• Title, Summary, Keyword: Th1

Search Result 14,869, Processing Time 0.087 seconds

A Clinical Study of Headache in 58 Cases (두통(頭痛)의 임상양상(臨床樣狀) 및 생체전기자율반응에 대(對)한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee Sang-Ryong;Kim Myung-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-122
    • /
    • 2001
  • The clinical study was carried out the 58 patients with Headache who were treated in Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae Jeon University from 14 October 1999 to 15 October 2001. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The ratio of male and female was 15:43, 40s(36.2%) was frequent, the ratio of Tension headache and Migraine was 43:12, hypernoia and overwork oneself were the most inducing factor. 2. In distribution of the period of the clinical history, Tension headache was comparatively short term within 1 month(62.8%) and Migraine was comparatively long term over 1 year(91.7%), Tension headache was frequent at whole portion(41.3%) and occipital portion(26.1%), Migraine was frequent at temporal portion(76.9%). 3. In pain type, Tension headache has many vandlike discomport type, Migraine has many pulsatile type, neck-stiffness-pain and dizziness were mainly coexited. 4. Toung aspect has many SULDAMHONGTAEBAEKHOO(舌淡紅苔白厚), GINMAEK(緊脈) and HEUNMAEK(弦脈) were frequent in Pulse type, the GAEDAMSUNKIJEETONG(祛淡順氣止痛) prescription drugs were frequent such as GEYNTONGA(肩痛A), GEYNTONGDODAMTANG(?通導淡湯), Tension headache patients were well treated(90.7%). 5. In Tension headache and Migraine, the Curve has many SL except Tension headache‘s 2th SANGHAN(상한), in Regulation RR was frequent at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL was frequent at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, the result of Graph, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 6. The Curve was within normal limit at whole portion and frequent SL at temporal portion, the whole and temporal portion s Regulation also have many RR at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 7. The occipital and frontal portion‘s Curve have many SL at 1th SANGHAN, the occipital portion’s Regulation has many RR at 1th, 2th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity has many low response at the whole, Reactivity has many low response at 1th, 4th, 5th, 6th SANGHAN and high response 2th, 3th SANGHAN, the frontal portion s Regulation has many RL at 1th, 3th, 5th, 6th, 7th SANGHAN and RR at 4th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity also have many low response at the whole except 6th, 7th SANGHAN respectively.

  • PDF

Effects of Thermotherapy on Th1/Th2 Cells in Esophageal Cancer Patients Treated with Radiotherapy

  • Hong, Mei;Jiang, Zao;Zhou, Ying-Feng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.2359-2362
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background: To investigate the effects of double radiofrequency hyperthermia on Th1/Th2 cells in esophageal cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: 22 patients with esophageal cancer were divided into a radiotherapy group (10 cases) and a combined group (double radiofrequency hyperthermia combined with radiotherapy group, 12 cases). Both groups received conventional radiotherapy using a cobalt-60 therapy apparatus (TD60-66Gy/30-33F). Patients in the combined group also underwent double radiofrequency hyperthermia (2F/W, 8-10F). Before and after treatment, Th1, Th2, Tc1 and Tc2 cells in peripheral blood were determined with flow cytometry. Results: In the radiotherapy group, Th1 cell contents before and after radiotherapy were $17.5{\pm}5.26%$ and $9.69{\pm}4.86%$, respectively, with a significant difference (p<0.01). The Th1/Th2 ratio was significantly decreased from $28.2{\pm}14.3$ to $16.5{\pm}10.4 $(p<0.01). In the combined group, Th1 cell content before radiotherapy was $15.9{\pm}8.18%$, and it increased to $18.6{\pm}8.84$ after radiotherapy (p>0.05), the Th1/Th2 ratio decreasing from $38.4{\pm}36.3$ to $28.1{\pm}24.0$ (p>0.05). Changes in Th2, Tc1 and Tc2 cell levels were not significant in the two groups before and after therapy (p>0.05). Conclusions: Double radiofrequency hyperthermia can promote the conversion from Th2 to Th1 cells, and regulate the balance of Th1/Th2 cells.

Modulation of Bee Venom on Th1/Th2 Cell Lineage Development (봉독 추출액이 helper T cell 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko Eun Jung;Nam Sang Soo;Hong Moo Chang;Shin Min Kyu;Bae Hyun Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1347-1355
    • /
    • 2004
  • In this study, the immunological effect of a traditional Korea herbal acupuncture, that has been widely used for the treatment of various immunological disorders including inflammation in Korea, was examined in vitro and in vivo. In our previous study demonstrated that BV increased the expression of IFN-γ mRNA, that plays pivotal role in T cell response. This study was designated to evaluate the effect of BV on helper T cell development by monitoring Th1/Th2 specific cytokine secretion patterns in artificially induced Th1/Th2 polarized condition and in vivo. The results demonstrated that BV didn't have mitogenic effects on the unstimulated CD4+ T cell, but increased the CD4+ T cell proliferation upon activation with anti-CD3/CD28 antibody. The Th1 cells were over-populated dramatically in Th1 driven condition with BV treatment, while the Th2 cells were increased slightly in Th2 skewed condition. Furthermore, under Th1-skewed conditions, the level of IFN-γ was considerably increased with BV treatment. Besides, the expression of T-bet, a transcription factor that plays pivotal role in Th1 lineage programming, was increased with BV treatment. The expressions of IFN-γ and T-bet were also significantly increased in vivo. The results that Th1 specific cytokine secretion were considerably increased and Th2 specific cytokine secretion were not significantly changed in vitro and in vivo indicated that BV enhances Th1 lineage development, Therefore, these results suggest that BV might be desirable agent for correction of Th1 dominant pathological disorders.

Comparison of Sexuality Education of Home Economics and Technology .Home Economics in 6th, 7th Middle School Curriculum (6, 7차 교육과정 중 가정과 기술.가정 교과서의 성교육의 비교)

  • 조숙자
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.97-105
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was to examine the contents of sexuality education in the 6th Home Economics 1 and in the 7th Technology.Home Economics 1 of Middle school curriculum by comparing those two text books. The result of the study was that: 1) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 has more sexuality education contents than in the 6th; 2) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 used much more vivid and realistic pictures to catch students' attention and bring educational effect; 3) the 7th Technology \ulcornerHome Economics 1 included more detailed information for the young students such as pregnancy, birth control, masturbation, artificial abortion, and prevention of sexual violence than the 6th; 4) although the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 showed more developed contents for the sexuality education, it had still only theory based information that lost students' attention on this important issue.

  • PDF

ULTRASTRUCTURAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF INDOMETHACIN ON 4-NITROQUINOLINE 1-OXIDE (4NQO) INDUCED PALATAL CARCINOMA OF ALBINO RAT. (Indomethacin이 백서의 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) 유도 구개암 발암과정에서 미세구조에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hai-Keun
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.171-186
    • /
    • 1989
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of indomethacin on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) induced palatal carcinoma of albino rats. Sixty albino rats about 100 gms of body weight, 6 weeks old-were used classifying as 1) six albino rats of normal group received no treatment, 2) six albino rats of control group treated with propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week, 3) twenty four albino rats of experimental group I treated with 0.5% 4NQO in propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week, 4) twenty four albino rats of experimental group II treated with 0.5% of 4NQO in propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week and administrated 20${\mu}g/ml$ indomethacin in drinking water ad lib. The animals of normal and control groups were sacrificed 7th, 11th, 15th, 19th, 23rd and 27th week, while those of experimental group I and II were sacrificed 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th week after the experiment. The palatal mucosa was excised and examined grossly, light-microscopically and electron-microscopically. Following results were obtained. 1. In control group, there was no specific difference from normal tissue histopathologically. 2. In group I, hyperkeratosis mild acantosis and dyskeratosis in in 7th week, dysplasia in 11th week and severe acantosis in 19th week were observed, but squamous cell carcinoma not observed until 29th week on light-microscope. 3. In group II, hyperkeratosis, mild acantosis in 9th week, dyskeratosis and dysplasia in 21st week, severe acantosis in 27th week and squamous cell carcinoma in 29th week were observed on light-microscope. 4. In group I, widening of intercellular space in 7th week, increasing of desmosome, giant desmosome and tonofilament in cytoplasm in 9th week, severe widening of intercellular space, increasing of mitochondria and vascular degeneration in 11th week, irregular pattern of cell feature and nucleus and prominent nucleoli in 19th week, and continuity of basal lamina in 29th week were observed on electron-microscope. 5. In group II, mild widening of intercellular space in 9th week, increasing of mitochondria, vascular degeneration and tonofilament in cytoplasm in 13th week, increasing of desmosome and giant desmosome in 15th week, irregular pattern of cell surface and nucleus and prominent nucleoli, and in 21st week continuity of basal lamina were observed on electron-microscope which phenomenon occurred little later than group I. After 21st week, however, severe widening of intercellular space, vascular degeneration and continuity of basal lamina were observed as in group I.

  • PDF

Modulation of Th1/Th2 Cytokine Secretion in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells by Water Extract of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus Fruits (사람 말초혈액 단핵세포에서 흰털오가피 열매 추출물에 의한 Th1/Th2 Cytokine 분비조절)

  • Lyu, Su-Yun;Noh, Bin-Na;Park, Won-Bong
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.52 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-32
    • /
    • 2008
  • Water extracts of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus (ADA) fruits were used to treat hPBMC to determine the mechanisms for the immunomodulatory effects. The secretion level of various cytokines including Th-1 type (IL-2, L-12, $IFN-{\gamma}$ and $TNF-{\alpha}$) and Th-2 type (IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10) were measured using ELISA. A significant increase of Th-1 type cytokine secretion was observed in the presence of extract while Th-2 cytokine, IL-6 was suppressed. Our results suggest that ADA fruit extract may influence the anticancer immune responses towards a predominance of Th-1 cytokines in the immune system.

Sochungyong-tang, Tradititional Korean Medicine, Suppresses Th2 Lineage Development (소청룡탕(小靑龍湯)이 분화된 Th1 cell 및 Th2 cell cytokine profile에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Hyuk-Joon;Hong, Moo-Chang;Shin, Min-Kyu;Bae, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.380-388
    • /
    • 2005
  • In this study, the immunological effect of a traditional Korea herbal medicine, Sochungyong-tang (SCRT) that has been widely used for the treatment of various immunological disorders including allergic asthma in Korea, was examined in vitro. In our previous study demonstrated that SCRT decreases the expression of IL-4 mRNA, that plays pivotal role in Th2 cell development, while increases $IFN-{\gamma}{\tilde{a}}expression$, which is one of the key cytokines for Th1 lineage development in Th0 condition. That study strongly implies that SCRT can correct Th2 dominant condition directly affecting to the CD4+ T cell development. Present study designated to further evaluate the SCRT on helper T cell development by monitoring Th1/Th2 specific cytokine secretion patterns in artificially induced Th1 or Th2 polarized condition. The results demonstrated that Th2 cells were dramatically under-populated in Th2 driven condition with SCRT treatment, while Th1 cells were not altered in Th1 skewed condition. Furthermore, under Th2-skewed conditions the levels of and IL-4 were considerably decreased with SCRT treatment. However, the expression of GATA-3, a transcription factor that plays pivotal role in Th2 lineage programming, was not changed with SCRT, suggesting that the suppression of Th2 cell development by SCRT was not mediated by GATA-3. Present study implies that the effect on CD4+ T cell may be the one of key pharmacological effect point for treating IgE medicated allergic asthma by SCRT. These results also suggest that SCRT might be desirable agent for the correction of Th2 dominant pathological disorders.

A Study on the Waveform Analysis of Left KWAN Pulse Dignosis by the Pressure (단계별(段階別) 가압(加壓)에 따른 좌관부위(左關部位) 맥파(脈波) 변화(變化))

  • Kim, Gyeong-Cheol;Lee, Jeong-Won;Ryu, Kyeong-Ho;Kim, Jong-Hwan;Park, Ju-Yeon
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-35
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objectives : In the study on the waveform analysis of radial artery pulse diagnosis, we need to establish fundamentals of contemporary pulse diagnosis research. To achieve certain experimental basis on traditional pulse diagnosis, we have to research the differences of pulse waveform according to pressure (in 5 level) and position (Chon, Gwan, Cheok in radial artery). As a first step, in present thesis, we tried to find the differences of pulse waveform according to pressure. Methods and Results : In this research, we analyzed seven parameters of the waveform at five levels of pressure. The parameters are E(so called 'energy', a representative of pulse strength), h1(height of percussion wave) and h2(height of subincisura). The results were as follows. 1. When we analyzed the change of the waveform according to pressure in the left Gwan, E, hl, h2 and A differed between 1st and 2nd grade, between 1st and 3rd grade, between 1st and 4th grade, between 1st and 5th grade, between 2nd and 3rd grade, between 2nd and 5th grade, between 3rd and 5th grade and between 4th and 5th grade in 95% confidence interval. 2. And t2, t4 differed between 1st and 2nd grade, between 1st and 5th grade, between 2nd and 4th grade, between 2nd and 4th grade, between 2nd and 5th grade, between 3rd and 4th grade, between 3rd and 5th grade and between 4th and 5th grade in 95% confidence interval. 3. W differed between 1st and 3rd grade, between 1st and 4th grade, between 2nd and 3rd grade, between 2nd and 4th grade, between 2nd and 5th grade, between 3rd and 4th grade, between 3rd and 5th grade, and between 4th and 5th grade in 95% confidence interval. 4. And h2/h1 differed between 1st and 4th grade, between 1st and 5th grade, between 2nd and 4th grade, between 2nd and 5th grade, between 3rd and 4th grade & between 3rd and 5th grade in 95% confidence interval. 5. There were differences between 1st and 2nd grade & between 2nd and 5th grade in the case of t4/t2 in 95% confidence interval. And there were differences between 1st and 5th grade, between 3rd and 4th grade, between 3rd and 5th grade & between 4th and 5th grade in the case of W/A in 95% confidence interval. And were differences between 1st and 2nd grade, between 2nd and 3rd grade, between 2nd and 4th grade, between 3rd and 4th grade, between 3rd and 5th grade & between 4th and 5th grade in the case of A/E in 95% confidence interval. Conclusions : As mentioned above, we conclude that the waveform analysis according to five grade pressure in the left Gwan shows the difference of waveform in each grade pressure.

  • PDF

The Larval Development of Beet Armyworm,Spodoptera exigua (Hubner),(Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) by the Widths of the Head Capsule (파밤나방 유충의 영기별 생장율 비교)

  • 고현관;이상계;최귀문;김정화
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-57
    • /
    • 1991
  • The width of head capsule of the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hubner), was measured on the 5th generation larvae reared with artificial diet. The mean widths of head capsule of each instar were: 1st, 0.246 mm; 2nd, 0.35 mm; 3rd, 0.546 mm; 4th, 0.809 mm; 5th, 1.242 mm; and 6th, 2.185 mm. The coefficient of variation (%) of each instar were: 1st, 8.6; 2nd, 9.5; 3rd, 15.1; 4th, 11.2; 5th, 12.0; and 6th, 12.9. The growth ratio of each instar were: 2nd, 1.43; 3rd, 1.55; 4th, 1.48; 5th, 1.54; and 6th, 1.76. The fitness(%) to Dyar's law of the measurement of head capsule width were: 1st, 94.7; 2nd, 98.3; 3rd, 98.7; 4th, 94.8; 5th, 94.6; and 6th, 92.2. When the logarithm of the width is plotted against the number of instars, the calculated regression line is highly significient (Log Y = -0.819 + 0.1872X, $r^2$ = $0.9977*{**}$) and Dyar's constant was 1.54.

  • PDF

Enhanced Rg3 negatively regulates Th1 cell responses

  • Cho, Minkyoung;Choi, Garam;Shim, Inbo;Chung, Yeonseok
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.43 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-57
    • /
    • 2019
  • Background: Korean Red Ginseng (KRG; Panax ginseng Meyer) is a widely used medicinal herb known to exert various immune modulatory functions. KRG and one of its purified components, ginsenoside Rg3, are known to possess anti-inflammatory activities. How they impact helper T cell-mediated responses is not fully explored. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the effect of KRG extract (KRGE) and ginsenoside Rg3 on Th1 cell responses. Methods: Using well-characterized T cell in vitro differentiation systems, we examined the effects of KRGE or enhanced Rg3 on the Th1-inducing cytokine production from dendritic cells (DC) and the naïve $CD4^+$ T cells differentiation to Th1 cells. Furthermore, we examined the change of Th1 cell population in the intestine after treatment of enhanced Rg3. The influence of KRGE or enhanced Rg3 on Th1 cell differentiation was evaluated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: KRGE significantly inhibited the production level of IL-12 from DCs and subsequent Th1 cell differentiation. Similarly, enhanced Rg3 significantly suppressed the expression of interferon gamma ($IFN{\gamma}$) and T-bet in T cells under Th1-skewing condition. Consistent with these effects in vitro, oral administration of enhanced Rg3 suppressed the frequency of Th1 cells in the Peyer's patch and lamina propria cells in vivo. Conclusion: Enhanced Rg3 negatively regulates the differentiation of Th1 cell in vitro and Th1 cell responses in the gut in vivo, providing fundamental basis for the use of this agent to treat Th1-related diseases.