• Title/Summary/Keyword: Thick graphene

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Thick Graphene Embedded Metal Heat Spreader with Enhanced Thermal Conductivity

  • Park, Minsoo;Chun, Kukjin
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.234-237
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, a copper foil-thick grapheme (thin graphite sheet)-copper foil structure is reported to achieve mechanically strong and high thermal conductive layer suitable for heat spreading components. Since graphene provides much higher thermal conductivity than copper, thick graphene embedded copper layer can achieve higher effective thermal conductivity which is proportional to graphene/copper thickness ratio. Since copper is nonreactive with carbon material which is graphene, chromium is used as adhesion layer to achieve copper-thick graphene-copper bonding for graphene embedded copper layer. Both sides of thick graphene were coated with chromium as an adhesion layer followed by copper by sputtering. The copper foil was bonded to sputtered copper layer on thick graphene. Angstrom's method was used to measure the thermal conductivity of fabricated copper-thick graphene-copper structure. The thermal conductivity of the copper-thick graphene-copper structures is measured as $686W/m{\cdot}K$ which is 1.6 times higher than thermal conductivity of pure copper.

In-Situ Heat Cooling using Thick Graphene and Temperature Monitoring with Single Mask Process

  • Kwack, Kyuhyun;Chun, Kukjin
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.155-158
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, in-situ heat cooling with temperature monitoring is reported to solve thermal issues in electric vehicle (EV) batteries. The device consists of a thick graphene cooler on top of the substrate and a platinum-based resistive temperature sensor with an embedded heater above the graphene. The graphene layer is synthesized by using chemical vapor deposition directly on the Ni layer above the Si substrate. The proposed thick graphene heat cooler does not use transfer technology, which involves many process steps and does not provide a high yield. This method also reduces the mechanical damage of the graphene and uses only one photomask. Using this structure, temperature detection and cooling are conducted simultaneously using one device. The temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of a $1{\times}1mm^2$ temperature sensor on 1-$\grave{i}m$-thick graphene is $1.573{\times}10^3ppm/^{\circ}C$. The heat source cools down $7.3^{\circ}C$ from $54.4^{\circ}C$ to $47.1^{\circ}C$.

Raman Spectroscopy Studies of Graphene Nanoribbons and Chemical Doping in Graphene

  • Ryu, Sun-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.15-15
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    • 2011
  • Atom-thick graphene membrane and nano-sized graphene objects (NGOs) hold substantial potential for applications in future molecular-scale integrated electronics, transparent conducting membranes, nanocomposites, etc. To realize this potential, chemical properties of graphene need to be understood and diagnostic methods for various NGOs are also required. To meet these needs, chemical properties of graphene and optical diagnostics of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have been explored by Raman spectroscopy, AFM and STM scanning probes. The first part of the talk will illustrate the role of underlying silicon dioxide substrates and ambient gases in the ubiquitous hole doping of graphene. An STM study reveals that thermal annealing generates out-of-plane deformation of nanometer-scale wavelength and distortion in $sp^2$ bonding on an atomic scale. Graphene deformed by annealing is found to be chemically active enough to bind molecular oxygen, which leads to a strong hole-doping. The talk will also introduce Raman spectroscopy studies of GNRs which are known to have nonzero electronic bandgap due to confinement effect. GNRs of width ranging from 15 nm to 100 nm have been prepared by e-beam lithographic patterning of mechanically exfoliated graphene followed by oxygen plasma etching. Raman spectra of narrow GNRs can be characterized by upshifted G band and strong disorder-related D band originating from scattering at ribbon edges. Detailed analysis of the G, D, and 2D bands of GNRs proves that Raman spectroscopy is still a reliable tool in characterizing GNRs despite their nanometer width.

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Current Status and Perspectives of Graphene-based Membranes for Gas Separation (그래핀 기반 기체 분리막의 연구동향 및 전망)

  • Yoo, Byung Min;Park, Ho Bum
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.216-225
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    • 2017
  • Since the experimental proof of one-atom-thick graphene single layer from graphite in 2004, graphene, as a leading material opening two-dimensional world, has been tremendously investigated owing to its intrinsic extraordinary physical properties. Among many promising graphene applications, it is believed that membranes might be one of the first significant applications for graphene and its derivatives (e.g., graphene oxide). Recently, a number of simulation results and proof-of-concept experimental approaches towards graphene membranes reflect such positive prospects. Moreover, graphene and graphene oxide already show many outstanding intrinsic properties suitable for promising membrane platforms, such as the minimum membrane thickness, excellent mechanical strength, high chemical and thermal stability, and the ability to generate nanopores in the two-dimensional, rigid hexagonal lattices or to create slit-like nanochannels between adjacent sheets. In this paper, important theoretical and experimental developments in graphene or graphene oxide-based membranes for gas separation based on intrinsic properties of graphene and its derivatives will be discussed, emphasizing on transport behavior, membrane formation methods, and challenging issues for actual membrane applications.