• Title/Summary/Keyword: Technology Trade

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A Study on Technology Trade of Korea.China for Korea.China FTA (한.중 FTA에 대비한 한.중 기술무역 연구)

  • Baek, Eun-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.381-403
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine Technology Trade of Korea China for Korea China FTA. For this purpose, to analysis the present condition of technology trade and Trade Specialization Index(TSI), Technical Barriers to Trade(TBT). The Technology trade of Korea China is the surplus Technology trade of Korea but reducing to surplus scale. Also as a result of TSI analysis, Chemistry, plastic, primary metal, Medical precision industry, basic materials industries have weakened the Korea. In addition to Technical Barriers to Trade of China is very complexity for example, China Compulsory Certificate(CCC), China RoHS, China REACH. Therefore the Policy Technology Trade of Kore against China have to the centerpiece of Korea Technology export drive to expand in China.

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The Study of deficit improvements of technology trade balance in Korea (우리나라의 기술무역수지 적자개선에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Jason
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.227-248
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    • 2012
  • Technology trade balance of Korea takes only 19th place among the OECD members. As the size of the technology trade of Korea's market increases, the importance of the Intellectual Property Right, which is one of the way of dealing increases, too. 100 million dollar of technology export has a same effect as 16,000 million dollar of merchandise export, and technology export is a value-added business which does not cost at all. For the improvement of trade balance, we have to elevate the merchandise export and also we have to get rid of the trade conflict and china's pursuit of trade. Furthermore, we need to make improvements through import of Royalty and through technology export. In this study, We would like to suggest the improvement of technology trade balance of Korea by analyze the present conditions of technology trade balance of Korea.

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A Study on the Improvement of Technology Balance of Payments to Enhance Global Technology Competitiveness in Korea: Based on the Surveys regarding Perception and Current State of Industry (우리나라의 글로벌 기술경쟁력 제고를 위한 기술무역수지 개선방안 연구: 산업계 인식 및 실태조사를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jongmin;Noh, Meansun
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.1-31
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    • 2015
  • Korea has continuously increased investment on R&D to improve global technology competitiveness through technology innovation. Korea's R&D expenditure as a percent of GDP is world's No. 1 as 4.15 and it accomplished 1 trillion won trade volume for 4 consecutive years. However, despite these efforts, technology balance of payment, which is an important factor that can measure nation's technology competitiveness is in a state of chronic deficit and the lowest level among OECD countries. In this paper, we studied methods to improve Korea's technology balance of payment We figured out concept and current state of technology trade and examined the importance of technology trade through making a comparison between commodity trade and technology trade. There have been studies regarding technology trade, but there was no study which tried to figure out cognition on technology trade from the point of view of companies which plays an important role in technology trade. For this, this study distinguished companies with experience in technology trade and which have not and conducted a survey to figure out cognition and current state of companies. The survey result showed noticeable difference on cognition of top decision makers between companies with experience in technology trade and which have not and there are serious shortage in department and staff which is exclusively responsible for technology trade. Also, despite their needs for education regarding technology trade, the ratio of employees who received education is below 10 % of the total respondents. This study suggested improvement methods such as reforming survey methods of technology trade statistics, enhancing social cognition, supporting to vitalize technology export, building infrastructure regarding technology trade, and opening education programs for cultivating experts based on preceding research and industry survey.

A Causality Analysis between R&D Investment and Technology Trade (R&D 투자와 기술무역 간의 인과관계 분석)

  • Pak, Cheolmin;Ku, Bonchul
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.91-113
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the causal relationship among R&D spending and variables of technology trade, and to explore promoting R&D activities and revitalizing technology trade. To analyze the causal relationship, we built a multivariate model that consists of government R&D spending, private R&D spending, technical importation and export of techniques, and employed the Granger-causality test based on an error correction model. The results show that there are five Granger-causality relationship among them in the short run, as well as there are eleven Granger-causality relationship among a total of twelve causal relationship, excluding only a unidirectional causality relationship from the government R&D spending to the export of techniques, in the long run. Besides, we attempted the impulse-response analysis on them to observe the reaction of any dynamic system in response to some external change. The significance of this paper is to make sure the causal relationship between R&D investments and the technology trade by analyzing empirically, and to suggest several implications for promoting the R&D activities and revitalizing the technology trade.

A Study on Industry Characteristics of Technology Trade in Korea : evidence from OECD Countries (우리나라 기술무역의 산업별 특성에 관한 연구 : OECD 국가를 대상으로)

  • Baek, Eun-Young;Moon, Hee-Cheol
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.151-170
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    • 2010
  • The present study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology trades in Korea. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export and technology import using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita industry value added Productivity and employed fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the R&D expenditure of OECD countries made a significant effect on the technology import and the value-added labor productivity made a significant result on both technology export and import. Therefore, it showed that the technology trade in Korea made a sensitive response to labor productivity in OECD countries. By panel analysis, machine, construction, ICT, and service industry affect most on technology export in Korea for recent 5 years. For technology import, electric-electron, chemical, service, and construction industry have significant effects. This study contributed to understanding of industrial characteristics affecting technology trades in Korea and empirical analysis to show correlation between the factors affecting technology trade.

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Analysis of Characteristics of Exported Technology to Domestic Industries through Statistical Analysis of Technological Trade (기술무역 통계분석을 통한 국내산업의 해외도입기술 특성분석)

  • Kim, Karp-Soo;Lee, Sung-Joo;Kang, Seong-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.282-309
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    • 2010
  • Recently, technology acquisition through technology trade plays a critical role in obtaining national competitiveness in a global era. However, current studies mostly focus on grasping the characteristics or macro status of technology trade and analyzing the impact of technology acquisition through the technology transaction, leading to the failure of providing a theoretical and practical background of national policy-making. Therefore, this research aims at investigating the concentration rate of technology, companies and countries where Korean companies obtain technological capability on the basis of the Bank of Korea's data related to 'loyalty payment in technology licensing', additionally analyzing the types of exported technology and loyalty payment. From these analyses, the degree of concentration that pre-defined 31 technology classifications depend on specific technologies, companies and nations are examined and the characteristics of technology trade types are investigated. The results of this research can be used to make a technology policy and analyze the characteristics of technology innovation of Korea industries.

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The Execution of International Technology Transfer Contracts for Avoiding the Commercial Disputes (국제기술이전 거래에서의 계약이행과 상사분쟁 예방)

  • Shim, Sang-Ryul
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.71-89
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    • 2008
  • International technology transfer(ITT) or technology trade is a very comprehensive term covering various mechanisms and channels for shifting technologies across borders. Thus, it refers to numerous complex processes, ranging from innovation and international marketing of technology to its absorption and imitation. It includes technology, trade, and investment. Markets for exchanging technologies are inherently subject to failure due to appropriability problems, spillovers, asymmetric information, and market power. Thus, there is strong justification for public intervention. Technology developers are interested in reducing the costs and uncertainty of making transfers, along with protecting their rights to profit from such transfers. On the other hand, technology importers are interested in acquiring knowledge at minimal costs, asking for restricting sharply the exclusive rights of foreign firms to exploit technology. The purpose of this paper is to review the characteristics, risks, legal issues and contractual check points of ITT, focusing on the avoidance of commercial disputes during the very complex processes of ITT.

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A Study on Technology Trade of the Korea and the Target for Concluding an FTA (한국의 FTA 체결국과의 기술무역 연구)

  • Baek, Eun-Young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.125-149
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    • 2011
  • The present study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology trades in Korea. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export and technology import using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita industry value added Productivity and employed fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the R&D expenditure of OECD countries made a significant effect on the technology import and the value-added labor productivity made a significant result on both technology export and import. Therefore, it showed that the technology trade in Korea made a sensitive response to labor productivity in OECD countries. By panel analysis, machine, construction, ICT, and service industry affect most on technology export in Korea for recent 5 years. For technology import, electric-electron, chemical, service, and construction industry have significant effects. This study contributed to understanding of industrial characteristics affecting technology trades in Korea and empirical analysis to show correlation between the factors affecting technology trade.

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Optimal Selection Model of Technology Transferor in Technology Trade Network (기술거래 네트워크에서의 기술제공자 선택 모델)

  • Lee, Jong-Il;Jeong, Bong-Ju;Noh, Ka-Yeon;Sim, Seung-Bae
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.221-252
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    • 2010
  • This study presents a concept of technology trade network and management, and proposes a procedural method for optimally selecting the technology transferor when a technology transferee needs to buy a specific technology. We develop a technology trade network where technology supplier, technology marketer, and technology transferee are informatively linked. And a technology trade management consists of three step of estimating technology, trading technology, and commercialization technology. Technology transferees could import the best appropriate technology which they want through these technology network method and cost optimization method. And we hope that these methodologies can be used in selecting new technology. A methodology can be classified into an estimating technology process and a choice of technology supplier process. In an estimating technology process, we calculate the technology similarity quantitatively through developing method of estimating technology which is focused on its technological characteristics. After defining the related cost of technology introduction, we suggest goal programming model to find a solution which can be acceptable both maximizing the technology similarity and minimizing the cost of technology. And suggested model is verified with a supplier selection problem of next generation tanks.

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A Study on the Activation of the Technology Trade to Changing Trade Environment - Focusing on the Intellectual Property Rights - (통상환경 변화에 따른 기술무역 활성화 방안 - 지식재산권을 중심으로 -)

  • Seo, Gab-Sung;Kim, Jong-Sung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.165-188
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    • 2008
  • Some developed countries have already long been adapted to these changes in the international economic environment would improve productivity rather than traditional technology based on more high value-added business and increased investment. IPR protection is not just a national interest in the creation and growth of dimensions beyond the country's national competitiveness and a driving force to decide whether to challenge the core of the matter. Therefore, the importance of IPR in the country to raise awareness of IPR protection, and for systematic and comprehensive policy that will continue to be prepared.

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