• Title, Summary, Keyword: The 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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The Relationship between Smoking, Alcohol Drinking and Vitamin D Level among Korean Adults : From the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014 (한국 성인에서 흡연 및 음주와 비타민 D 수준과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Park, Jong;Ryu, So-Yeon;Choi, Seong-Woo;Shin, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.231-242
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was the relationship between smoking, alcohol drinking and vitamin D level among Korean adults using data from the '6th(2013-2014) Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey'. The data used in this study were analyzed for 3,565 people who were over the age of 19 ages and checked vitamin D level and consumption frequencies of vitamin D rich foods among 15,568 respondents to the '6th(2013-2014) Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey'. The subjects were divided into four groups: None group(non-smoking and non-alcohol drinking), smoking only group, alcohol drinking only group and both group (smoking and alcohol drinking). The mean serum vitamin D level of the subjects was $16.5{\pm}0.20ng/mL$ and 73.5% of vitamin D levels were insufficient and deficiency. The results from hierarchical multiple logistic regression showed that the Odds ratio for insufficient vitamin D due to smoking and alcohol drinking were significantly higher in the smoking only group 2.281(95% CI 1.080-4.817)times and both group 1.356(95% CI 1.010-1.922)times than none group. Our results showed the relationship between smoking, alcohol drinking and vitamin D level was significant in Korean adults. Future studies, such as a more systematic cohort study investigating the relationship between smoking, alcohol drinking and vitamin D level may be helpful in confirming the causal relationship between smoking, alcohol drinking and vitamin D level.

Convergence Study on the Related Risk Factors of Elderly's Suicidal Ideation Based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (제6기 1차년도 (2013) 국민건강영양조사로 추정한 노인의 자살생각 관련 요인에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Bog-Ja
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2016
  • The study was conducted to identify related risk factor of elderly's suicidal ideation. This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary analysis of the $6^{th}$ 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Data for 1,201 elderlies who aged over 65 years old from the KNHANES were included. Suicidal ideation, general characteristics, physical health, psychological health, EuroQoL, and health behavior were measured. Chi-square test, t-test, and multiple logistic regression were used to analyze this data through the SPSS win 22.0 program. In the results, 7.7% of the elderly had suicidal ideation. The odds ratios of suicidal ideation were significantly higher among those with restriction of activity (OR=1.31, CI=1.40~3.82), those with depression (OR=4.44, CI=1.66~7.40), and those with high levels of stress (OR=9.24, CI=3.48~24.5). Therefore, the activity level, depression level, and stress level need to be regularly assessed in order to prevent suicidal ideation among the elderly.

Risk of Metabolic Syndrome according to Intakes of Vegetables and Kimchi in Korean Adults: Using the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010-2011 (한국 성인의 채소와 김치 섭취량에 따른 영양상태와 대사증후군 위험도에 관한 연구: 2010-2011년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Yoo, Jae-Eun;Kim, Jin-Su;Son, Sook Mee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.507-519
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the relations between total vegetable and Kimchi intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults. Methods: This study used dietary intake and health data of 6668 subjects aged 20 years and over from the 2010-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Daily intakes of total vegetables and Kimchi were assessed by 24-hour recall data. The odds ratio of Mets risk according to daily intake of vegetables and Kimchi was analyzed, respectively. Results: The highest consumption of total vegetables was associated with a lower risk of abdominal obesity (multivariable adjusted OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.33, 0.93) in men and lower risk of Mets (multivariable adjusted OR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.47, 0.94) in women. Kimchi consumption was not related to the risk of Mets in both men and in women. However, a higher intake of Kimchi was associated with an increased risk of elevated blood pressure (Q1 vs Q5, multivariable adjusted OR=1.34, 95% CI: 0.95, 1.90, P for trend= 0.0261) in women. Conclusions: A higher intake of vegetables was associated with decreased risk of abdominal obesity and Mets in both men and women, respectively. A higher consumption of Kimchi was not related to the risk of Mets in both in men and in women. However, a higher intake of Kimchi was associated with an increased risk of elevated blood pressure in women.

Dietary Behaviors Related to Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults (우리나라 성인의 대사증후군 유병과 관련된 식습관 및 식행동 요인)

  • Park, Jinkyung;Kweon, Sanghui;Kim, Yangha;Jang, Myoung-Jin;Oh, Kyungwon
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.664-675
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the cross-sectional associations between dietary factors and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in 12,755 subjects (males 5,146, females 7,609) aged 19 years or above using data from the 4th (2007-2009) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The prevalence of MetS in Korean adults was 23.6% (males 26.1%, females 20.9%) with the criteria for modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. While males had a higher prevalence of abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and high blood pressure than females, the prevalence of low HDL-cholesterol level was higher in females than in males. Among dietary guidelines, the response of 'yes' for asking practice of 'avoiding salty foods', and 'eating moderately and increasing physical activity for healthy weight' were significantly associated with the decreased risk of MetS in both males and in females. Especially, the risk of MetS was significantly lower in the subjects that responded the practice of all items of Korean Dietary Guidelines. Significantly negative associations with MetS were also found in the responding for practice of 'limiting consumption of alcoholic beverages' in males, and taking dietary supplements in females. Skipping breakfast was positively associated with the risk of MetS. In conclusion, dietary behaviors such as having breakfast, practice of dietary guidelines, and food consumption in moderation could modify the prevalence of MetS, and our findings could be useful for establishing guidelines for preventing MetS.

Influence of Aging on Activities of Health Promotion Behavior in Elderly Men (연령 증가가 남성 고령자의 건강증진행위 실천에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Jin;Hwang, Hye-Rim;Cho, Duk-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.123-140
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study aimed to evaluate the factors influencing health promotion behaviors in elderly men. Methods : We used data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We analyzed difference between sociodemographic characters, health statuses, and health promotion behaviors by age. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relation between health promotion behaviors and sociodemographic factors by age. Results : Health promotion behaviors related to aging were weight control effort, health screen examination, smoking cessation, and influenza vaccination. Socioeconomic statuses of elderly men declined from the preliminary age, and health status was influenced by the reduction of social role. Health promotion behaviors such as weight control, health screen examination, and performance of aerobic activities were decreased in men of advanced aged. Conclusions : The health promotion behaviors of elderly men differed significantly with age.

Use of Dietary Supplements and Determinants of Taking Dietary Supplements by Gender in the Korean Population: Using the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) (한국 성인의 성별에 따른 식이보충제 섭취 및 관련 요인에 대한 연구 -제 4기 국민건강영양조사(2007-2009) 자료를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Yun Jung;Kang, Minji;Paik, Hee Young;Song, YoonJu
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.347-355
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Although dietary supplements use in Korea has been rapidly increasing and women are more likely to take dietary supplements more than men, only a few studies have been conducted to investigate factors contributing to gender differences in dietary supplement use in the Korean population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of dietary supplement use and also identify gender-specific key factors that contribute to it using the data of the 4th KNHANES. Methods: Subjects were divided into user and non-user groups according to the answer given to the question that asked whether they had used any dietary supplement for more than 2 weeks on a regular basis during the previous year. Factors related to dietary supplement use were examined by general characteristics, health behavior and eating behavior. Results: Prevalence of dietary supplement use was 13.6% for men and 20.6% for women. Users were more likely to be middle-aged, have higher income and education, have a spouse, or reside in dong areas in both men and women. Regarding health behaviors, men with desirable lifestyle behavior were more likely to take dietary supplements, while men who smoked were less likely to take dietary supplements. Regarding disease history, both men and women with a current disease had higher odds of taking supplements. With regard to dietary behavior, frequent eating out and nutrition attitude were associated with higher odds of taking supplements in both men and in women. Conclusions: Health or dietary behavior related factors that were associated with taking supplements differed by gender. These findings can be useful for planning gender-specific dietary education and health programs.

Relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and prevalence of periodontal disease in Korean adults: The 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition (2015) (한국 성인의 사회경제적 수준과 치주질환 유병과의 관련성: 제6기 국민건강영양조사(2015년) 자료를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Ma-I;Mun, So-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1109-1119
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and prevalence of periodontal disease in a representative sample of Korean adults older than age 20. Methods: Data of 3,837 adults were collected by the six Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted in 2015. Socioeconomic, demographic, and oral health-related behavior data were collected as independent variables. We determined frequencies, percentage, and determining statistical significance using multiple regression analysis. Results: Prevalence of periodontal diseases showed statistically significant difference in accordance with sex, age, socioeconomic and demographical characteristics and oral health-related behavior. It was confirmed that the prevalence of periodontal diseases was increased in the lower educational level and income (OR, 1.478 and 1.520) after adjusting for conditions such as age, sex, recent dental check-ups, visiting dental clinic, tooth brushing frequency, use of self-care devices. Conclusions: The prevalence of periodontal disease was related with socioeconomic factors in Korean adults. Therefore, differentiated oral health service policies and dental health education among adults with lower education and income is required in order to reduce the prevalence of periodontal disease.

Multilevel analysis and regional variation of physical activities in Korean adults based on the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Jang, Min-Young;Lee, Moo-Sik;Hong, Jee-Young;Kim, Hyunsoo;Kim, Kwang-Hwan;Bae, Seok-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.95-107
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: Physical activity is well known as one of the most effective health behaviors for maintaining and promoting health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regional variation, compositional and contextual factors on physical activities in Korea. Methods: This study analyzed data of 6,353 adults in 4th-1, 2 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Independent variables were compositional factors that included general characteristics, health behaviors, health status, and contextual factors that included physical environment, political environment, and social safety net. Dependent variables were vigorous physical activity, moderate physical activity, and walking activity. Multilevel analysis were used to determine a variation of physical activity between levels of compositional factors and contextual factors. Results: Physical activities of the Korean people were affected by the regional variables. Financial independence and population density were related with moderate physical activity significantly. Population density, school sport or rally spaces, cultural facilities, and social safety concerns were related with walking activity significantly. These variables impacted on physical activities along with variables at the individual level. Variance Partition Coefficient were 9.94% at moderate physical activity and 2.91% at walking activities, respectively. Conclusions: The results suggest that the regional variables should be considered when planning public intervention to promoting physical activities in Korean adults.

Effect of Smoking Duration, Smoked Cigarettes per Day and Cessation Period on Pulmonary Function in Ex-smokers: Based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data (KNHANES, 2016) (흡연중단자에서 흡연기간, 흡연량, 금연기간이 폐기능에 미치는 영향: 2016년 국민건강영양조사 활용)

  • Hwang, Young Hui;Oh, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.214-220
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of smoking duration, smoked cigarettes per day and smoking cessation period on pulmonary function among ex-smokers: based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: This study was analyzed using the 6th KNHANES data. Pulmonary function tests were performed on a total of 4,214 adults (> 40 years old). A total of 770 adults ex-smokers were eligible for inclusion in the final analysis. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second ($FEV_1$) and $FEV_1/FEV$ were measured to evaluate pulmonary function. Results: This study showed that there were significant differences in both $FEV_1$ and FVC values based on gender, age and height, among ex-smokers. $FEV_1/FVC$ significantly differed by age, height and the smoking duration prior to smoking cessation. Multiple regression analysis revealed that, $FEV_1/FVC$ accounted for 26.0% of the variance by age, height and smoking duration. There was a difference in the mean value of $FEV_1/FVC$ with or without smoking for more than 10 years. Conclusion: This study's findings show that smoking for over 10 years in an ex-smoker can lead to problems with the respiratory system. The long-term cigarette has progressive ill effects on the respiratory system.

Comparison of nutrient intakes by nutritional anemia and the association between nutritional anemia and chronic diseases in Korean elderly: Based on the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

  • Park, So Hyun;Han, So Hee;Chang, Kyung Ja
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.543-554
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The elderly are reported to have a high prevalence of nutritional anemia when they have lower intakes of nutrients or chronic diseases. This study was conducted to compare nutritional status according to nutritional anemia and to determine associations between nutritional anemia and chronic diseases in Korean elderly. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study utilized data on 3,258 elderly aged ${\geq}65$ years gathered during the $6^{th}$ Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2015. Subjects were divided into nutritional anemia (NA) group (n = 415) and non-NA group (n = 2,843) by hemoglobin concentration. Nutrient intakes were assessed using dietary intake data obtained using the 24-hour recall method. The odds ratios (ORs) for nutritional anemia by chronic diseases were determined. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Ver. 23.0. RESULTS: Of 3,258 subjects, 12.7% had nutritional anemia. Intakes of potatoes, pulses, and mushrooms by males and potatoes, fruits, meats, eggs, and seafood by females were significantly lower in NA group than in non-NA group. The proportion of the subjects whose intakes of protein, vitamin A, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, niacin, and iron less than estimated average requirement (EAR) were significantly higher in NA group compared to non-NA group. After adjusting for age, the number of family members, energy intake, and alcohol drinking, ORs for nutritional anemia in the subjects with diabetes and myocardial infarction or angina pectoris were significantly higher by 1.74 times and 1.59 times as compared to the subjects without those diseases, respectively. However, ORs for nutritional anemia in the subjects with obesity, abdominal obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia were significantly lower by 0.64 times, 0.60 times, and 0.59 times as compared to the subjects without those diseases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggested that nutritional management should be done to enable the Korean elderly to consume foods with high hematopoietic nutrients density to prevent nutritional anemia. Korean elderly need to make regular efforts to check for nutritional anemia.