• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tendency of Research

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Tendency to Post Modernism on Chanel Collection (샤넬컬렉션에 나타난 포스트모더니즘적 경향)

  • Park, Sook-Hyun;Lee, Kwan-Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fashion and Beauty
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to examine how the Chanel Collection, a famous brand acknowledged for it's modern style, was influenced by post-modernism. The scope of research includes initial concentration on 1920's boyish style of Chanel as well as its relative influence on modernism. Secondly, the research concentrates on Chanel Collections that Lagerfeld's designs were best represented. The results were as follows: The tendency to eroticism for fashion business, tendency to retro-fashion, tendency to popularization of sub-cultural group's fashion, tendency to no-match-mix, tendency to androgynous style, tendency to emphasis on ornaments in clothing.

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An Analysis and Study for the Math Disliking Tendency of the Australian Students -Compare to the Students of Middle School of Korea- (호주 학생들의 수학 기피성향 분석 연구 -우리나라 중학교 학생과의 비교-)

  • 박기양
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.295-302
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to make more reliable researches on the tendency of shirking from the mathematics by including those of the students in the other country, and there are a series of researches such as 'math-camp to raise the mathematical tendency of the students who make little progress in the study', 'establishment of factors causing the shirking tendency from the mathematics and development of the analyzing instruments for it' and 'study on the preference to each category of the school mathematics.' For this purpose, I used a test developed by the shirking tendency research team. I compared the average score and standard deviation between the Korean and the Australian students. As for the average score, that of the Australian elementary school students is about one point higher than the Korean students, and there was no remarkable difference in the deviation. Comparing the math-shirking tendency of the two groups, they show higher shirking tendency in the aspects of emotional and mathematical recognition that belong to the psychological and environmental sphere. And, as for an extent of association in difficulties according to each school grades, its degree of the Australian students is comparatively lower than that of the Korean students, therefore, the shirking tendency of the Australian students is intermediate level whereas that of the Korean students is the lowest. They show us a peculiar result in teacher factor. It is noteworthy in that the Korean students show a positive reaction in that factor, however, the Australian students show a comparatively weak reaction. It might be caused by a cultural difference. I also have compared the accumulated percentage according to each shirking tendency factors. It will not only be very efficient for teachers to establish a teaching plan but also a good data to understand the shirking tendency of each student. This will be a very good data for the planners of teaching policy to remedy the causes of shirking tendency. And, it will also be used effectively to write a new textbook. It has been uncommon that a psychological test is used in the research for the improvement of teaching and learning mathematics. In this aspect, I am sure that this study including the preceding research will be a good in studying the shirking tendency factors by using a psychological test. I believe that this research will be a help to grasp the outline of the shirking tendency and I will have to try continuously to make it be a reasonable and reliable study.

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Impact on self-satisfaction of shopping tendencies and purchasing behaviors for luxury goods (명품쇼핑성향과 구매행동이 자기만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Min;Park, Sook-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Lim
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.16-31
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    • 2017
  • This paper aims to identify the impact on self-satisfaction of shopping tendencies and purchase behaviors for luxury goods. The research was conducted by survey method using questionnaires. The subjects of this study were female consumers from 20 to years old with a high purchasing capability for luxury goods. Using the statistics program SPSS 21.0, factor analysis, reliability analysis, one-way ANOVA, and multiple-regression analysis were executed. The analysis results are summarized below. For shopping tendency depending on ages, pleasure pursuit tendency showed insignificant difference in 40~50s, but significant difference in 20~30s. For the self-satisfaction, the interpersonal satisfaction showed the difference by age group, which was much higher in the respondents in 30~50s than those in 20s. Individuality pursuit tendency and rational shopping tendency had impact on self-satisfaction and rational shopping tendency on interpersonal satisfaction in 20s. Pleasure pursuit tendency and rational shopping tendency had impact on self-satisfaction and interpersonal satisfaction and pleasure pursuit tendency on the economic satisfaction in 30s. Pleasure pursuit tendency had impact on self-satisfaction and economic satisfaction and rational satisfaction on interpersonal satisfaction in 40s. Pleasure pursuit tendency and rational shopping tendency had impact on self-satisfaction and interpersonal satisfaction in 50s. High quality had impact on self-satisfaction and economic satisfaction and practicality on interpersonal satisfaction in 20s. High quality had impact on self-satisfaction and interpersonal satisfaction in 30s. High quality had impact on interpersonal satisfaction in 40s. High quality had impact on all elements of self-satisfaction for the respondents in 50s, practicality had negative impact on interpersonal satisfaction.

Effects of Shopping Orientation on Brand Loyalty and Shopping Satisfaction of Fashion Outlet Consumers (패션 아울렛 소비자의 쇼핑성향이 브랜드 충성도 및 쇼핑만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, A-Ram;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.114-129
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study were to identify shopping orientation for fashion outlet consumers and its significance in influencing brand loyalty and shopping satisfaction. This study will propose results which help to better understand shopping orientation of fashion outlet consumers. A questionnaire was administered to 326 20s male and female living in Daegu Gyeongbuk during October of 2008. Data were analyzed by using Factor analysis, Reliability analysis, t-test and Regression analysis. The results of the research are as follows: First, The shopping orientation could be into 5 dimensions: pleasure tendency, fashion tendency, name brand tendency, prudence buying tendency, economic tendency. Brand loyalty were factor analyzed resulting three factors such as brand loyalty, brand care and brand knowledge. Brand loyalty factors of brand loyalty and brand knowledge had a positive effect on fashion tendency, name brand tendency. Brand care has a positive effect on name brand tendency and economic tendency. Second, Shopping satisfaction were factor analyzed resulting five factors such as product, store atmosphere, service store reputation, location convenience and price. Outlet product had a positive effect on fashion tendency, name brand tendency, prudence buying tendency and while all other factors showed a positive effect on preferences to follow trends. However, outlet price had a positive effect on only those consumers possessing a economic tendency.

Relationships Among Preschoolers' Smartphone Addiction Tendency, Their Problem Behaviors, and Parenting Efficacy of Their Mothers (학령전기 아동의 스마트폰 중독경향과 문제행동 및 어머니 양육효능감과의 관계)

  • Lee, Hyun-Joo;Chae, Sun-Mi;Bang, Kyung-Sook;Choi, Heeseung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among preschoolers' smartphone addiction tendency, problem behaviors, and parenting efficacy of the mothers of these children. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study design was used with self-administered questionnaires. A total of 83 mothers of preschoolers aged 4-6 years and their preschool teachers from a kindergarten participated in the study. Results: Mean daily time spent by the preschoolers on smartphones was about 45 minutes/day. About 40% spent more than 60 minutes/day on smartphones. The majority (69.8%) used smartphones without adult supervision. The level of smartphone addiction tendency among the preschoolers was $1.52{\pm}0.45$ on a 4-point scale. Preschoolers whose mothers use smartphones for more than 60 minutes/day showed a higher level of smartphone addiction tendency than preschoolers whose mothers use smartphones for less than 60 minutes/day. Also smartphone addiction tendency among preschoolers had a positive correlation with hyperactive-distractible behavior (r=.228, p=.038) and a negative correlation with parenting efficacy of their mothers (r=-.299, p=.006). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that preschooler's smartphone addiction tendency is significantly associated with hyperactive-distractible behaviors of the children and low parenting efficacy among their mothers. Therefore well-designed care plans for these populations should be provided to decrease smartphone addiction tendency.

The Influence of Parent-Adolescent Communication on SNS Addiction Tendency among High School Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-control (고등학생이 지각한 부모-자녀간 의사소통이 SNS 중독경향성에 미치는 영향: 자기통제력의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Yeoeun;Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2017
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze the effect of perceived parent-adolescent communication on SNS addiction tendency among high school students and to investigate the mediating effects of self-control on the relationship between above variables. 567 students who were registered in three high schools located in D city completed a questionnaire on parent-adolescent communication, SNS addiction tendency, and self-control. Structural equation models were conducted to compare the research model (complete mediating effect) and the competing model (partial mediating effect), and bootstrapping was conducted to investigate the mediating effects of self-control with SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0. The results are as follow: First, while the parent-adolescent communication did not directly have an effect the SNS addiction tendency, the self-control had a direct effect on the SNS addiction tendency. Second, the research model was selected as a final model which implied that parent-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on SNS addiction tendency among high school students. Third, self-control had a significant mediating effect on the relationship between parent-adolescent communication and high school students' SNS addiction tendency. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that parent-adolescent communication had an indirect effect rather than a direct effect through self-control on high school students' SNS addiction tendency. This result indicates that the SNS addiction tendency rate of high school student can be lowered, by mediating self-control. Finally, this study suggests that the implicit points on counseling methods to remedy self-control of high school students, and shortcomings and limits of this study and advice for follow-up studies all be discussed.

Forms of Expression of Angry Voters and Sad Voters: The Effects of Discrete Emotions and Emotional Expression on the Voting Participation through Approach-Avoidance Action Tendencies

  • Shin, Hye-kyung;Baek, Young Min
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.248-278
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    • 2015
  • Despite the proliferation of studies on emotion, little attention has been paid to the effects of discrete emotion on political participation. Using a representative survey conducted on a sample of South Korean citizens in the aftermath of the Sewol ferry accident, the current survey explored how anger and sadness, as well as the ways people express those emotions, influence the orientation of their response in social environments and, ultimately, their voting intention. The results partially supported the discrete effects of sadness and anger in eliciting reactions of approach or avoidance. Anger was found to provoke an approach action tendency in independent voters and supporters of the opposition, while also eliciting an avoidance action tendency with a varying effect size across all three groups of respondents. Sadness also prompted an approach action tendency in independents and supporters of the incumbent party, while it manifested a negative association with the avoidance action tendency in supporters of the opponent party. An interpretation of the findings and proposed directions for future research are presented.

The effect of product benefits and product identification on purchase intention - Focused on the moderating effect of aesthetic seeking tendency - (제품편익과 제품동일시가 구매의도에 미치는 영향 - 미추구성향의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Sun-Hyung;Hong, Ji-Hyun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.417-430
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    • 2016
  • This study had two aims. First, the study intended to identify the influences of product benefits and product identification on consumers' purchase intention, Second, it wanted to assess the moderating effects of consumers' aesthetic seeking tendency on their decision-making process. Based on the stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) paradigm and the product personality-brand identification-purchase intention model, this study proposed a research model, the benefits-product identification-purchase intention model. To test the model, a survey was conducted of female college students; a total of 298 questionnaires were analyzed. The stimulus used was a popular model of Nike running footwear: the Luna Eclipse+2. Factor analysis and structural equation analysis were conducted to analyze the research model. The results indicate : (1) The aesthetic benefit influenced product identification positively. The aesthetic benefit, functional benefit and product identification were all positively related to purchase intention. (2) The aesthetic seeking tendency mediated the influences of product benefits on consumers' purchase intention in the decision-making process. For consumers in the 'high' level group of aesthetic seeking tendency, aesthetic benefit and social benefit affected purchase intention and for consumers in the 'low' level group of aesthetic seeking tendency, the functional benefit only affected purchase intention. Based on this study, we find evidence that product benefits and aesthetic seeking tendency play important roles in consumers' decision-making process in product purchase.

Analysis for Patent Application Tendency in Components and Modules of Intelligent Robot (지능형 로봇 부품 및 모듈 특허동향 분석)

  • Kim, Seung-Min;Kim, Ji-Kwan;Nahm, Yoon-Eui
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2007
  • This research relates to the patent application tendency about the components and modules of the intelligent robot among the robotics industry in which the market is more and more expanded. The patent about the components and modules of intelligent robot was analyzed from not only Korea but also U.S, Japanese and Europe which is called as the 3 pole of patent. By this research the government which supervises the nation's research policy can obtain the objective information of the industrial tendency, so it can establish the investment policy of national research and development. And the researchers can set up the research direction for evasion from patent infringement trouble by obtaining the patent application information. This also shows whether their research can be competitive or not.

Analysis for Patent Application Tendency in Intelligent Robot Hardware (지능형 로봇 하드웨어 특허동향 분석)

  • Kim, Seung-Min;Nahm, Yoon-Eui;Kim, Ji-Kwan
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2007
  • This research relates to the patent application tendency about the hardware platform of the intelligent robot among the robotics industry in which the market is more and more expanded. The patent about the hardware field of intelligent robot was analyzed from not only Korea but also U.S., Japanese and Europe which is called as the 3 pole of patent. By this research the government which supervises the nation's research policy can obtain the objective information of the industrial tendency, so it can establish the investment policy of national research and development. And the researchers can set up the research direction for evasion from patent infringement trouble by obtaining the patent application information. This also shows whether their research can be competitive or not.