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Survey on Apartment Dwellers' Perception of Housing Environment in Daejeon City (대전지역 아파트 거주자의 주거의식에 관한 조사연구)

  • Choi, Byung-Sook;Kang, In-Ho;Park, Jung-A;Jang, Hye-Sun;Jung, Mi-Hyeon
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the residents' perceptive opinions of apartment housing environment and to contribute to develop a apartment unit plan in Daejeon City. This research was performed by a questionnaire survey method, 464 data was collected from apartment residents lived in about $85m^2$ unit with 3 rooms and the apartments was limited to the complexes within 3 years at Yuseong-gu and Seo-gu. By analyzing those data, findings are as follows: 1) Residents thought living room, kitchen and bathroom were importment space in a unit plan. They needed a storage function in an entrance and a intermediate room, and Anbang(materbed room) so did. L-DK plan type was very preferred. 2) Sub-kitchen was needed for a refrigerator of Kinch, the location of it was realted to a main kitchen and a uitility. the third room was needed for library, home office and storage space. 3) The enlargment remodeling of balcony was showed livingroom balcony or personal bedrooms at the time of occupancy. They needed the balcony near a kitchen or an utility to equip a storage facility. And residents were preferred to their taste rather than a choice of interior concept package services.

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National Park Staffs' Views on Environment and Their Perspectives on Natural Environment Interpretation (지리산 국립공원 직원의 환경관과 자연환경 해설에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Kim, In-Cheol;Kim, Soo-Il;Cha, Hee-Young
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.110-119
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    • 2005
  • The aims of this study was to investigate environmental views of national park rangers and their perspectives on natural environment interpretation as managers and to provide a basic resource to make programs regarding natural environment interpretation improve. The specially designed questionnaire was administered to twenty-five national park rangers who had worked at the southern office of Jiri Mountain National Park. Analysis results are as follows. They had have concerns with environmental problems and about preservation of natural environment. Most of them thought that the purpose of natural environment interpretation was to make change regarding public perceptions and attitudes toward natural environment. Over sixty percents of them recognized that publics had rarely participated in the natural environment interpretation program prepared by a national park. It was turned out that public had not concerned with the program because of the lack of their interests and recognitions regarding the natural environment interpretation program due to the lack of active advertisement for it. It is expected that national park rangers need to advertise the necessity of the program and to manage the program effective with more active mind as well as to develop and practice more appropriate programs for natural environment interpretation.

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A Study on the Domestic Architecture of Vincenzo Scamozzi (빈첸초 스카모치(Vincenzo Scamozzi)의 주거건축에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Jung;Hong, Seok-Joo
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2011
  • Vincenzo Scamozzi as the successor of Palladio stands as a major accomplishment of the task of cleanup to the classicism in 16th century. In addition, unlike the trend seen over Palladian, he shows succession and change of Renaissance villa. "L'Idea dell' Archittectura Universale; The Idea of a Universal Architecture"(1615) is a book of Scamozz's representative. This book is represented his idea for a residential building. His concepts for a residential building were analyzed through the analysis of his book and work. Scamozzi thought that domestic architecture should be designed according to he owner's social status and reputation. These concepts as decorum and this is divided into three categories. This is a threefold order, the first category and highest encompassing reigning princess and their families, who were more or less regarded as God's representatives on earth. The second category comprised noblemen and high office holders whose houses were to be, in all respects, a degree less grand, costly and dignified than the prince's residence. The third category was made up of prominent citizens and wealthy merchants whose houses were to have only moderate commoner did not come into this classification at all. - the magnifiche, honorevoli, and commune style of speech.

Development of the elementary programing curriculum and textbook for improvement of creative thinking ability - centered on c - (창의적 사고력 신장을 위한 초등 프로그래밍 교육과정과 교재 개발 - C언어를 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Sung-Woo;Moon, Wae-Shik
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2010
  • When you look at computer training techniques, generally you will see an unbalanced focus towards the software applications being used. Office programs, including software applications, or simply the ability to operate has been assigned in the attempt to develop more information. Omitted, while a students thought process dealing with computer applications is usually clear and effective, the functional oriented tasks involved are time consuming. In order to keep up with the pace of today changing requirements, creativity and problems solving ability is a necessity. These are the areas in which both our training techniques are inefficient, and the resulting ability of student's is unsatisfactory. In this study of 5thand6thgradelevelcomputerteachingtechniques.

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The Influence of Leadership Style on Employee Creativity: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy

  • Chae, Joo-Seok;Lee, Nam-Gyum;Hwang, Il-Young;Park, Soon-Young
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study investigated the effects of leaders of national universities on faculty creativity. The study examined transformational leadership and creativity theories and investigated self-efficacy, the parameter between transformational leadership and creativity, to examine its moderating effect and provide policy implications for national universities. Research design, data, and methodology - This study built four hypotheses based on the literature review, and tested these using a survey methodology. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0. Result - At the national universities, the results were as follows: charisma of leaders had a positive influence on member creativity; intellectual stimulus of leaders had a positive influence on member creativity; and, individual consideration of leaders had a positive influence on member creativity. Therefore, leaders' transformational leadership had a positive influence on member creativity. Conclusion - Creativity is thought to be important for organizational survival and continuous development at rapidly changing education administrations. Educational administration leaders should exercise transformational leadership to develop member creativity. Member self-efficacy, which had a mediating effect on creativity, requires leadership to develop it.

Sports and Culture: Exploration for the Thought of Diversity and Historical Approach

  • CHANG, Deok Seon;KIM, Hae Yu;LEE, Hyuk Jin
    • Journal of Sport and Applied Science
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study started with interest in sport culture and is meaningful as an exploratory study to help with the basic understanding of sport culture research. Research design, data, and methodology: The approach of this study is the exploratory approach by literature reviews. This study carried out exploratory research on thinking about diversity of sports culture and the development process of sports culture by human history periods. Results: First, in thinking about cultural diversity, cultural absolutism and cultural relativism were identified. The characteristics of sports culture can identify universality, individuality and diffusion, and the attributes of sports culture included sharing, learning, accumulation, whole systematic relationship and change. Second, the characteristics of sports culture were identified by the approach of each historical era. The historical stages were divided into ancient civilizations, ancient Greece and Rome, middle ages and early modern period, and late modern period. Sports have historically been found to have a British-centered European origin or popularized in the United States. Conclusions: with the characteristics of modern sports culture, the globalization of sports culture, the prominence of sports industry and sports space marketing, and the symbiotic influence relationship of sports and mass media were examined and future directions were discussed.

Syncope & Coma during Endodontic Treatment under Local Anesthesia in Multiple Medically Compromised Patient (다발성 전신질환자에서 국소마취하에 근관치료 중 유발된 실신과 혼수 치험 1예)

  • Yoo, Jae-Ha;Choi, Byung-Ho;Lee, Chun-Ui;Kim, Jong-Bae
    • Journal of The Korean Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.164-171
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    • 2011
  • Altered consciousness may be the first clinical sign of a serious medical problem that requires immediate and intensive therapy to maintain life. There are many causes of the loss of consciousness in the dental office setting, such as, vasodepressor syncope, drug administration or ingestion, orthostatic hypotension, epilepsy, hypoglycemic reaction, acute adrenal insufficiency, cerebrovascular accident, hyperglycemic reaction, acute myocardial infarction, acute allergic reaction and hyperventilation. This is a case report of syncope and coma during endodontic treatment of a maxillary third molar under local infiltration anesthesia in multiple medically compromised patient. The main cause was thought to be hypoglycemic reaction. The patient was transferred to the medical emergency room and cared properly by the emergency medical physicians. The prognosis was good.

Water Quality Status of the Unit Watersheds in the Yeongsang / Seomjin River Basin since the Management of Total Maximum Daily Loads (수질오염총량관리제 시행에 따른 영산강.섬진강수계 단위유역의 수질 현황)

  • Park, Jae Hong;Rhew, Doug Hee;Jung, Dong Il
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.719-728
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    • 2011
  • The results of investigation on the water quality of the unit watersheds in the Yeongsang/Seomjin River indicate that $BOD_5$, SS, T-P decrease in most of the unit watersheds. However, $COD_{Mn}$ and T-N increase since the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). It is thought that $COD_{Mn}$, which is included non-biodegradable matters, is difficult to decrease only using by conventional biological treatment facilities and T-N is affected by non-point source, etc. The results of assessment on 3 years $BOD_5$ indicate that most of the unit watersheds were being improved except Yeongbon A, Seombon C and Yocheon B. In addition, it was found that T-P were also being improved except Yocheon B and Hwangryeong A. Consequently, water qualities of the unit watersheds have been improved in many cases since the TMDLs.

A Study on the Creative, Conceptual Using of Digital Technique (디지털 기법의 창조적, 개념적 활용의 유형에 관한 사례 연구 - 공간디자인 프로세스를 중심으로 -)

  • 박영태
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.28
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    • pp.158-166
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    • 2001
  • e-revolution makes a lot of changes in the methodology all over the world. That is, the theory of real time showing helps people to access audio and visual wherever and whenever they are. In the pst computers were considered as only tools which could make us work easily. However, the meaning of computer is changing with e-revolution nowadays. Computers are not just computers as they were; they have done a lot of things which we thought impossible and they will do in the future as well. This new wave encourages people who are teaching the design to use computers whatever they do. For example, instead of using pencil and a drafting board, most people in the design field work with monitors, mouse and plotter. Therefore, most people who are in the design field need to have the ability of computer skills. They have to use computers not only in their class but also in their office. However, if we use computers for visual presenting in the class, it will not be enough to catch the e-revolution. That is, we should work with computers in the creative and conceptual design such as the using of the design information and the applying digital techniques in the early stage of the work. The purpose of this study is to show how to work with computers in the spacial design process especially th using of the DIS(Design Information System) and the applying digital techniques in the early stage of the work.

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A Study on Image of the Nurse (간호사 이미지에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung-Ja;Kim, Hyeon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2001
  • An image exists in the thought of every subjective person and it exercises its influence over everything, having a great power in the real world. An positive image of the nurse has an influence on her faith, value and confidence, therefore increasing her job satisfaction, helping to upgrade her level of profession of nursing through qualitative nursing service as a result, considering the necessity of such an image when it comes to improvement of the profession, the confirmation of the image is indispensable to its evaluation of a speciality in nursing. This study is intended to help that improvement of the nursing profession in the present so that the total effort in every field of nursing is made and to offer basic material for developing a strategy to improve the image of nurses. This study is designed to investigate such an image descriptively. The subjects include 105 nurses, 60 doctors, 68 office workers, 88 medical engineers, 127 patients and there protectors with a total of 448 adapted with accidental sampling, who work at Y and W general hospital in Chonju. The measuring instrument consists of 40 question, with the researcher amended and made from on of Inja Song(1993), Donsoon Lee(1995), Ilsim yang(1998), and its Cronbach's alpha coefficient is .95. Data were collected from March 1 2000 to March 20, 2000 using self-reported questionnairs, analyzed with SPSS WIN 7.5 after encoding. The results are as follows: 1. Most of the subjects thinks the nursing as a hard, stressful, always busy job(more than 75%), and consider nurses as good-looking, supportive and responsible to co-workers to above average degree($50.0{\sim}74.9%$), especially it shows the idea that nursing is independently academic job and has come to fasten itself upon the public. But it shows below the everage($25.0%{\sim}49.9%$) in regard to self development as a specialist, affection for there job, an association activity, service to the community, high intelligence level and direct given patient nursing service. It also rated low as a recommendable job, independently nursing accomplishment, social position. 2. The nurses, patients and there protectors expressed more positive opinions than doctors, medical engineers, office workers about the image of the nurse(F=18.80, p=.00). This fact indicates that the former group evaluated the image similarly contrary to lowness of the latter. 3. In the study on what influenced upon the image, it defines to 79.8% by direct contact in the hospital or acquaintance with nurses, and 16.3% by mass media. 67.3% answered that they saw the image in a new light through hospitalization, which suggests an important source for the image management originates from caring for the quality of nursing service. Considering the evaluation of the image above, we need strategies to lead a unique professional knowledge and technological development, insurance of professional self-determination, high social position, participation in group activities, dedication to lifetime job, in order that nursing comes to expand as a professional occupation. Also, as for generating more positive images, we must take the quality of nursing service into account and offer and monitor correct information about the expanded role and function of the nurse continuously so that mass media reflect a more accurate image of nurses in general.

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