• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tobacco

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Tobacco Dust Utilization for Manufacturing Paper-making Reconstituted Tobacco (이분을 이용한 제지식 판상엽의 제조)

  • Han Young-Rim;Ra Do-Young;Kim Kun-Soo;Kim Sam-Kon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2004
  • To evaluate utilization of tobacco dust as a raw material of reconstituted tobacco, tobacco dust was applied to the paper-making reconstituted tobacco process and we examined the chemical and physical properties of the reconstituted tobacco and raw materials. The use of tobacco dust in the manufacture of reconstituted tobacco had no measurable adverse effects on the chemical properties of the reconstituted tobacco when added to the reconstituted tobacco formula at levels of $3\%,\;5\%,\;7\%\;and\;10\%$ instead of foreign bright stem. Filling power and fragibility index of the reconstituted tobacco was slightly decreased with increasing tobacco dust levels, but it was not significant change. However, when the level of $10\%$ tobacco dust was added to the reconstituted tobacco formula, the tensile index based basis weight was rapidly decreased.

Method for expanding tobacco leaves with steam at high temperature and velocity (고온 증기를 이용한 잎담배의 팽화연구)

  • 김병구;김기환;정한주;유광근;이태호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.68-78
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    • 1995
  • A study of expanding tobacco includes the steps of adjusting the moisture content of cut tobacco, without the use of exogenous impregnants by contacting the filler with a high velocity gaseous medium at elevated temperature such that heat is rapidly and substantially uniformly transferred from the medium to the filler for a total contact time sufficient to expand the tobacco leaves. Study is disclosed for drying and expanding cut tobacco by introducing the tobacco into an elongated tubular shaped conduit through which steam high temperature 150-35$0^{\circ}C$ and high velocity above the 18m1sec, super steam is recycled. moisture content of shreded tobacco leaves, immediately before treatment within the range of from 10% to 24% and, most preferably, within the range of from 18% to 21%. Expanding rate showed 70% in NC -82(B.3) and 42% in Burley -21(B.1) which is produced in 1993 under this condition. When expanding tobacco expanded tobacco did not change significally, but they were decreased at 27$0^{\circ}C$ very largely. The curtailment of cost price and physical and chemical properties of various items were improved in cigarettes. Key words : Expanding tobacco, Super steam tobacco expansion, Fast drying tobacco, High temperature treat tobacco, Puffing tobacco.

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Analysis on online marketing of tobacco product in Korea: current issues and future directions for tobacco control (온라인 담배 마케팅 분석을 통한 담배규제정책의 향후 과제 : 온라인 담배 판매 및 광고를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Yu Seon;Cha, Jung Lim;Kong, Jae Hyung;Hwang, Ji Eun;Choi, Jung Mi;Lee, Joung Eun;Oh, Yu Mi
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: Tobacco marketing encourages smoking initiation of non-smokers, especially adolescents, and it hinders quit intention of those who smoke or who attempt to quit smoking. Article 13 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control(WHO FCTC) requests a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship(TAPS). Ratified the Convention in 2005, Korea has partially implemented the provisions. However, online marketing regulations are still insufficient. Methods: Based on relevant national and international regulations, this research designed monitoring mechanism for online tobacco marketing and studied 1,404 websites to identify current situation of online sales and advertisement of tobacco in Korea. Results: This study found that online trade of tobacco products are overtly conducted, while tobacco advertising with flavoring and misleading descriptors are also prevalent. Also, online tobacco marketing facilitate adolescents' access to tobacco product and that advertising and promotion activities lead to tobacco purchase without difficulties. Conclusions: Fundamental solution to prevent online tobacco advertisement and promotion is banning online sales of tobacco and conducting a regular monitoring for compliance. Korean government should consider establishing an official surveillance system for online tobacco advertisement, followed by a comprehensive ban on TAPS to fulfill its obligation as a Party to the FCTC.

Extending Application of the 'Hardcore' Definition to Smokeless Tobacco Use: Estimates from a Nationally Representative Population in India and its Implications

  • Jena, Pratap Kumar;Bandyopadhyay, Chandan;Mathur, Manu Raj;Das, Sagarika
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.5959-5963
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    • 2012
  • Background: The term 'hardcore' has been applied to use of smoking tobacco and generally referred to as the inability or unwillingness of regular smokers to quit. The component constructs of hardcore except nicotine dependence are product neutral. With the use of 'time to first chew' as a measure of nicotine dependence, hardcore definition can be extended to characterize smokeless tobacco users. Hardcore users respond less to tobacco cessation interventions, and are prone to tobacco induced diseases including cancer. Thus identifying hardcore users would help in estimate the burden of high risk population for tobacco induced diseases. Smokeless tobacco use is predominant and accounts for more than 50% of oral cancer in India. Hence, hardcore chewing information could be used for planning of tobacco and cancer control interventions. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of hardcore smokeless tobacco use in India. Materials and Methods: Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS)-India 2010 data were analyzed to quantify hardcore smokeless tobacco use in India with following five criteria: (1) current daily smokeless tobacco use; (2) no quit attempt in the past 12 months of survey or last quit attempt of less than 24 hours duration; (3) no intention to quit in next 12 months or not interested in quitting; (4) time to first use of smokeless tobacco product within 30 minutes of waking up; and (5) knowledge of smokeless tobacco hazards. Results: The number of hardcore smokeless tobacco users among adult Indians is estimated to be 5% (39.5 million). This group comprises 23.2% of daily smokeless tobacco users. The population prevalence varied from 1.4-9.1% across different national regions of India. Logistic regression modeling indicated age, education and employment status to be the major predictors of hardcore smokeless tobacco use in India. Conclusions: The presence of a huge number (39.5 million) of hardcore smokeless tobacco users is a challenge to tobacco control and cancer prevention in India. There is an unmet need for a universal tobacco cessation programme and intensification of anti-tobacco education in communities.

Comparison of Acid and Phenol Compounds in Smoke Total Particulate Matter by the Different Tobacco Leaves (잎담배 종류 및 등급에 따른 담배 연기응축물의 Acid 및 Phenol 화합물 함량 비교)

  • 황건중;이문수;나도영;장기철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.84-90
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to determine the acid and phenol compounds in smoke total particulate matter(TPM) by the different tobacco variety, and grade of tobacco leaves. Sixteen kinds of tobacco leaves which were flue-curd, burley, orient, reconstituted tobacco, expanded stem, and expanded cut tobacco, were selected for this study. After collecting a TPM by using smoking machine, the concentration of TPM components was analyzed by GC. Acid components of TPM of mainstream smoke were different from the variety and grade. The order of the highest concentration of acid compounds in TPM was flue-cured > orient> burley> expanded cut tobacco> reconstituted tobacco> expanded stem. Though lactic acid and glycolic acid concentrations in flue-cured tobacco were twice higher than those in burley tobacco, the contents of 2-furoic acid and 3,4-dihydroxy butanoic acid in burley tobacco were higher than those in flue-cured tobacco. The content of phenolic compounds in the high grade and thick leaves was higher than that in other tobacco leaves. Phenol and catechol compounds in burley CD3W-2 revealed the least value in concentration among the samples tested. Pyrocatechol and hydroquinone concentrations in flue-cured tobacco were 2-3 times higher than those in burley and orient tobacco.

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Tobacco Promotion and Availability in School Neighborhoods in India: a Cross-sectional Study of their Impact on Adolescent Tobacco Use

  • Patel, Deepa;Kassim, Saba;Croucher, Ray
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.4173-4176
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    • 2012
  • Background: Adolescent tobacco use is a major public health problem. However, there is little information about the impact of tobacco advertising and availability near schools on adolescent tobacco use in India. Methods: The various tobacco products and brands available in outlets within 100 meters of two high schools in an Indian town were identified. A stratified random sample of 172 participants from these two schools completed a questionnaire on tobacco use and socioeconomic status. Results: Eighteen outlets selling tobacco products were identified. In the two schools the current use of smoked and smokeless tobacco was 9.1% and 17.4% respectively. School location and low socio-economic status of adolescents were associated with tobacco awareness of advertisements (p=0.001) and the receipt of a free sample (p= 0.032). Advertisements on billboards, posters and the receipt of a free tobacco sample were significant factors (p=0.031, p=0.016, p=0.017 respectively) in current tobacco use. Conclusion: In this study a significant proportion of adolescents used tobacco. Tobacco-promotion activities (advertising, the receipt of a free sample), school location and economic status were found to be associated with adolescent tobacco initiation. The local environment should be included in the prevention of adolescent tobacco initiation.

Study on Origin of Korea Tobacco by Homogeneity of the Names and Folk Tales in the Tobaccos introduced among Three Countries (삼국에 전래된 담배의 이름과 설화에서 동질성으로 본 한국 담배의 기원 연구)

  • Jeong, Kee-Taeg
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to establish the origin of Korea tobacco, by homogeneity of the names and folk tales for the tobaccos introduced among three countries. According to the literatures that had written the origin concerning tobacco during the survival period of the Korean author, Korea tobacco came from Japan, for the first time, in 1611~1612. Six year s after the tobacco was introduced, in 1617~1618, tobacco seed also came from Japan. And 10 year safter the tobacco was introduced, in 1621~1622, there was no person that do not smoke. The Korea tobacco name, Dambago(淡婆姑), was the same as Japan tobacco name, Dambago(淡婆姑), but it was not the same as China tobacco name, Tambaku(淡巴菰). The Korea tobacco's folk tale, Dambago(淡婆姑) story, was the same as Japan tobacco's folk tale, Dambago(淡婆姑) story, but it was not the same as China tobacco's folk tale, Tambaku(淡巴菰) or Banhonhyang(返魂香) stories. This finding suggests that Korea tobacco may surely came from Japan, considering homogeneities of the names and the folk tales in the tobaccos introduced among three countries.

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