• Title, Summary, Keyword: The 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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Research on health and oral health status of elderly living alone compared to elderly living with their families - based on the data (2014) from the 6th two-year Korea national health and nutrition examination survey - (독거노인과 가족동거노인의 건강 및 구강건강상태에 관한 연구 - 국민건강영양조사 제 6기 2차년도(2014) 자료를 이용하여 -)

  • Jung, Eun-Seo
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: I examined the health and oral health status of elderly people living alone compared to elderly people living with their families by using data (2014) from the 6th Two-Year Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Methods: Among 1,454 health survey respondents aged 65 years and over who participated in the 6th Two-Year Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014, 311 were elderly people living alone and 1,143 were elderly people living with their families. Results: In terms of socio-demographic characteristics, the percentage of elderly people living alone was high especially in women and when the subjects' age, education level, and income level were low. In terms of oral health status, the percentage of elderly people living alone was high when elderly people thought that their subjectively viewed health was poor and the frequency of drinking and exercise was low. In terms of oral health status, the percentage of elderly people living alone was high among elderly people who did not have good oral health in their subjective view and did not get oral examinations for a year and had a lot of difficulty chewing. Conclusions: Family support or additional social support for elderly people who live alone should be considered to promote the healthy lives of elderly people.

Determinants of Quality of Life, Depending on the Presence or Absence of Asthma in Adults, Based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (제6기 국민건강영양조사 자료에 기초한 성인의 천식 유무에 따른 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Jo, Eun-hee;Lee, Su-jin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.127-136
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study examined the determinants of quality of life, depending on the presence or absence of asthma in adults, based on secondary wave data. Methods: Among the 21,724 people participating in the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey as it was conducted from the first to third period, 495 participants who were aged 19 or older and responded to the question of the presence or absence of asthma were included in the final analysis. Demographic characteristics were examined using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 software tool for analysis of complex sample survey data. Health-related characteristics were presented using descriptive and multivariate analysis of data. Rao_Scott ${\chi}^2$ was used for the analysis of differences in quality of life, and multiple regression analysis of complex sample survey data was used to analyze factors affecting quality of life. Results: The variable factors negatively influencing quality of life were aging, cognition of their ill health, and limited activities. Conclusions: Based on the analysis, the study suggests that practical and ongoing nursing intervention proposals to improve the quality of life of asthmatic patients should be implemented not only for physical limitations and aging but also for psychological factors that reflect subjective health statuses.

Convergence on the related depression, suicidal ideation and nutrient intakes in older adults with osteoarthritis using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES VI) (50대 이상의 골관절염 환자의 우울감 및 자살사고와 영양섭취에 관한 융합연구 : 국민건강영양조사 6기 자료 이용하여)

  • Hwang, Hyo-Jeong;Choi, Yean Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2019
  • We investigated the relationship between depression, suicide risk, and related nutrient intakes in 50-60 year old Korean osteoarthritis patients. In the $6^{th}$ National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 4,112 people who have been diagnosed with osteoarthritis by a doctor were analysed. Anxiety and depression level, pain and discomport level, depressive mood and suicidal ideation were significantly higher in osteoarthritis group compared to the non-osteoarthritis group(p<0.05). Dietary intake of energy, protein, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, calcium, phosphate, thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin were significantly higher in the normal group compared with all the osteoarthritis, depression and suicidal ideation groups(p<0.05). The presented convergence strategy would be applied for emotional health and health care improvement of osteoarthritis patients.

The Relationship between Oral Health and Stroke in Adults Based on the 6th (2015) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Shin, Hae-Eun;Park, Eui-Jung;Jung, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Eun-Kyong;Cho, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2018
  • Stroke is the second cause of death worldwide, although the survival period is increasing after the occurrence of stroke, severe physical disability is caused with aftereffect. Oral inflammation is not limited to the oral cavity, it can cause malignant changes in other tissues and organs. In previous studies, we confirmed the relationship between tooth loss and stroke due to periodontal inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral health and stroke such as oral hygiene behavior, tooth loss and periodontal disease among Korean adults over 40 years of age. This study was analyzed using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data. A total of 3,389 adults over 40 years of age were analyzed as final subjects. Socioeconomic statuses and oral health status was analyzed using a complex sample analysis technique. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship of oral health and stroke, and 95% confidence intervals were computed using SPSS. When the prevalence of stroke according to oral hygiene behavior was checked, the prevalence of strokes was lower in subjects who had a lot of brushings per day and subjects who used oral hygiene products (p<0.05). The risk of stroke was 2.17 times (95% confidence interval, 1.43~3.28) higher in the group with less than 19 remaining teeth, but it was not statistically significant as a result of adjusting for age and sex, income level, education level, drinking and smoking (p>0.05). Loss of teeth was found to be associated with the risk factor of stroke. Therefore, loss of teeth due to periodontal disease is an additional issue that should be considered as a risk factor for stroke.

Relationship between cancer and oral health in Korean adults determined using data from the 6th (2013-2014) Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (제 6기(2013-2014) 국민건강영양조사 자료를 활용한 한국성인의 구강건강과 암의 관련성)

  • Shin, Hae-Eun;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Cho, Min-Jeong;Choi, Youn-Hee;Song, Keun-Bae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Dental caries and periodontitis are major oral bacterial infections associated with dental plaque. Infection and inflammation play a role in carcinogenesis, and a significant link has been found between some highly prevalent oral and dental diseases and some types of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cancer and oral health among Korean adults. Methods: Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to analyze the incidence of cancer according to oral health. Demographic and socioeconomic statuses and oral behavior of the participants was analyzed using complex chi-square tests. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between a high DMFT index and cancer by calculating the 95% confidence intervals. Results: In total, 6,450 case-control subjects were included. Significant difference was observed in the DMFT index, but not in periodontal diseases, between the cases and controls. The odds ratio for cancer was 1.80 (95% confidence interval: 1.18 to 2.73) in the high-risk group. However, no significant difference was observed after adjusting for age, education level, and income. Conclusions: The results provide potential evidence of a significant association between cancer and oral disease.

Relationship between health factor, oral health factor and prevalence of depression in Korean elderly (한국 노인의 건강요인 및 구강건강요인과 우울증 유병여부의 관련성)

  • Chun, Ju-Yeon;Jung, Eun-Seo
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.963-971
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between health factor, oral health factor and revalence of depression in Korea elderly by data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2012. Methods: The subjects were 10,938 elderly over 65 years old by rolling survey method and data were extracted from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2012. Data of 1,421 elderly were finally selected and analyzed using kstrada. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographical characteristics of the subjects, health factors, oral health factors and depression. The oral health factors included subjective perception of oral health, alcohol consumption, exercise, smoking, and toothache. Results: Health factors influencing on the prevalence of depression were subjective health(p<0.001), stress(p<0.001), and alcohol consumption(p<0.05). Oral health factors related to the prevalence of depression were subjective oral health(p<0.05), annual dental checkup(p<0.01), and speaking problem(p<0.01). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the oral health promotion program for the elderly and help them maintain good quality of life and mental health.

The relationship between smoking and stroke by general characteristics : using the 6th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (일반적 특성에 따른 흡연과 뇌졸중의 관련성 : 제6기 국민건강영양조사 이용)

  • Nam, Younghee;Jung, Hyunjung;Kim, Yesoon
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.1323-1331
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study was to determine the general characteristics that affect strokes caused by smoking, to provide basic data and political grounds for preventing strokes. Data were used from the 6th (2015) of the National Health and Nutrition Survey. Among the study participants were 2,146 smokers and 132 strokers. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 21.0. The findings of the study were as follows: strokes increased the odds ratio 1.7 times(p<0.001) when smoking was performed, and the risk factors for strokes caused by smoking were statistically significant in age(p=0.008, p=0.10), education level(p=0.003, p=0.008), hypertension(p<0.001), and subjective health conditions(p=0.008). Therefore, it is necessary to develop health education contents using smart devices and a consistent national health policy to reduce the occurrence and risk of stroke.

Relationship between oral health and suicide attempts in Korean adults :The 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (7th KNHANES, 2016-2018) (우리 나라 성인의 구강건강과 자살시도와의 관련성 : 제 7기(2016-2018년) 국민건강영양조사를 바탕으로)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.291-302
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between oral health and suicide attempts in adults aged 19 years or older using the 7th Korea National Health and Examination Survey (KHANES, 2016-2018). Methods: Of the 24,269 participants in the 7th KHANES (2016-2018), 7,261 adults aged 19 years or older who had an oral health examination were selected. Complex samples crosstabulation (χ2-test) was performed to determine the rate of suicide ideation by general characteristics. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to ascertain the effects of oral health on suicide attempts. Results: Participants with gingivitis were 1.7 times more likely to receive mental health counseling (p<0.05) and 1.6 times more likely to attempt suicide (p<0.05). Conclusions: Oral health is significantly associated with suicide attempts in adults aged 19 years or older, and this emphasizes the importance of oral health management as an intervention for preventing suicide and improving the health of adults.

Association between oral health-related factors and grip strength using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (국민건강영양조사 제6기 자료를 활용한 구강건강관련요소와 악력과의 연관성)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.743-752
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: Grip strength is a measure for assessing overall muscle strength, muscle mass, and nutritional status, and is a useful tool for early examination of a person's general health. Thus, this study analyzed the association between oral health-related factors and grip strength, using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data. Methods: Data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS version 25.0 (IBM Co., Armonk, NY, USA) software with a complex sampling analysis of stratified and clustered variables, all with weighted values, applied for every analysis conducted. From the 6th KNHANES data, a total of 26,101 people were selected as the study population. A complex sample generalized linear model analysis was performed for participants' sociodemographic characteristics, health status, use of oral care products, and factors such as adult mastication and speaking habits. Results: Grip strength was found to be higher among men compared to women. Grip strength was the highest in the 20-39 year old group. Furthermore, grip strength was statistically significantly higher among married and employed individuals, and in the right hand (p<0.001). Grip strength was statistically significantly higher among people who perceived themselves to have good health and among those who did not have health-related problems in the past two weeks (p<0.001). It was also higher among those who used interdental brushes and electronic toothbrushes (p<0.001), but decreased with greater discomfort in mastication and speaking among adults (p<0.05). Conclusions: Grip strength was found to be associated with oral health-related factors and therefore, these could be helpful tools in evaluating both general and subjective health statuses. In general, oral care products are small in size with oral care involving the use of hands and certain precise motions and actions to remove foreign substances in the oral cavity. As shown in the findings, grip strength declines with increased age and as a result, the use of oral care products should be strongly recommended in order to promote better general health.

Factors influencing unmet dental needs of preschool children: A study based on data of the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES) (제6기(2013-2015년) 국민건강영양조사를 활용한 미취학 아동의 미충족 치과의료에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yeo, An-Na;Kang, Yu-Min;Lee, Su-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.117-129
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of demographic characteristics and oral health status on unmet dental needs among preschool children and to provide a basis for improvement of the dental care equality and accessibility using data from the $6^{th}$ National Health and Nutrition Survey. Methods: This study was performed using data collected from the $6^{th}$ National Health and Nutrition Survey. The subjects were 1,472 out of 22,940 people, who participated in the survey and under went oral examination. IBM SPSS Statistics (Version 20.0) was used for statistical analyses based on the complex sampling design. Frequency analysis was performed to determine the distribution of unmet dental needs according to the characteristics of the subjects. The Rao-Scott ${\chi}^2$ test was performed to examine the relationship of unmet dental needs with general characteristics and health- and oral health-related variables. Relevant factors were determined using binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The factors that had statistically significant relations with unmet dental needs included age, medical insurance, household income, limited physical activity, history of dental caries in deciduous teeth, and subjective health status. Logistic regression analysis of complex samples was conducted to determine factors related to unmet dental needs. The results of analysis showed that limited physical activity and history of dental caries in deciduous teeth were related to unmet dental needs. Conclusions: The results show the factors affecting, and the reasons for, the unmet dental needs of preschool children. Future studies are needed to develop national projects and oral health education reforms to address inequalities in preschool children's dental care.