• Title, Summary, Keyword: Top Manager

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Menu Analysis Using Menu Engineering and Cost/Margin Analysis - French Restaurant of the Tourism Hotel in Seoul - (메뉴엔지니어링기법과 CMA 기법을 이용한 메뉴 분석에 관한 연구 - 서울지역 특1급 호텔의 프렌치레스토랑을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Eun-Jung;Lee, Young-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.270-279
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    • 2006
  • This study was designed to : (a) analyze the menus of the French restaurant in tourism hotel using the menu analysis techniques of Kasavana & Smith and Pavesic, (b) compare the characteristics of the two analysis techniques. The calculations for the menu analysis were done using the MS 2000 Excel spreadsheet program. The menu mix % and unit contribution margin were used as variables by Kasavana & Smith and weighted contribution margins (WCM) and potential food cost % (PFC%) by Pavesic. In two cases, a four-cell matrix was created and menu items were located in each according they achieved high or low scores with respect to two variables. The items that scored favorably on both variables were rated in the top category (e.g., star, prime) and those that scored below average on both were rated in the lowest category (e.g., dog, problem). While Kasavana & Smith's method focused on customer's viewpoints, Pavesic's method considered the manager's viewpoints. Therefore, it is more likely to be desirable for decision-making on menus if the menu analysis techniques chosen is suited to its purpose.

An Empirical Study on the Influencing Factors, Practice Level, and Performanc of Green Supply Chain Management From the Innovation Diffusion Theory Perspective (혁신확산이론 관점에서의 Green SCM 도입 및 영향요인과 성과에 관한 실증연구)

  • Lee, Young-Chan;Oh, Hyung-Jin
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.59-78
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we arrange the concept of 'Green' in SCM after literature study of Green SCM and investigate causal relationships between influencing factors, practice level and environmental performance focused on Korean firms empirically and conduct path analysis for hypothesis test using partial least squares regression with bootstrap. Firstly, we divide influencing factors of Green SCM into environmental and organizational factors through the previous studies of innovation diffusion theory and environmental management theory, and then we selected 'uncertainty', 'competitiveness' as the environmental factors and 'top management support', 'perceived benefit', 'training' as the organizational factors. Secondly, we classify practice level of Green SCM into 'internal environmental management', 'green purchasing', 'eco-design'. Finally, we selected 'financial performance', 'environmental performance' as the organizational performance. We conducted a survey on the middle manager of manufacturing companies implementing SCM and an empirical analysis. The results of analysis show that there exist causal relationships between influencing factors, practice level, and environmental performance of Green SCM. We expect that the result of this study will suggest useful information to managers who are responsible for SCM to design and execute Green SCM in strategic perspectives.

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A Study on the Factors Influencing Job Information Sharing among Junior College Students (대학생들의 취업정보 공유에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Rosa;Kim, Seonghee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.53-75
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    • 2017
  • In this study, a survey was conducted with 385 students in a junior college, where jobs and field education are emphasized, to identify the factors affecting job information sharing. The structural equation modeling was adopted to analyze the collected data. The most influential factor to the sharing was cultural factor, which was affected by the organizational culture promoting job information sharing, the leadership of top manager, and the appropriate compensation system. The results from this study can be used as important basic data for activating job information sharing among junior college students.

An Empirical Study on Influencing Factors, Practice Level, and Performance of Green Supply Chain Management (친환경 공급사슬관리의 영향요인, 실행수준, 그리고 기업성과간의 구조적 인과관계)

  • Lee, Young-Chan;Oh, Hyung-Jin
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.173-203
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we arrange the concept of 'Green' in SCM after literature study of Green SCM and investigate causal relationships between influencing factors, practice level and environmental performance focused on Korean firms empirically and conduct path analysis for hypothesis test using partial least squares regression with bootstrap. Firstly, we divide influencing factors of Green SCM into environmental and organizational factors through the previous studies of innovation diffusion theory and environmental management theory, and then we selected 'uncertainty', 'competitiveness' as the environmental factors and 'top management support', 'perceived benefit', 'training' as the organizational factors. Secondly, we classify practice level of Green SCM into 'internal environmental management', 'green purchasing', 'eco-design'. Finally, we selected 'financial performance', 'environmental performance' as the organizational performance. We conducted a survey on the middle manager of manufacturing companies implementing SCM and an empirical analysis. The results of analysis show that there exist causal relationships between influencing factors, practice level, and environmental performance of Green SCM. We expect that the result of this study will suggest useful information to managers who are responsible for SCM to design and execute Green SCM in strategic perspectives.

Outpatient Satisfaction at Private General Hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • GIAO, Ha Nam Khanh;THY, Nguyen Thi Anh;VUONG, Bui Nhat;KIET, Truong Van;LIEN, Le Thi Phuong
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.7
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    • pp.323-334
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    • 2020
  • The quality of hospital services remains a concern of both the manager and the patient. The study aims to identify factors affecting outpatient satisfaction at private general hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, establishing a scale for measuring them. Some 450 outpatients who were treated in five top private hospitals in Ho Chi Minh city (HCMC) in 2019 - An Sinh General Hospital, Hoan My General Hospital, Columbia Asia International Hospital, FV Hospital, and Vu Anh International General Hospital - were interviewed directly in the last quarter of 2019 to obtain the information. The SERVPERF model, plus the cost, together with the SPSS software, have been used to process information by Cronbach's alpha analysis, Exploratory Factor analysis, and linear regression analysis. The results show that there are five factors influencing outpatient satisfaction at private general hospitals in HCMC, in which four factors affects positively in the order of decreasing importance: treatment outcome, doctors and nurses' professional capacity, facilities and environment of the hospital, hospital care, and the treatment time factor affects negatively. The results of the study provide private hospital in HCMC managers with a number of suggestions to increase the level of hospital service quality, so that increase outpatients satisfaction.

Needs on Management Development Program for Head Nurse (간호 관리 능력 개발을 위한 교육 연구)

  • Park, Jeong-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.5
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    • pp.84-99
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    • 1998
  • The objectives of this study are to identify the actual educational contents of management for head nurse and to propose the educational subjects according to identity the needs of head, charge, and staff nurses. The subjects were investigated the actual Management Development Programs and educational needs of head nurses and prospective nurse manager(charge nurse, staff nurse with a lot of clinical experiences) in general hospitals. The tools were composed of two questionnaires: One was developed from the literature review for making items to measure actual situation. The other was revised Katz's model for measurement of educational needs. The first respondents of actual situation were 27 general hospitals with over 400 beds in Seoul and the second respondents were 89 head nurses, 67 charge nurses and 136 nurses at 3 hospitals by convenient sampling out of 27 general hospitals. Data were collected by telephone interview, mail questionnaire and visiting from 7th of October through 30th of November in 1997. In data analysis, general characteristics of the respondents and actual status of Management Development Programs were analyzed by frequency and percentage. Educational needs according to general characteristics were analyzed by ANOVA The results were as follows: 1. Actual situation of Management Development Program 1) Seven hospitals(26%) had Management Development Program for prospective managers and 14 hospitals (52%) for head nurses. 2) Education Department existed in 14 hospitals (52%). 3) One hospital(4%) had top level managers took part in the Management Development. 4) Two hospitals selected head nurse, who had finished courses of Management Development. Eight hospitals(30%) assessed educational needs. The assessment tools consisted of making a question via questionnaire(75%), determining at department meeting(12%) and interview(13%). 5) Educational programs had 3 types: 10 lecture type, 7 discussion type and 4 role play type programs. 6) One hospital evaluated the change of learner's attitude. 7) Four hospitals scored educational point, but that was measured only by attending. 8) Actual Management Development Programs were as follows. parenthesis indicates the number of hospitals. (1) Management Development Programs for Prospective manager. Role perception of Middle level Manager (1) . Role reconstruction of Nurse Manager (1). Workshop for Charge Nurse (1). Nursing Delivery System and Nursing Process (1). Communication (1). Motivation (1) (2) Management Development Programs for Head nurse.. Head nurse's Role (5). Administrative Work (7). Service Education (4). Prevention and Countermeasure of Nursing Incidence (3). Appraisal (3) 2. The results of needs on Management Development subject 1) The educational needs of all respondents on 3 skill domains showed positive agreement to strongly positive agreement. 2) High priority(more than 4.5) items were 12 of 24 Human skill items(50%), 1 of 6 Technical skill items(16%), and 2 of 13 Conceptual skill items (15%). 3) Out of high priority items, 8 items were instituted. 4) All respondents showed high needs on 3 skill domains regardless of 3 positions (head nurse, charge nurse, and nurse). Educational needs of Human skill domain, according to position were 108. S, 108.7, 106.8 (mean score = 72) , needs of Technical skill domain were 26.5, 26.6, 26.I(mean score=18), and needs of Conceptual skill domains were 56.9,56.7, 55.1(mean score=39). 5) Needs of 3 skill domains according to clinical career showed significant difference. Out of respondents, nurses with career of over 16years showed lowest degree of needs in Human skill domains(F=4.47, P=.004) and Conceptual skill domain(F=2.93, P=.034). 6) Educational needs according to educational background were not significant difference. But out of respondents, nurses educated at 3-year junior college relatively showed lowest needs in all of the 3 skill domains. With the above-mentioned findings, further study is necessary for generalization of this study at hospitals with different bed size and location. Also it is needed to study about management skill of nurse and charge nurse, and effective educational method.

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Implementation of PersonalJave™ AWT using Light-weight Window Manager (경량 윈도우 관리기를 이용한 퍼스널자바 AWT 구현)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyoun;Kim, Kwang-Young;Kim, Hyung-Soo;Sung, Min-Young;Chang, Nae-Hyuck;Shin, Heon-Shik
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.240-247
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    • 2001
  • Java is a promising runtime environment for embedded systems because it has many advantages such as platform independence, high security and support for multi-threading. One of the most famous Java run-time environments, Sun's ($PersonalJave^{TM}$) is based on Truffle architecture, which enables programmers to design various GUIs easily. For this reason, it has been ported to various embedded systems such as set-top boxes and personal digital assistants(PDA's). Basically, Truffle uses heavy-weight window managers such as Microsoft vVin32 API and X-Window. However, those window managers are not adequate for embedded systems because they require a large amount of memory and disk space. To come up with the requirements of embedded systems, we adopt Microwindows as the platform graphic system for Personal] ava A WT onto Embedded Linux. Although Microwindows is a light-weight window manager, it provides as powerful API as traditional window managers. Because Microwindows does not require any support from other graphics systems, it can be easily ported to various platforms. In addition, it is an open source code software. Therefore, we can easily modify and extend it as needed. In this paper, we implement Personal]ava A WT using Microwindows on embedded Linux and prove the efficiency of our approach.

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Analysis on the Relationship of MOT and NPD Performance -Medium-Sized Manufacturing Firms- (기술경영과 신제품개발 성과와의 관계분석 -중규모 제조기업을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Chul Min
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of MOT and NPD performance in medium-sized manufacturing firms. To accomplish the purpose of the study, working hypotheses were established based on the literatures about the impacts of MOT factors on the NPD performance. The sample of this study is as follows : 12 electrical and electronics companies, 18 machine and engineering companies, 16 parts and materials companies. In order to verify hypotheses, the data were collected from team leader and manager of research center, R&D, and production department of these companies and the leader of R&D project team who all had experience in project or were participating in it in latest 3 years. The results of study were summarized as follows : First, in analysis on the reality of MOT factors in sample firms, will of top management level on the MOT was comparatively high but relatedness of business strategy and technology strategy, open R&D system, systematic time scheduling, management of R&D manpower, and developing and adapting PLM system were common level. Second, to improve NPD performance in medium-sized manufacturing firms, will of top management level on the MOT, relatedness of business strategy and technology strategy, open R&D system, systematic time scheduling, management of R&D manpower, and developing and adapting PLM system were intensively required.

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A Fundamental Study on Induction Technology of Separation Behavior Using Two-sided Adhesion of Joint of Composites Waterproofing System (시트-도막 복합방수공법의 접합부 2면 접착을 통한 분리거동 유도 기술에 관한 기초적 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Sang;Lee, Tae-Yang;Kim, Dong-Bum;Park, Wan-Goo;Heo, Neung-Hoe;Oh, Sang-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 2015
  • This study focuses evaluating the efficiency and performance evaluation of composite type sheet-membrane waterproofing method that utilizes a separation behavior inducement system designed to resolve the chronic problems of disintegration and damage of overlap areas of waterproofing layers. As the result of the test, the tensile strength value was at 13.8N/mm and elongation rate at 587% for the separation behavior inducement type specimen, and the compared specimens had 14.2N/mm for tensile strength and 335% for elongation rate. For the separation behavior adhesion method specimen, when tensile stress or displacement occurred, the Zero-Span tension occurrence did not follow, which resulted in that the bottom sheet layer and the top membrane layer did not simultaneously becoming damaged. When undergoing the top and bottom layers were separated through separation behavior due to lack of flexibility, the bottom layer began to damage at the primary stage, and with the allowed boundary the upper membrane layer began to display flexibility and showed continuous displaced resulting in secondary phase damaging.

A Study on the Actual Condition Analysis for Shipping Logistics Information System Activation (해운물류정보시스템의 활성화를 위한 실태분석 연구)

  • 김덕일;김명재;김성규;안기명
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.343-360
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    • 2000
  • The information technology(IT) development of telecommunication, along with the informationalization over the world, enables the firms to process their inner and outer operations through Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) system. And the concept of logistics has become more important to the enterprises in strategic sense because it had aggrandized itself to more comprehensive and integrative concept. Also the world shipping market is more competitive than any other market. In these environment, to maintain competitve power, shipping firms process operations by Logistics Information system(LIS), And then, reduce the working processes, working time and its costs. So the LIS has become more important in developing our national logistics system and industry. Therefore, this study purposes on empirically analyzing the activation factors of shipping LIS and the relationship these factors with logistic performances in the shipping industry. Considering environments of Shipping logistics information system, this study sets up the research model and hypothesis to examine the activation factors of shipping LIS and the relationship these factors with logistic performances. We used the field data on the 163 numbers of firms(29 overseas shipping companies and 133 forwarding Agency) to get the empirical evidence. According to the study results, The shipping LIS activation factors which the sample firms recognized as important: were top manager's support, well structured communication channel, strategic plan's connection and inner informationalization level. And IS organization & human resources, IS discipline & training, software development, IS organizational alignment, database management system, information standardization, competitive advantage, financial support and government support represent partially significant. Also, the current shipping LIS's main problems are expensive system cost, standardization of working process's, institution's imperfection and system's interaction defect. So these problems must be improved to activate shipping LIS.

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