• Title, Summary, Keyword: The 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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Polyunsaturated fatty acids, lung function, and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • Choi, Hyunji;Kim, Taeyun
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.194-201
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    • 2020
  • Background: Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are thought to modify systemic inflammation. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between PUFA intake, lung function, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: In this study, we used the dataset of 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, in which, a total of 22,948 individuals including 573 participants with a high probability of developing COPD were enrolled. Participants with missing data for the investigated variables were excluded. Linear regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between PUFA intake (omega-3 [N3], omega-6 [N6], and total) with lung function, and HRQoL. HRQoL was determined according to the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D). Subgroup analysis of older patients was performed. Age, sex, body mass index, smoking, alcohol, education, residence, total calorie intake, and predicted FEV1% were adjusted in all analyses. Results: Although lung function was not associated with PUFA intake, EQ-5D index was remarkably associated with N3, N6, and total PUFA intake in a dose-dependent manner. This association was more pronounced in elderly COPD patients. Mean levels of N3, N6, and total PUFA intake were significantly higher in patients having better HRQoL with respect to mobility, self-care, and usual activities. Conclusion: Our results suggest that N3, N6, and total PUFA intake are associated with HRQoL in COPD patients. This association may be attributed to mobility, self-care, and usual activities. Further longitudinal study is required to clarify this relationship.

Assessing Activity Limitation Among Cancer Survivors in Korea Using Data from a Nationwide Survey

  • Oh, Myueng Guen;Han, Mi Ah;Byeon, Yu Mi;Bae, Kyung Min;Choi, Seong-Hyung
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.2739-2743
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    • 2015
  • Background: More than 1 million cancer survivors reside in Korea. We here investigated activity limitations of cancer survivors compared to controls without a history of cancer. Materials and Methods: Using the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012) data, we identified 1,155 adult cancer survivors. Activity limitations were defined as limitation in activities of daily living, experience of lying in a sickbed, and number of days lying in a sickbed during the last month. Descriptive analysis and multiple logistic regression compared these measures for survivors and controls by sex and age groups. Results: Approximately 29.4% of cancer survivors reported limitation in activities of daily living, 14.6% experienced lying in a sickbed, and 4.3% experienced more than 15 days lying in a sickbed during the last month. After controlling for demographic and health-related factors, cancer survivors were more likely to report activity limitation than controls. The associations were similar across sex and age groups. Conclusions: Cancer survivors have increased activity limitation compared to controls and these limitations persist across sex and age. Targeted interventions and improved management are essential for improving cancer survivor daily life.

Prevalence of hyperuricemia and its association with metabolic syndrome and cardiometabolic risk factors in Korean children and adolescents: analysis based on the 2016-2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Lee, Jung Hyun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.62 no.8
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Investigating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) in Korean children and adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional survey used data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2017); 1,256 males and females aged 10-18 years were included. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid levels were >6.6 mg/dL at 10-11 years of age (both sexes), >7.7 mg/dL for males at 12-18 years of age and >5.7 mg/dL for females at 12-18 years of age. MetS was defined by the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze hyperuricemia-associated risk factors. Results: The prevalence of hyperuricemia was 9.4% (male, 8.4%; female, 10.5%) (P<0.281). After adjusting for sociodemographic factors and health behaviors in multivariate analysis (model 1), the odds ratio (OR) for hyperuricemia of MetS was 3.05 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17-7.92; P=0.022). After adjusting for the same variables in model 1 plus obesity and all MetS components (model 2), only abdominal obesity was significant, and the OR for hyperuricemia was 3.38 (95% CI, 1.72-6.63; P<0.001) After adjusting for the same variables in model 1 plus body mass index (BMI) z scores and all MetS components except abdominal obesity (model 3), only BMI z scores was significant, and the OR for hyperuricemia was 1.59 (95% CI, 1.34-1.89; P<0.001). Conclusion: MetS, abdominal obesity, and BMI z scores were CMRFs significantly associated with hyperuricemia in Korean children and adolescents. Therefore, attention should be paid to hyperuricemia in patients with obesity or MetS.

Analysis of Dietary Intake Status and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome According to White Rice Consumption in Korea: Basted on Data 1st (1998), 4th (2007~2009), 6th (2013) Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (백미밥의 섭취에 따른 영양과 식품 섭취 실태 및 대사증후군 위험수준: 1기(1998), 4기(2007~2009), 6기(2013) 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Song, Fang-Fang;Jang, Jin-A;Kim, Yang-suk;Yoon, Hei-ryeo;Cho, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.682-694
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between white rice consumption and dietary intake, the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean based on $1^{st}$ (1998), $4^{th}$ (2007~2009), $6^{th}$ (2013) KNHANES. This study included 25,799 subjects who were age 10 or over. Three groups(low, medium, high) were divided according to white rice consumption (per day). In the low group, the meat and oil intake were significantly higher than the high group. In the $1^{st}$ survey year, the BMI, waist circumstances, hypertriglyceridemia and fasting blood glucose in the high group were higher than other groups, however the $4^{th}$ and $6^{th}$ survey year showed no significant results. In the $1^{st}$ survey year the risk of waist circumstances was higher in the high white rice consumption group and also had high risk with hypertriglyceridemia. Since the lower white rice consumption in $4^{th}$ than $1^{st}$ survey year we found no significant results. But in the 6th survey year with the lowest white rice consumption the risk of high diastolic pressure was reduced in high group. Because continuously reduced white rice consumption meantime showed more intake of meat and oil, it can be concluded that defensive effects with the Korean health.

Gender Comparison Factors Influencing Regular Exercise Adherence in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013~2015) (관상동맥질환자의 규칙적 운동이행 영향요인의 성별 비교: 국민건강영양조사 자료(2013~2015년) 활용)

  • Jin, Hyekyung;Kim, Minju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.134-145
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate gender related factors that influence regular exercise adherence in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: This secondary analysis study used data from the 2013~2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Three hundred and eighty patients over 20 years of age and having coronary artery disease were selected for this study. Measures included questions about regular exercise, general characteristics, health behaviors, and health status. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, Rao-Scott $x^2$ statistic, and multiple logistic regression analysis with the SPSS 21.0 program. Results: The results were as follows. Men did more regular exercise than women (58.8% vs 40.1%). The multivariate-adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) for regular exercise adherence in men were 2.93 (95% CI: 1.39~6.17) for non smokers and 3.06 (95% CI: 1.53~6.13) for men with 0 to 1 comorbidities. Women had a high odds ratios of 0.38 (95% CI: 0.18~0.82) for not using alcohol and 2.10 (95% CI: 1.03~4.29) for no back pain. Conclusion: To improve regular exercise adherence in patients with coronary artery disease, it is necessary to develop different approaches considering gender.

A study on the relationships between periodontal diseases, body mass index and clinical factors for Korean adults (한국 성인의 치주질환 유병과 체질량지수 및 임상검사요인의 관련성 연구 국민건강영양조사 제6기 조사자료)

  • Kim, Byung-Sik;Lee, Jong-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This article tried to find the relations between periodontal diseases, body mass index and clinical level for Korean adults over the age of 19, utilizing data of the 6th national nutrition survey. Methods: In the collected data, 14,940 adults aged 19 years or older were included in the study to determine the relationship between the general health status of Korean adults and periodontal disease. Results: As the result, 28.6% of Korean adults had periodontal diseases, there were significant differences depending on gender, age, smoking, residential aria, education level, body mass index, HDL-cholesterol, leukocyte value and fasting blood sugar. When general factors were controlled for multiple logistic regression analysis, there was significance as BMI cross rate was 1.029(95% C1, 1.007-1.051). HDL-cholesterol cross rate was 0.989(95% C1, 0.980-0.999), leukocyte cross rate was 1.086(95% C1, 1.040-1.134) and fasting bloody sugar cross rate was 1.006(95% C1, 1.003-1.009), so there were significance. In conclusion, there was a significance relation between periodontal diseases, body mass index, HDL-cholesterol and fasting bloody sugar. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, oral health education should be used to manage and maintain healthy oral cavity by improving periodontal disease management and awareness. In addition, it will be necessary to develop periodic oral examinations and age - specific oral health education programs, and it can be used as a basic data for public oral health plan.

Selecting items of a food behavior checklist for the development of Nutrition Quotient (NQ) for children (어린이 영양지수 (NQ, Nutrition Quotient) 개발을 위한 평가항목 선정)

  • Kang, Myung-Hee;Lee, Jung-Sug;Kim, Hye-Young;Kwon, Se-Hyug;Choi, Young-Sun;Chung, Hae-Rang;Kwak, Tong-Kyung;Cho, Yang-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.372-389
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to select a simple and easy measurable food behavior checklist for the development of Nutrition Quotient (NQ) for children, which reflects children's diet quality, as well as to evaluate the validity of the items in the food behavior checklist. The first 36 items in the checklist were established by an expert review, modifying the preliminary 50 items in the checklist, which had been selected by a literature review and the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. 341 children in 5th and 6th grades at an elementary school participated in a one-day dietary record survey, and later responded to 36 food behavior questions of the checklist. Pearson's correlation coefficients between the responses to the food behavior checklist items along with the mean nutrient intakes of the children were calculated. From the result, in which responses of food frequency and food behavior items showed certain association with the dietary record data, a second checklist with 22 items was selected. A survey was conducted by using the second checklist. 1,393 children in the 5th and 6th grades at 12 elementary schools in metropolitan cities, such as Seoul, Busan, Gwangju, Daegu, Daejeon, and Incheon, participated in the survey. Further, an exploratory factor analysis was performed. After the analysis, 19 items (10 items from food frequency and 9 items from food behavior) were finalized as the food behavior checklist items for the NQ. The final 19 food behavior checklist items were composed of 5 factors: 'Balance', 'Diversity', 'Moderation', 'Regularity', and 'Practice'. This study is a significant first trial to establish a comprehensive system for evaluating children's food habit and diet quality. This checklist might need continuous modification and revision reflecting the change of children's dietary life and the social environment.

Eating habits in accordance with the Mental Health status : The 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010-2012 (국민건강영양조사 제 5기(2010-2012)를 활용한 한국의 19세 이상 성인의 식습관에 따른 정신건강상태)

  • Park, Hyo-Eun;Bae, Yeonhee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.168-181
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate eating habits and patterns in accordance with the mental health status in Korea. Data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010-2012 by the CDCP were used to target 19-year-olds. A total of 15,484 subjects (6,348 men and 9,500 women) were enrolled in this study. The collected data were analyzed using frequency analysis, cross-analysis, and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results revealed that men showed, with linear tendency, a decrease in stress and suicidal ideation with an increase in the number of meals. (p<.05). Women also showed, with linear tendency, that an increase in the number of meals resulted in a reduction of stress, depression, and suicidal ideation (p<.05). The stress level of women decreased by 0.667 times when they ate two meals rather than one time meal per day. If women ate three meals compared with one meal per day, stress, depression, and suicidal ideation were reduced by 0.522, 0.605, and 0.508 times, respectively (p<.05). It was found that Aa regular eating habit may have an impact on stress, depression, and suicidal ideation. Moreover, irregular meals, brought on by modern influences, could have a negative impact on mental health, leading to social and economic losses. These results suggest that we need to educate and promote awareness on proper eating habits.

Convergence Study of Eating Together And Mental Health within 20-30's : Using 6th(2013-2015) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES VI) (우리나라 초기성인(20-39세)의 동반식사 유무에 따른 정신건강상태에 대한 융합적 연구 : 제 6기 국민건강영양조사(2013-2015))

  • Jung, Myung Sook;Song, Hye Young;Kim, Won Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.287-298
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    • 2018
  • This study, a second analysis research using raw data of the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(2013-015), places its purpose on examining risk factors for the mental health of the youth. With its target on 3,712 people in their twenties and thirties, it has used complex sample cross analysis to figure out the relationship between their mental health and eating habits. Also, it has carried out multiple logistic regression analysis for the purpose of grasping the youth's mental health risk factors. Under the circumstances, controlling the subjects' individual characteristics, the study has shown that males with their breakfast and dinner partners have lower possibilities of depression and suicidal thoughts. Meanwhile, in the case of females, their breakfast and lunch partners have played a key role in lowering their stress and suicidal thoughts. Given these results, the government will have to make all-out efforts to upgrade public places and spaces for the youth to eat together. All this will lead to their healthy eating habits and positive mental health. More specifically, it will have to create variable programs necessary for educating them to manage their diet and enjoy eating with other people.

Convergence Factors Affecting Subjective Oral Health Cognition Using 6th Sixth National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (제6기 국민건강영양조사자료를 이용한 주관적 구강건강인지에 영향을 미치는 융합적 요인)

  • Song, Ae-Hee;Kim, Hwa-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.9
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting perceived oral health status according to socioeconomic status and community periodontal index(CPI) and decayed, missing, and filled teeth(DMFT) using the 6th Korean national health and nutritional examination survey(KNHANES VI) and provide a basic data for plan of policy. The higher the age, the lower the household income and education level, the worse the subjective oral health had better oral health and there was a tendency that the respondents who had no oral exam within 1 year and experienced CPI or DMFT estimated their own health as worse. It is needed to make policy development to resolve the inequality of oral health.