• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thirst

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A Study on the Relation Between Lung Atrophy Syndrome and Upper Wasting Thirst - Focusing on Huangdineijing and Jinguiyaolue - (폐위(肺痿)와 상소(上消)의 관계에 대한 소고(小考) - 『황제내경(黃帝內經)』과 『금궤요약(金匱要略)』을 중심으로 -)

  • Baik, Yousang;Kim, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : In this paper, lung atrophy syndrome[肺痿] in 『Huangdineijin(黃帝內經)』 and 『Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略)』 were compared, followed by examining its relation with upper wasting thirst[上消]. Also, ways in which psychological factors that contribute to lung atrophy syndrome could cause upper wasting thirst were studied. Methods : Verses from 『金匱要略·肺痿肺癰咳嗽上氣病脈證治』 and 『素問·痿論』 were analyzed based on various annotators's opinions to determine the cause and mechanism of lung atrophy syndrome and its relationship with upper wasting thirst. Results : In 『Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略)』, lung atrophy syndrome is described as the heat of the upper body entering the lungs to dry it out. The description in 『Suwen(素問)』 differs in that it accompanies atrophy symptoms, but the mechanism is the same. Lung atrophy syndrome in 『Jinguiyaolue』 could come from wasting thirst, while wasting thirst can be accompanied in deficiency caused by chronic lung atrophy syndrome. Heat in the lungs is caused by psychological factors where the person has lost its subject of possession or was unable to attain what was desired. When expanded to include heart atrophy syndrome[心痿] and lung atrophy syndrome[肝痿], the reason for upper wasting thirst could include immense sadness or excessive indulgence in pleasure due to unmet desires. Conclusions : Although diabetes and wasting thirst are not identical, application of wasting thirst pattern differentiation to diabetes treatment and management could lead to tailored treatment of each patient. Moreover, the five zhang pattern differentiation from the 『Suwen(素問)』 could increase treatment efficacy when applied to conditions caused by stress and emotional disorder, which are increasingly playing larger roles in causing wasting thirst, or diabetes.

The Comparison of Moisturizing Effect of Cold Water Gargling, Wet Gauze Application and Humidification in Reducing Thirst and Mouth Dryness after Nasal Surgery (냉수 가글링이 비강 수술 후 환자의 갈증 및 구강 상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Hur, Young Sook;Shin, Kyoung A;Lee, Whun Jin;Lee, Jung Ok;Im, Hye Jin;Kim, Yun Mi
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the moisturizing effect of cold water gargling, wet gauze application and humidification in reducing thirst and mouth dryness after nasal surgery. Method: Patients were randomly assigned into three groups of 19 subjects each. In the two intervention groups, each group was received hourly cold water gargling or wet gauze application for 4 hours postoperatively. In the control group, the subjects were received only humidification continuously on a bedside. We compared the thirst and oral condition at 0, 2, 4hours. after operation. Thirst was measured using VAS questionnaire, and oral condition(mouth dryness) by Oral Assessment Guide. Results: There was a significant difference among three groups in the level of thirst and mouth dryness. In the cold water gargling group, there was a significant decrease in thirst at 2, 4hours. In the wet gauze group, there was a significant decrease in thirst at 4hours. In the intervention group, there was a significant decrease in mouth dryness at 2, 4hours. In the control group, there was a significant decrease in mouth dryness at 4hours. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the cold water gargling would be an effective nursing intervention to reduce thirst and mouth dryness postoperatively.

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A Study on the Liu Wansu's "Theory on the three wasting-thirst" (유완소(劉完素)의 "삼소론(三消論)"에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Joong-Han
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2011
  • Wasting-thirst(消渴) occurs due mainly to dryness-heat(燥熱) which by depleting 'Fluid and Humor'(津液) make symptoms of thirst(口渴) swift digestion with rapid hungering(消穀善饑) frequent urination(小便頻數) according to "Internal Classic"(內經). However, the doctors of those days had a tendency to manage wasting-thirst with herbal drugs of dryness-heat or with drugs that tonifies the kidney. Liu Wansu(劉完素) thought that those kinds of drugs intensify gatro-intestinal dryness-heat and consequently could not be suitable for the patients with wasting-thirst. He said that they had mistaken about the relation between five viscera(五臟) and six climate condition(六氣) and that they did not know thoroughly on the theory of branch and root(標本). For preventing the disease of wasting-thirst, Liu Wansu(劉完素) recommended avoiding gatro-intestinal drying caused by the intake of dryness-heat diet, and warned not to deplete 'Fluid and Humor' due to stress-induced fire(火), not to damage yin qi(陰氣) through severe diseases.

Effects of Frozen Gauze with Normal Saline on Thirst and Oral Health of the Patients with Nasal Surgery (생리식염수 냉동거즈가 비강수술 환자의 갈증 및 구강상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Jin Ock;Jung, Young Soon;Park, Geum Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of frozen gauze with normal saline on thirst and the oral health of patients with nasal surgery. Methods: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest-post test design was used. Participants (n=52) received either gauze frozen with normal saline (n=26), or wet gauze (n=26). The subjective thirst level and oral health of the participants were assessed before the intervention, 30 minutes after the first intervention, 30 minutes after the second intervention, and 30 minutes after the third intervention. Results: After oral hygiene was provided twice, the thirst level was improved in patients receiving the gauze frozen with normal saline. After oral hygiene was provided a third time, the thirst level was improved in patients receiving the gauze frozen with normal saline. Conclusion: Gauze frozen with normal saline can be effective for oral hygiene in reducing the thirst level and improving the oral health in nasal surgery patients.

Physiological Relationship Between Thirst Level and Feed Intake in Goats Fed on Alfalfa Hay Cubes

  • Prasetiyono, Bambang W.H.E.;Sunagawa, Katsunori;Shinjo, Akihisa;Shiroma, Sadao
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.1536-1541
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    • 2000
  • The present study was carried out to measure changes of feed intake and thirst level caused by water deprivation in goats fed on dry feed and to elucidate the relationship between those two parameters. Water deprivation significantly (p<0.01) decreased cumulative feed intake and rate of eating at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min, respectively, after feed presentation. Cumulative feed intake, after completion of 2 h feeding, was reduced by about 20, 21 and 64 % due to water deprivation during feeding for 2 h (WD2), for 22 h (WD22) and for 46 h (WD46), respectively, compared to free access to water (FAW). Compared to the FAW, WD2, WD22 and WD46 increased thirst level by about 5, 5 and 9 times, respectively. Mean thirst level (X, g/30 min) was negatively correlated with cumulative feed intake (Y, g DM) after completion of 2h feeding (Y=1302-0.2 X, $r^2=0.97$, p<0.05). Water deprivation depressed plasma volume and there was a significant positive regression between plasma volume (X, ml) and cumulative feed intake (Y, g DM) after completion of 2h feeding (Y=-1003+0.6 X, $r^2=0.99$, p<0.01). Mean plasma osmolality (X, mOsmol/l) correlated significantly and negatively with cumulative feed intake (Y, g DM) after completion of 2h feeding (Y=27004-84.9 X, $r^2=0.95$, p<0.05). In conclusion, a decrease of feed intake during water deprivation is mainly due to an increase of thirst level quantitatively, and the act of feeding itself induces thirst more than the length of water-deprivation periods in goats fed on dry feeds. The present findings suggest that plasma osmolality and plasma volume which affect thirst level are involved in the decrease of feed intake in water-deprived goats.

A Study on the Color Images of the Films "Thirst" and "Mother" - With a Focus on Costumes and Background - (영화 <박쥐>, <마더>의 색채 이미지 연구 - 의상과 배경을 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Jung-Hee;Park, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.144-160
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the colors of the costumes and backgrounds of characters in the films "Thirst" and "Mother" from an integrated perspective. As a study method, ten scenes per film, which contained the characters and backgrounds from the start to the end of the DVDs of "Thirst" and "Mother" were examined. For integrated color analysis of the costumes and backgrounds, the colors of the captured scenes were simplified to extract representative colors, and then color palettes were presented according to the ratio of area. The colors of costumes were analyzed by recognition through the eyes based on the I.R.I. Hue and Tone 120. Furthermore, the color images of the two films were analyzed using the I.R.I. adjective image scales and the I.R.I. color image scales. The colors of the film "Thirst" were generally low in brightness and high in chroma. They are characterized by dark, gloomy toned-down background in the first half, highly chromatic vivid background in the second half, and the contrast of purple blue colors and red colors. The colors of the film "Mother" are characterized by complementary colors between background and costume colors, and various tones of blue and green colors. From the aspect of color tones, they were relatively high in brightness compared to the film "Thirst" but low in chroma. On the I.R.I. adjective image scale, contrasting adjectives were extracted simultaneously from the film "Thirst" as the adjectives were evenly distributed at hard, dynamic and static, whereas the adjectives extracted from the film "Mother" were distributed at hard and statistic. On the I.R.I. color image scale, both films were located at hard, but the film "Thirst" was located at dynamic whereas the film "Mother" was located at static.

The Effects of Cold Water Gargling on Thirst, Oral Cavity Condition, and Sore Throat in Orthopedics Surgery Patients (냉수 가글링이 정형외과 수술환자의 갈증, 구강상태, 인후통에 미치는 효과)

  • Yoon, Seo-Young;Min, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.136-144
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: A purpose of this study was to identify the effects of cold water gargling on thirst, oral cavity condition and sore throat in orthopedics surgery patients who underwent general anesthesia. Methods: Pretest-posttest non-synchronized design with a nonequivalent control group was used. A total of 52 participants were conveniently selected and assigned to each group. The experimental group gargled hourly with cold water for 8 hours after operation. The control group received wet gauze as needed. We compared the thirst, oral cavity condition and sore throat at 0, 2, 4 and 8 hours after operation. Results: The score of thirst and oral cavity condition was lower in the experimental group than in the control group. However, there was no significant differences in the levels of sore throat between the experimental and control group. Conclusion: These findings suggest that cold water gargling can be a useful nursing intervention for alleviating thirst and improving oral condition for patients with orthopedic surgery after general anesthesia.

Effects of Frozen Gauze with Normal Saline and Ice on Thirst and Oral Condition of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Patients: Pilot Study (생리식염수를 이용한 냉동거즈와 얼음 제공이 복강경 담낭절제술 환자의 갈증 및 구강상태에 미치는 효과-Pilot study)

  • Cho, Eun-A;Kim, Kye-Ha;Park, Jun-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.714-723
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using gauze frozen with normal saline or ice on thirstrelief and oral condition of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants (n=53) received either gauze frozen with normal saline (n=17), ice (n=18) or wet gauze (n=18) for thirst-relief. The subjective thirst level and oral condition of the participants were assessed before the intervention, 15 min after the first intervention and 15 min after the second intervention. Results: After oral care was provided twice, there were significant differences in thirst level among the groups. When oral care was provided twice, the oral condition of tongue, saliva, mucosal membrane, and gingiva was improved in patients receiving gauze frozen with normal saline or ice. Conclusion: Gauze frozen with normal saline and ice can be effective for oral care in reducing the thirst level and improving the condition of the oral cavity.

A Review on Thirst Disease Prescription in "Sikryochanyo" ("식료찬요(食療纂要)"에 나타난 소갈(消渴)의 식치(食治)에 대(對)한 소고(小考))

  • Song, Ji-Chung;Kim, Sang-Un;Chae, Song-A;Eom, Dong-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2012
  • Objective : "Sikryochanyo"written by Jeon Soonyi is the first Food-Therapy book at Korea. In "Sikryochanyo", there are many kinds of food-Therapy including prescriptions for thirst disease. Conception of hirst disease in traditional mendicine contains diabetes in some aspects. One of the Ingeative methods in diabetes limits taking protein but "Sikryochanyo" shows several prescriptions including protein. Method : We will try to find out cases of Food-therapy for thirst disease in "Sikryochanyo" and classify several prescriptions including protein. Result : In "Sikryochanyo", several prescriptions for thirst disease including protein were treated as materia medica widely such as stomach of cow and pig, intestine of pig, head of dear, rabbit, chicken, goose, pheasant, milk and lung of sheep. Conclusion : On several types of prescriptions for thirst disease including protein there are plenty of usage with its own effectiveness.

The Transition of Theory on the Outbreak and Transmission of Wasting-Thirst (소갈병(消渴病) 기전(機轉)에 관한 이론의 변천)

  • Cho, Sun Young;Yoo, Won Joon;Gang, YeonSeok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.95-113
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    • 2008
  • Unsatisfied with the modern medicine's treatment of diabetes, patients diagnosed with the disease turn to alternative medicine for treatment. A look at the percentage of people using alternative medicine marked 72.8% in the United States and more than 60% in Korea in 2006. The most preferred form of alternative medicine turned out to be usage of dietary supplements and herbal medicine. Most of the dietary supplements and herbs that diabetic patients use largely originated from their usage in East Asian Traditional Medicine. As Western Medicine made its way into East Asia in late 18th century, excessive efforts were made to translate Western medical terminology into traditional medical terminology equivalents. In the process of doing so, wasting-thirst became a concept equivalent to diabetes. Theories regarding the pathogenic outbreak and transmission of wasting-thirst has been supplemented and progressed according to needs and even showed new tendencies. Profound understanding of wasting-thirst achieved through historical research is expected to lead to proper application of wasting-thirst treatment methods in treating modern diabetes.

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