995 and most active in 2003, mostly in the field of Korean medicine. In the journal analysis, The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine & Nerves published the highest number of papers, most of which were clinical articles and the rest were literature review. And, in the analysis of clinical papers, based on the diagnosis purpose, muscle somatotype measurement was most common, followed by diagnosis of scoliosis. In terms of subjects, most studies focused on elementary, middle, and high school students, and, in terms of the diagnosis method, other tests were used in most studies. The analysis of moire topography methods showed that most studies measured the shoulder, back, and hip, and the most common measurement method in the studies measured the difference in contour lines on the left and right by designating a central line of the body. In terms of the result, most moire topography brought about significant diagnosis results, and many studies demonstrated its use for musculoskeletal diseases in particular. Conclusions : Moire topography is believed to be highly significant for diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal diseases and further research will be needed to support it.

Investigation on the correlation Improvement Rate of Symptoms with Moire Topography Analytic Improvement Rate (추나요법을 시행한 요통환자의 호전도와 Moire 영상 개선도와의 상관관계)

  • Heo, Su-Young;Kim, Ki-Ho
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 2000
  • The present study retrospectively investigated clinical outcome at patients with low back pain or sciatica during Chuna treatment (flexion-distraction technique). The study population consisted of 29 patients. Discogenic group consisted of 21 patients who were already diagnosed as HNP of lumbar spine with serial MRIs(magnetic resonance imaging) or CTs(computerized tomography). Simple LBP group consisted of 8 patients with low back pain & sciatica who were non-specific disorder on radiologic examination. All patients were treated with flexion-distraction technique, one of Chuna technique, under analysis of Moire Topography. And the evaluation of clinical outcome was done twice during this study by Moire Topography Analytic Point and Low Back Pain Assesment, Visual Analogue Scale. The results were summarized as follows; Total improvement rate of Moire Topography was $25.8{\pm}17.8%$, and the rate of Low Back Pain Assesment was $56.5{\pm}23.0%$, Visual Analogue Scale of post-treatment was $32.6{\pm}22.5$ Between Improvement rate of Moire Topography and improvement rate of Low Back Pain Assesment, significant correlation was proved(Person's coefficient was 0.381, p<0.05). After all, it is certain improvement of Moire Topography represents symptom's improvement.

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NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF COASTAL INUNDATION OVER DISCONTINUOUS TOPOGRAPHY

  • Yoon, Sung-Bum;Cho, Ji-Hoon
    • Water Engineering Research
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.75-87
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    • 2001
  • A new moving boundary technique for leap-frog finite difference numerical mode is proposed for the resonable simulation of coastal inundation over discontinuous topography. The new scheme improves the moving boundary technique developed by Imamura(1996). The present scheme is tested using the analytical solution of Thacker(1981) for the case of free oscillation with moving boundary in a parabolic bowl. Finally, a numerical simulation is conducted for the flooding over a tidal barrier constructed on a simple concave geometry. A general feature of inundation over a discontinuous topography is well described by the numerical model.

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Magnetocardiogram Topography with Automatic Artifact Correction using Principal Component Analysis and Artificial Neural Network

  • Ahn C.B.;Kim T.H.;Park H.C.;Oh S.J.
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2006
  • Magnetocardiogram (MCG) topography is a useful diagnostic technique that employs multi-channel magnetocardiograms. Measurement of artifact-free MCG signals is essenctial to obtain MCG topography or map for a diagnosis of human heart. Principal component analysis (PCA) combined with an artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed to remove a pulse-type artifact in the MCG signals. The algorithm is composed of a PCA module which decomposes the obtained signal into its principal components, followed by an ANN module for the classification of the components automatically. In the experiments with volunteer subjects, 97% of the decisions that were made by the ANN were identical to those by the human experts. Using the proposed technique, the MCG topography was successfully obtained without the artifact.

A Study on the Calibration of Shape Measurement System Using Digital moire (Digital moire 형상측정 시스템의 보정에 관한 연구)

  • 유원재;김도훈;안재웅;강영준;노형민
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.199-202
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    • 2002
  • Moire topography method is a well-known non-contacting 3-D measurement method. Recently, the automatic 3-D measurement by moire topography has been required since the method was frequently applied to the engineering and medical fields. 3-D measurement using digital projection moire topography is very attractive because of its high measuring speed and high sensitivity. In this paper, using different N-bucket algorithm method of digital projection moire topography is tested to measuring object with the 2$\pi$-ambiguity problem. Experimental results prove that the proposed scheme is capable of finding measurement errors that decreased more by using the flour-three step algorithm method than the same step in the phase shifting of different pitchs.

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Topography in intertidal zone by satellite images

  • Kang, Yong-Q.
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.664-669
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    • 2002
  • Intertidal zone (tidal flat) is a place which is sometimes dry and sometimes wet depending on the tidal rhythm. Direct measurement of topography in the intertidal zone is very difficult to be achieved. The interface between wet and dry parts in the tidal flat, which can be identified from near infrared band of satellite image, is a 'depth contour' which corresponds to the sea level at the time of satellite pass. Aquisition of topography data in tidal flat is possible by combining various techniques such as (1) identification of the interface between wet and dry parts, (2) GCP correction of satellite image, and (3) realtime prediction of sea level elevation at the time of satellite pass. The algorithm was successfully applied in obtaining topography (bathymetry) data in the intertidal zone of Asan Bay in the west coast of Korea from 26 satellite images. The method is expected to be very efficient in making bathymetry data base in the western and southern parts of Korea where tidal flats are well developed in wide regions.

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