• Title, Summary, Keyword: Technology Diffusion

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Technology Diffusion Policies of Korea : Current Situation and Policy Directions (우리나라 기술확산정책의 현황과 전개방안)

  • 이공래
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.226-249
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    • 1998
  • Technology diffusion policy can be defined as the role of government in linking knowledge production with usage. It has an importance due to the fact that linking knowledge between the producing agent and using agent does not automatically occur. If knowledge produced by an R&D agent is not used by somebody else, the knowledge may deteriorate to a social loss since knowledge production consumes a considerable degree of social resources. Explicit technology diffusion policies are not found in Korea. There we, however, a number of implicit policies to promote technology diffusion, mainly by promoting cooperation among universities, industries and research institutes. Government R&D programs have provided incentives for cooperative research projects, and many government sponsored institutes have been assigned the role of technology assistance for small and medium sized firms. Nevertheless, diffusion policies remain weak in comparison to other innovation and technology policies. This is reflected in the relatively small scale of government support for technology diffusion programs. In addition, there is no systematic approach between the different ministries for enhancing diffusion across technologies, institutions, sectors and regions. A comprehensive evaluation of government diffusion programs, which is necessary for improving policy and program design, is lacking. Enhancing the diffusion of technology in Korea will require the strengthening of policies at different levels, including; 1) increasing the orientation of science and technology policies towards diffusion; 2) increasing the scale of existing diffusion programs; 3) developing new diffusion programs, in particular sector-specific or manpower training programs; 4) developing policies to encourage a culture of cooperation that can facilitate technology diffusion; and 5) carrying out substantial policy research to develop diffusion policies.

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Study on Establishment of National Technology Transfer System

  • Kim, Eun-Sun;Koo, Young-Duk;Park, Young-Seo
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we examine the necessity and the role of technology transfer/diffusion in the frame of national technology innovation system. On the base of this, we present a construction plan of technology transfer/diffusion system to make the national electric industry for 21st century to possess the competitive power. To achieve above purpose, we examine the relations between theory of technology transfer/diffusion structure and policy. Furthermore, we try to find the necessity for construction of technology transfer & diffusion system and a driving plan. Then, it is analyzed that expected design requirements for the construction of electric technology transfer & diffusion system. Finally, construction and activation plan for electric technology transfer & diffusion system are presented, which would strengthen the national technology competitiveness.

A Technology Diffusion Model Based on Technology Policy: The Case of Solid-State Lighting Technology Diffusion in the U.S. (정책변수를 고려한 확산모형의 연구 - 고체조명(Solid-State Lighting : SSL) 기술을 중심으로)

  • Jin, Mei-Yue
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.2522-2527
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    • 2011
  • Technology policy has a substantial impact on the diffusion of a new technology. This paper uses technology policy as a variable in the general epidemic model to quantify the effects of the policy on technology diffusion. The results obtained in this study, using data on solid-state technology diffusion in the U.S. indicate that technology policy plays a positive role in technology diffusion and provide a firm basis for understanding the relationship between technology policy and technology diffusion through the use of quantitative data.

An Empirical Study of Technology Diffusion on the Internet using Bass Model (Bass 모형을 이용한 인터넷에서의 기술 확산에 대한 실증분석)

  • Nam, Ho-Hun;Yang, Kwang-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2008
  • The Internet possesses not only features of mass media but also features of word of mouth communication. Communication channel is considered as one of most important variables in diffusion process. In this paper, we examined functionality of technology diffusion on the Internet through the use of meta tags. We have measured the coefficients of the Bass diffusion model which has been well-established in new product diffusion. This research shows that the Bass model is appropriate for describing technology diffusion on the Internet. The external influence as represented by the coefficient of innovation was found to be much smaller while the internal influence dominates in all meta tag diffusion. In meta tag diffusion, the internal influence as represented by the coefficient of imitation was increased at least twice bigger than that of consumer durables and information technology. Collecting necessary data in social sciences research can be a burden. This research shows that it can be alleviated through the use of software agents over the Internet. The research made use of software agents for collecting longitudinal data from publicly accessible archive such as Archive.org.

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Multi-Generation Diffusion Model for Economic Assessment of New Technology (신기술의 경제성 평가를 위한 다세대 확산모형 연구)

  • Sohn, So-Young;Ahn, Byung-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2001
  • As cost invested in developing the specified technology is increasing, investors are paying more attention to cost to benefit analysis (CBA). One of the basic elements of CBA for new technological development is the diffusion pattern of demand of such technology. Many studies of technology evaluation have adopted a single generation model to simulate the diffusion pattern of demand. This approach, however, considers the diffusion of the new technology itself, not taking into account a newer generation that can replace the one just invented. In this paper, we show how a multi-generation technology diffusion model can be applied for more accurate CBA for information technology. Monte Carlo simulation is performed to find influential factors on the CBA of a Cybernetic Building System.

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A Study on Diffusion Path Tracking based on Multi-Dimensional Time, Performance and Price of Multiple Generation Technology: Case of Logic Semiconductor Diffusion (시간, 성능 및 가격의 다차원 기반 다세대 기술의 확산경로(Diffusion Path) 추적에 대한 연구 : 로직 반도체의 기술 확산 사례)

  • Park, Changhyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2018
  • Time is considered as an important factor to understand the diffusion behavior of single generation technology. However, multiple generation technology required additional factors in addition to time to understand the diffusion behavior. This study defined the diffusion path of multiple generation technology based on dimensions of 'time, price, and performance' after extracting price and technical performance factors and traced the diffusion path of semiconductor industry based on defined dimensions. The case study of semiconductor industry indicated that the diffusion path is determined maximizing the integrated area of price and performance. This study has theoretical implications in that it analyzed the diffusion behavior of multiple generation technology based on multiple dimensions and can forecast the diffusion behavior at matured as well as early stage technology. Also, this study has practical implications for R&D and marketing managers to understand time-to-market, exit time, and economical as well as technical requirements.

기술 및 수요속성에 따른 정보통신서비스 확산 패턴

  • Kim, Mun-Su;Kim, Ho
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.71-89
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    • 2003
  • Since technological innovation, adoption, and diffusion is a fundamental engine for a company's competitiveness and in turn a nation's industrial development, diffusion of technological innovation has been one of popular research themes to many researchers and scholars for decades. Especially, in today's knowledge-based economy, the IT technology became a fundamental infrastructure for a nation and thus their impact on a nation's economy has grown to be tremendous. This paper investigates the patterns of technological diffusion of 16 telecommunications services. Firstly, we identify the optimal diffusion model which represents the 15 IT innovation best in terms of goodness-of-fit. Secondly, based on the best model identified we cluster the 16 IT innovations according to their diffusion characteristics such as penetration rate and diffusion speed. Lastly, we categorize the innovations in terms of technology (voice-based innovation and data-based innovation) and demand (household-use and business-use) attributes, and compare their diffusion patterns and found some meaningful difference in diffusion patterns. We hope the result helpful to corporate managers as well as policy makers in relevant areas.

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Diffusion of CASE technology and IS organizational change factors (CASE기술의 확산과 정보시스템 조직변화요인)

  • 양기영;이재범;문용은
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.71-95
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    • 1996
  • Many researchers have studied the theme on CASE technology. However, there are no many researches which lightened the diffusion of CASE technology and organizational change. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that influence on the diffusion of CASE technology and the way how IS organization changes as a result of the diffusion. We exploited a case study research as a methodology. We selected five software development firms which possessed the leading IS technology abilities as the case companies. We realized that the diffusion of CASE technology proceeded under the three context variables - managerial context of information systems, the intent and behavior of key players and implementation strategy of organization - to enhance the performance of information systems. The contribution of this study is to clarify the change of IS organization as a result of CASE technology diffusion. This study has the limitation that tried to analyze the organizational change only in a direction.

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A study on technology diffusion trend considering technological performance enhancement and economics : case of technology evolution of 32nm, 22nm, 14nm logic semiconductors (기술적 성능향상 및 경제성을 고려한 기술 확산(Technology Diffusion) 추세에 대한 연구 : 32nm, 22nm, 14nm 로직 반도체의 기술진화 사례)

  • Park, Changhyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2017
  • Understanding trends and drivers of technology diffusion is imperative to forecast new technology adoption and understand the process of technological innovation. Our research utilizes a quantitative trend analysis considering both technological and economic indicators for trends and drivers of technology diffusion for 32nm, 22nm, and 14nm logic semiconductor technology. In terms of technological performance, the technology diffusion curve showed an S-curve pattern during the stages of maturity and decline, and the diffusion curve showed evidence supporting the learning curve. The diffusion curve showed the life cycle duration of 2 years, and the rate of technological performance and obsolescence are observed quantitatively between generations. Architectural innovation is affected by technological drivers more significantly than economic drivers. This research has implications as empirical research on the trends and drivers of technology diffusion in the high-tech semiconductor industry, and is meaningful in forecasting new technology adoption or build technology strategy.

Cation Self-Diffusin and Impurity Diffusion of Mn and Zn in CoO: (I) A comparison of the Residual Activity and the Tracer Sectioning Method

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Martin, Manfred
    • The Korean Journal of Ceramics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.90-94
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    • 1998
  • Self diffusion coefficients of $^{67}$Co and impurity diffusion coefficients of $^{51}$Mn and $^{65}$Zn in single crystalline CoO have been measured by applying different radioactive isotopes simultaneously. To compare the residual activity method and the tracer sectioning method we analyzed our tracer diffusion experiments by using both methods simultaneously. According to our experimental results, the diffusion coefficients obtained from both methods are identical within experimental error, demonstrating the relibility of our experimental procedures. The diffusion coefficients of all the isotopes obtained during these test experiments for the methodology are similar in magnitude and show similar dependences on oxygen partial pressure. These first observations indicate that impurity diffusion of Mn and Zn occur via a vacancy mechanism as known for self diffusion of cobalt.

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