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The Difference of Biochemical Status , Dietary Habits and Dietary Behaviors according to the Obesity Degree among Obese Children (비만아동의 비만정도에 따른 생화학적 상태와 식습관 및 식행동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Gyeong;Lee, Ae-Rang;Kim, Ji-Ju;Kim, Min-Hoe;Kim, Jin-Suk;Mun, Hyeon-Gyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to find biochemical status, dietary habits and dietary behaviors according to the degree of obesity among obese children, and to provide baseline data for nutrition education. The number of subjects was 64 obese children(Mildly obesed : MI 19, Moderately obese : Mo 30, Severely obese : SI 15) participated in '98 Summer Nutrition Camp'. The results of this study were as follows. 1. Weight and body fat rate was increased according to obesity degree(p<0.05). Total cholesterol and TG also was increased according to obesity degree but it was statistically significant. 2. In dietary habits, it wasn't statistically significant but MI tended to eat fast and to eat the snacks before sleeping. MO tended to skip the breakfast. SI tended to eat more snacks and dinner and they tended to overeat. 3. In cognition of self-weight, most obese children(93.7%) worried about their weight but 73.4% of obese children thought that it was possible for losing weight. There were no difference by the obesity degree. 4. In dietary behaviors, there were no statistically significant difference but MI and SI than MO tended to had worse dietary behaviors. 5. In life styles, SI than the others have tendency to have more regular exercise but they had more indoor activities than outdoor activities. 6. In foods intake frequency, SI than MI and MO ate instant foods more frequently and MI than the others ate hot and salty foods more frequently(p<0.05). With these result, MI and SI than MO tended to have undesirable dietary habits and behaviors. Many obese children worried about the weight but they had positive thought about losing weight. SI tended to do regularly exercise but they had more indoor activities than outdoor activities. Therefore, only with this study, it is difficult to say that there is the clear difference by the obesity degree. Because, in this study, we can have some difference among these groups, we should study more about these difference for effective, systemic and practical nutrition education in the future.

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Research on consciousness of the dental technicians about smoking realities-2005 (2005년 치과기공사의 흡연실태와 의식조사)

  • Park, Yong-Duk;Hwang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Joong;Kang, Jong-Oh
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.161-176
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate smoking of dental technicians in 2005, and we have distributed questionnaires about smoking in 2005-KDTA general meeting and analyzed them. All 555 respondents who attended KDTA general meeting were selected by random sampling. However we dismissed 41 because of invalidness, so we got 504 people. Therefore, we have got conclusions below: 1. The rate of smokers who attended in 2005 KDTA was 33.93%, 46.3% in men, 1.44% in women. When we compared to other specialist groups, the rate of dental technician smokers was higher than them. 2. When we analyzed the ages of first smoking, 55.56% of the people started to smoke when they were in 24 years old. This result was very similar to the rate of dentist smokers in 2005 KDA research. 3. According to the answers of smokers and people who wire smokers in the past about quitting smoking period and willness in future, 60.82% among all members failed to quit smoking and also 69.2% among all members did not leap over 3 months but, they have thought to quit smoking for 6 months. 4. According to the answers about antismoking training related to environment in dental and clinical labs, most dental technicians(92.66%) have never been trained, also 37.70% among all members have not fulfilled their duty at self office. They have not recognized the danger of the indirect smoking. 5. When we asked chiefs in dental and clinical labs, the reason why they, didn't do the antismoking training their staffs, 32.1% of them replied that they were so busy, and 42.13% did because of their staffs, abhorrence and needlessness. 6. As Pan-dentistry members, over 80% agreed to the thought of the antismoking, also had medical knowledge about smoking. So we have the conclusion that dental technicians have identification as the Pan-dentistry members. 7. Most dental technicians expected KDTA to play a role about the antismoking training for their members. We have two suggestions to KDTA about the antismoking problem for members according to above conclusions. First, KDTA should prepare the antismoking training in the curriculum. Second, KDTA should support the antismoking programs of schools for students.

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Yeoheon's Personality and Learning from the Viewpoint of the Joseon Confucian scholars (조선 유학자들에 비친 여헌의 인물됨과 학문)

  • Jang, sookpil
    • (The)Study of the Eastern Classic
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    • no.57
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    • pp.67-102
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    • 2014
  • Yeoheon is a representative recluse and philosopher in the 17th Joseon dynasty. His contemporary intellectuals considered him as a sincere nobleman, Confucius in the Joseon, and moreover a saint, a cornerstone of culture, and a model for Confucianists. As a politician, he was regarded as practicing the stabilization of the people's livelihood and education, which are the key ideas of Confucian politics, when he serviced as a local governmental office twice. In addition, his ruler thought that he was right, wise, and modest, and therefore had the dignity of the old sage. His subordinates considered that he possessed the way of the old great ministers and the eye to see the current state of affairs. His theory of the Yijing is based on Cheng-Zhou learning, but developed their interpretation of the text. In addition, he discussed that Confucianism is a practical learning. His theory of the ritual was considered to follow Zhu Xi's works, but refer the old rituals and overcome the aspect of minor customs. His contemporary scholars thought that his theory of Neo-Confucianism revealed the essence of Li-Four and Qi-Seven theory regardless of scholarly parties, which were formed after Toegye and Yulgok. However, he proposed the Li-longitude and Qi-latitude theory in order to restore the real values, but it is similar to Yulgok's theory, which was criticized by the schools of Toegye and South Faction near Seoul. However, his theories revealed the fact that Joseon Confucianism cannot be simply differentiated as two major theories of "Centering on Li" and "Centering on Qi. In addition, his ideas of the universe and concern for the old showed that Joseon Confucianism is not just a theory, but is related to our lives and therefore practical in its nature.

The Effectiveness of online English Learning Program Contents for Elementary School Students (초등학교 온라인 영어 학습 콘텐츠 유형별 효과성)

  • Kim, Yoojeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.427-437
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    • 2018
  • This study explored the effectiveness of the online English learning program contents for elementary school students. The study used the online English learning program served by Gyeonggi province office of education. 107 students attending P elementary school in K city volunteered for the program. After studying English via the website for almost one year, they were asked to respond the questionnaires related to the contents of the online English program. Since the research investigated that the relations of students' grades, the time for the study, their diagnostic test scores, and the effectiveness of the contents, the survey responses were analyzed with Spearman correlation. As a result, older students thought that the type of problem-solving, the type of performing a task, WBI (Web Based Instruction) were not efficacious. Also, these types of online English program were chosen as ineffective from the students at the higher level. Whereas the type of private lesson, the lessons based on a story, and the type of animation were preferred to the students who spent longer time on the website. This highlights the need to consider the students' characteristics such as students' grades, the time for the study, and their English level when developing the contents of the online English learning program.

Patent and Anti-wrinkle Cosmetics

  • Jang Jinah
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.131-147
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    • 2003
  • In the 21st century, the development of cosmetics is led to pursue the high functionality of cosmetics with excellent effectiveness and safety. As Cosmetic Act took effect in 2000, functional cosmetics is provided in the law. As a result, the research and development of functional cosmetics has continually increased, and the number of patent applications in functional cosmetics has also rapidly increased as a plan for preoccupying in the functional cosmetics age. Now, the cosmetic industry has a great interest in developing anti-wrinkle cosmetics among functional cosmetics, because women's desire for having young resilient skin has increased since Korea entered an aging society thanks to the advanced medical technology. The patent application trends of anti-wrinkle cosmetics at home since 2000 particularly show the rapid increase in the applications in natural plant extracts. It may be because Korean consumers preference of vegetable cosmetics has resulted in the development of raw materials based on the traditional medicine. As for the existing preparation such as Retinoid or Ascorbic acid, the patent application itself will be an essential technical element in the future because patent applications are filed in the field of a preparation of cosmetics for stabilizing ingredients, reducing skin irritability or promoting absorbance, and in the field of cosmetic formulation technology. As there are many studies on the causes of skin wrinkles, it is expected that new raw materials of cosmetics can be developed due to new mechanisms, and that the number of patent applications in new technologies will increase due to a change in the thought of cosmetics accompanied by the integration of cosmetics with biotechnology using Genetic Engineering, including the practical application of the medicine previously used far treating skin diseases to an anti-wrinkle agent and the mass production of active ingredients of cosmetics.

Computerized Order Communication System for Out-patients' Clinic Using Personal Computer and Local Area Network(II) (PC 및 LAN을 이용한 외래처방 전달 시스템(II))

  • Huh, Jae-Man;Kim, Ji-Hae;Kim, Nam-Hyun;Kim, Won-Ki;Kim, Do-Nyun;Chang, Byung-Chul;Cho, Bum-Koo
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1992 no.11
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    • pp.97-99
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    • 1992
  • After development of order communication system for out-patients using PC and LAN in May 1992, this system had been tested for 2 months. The system also use Host computer(IBM 9221-170) as a data bank and communicats wi th emulation card(3270 emulator. Interlink Inc., Korea). Since September 1992, this system(named YOUSEI-PC) has been running successfully in the Yonsei Cardiovascular Center of the Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine. After introducing this system, it enables patients to receive drugs wi thin 30 minutes after prescription and revealed effective system not to reduce waiting time for the patients but also to remove charge-troubling(due to mis-entry of prescription). This system also seems to be effective in terms of office automatism for hospital management. However users, usually physitions, required more friendly and easy system to operate and we thought that the most important one to successfully introduce order communication computer system in the hospital is user interface.

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Audience Movement in the Beginning Period of Modern Newspaper in Korea (개화기의 언론 수용자운동)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.18
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    • pp.305-331
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    • 2002
  • This study discusses on the historical origin of audience movement in Korea. Most relevant studies suggest that the audience movement in Korea originated from the struggle against the Press Ethics Committee in 1964. But, this paper attempts to trace some historical cases before that time. This study analyze two historical cases in the beginning period of modern newspaper in Korea. One is the setting fire of Bakmunguk(office building of Hansung-Sunbo, the first modern newspaper in Korea) in 1884. It was caused by the anti-Japan recognition of the public, who thought that the Hansung-Sunbo was influenced by Japan in many respects. The other is the donation campaign by readers to aid the newspapers which were in a financial predicament. It was carried for the Hwangsung-Shinmun in 1903 and for the Jeguk-Shinmun in 1907. This study suggests that we may regard these two historical cases as seminal forms of audience movement, and argues that the historical origin of audience movement in Korea can be traced to the beginning period of modern newspaper.

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Analysis of Soil Improvements and Soil Characteristics of the High Yielding Paddies (다수확답(多收穫畓) 토양(土壤)의 관리상황(管理狀況)과 이화학적(理化學的) 특성(特性) 분석(分析))

  • Shin, Weon-Kyo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.207-211
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    • 1984
  • A series of soil surveys was conducted in 102 high yielding paddies randomly selected. Each paddy field was the contest winner's in a county, a province or the nationwide during 1976 to 1979. The data on soils and yields of the paddies were evaluated to find out the better practices. Cultivation practices such as intermittent irrigation, deep ploughing and application of soil improvement materials were intensively carried out with the increasing rates of yield. But, the yield of rice in the high yielding paddies was not significantly different according to the paddy soil type or the suitability calss. About 70% of the high yielding paddies were distributed in loam and silty clay loam. The properties of top soil in the high yielding paddies were more improved as compared with the common paddies. The cultivated soil depth and nutrient holding capacity were thought of as the important soil factors for high yield.

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A Study on the Staffs of the Governmental Organization of Construction in the Old-Korean Empire - focused on the Architectural Office controlled by the Ministry of Finance - (구한국시대(舊韓國時代) 정부공사기구(政府工事機構)의 직원(職員)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 도지부건축소(度支部建築所)를 중심(中心)으로 - .)

  • Kim, Tae-Jung;Kim, Soon-Il
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.54-73
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    • 1993
  • This study focuses on the staffs of the Governmental Organization of Construction who actually led this organization. Two main points of this study are as follows; 1) The composition and appointment of staffs, before and after the Korea-Japan Treaty in 1907, are evaluated, and 2) The working and academic career of each personnel are analyzed in connection with understanding of internal characteristics of this organization. Special attention is given to Korean personel and Japanese engineers who undertook a leading role. Korean engineering staffs were very few in number. It is thought, viewing their records of careers, that almost all of them didn't have any engineering basis, and simply they had some relations to Japan. It is certain that their role in this organization was interpreters using their Japanese language ability, and their roles were only limited to non-technical areas, if any. The early engineers from Japan were selected among the officials with comparatively rich careers of the Temporary Architectural Dept. or the Temporary Engineering Dept. of Custom House in Japan. But, in later days, the quality of Japanese engineers changed to the level of premature without practical experiences who unwillingly came to Korea to have a job under the depression of construction economy of Japan. The academic careers of Japanese engineers were various, from self-taught to regural college education, but the leading engineers were from Tokyo University. The civil engineers became high-level technical officials in the Government-General after the Japanese Annexation of Korea. But, sometimes later, many of the architectural engineers became practicing architect managing design offices on private basis.

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Computerized Order Communication System for Out-patient's Clinic Using Personal Computer and Local Area Network (PC 및 LAN을 이용한 외래처방 전달 시스템)

  • 김남현;김원기
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 1993
  • Recently, microcomputer technology has been developed rapidly and it provides not only graphic user interface that can be fraendly accessable but also large storage capacity to han- dle much hospital information. Almost all the order communication system for hospital has been developed under the concept of host and terminal environment since last 20 years. However, host-terminal system has not been successful in korea simply because most of physicians prescibe for rrlany patients a day(sometimes more than 150 patients a day). Also, under the host-terminal environment, programs are not friendly implemented for users. Since March 1991, we had developed order communication system for out-patients(named YONSEI-PC) using personal computer(PC) and local area network(LAN) . Since September 1992, we has applied succesfully in the Yonsei Cardiovascular Center, Sevrance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine. This system consisted with Server and Clients which is communicated through LAN(Ethernet). The system also use the Host computer(IBM 9221 170) as a data bank and communicates to the Server with emulation card(3270 emulator, Interlink Inc., Korea) . After introducing this system, it enables patients to receive drugs witllin 20 minutes after prescription of 300-400 patients per day and it seemed to be effective system not to reduce waiting time for the patients but also to remove charge-troubling(due to His-entry of prescription) . This system also seems to be effective in terms of office automatism for hospital management. However users, usually physitions, required more friendly and easy system to operate and we thought that the most important one to successfully introduce order communication computer system in the hospital is user interface.

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