• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

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Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Data Utilization for Urban Heat Island and Urban Planning Studies

  • Lee, Hye Kyung
    • Journal of KIBIM
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.36-43
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    • 2017
  • Population growth and rapid urbanization has been converting large amounts of rural vegetation into urbanized areas. This human induced change has increased temperature in urban areas in comparison to adjacent rural regions. Various studies regarding to urban heat island have been conducted in different disciplines in order to analyze the environmental issue. Especially, different types of thermal infrared remote sensing data are applied to urban heat island research. This article reviews research focusing on thermal infrared remote sensing for urban heat island and urban planning studies. Seven studies of analyses for the relationships between urban heat island and other dependent indicators in urban planning discipline are reviewed. Despite of different types of thermal infrared remote sensing data, units of analysis, land use and land cover, and other dependent variable, each study results in meaningful outputs which can be implemented in urban planning strategies. As the application of thermal infrared remote sensing data is critical to measure urban heat island, it is important to understand its advantages and disadvantages for better analyses of urban heat island based on this review. Despite of its limitations - spatial resolution, overpass time, and revisiting cycle, it is meaningful to conduct future research on urban heat island with thermal infrared remote sensing data as well as its application to urban planning disciplines. Based on the results from this review, future research with remotely sensed data of urban heat island and urban planning could be modified and better results and mitigation strategies could be developed.

Retrieving Land surface Component Temperature Using Multi-Angle Thermal Infrared Data

  • Wenjie, Fan;Xiru, Xu
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.1362-1364
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    • 2003
  • As non-isothermal mixed pixel is widely existed, the pixel-mean temperature cannot adequately represent the actual thermal state of land surface. The row crop was chosen as target to discuss the problem of component temperature retrieval. At first, the matrix model was found to express the thermal radiant directionality of the target. Then correlation of multi-angle infrared radiance was analyzed. In order to increase the retrieving accuracy, we chose the retrievable parameters and established the iterative method combining with inverse matrix to retrieve component temperature. It was proved by field experiment that the method could improve the retrieving accuracy and stability remarkably.

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Research on the relationship between the thermal characteristics and the type of land cover in Beijing urban area by ASTER data

  • Zhu, QiJiang;Zhang, Xin;Bai, Xianghua
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.277-279
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    • 2003
  • The study utilizes remote sensing as the main monitoring means. With different spatial high-resolution, multichannel ASTER remote sensing image as the main information in Beijing city zone; with regional border and statistical data as auxiliary factor a study between the thermal space distribution character and the underground medium is analyzed based on the GIS logical algorithm and synthetic analysis technology. Results show thermal forming mechanism and the rule of distribution is mainly related to the underground medium and the change of the city distribution. Different underground medium has different degree and intensity influence on the thermal space distribution. Furthermore, urban greenbelt and water areas can reduce the thermal effect and large-scale greenbelt creates green island effect. In addition, Road net, residential area, population density, heat resources and so on have some positive effect on the thermal distribution, which increase the local temperature and intensity on the other hand. It is important to study the thermal distribution and its related factors, which contributes to the plan, construction and development of the city.

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Extraction of Sea Surface Temperature in Coastal Area Using Ground-Based Thermal Infrared Sensor On-Boarded to Aircraft (지상용 열적외선 센서의 항공기 탑재를 통한 연안 해수표층온도 추출)

  • Kang, Ki-Mook;Kim, Duk-Jin;Kim, Seung Hee;Cho, Yang-Ki;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.797-807
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    • 2014
  • The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is one of the most important oceanic environmental factors in determining the change of marine environments and ecological activities. Satellite thermal infrared images can be effective for understanding the global trend of sea surface temperature due to large scale. However, their low spatial resolution caused some limitations in some areas where complicated and refined coastal shapes due to many islands are present as in the Korean Peninsula. The coastal ocean is also very important because human activities interact with the environmental change of coastal area and most aqua farming is distributed in the coastal ocean. Thus, low-cost airborne thermal infrared remote sensing with high resolution capability is considered for verifying its possibility to extract SST and to monitor the changes of coastal environment. In this study, an airborne thermal infrared system was implemented using a low-cost and ground-based thermal infrared camera (FLIR), and more than 8 airborne acquisitions were carried out in the western coast of the Korean Peninsula during the periods between May 23, 2012 and December 7, 2013. The acquired thermal infrared images were radiometrically calibrated using an atmospheric radiative transfer model with a support from a temperature-humidity sensor, and geometrically calibrated using GPS and IMU sensors. In particular, the airborne sea surface temperature acquired in June 25, 2013 was compared and verified with satellite SST as well as ship-borne thermal infrared and in-situ SST data. As a result, the airborne thermal infrared sensor extracted SST with an accuracy of $1^{\circ}C$.

Comparison of Land Surface Temperatures from Near-surface Measurement and Satellite-based Product

  • Ryu, Jae-Hyun;Jeong, Hoejeong;Choi, Seonwoong;Lee, Yang-Won;Cho, Jaeil
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.609-616
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    • 2019
  • Land surface temperature ($T_s$) is a critical variable for understanding the surface energy exchange between land and atmosphere. Using the data measured from micrometeorological flux towers, three types of $T_s$, obtained using a thermal-infrared radiometer (IRT), a net radiometer, and an equation for sensible heat flux, were compared. The $T_s$ estimated using the net radiometer was highly correlated with the $T_s$ obtained from the IRT. Both values acceptably fit the $T_s$ from the Terra/MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer)satellite. These results will enhance the measurement of land surface temperatures at various scales. Further, they are useful for understanding land surface energy partitioning to evaluate and develop land surface models and algorithms for satellite remote sensing products associated with surface thermal conditions.

Development of PKNU3: A small-format, multi-spectral, aerial photographic system

  • Lee Eun-Khung;Choi Chul-Uong;Suh Yong-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.337-351
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    • 2004
  • Our laboratory originally developed the compact, multi-spectral, automatic aerial photographic system PKNU3 to allow greater flexibility in geological and environmental data collection. We are currently developing the PKNU3 system, which consists of a color-infrared spectral camera capable of simultaneous photography in the visible and near-infrared bands; a thermal infrared camera; two computers, each with an 80-gigabyte memory capacity for storing images; an MPEG board that can compress and transfer data to the computers in real-time; and the capability of using a helicopter platform. Before actual aerial photographic testing of the PKNU3, we experimented with each sensor. We analyzed the lens distortion, the sensitivity of the CCD in each band, and the thermal response of the thermal infrared sensor before the aerial photographing. As of September 2004, the PKNU3 development schedule has reached the second phase of testing. As the result of two aerial photographic tests, R, G, B and IR images were taken simultaneously; and images with an overlap rate of 70% using the automatic 1-s interval data recording time could be obtained by PKNU3. Further study is warranted to enhance the system with the addition of gyroscopic and IMU units. We evaluated the PKNU 3 system as a method of environmental remote sensing by comparing each chlorophyll image derived from PKNU 3 photographs. This appraisement was backed up with existing study that resulted in a modest improvement in the linear fit between the measures of chlorophyll and the RVI, NDVI and SAVI images stem from photographs taken by Duncantech MS 3100 which has same spectral configuration with MS 4000 used in PKNU3 system.

The Research about Aerial photographing system(PKNU No.2) development

  • Kim, Ho-Yong;Choi, Chul-Uong;Lee, Eun-Khung;Jun, Sung-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.110-112
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    • 2003
  • The researchers, who seek geological and environmental information, depend on the remote sensing and aerial photographic datum from various commercial satellites and aircraft. However, the adverse weather conditions and the expensive equipment can restrict that the researcher can collect their data anywhere and any time. To allow for better flexibility, we have developed a compact, a multispectral automatic Aerial photographic system. This system's Multi-spectral camera can catch the visible (RGB) and infrared (NIR) bands (3032${\ast}$2008 pixel) image. Our system consists of a thermal infrared camera and automatic balance control, and it managed and controlled by a palm-top computer. And it includes a camera gimbals system, GPS receiver, weather sensor and etc. As a result, we have successfully tested its ability to acquire aerial photography, weather data, as well as GPS data, making it a very flexible tool for environmental data monitoring.

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Airborne Remote Sensing of Evapotranspiration over Rice Paddy

  • Chen, Y.Y.;Liou, Yuei-An
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.351-353
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    • 2003
  • We present a retrieval scheme for the remote sensing of evapotranspiration (ET) over rice paddy. To perform the retrieval, high-resolution airborne imagery of multi-spectral visible and thermal infrared data, and ground-based meteorological measurements are utilized. Our ET retrieval scheme is based on the basic principal of surface energy budget, which is a result of balance in longwave and shortwave radiation, latent heat, sensible heat, and energy flux into the ground. To partition the latent and sensible heat fluxes of interest from the energy balance equation, three basic parameters are of most concern, including albedo, surface temperature, and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). The NDVI and albedo can be easily derived from the visible and near infrared spectral data, while the surface tem-perature can be determined through the analysis of the infrared data with the Stefan Boltzmann law. From the airborne imagery taken on 28 April 2003, we observe very good dry and wet pixels that can be easily corre-sponded to the radiation and evaporation controlled crite-ria, respectively, and, hence, for the further use in defin-ing the evaporative fraction needed to partition sensible and latent heat fluxes from the net energy flux. The de-rived ET is compared with the in situ measurements.

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Assessing Sea Surface Temperature in the Yellow Sea Using Satellite Remote Sensing Data

  • Lee, Kyoo-seock;Kang, Hee-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 1990
  • The first Marine Observation Satellite(MOS) was launched by National Space Development Agency of Japan on February 19, 1987, and it is equipped with three sensons covering visible, infrared, and microwave region. One of them is Visible and Thermal Infrared Radiometer(VTIR) whose main objective is to detect the Sea Surface Temperature(SST). The objective of this study was to process the MOS data using Cray-2 supercomputer, and to assess the SST in the Yellow Sea. In order to implement this objective, the linear regression model between the ground truth data and the corresponding digital number of VTIR in MOS was used to establish the relationship. After testing the significance of the regression model, the SST map of the whole Yellow Sea was derived based on the model. The digital SST map representing the study area showed certain pattern about the SST of Yellow Sea in March and April. In conclusion, the VTIR data in MOS is also useful in investigating SST which provides the information about the Yellow Sea water current in the spring.

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Development of Airborne Remote Sensing System for Monitoring Marine Meteorology (Sea Surface Wind and Temperature) (연안 해양기상(해상풍, 수온) 관측을 위한 항공기 원격탐사 시스템)

  • Kim, Duk-Jin;Cho, Yang-Ki;Kang, Ki-Mook;Kim, Jin-Woo;Kim, Seung-Hee
    • The Sea
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2013
  • Although space-borne satellites are useful in obtaining information all around the world, they cannot observe at a suitable time and place. In order to overcome these limitations, an airborne remote sensing system was developed in this study. It is composed of a SAR sensor and a thermal infrared sensor. Additionally GPS, IMU, and thermometer/hygrometer were attached to the plane for radiometric and geometric calibration. The brightness of SAR image varies depending on surface roughness, and capillary waves on the sea surface, which are easily generated by sea winds, induce the surface roughness. Thus, sea surface wind can be estimated using the relationship between quantified SAR backscattering coefficient and the sea surface wind. On the other hand, thermal infrared sensor is sensitive to measure object's temperature. Sea surface temperature is obtained from the thermal infrared sensor after correcting the atmospheric effects which are located between sea surface and the sensor. Using these two remote sensing sensors mounted on airplane, four test flights were carried out along the west coast of Korea. The obtained SAR and thermal infrared images have shown that these images were useful enough to monitor coastal environment and estimate marine meteorology data.